Satisampajańńakath±vaŗŗan±

214. Samantato pak±rehi, pakaµµha½ v± savisesa½ j±n±t²ti sampaj±no, tassa bh±vo sampajańńa½, tath±pavattań±ŗa½, tassa vibhajana½ sampajańńabh±jan²ya½, tasmi½ sampajańńabh±jan²yamhi. “Gamanan”ti imin± abhikkamana½ abhikkantanti bh±vas±dhanam±ha. Tath± paµikkamana½ paµikkantanti vutta½ “nivattanan”ti. Gamanańcettha nivattetv±, anivattetv± ca gamana½, nivattana½ pana nivattimattameva, ańńamańńamup±d±nakiriy±mattańceta½ dvaya½. Katha½ labbhat²ti ±ha “gamane”ti-±di. Abhiharantoti gamanavasena k±ya½ upanento. Paµinivattentoti tato puna nivattento. Apan±mentoti apakkamanavasena pariŗ±mento. ¾sanass±ti p²µhak±di-±sanassa. Purima-aŖg±bhimukhoti aµanik±dipurim±vayav±bhimukho. Sa½sarantoti sa½sappanto. Pacchima-aŖgapadesanti aµanik±dipacchim±yavappadesa½. Pacc±sa½sarantoti paµi-±sappanto. “Eseva nayo”ti imin± nipannasseva abhimukha½ sa½sappanapaµi-±sappan±ni dasseti. Żh±nanisajj±sayanesu hi yo gamanavidhuro k±yassa purato abhih±ro, so abhikkamo. Pacchato apah±ro paµikkamoti lakkhaŗa½.
Sampaj±nana½ sampaj±na½, tena attan± kattