Titthiyapariv±sakath±vaººan±

404. Paµisedhetv±ti tath± bh±v±bh±vadassanena paµikkhipitv±. Ya½ bhagav± p±thikavagge udumbarikasutte (d². ni. 3.57) “idha nigrodha tapass²”ti-±din± upakkilesavibh±ga½, p±risuddhivibh±gañca dassento saparisassa nigrodhaparibb±jakassa purato s²han±da½ nadati, ta½ dassetu½ “id±n²”ti-±di vutta½. Naditapubbanti udumbarikasutte ±gatanayena pubbe nigrodhaparibb±jakassa nadita½ Tapabrahmac±r²ti uttamatapac±r², tapena v± v²riyena brahmac±r². Idanti “r±jagahe…pe… pañha½ apucch²”ti p±¼iya½ ±gatavacana½. ¾cariyena (d². ni. µ². 1.403) pana yath±vutta½ aµµhakath±vacanameva pacc±maµµha½. Ettha ca k±ma½ yad± nigrodho pañhamapucchi, bhagav± cassa vissajjesi, na tad± bhagav± gijjhak³µe pabbate viharati, r±jagahasam²peyeva udumbarik±ya deviy± uyy±ne viharati tattheva tath± pucchitatt±, vissajjitatt± ca, tath±pi gijjhak³µe pabbate bhagavato vih±ro na t±va vicchinno, tasm± p±¼iya½ “tatra man”ti-±divacana½, aµµhakath±yañca “tatra r±jagahe gijjhak³µe pabbate viharanta½ man”ti-±divacana½ vuttanti imamatthampi “ya½ ta½ bhagav±”ti-±din± viññ±pet²ti daµµhabba½. “Gijjhak³µe pabbate”ti ida½ tattha katavih±ra½ sandh±ya vuttanti dasseti “gijjhak³µe mah±vih±re”ti imin±. Udumbarik±y±ti tann±mik±ya. Uyy±neti tattha kataparibb±jak±r±ma½ sandh±ya vadati. Nigrodho n±ma channaparibb±jako. Sandh±no n±ma pañca-up±sakasatapariv±ro an±g±mi-up±sako. Kath±sall±panti “yagghe gahapati j±neyy±si, kena samaºo gotamo saddhi½ sallapat²”ti-±din± (d². ni. 3.53) sall±pakatha½. Paranti atisayatthe nip±to. Viy±ti padap³raºamatte yath± ta½ “ativiy±”ti. Andhab±lanti paññ±cakkhun± andha½ b±lajana½. Yogeti naye, dukkhanissaraº³p±yeti attho.
405. Anen±ti bhagavat±. Khandhaketi mah±vagge pabbajjakhandhake (mah±va. 96) ya½ pariv±sa½ parivasat²ti yojan±. “Pubbe aññatitthiyo bh³toti aññatitthiyapubbo”ti (s±rattha. µ². 76) ±cariyas±riputtattherena vutta½. Paµhama½ pabbajja½ gahetv±va parivasat²ti ±ha “s±maºerabh³miya½ µhito”ti. Tanti dv²hi ±k±rehi vutta½ pariv±sa½. Pabbajjanti “±kaªkhati pabbajja½, ±kaªkhati upasampadan”ti ettha vutta½ pabbajjaggahaºa½. “Uttaridirattatiratta½ sahaseyya½ kappeyy±”ti (p±ci. 51) ettha dirattaggahaºa½ viya vacanasiliµµhat±vaseneva vutta½. Yasm± pana s±maºerabh³miya½ µhiteneva parivasitabba½, na gihibh³tena, tasm± aparivasitv±yeva pabbajja½ labhati. Na g±mappavesan±d²n²ti ettha ±disaddena navesiy±vidhav±thullakum±rikapaº¹akabhikkhunigocarat±, sabrahmac±r²na½ ki½ karaº²yesu dakkh±nalas±dit±, uddesaparipucch±d²su tibbacchandat±, yassa titth±yatanato idh±gato, tassa avaººabhaºane attamanat±, buddh±d²na½ avaººabhaºane anattamanat±, yassa titth±yatanato idh±gato, tassa vaººabhaºane anattamanat±, buddh±d²na½ vaººabhaºane attamanat±ti imesa½ sattavatt±na½ saªgaho veditabbo. P³rentena parivasitabbanti yad± parivasati, tad± p³ram±nena parivasitabba½. Aµµhavattap³raºen±ti yath±vutt±na½ aµµhanna½ vatt±na½ p³raºena. Etth±ti pariv±se, upasampad±ya v±. Gha½sitv± koµµetv±ti ajjh±sayav²ma½sanavasena suvaººa½ viya gha½sitv± koµµetv±. Pabbajj±y±ti nidassanamatta½. Upasampad±pi hi tena saªgayhati.
“Gaºamajjhe nis²ditv±ti upasampad±kammassa gaºappahonak±na½ bhikkh³na½ majjhe saªghatthero viya tassa anuggahattha½ nis²ditv±”ti (d². ni. µ². 1.405) ±cariyena vutta½, id±ni pana bah³supi potthakesu “ta½ nis²d±petv±”ti k±ritavasena p±µho dissati. Aciramupasampannassa ass±ti acir³pasampanno, atthamatta½ pana dassetu½ “upasampanno hutv± naciramev±”ti ±ha. K±yacittavivek±va idh±dhippet± upadhivivekattha½ paµipajjan±dhik±ratt±ti vutta½ “k±yena ceva cittena c±”ti. V³pakaµµhoti vivitto. T±disassa s²lavisodhane appam±do avuttasiddhoti kammaµµh±ne appam±dameva dasseti. Pesitacittoti nibb±na½ pati pesitacitto, tanninno tappoºo tappabbh±roti vutta½ hoti, eva½bh³to ca tath± anapekkhat±ya vissajjitak±yo n±m±ti adhipp±yam±vik±tu½ “vissaµµha-attabh±vo”ti vutta½. Att±ti cettha citta½ vuccati r³pak±yassa avisayatt±. Yass±ti arahattaphalassa. J±tikulaputt±pi ±c±rasampann± eva arahatt±dhigam±ya pabbajj±pekkh± hont²ti tepi j±tikulaputte teheva ±c±rakulaputtehi ekasaªgahe karonto “±c±rakulaputt±”ti ±ha. Imin± hi ±c±rasampann± j±tikulaputt±pi saªgahit± honti. ¾c±rasampann±namev±dhippetabh±vo ca “sammadev±”ti saddantarena viññ±yati. “Otiººomhi j±tiy±”ti-±din± nayena hi sa½vegapubbika½ yath±nusiµµha½ pabbajja½ sandh±ya “sammadev±”ti vutta½. Ten±ha “hetun±va k±raºenev±”ti. Tattha hetun±ti nayena up±yena. K±raºenev±ti tabbivaraºavacana½ Tanti arahattaphala½. Tadeva hi “anuttara½ brahmacariyapariyos±nan”ti vattumarahati aññesa½ tath± abh±vato. “Ya½ta½sadd± niccasambandh±”ti saddanayenapi tadattha½ dasseti “tassa h²”ti-±din±. “Yassatth±ya…pe… pabbajjant²”ti pubbe vuttassa tassa arahattaphalassa atth±ya kulaputt± pabbajanti, tasm± arahattaphalamidh±dhippetanti viññ±yat²ti adhipp±yo. Natthi paro jano tath± sacchikaraºe paccayo yass±ti aparappaccayo, ta½. Upa-saddo viya sa½-saddopi dh±tusadd±nuvattakoti vutta½ “p±puºitv±”ti, patv± adhigantv±ti attho. Upa-saddo v± dh±tusadd±nuvattako, sa½-saddo pana dh±tuvisesakoti ±ha “samp±detv±”ti, asekkh± s²lasam±dhipaññ±yo nipph±detv±, parip³retv±v±ti attho.
Niµµh±petunti nigamanavasena pariyos±petu½. “Brahmacariyapariyos±na½…pe… vih±s²”ti imin± eva hi arahattanik³µena desan± pariyos±pit±, ta½ pana nigametu½ “aññataro…pe… ahos²”ti dhammasaªg±hakehi vutta½. Ekatova idha aññataro, na pana n±magott±d²hi ap±kaµato. Arahant±nanti ubb±hane ceta½ s±mivacana½. Tath± ubb±hitatt± ca tesamabbhantaroti attho ±pannoti adhipp±ya½ dassento “bhagavato”ti-±dim±ha. Keci pana eva½ vadanti– arahant±nanti ceta½ sambandheyeva s±mivacana½, ato cettha saha p±µhasesena adhipp±yamattha½ dassetu½ “bhagavato”ti-±di vuttanti. Ya½ panettha atthato na vibhatta½, ta½ suviññeyyameva.
Iti sumaªgalavil±siniy± d²ghanik±yaµµhakath±ya paramasukhumagambh²raduranubodhatthaparid²pan±ya suvimalavipulapaññ±veyyattiyajanan±ya s±dhuvil±siniy± n±ma l²natthappak±saniy± mah±s²han±dasuttavaººan±ya l²natthapak±san±.

Mah±s²han±dasuttavaººan± niµµhit±.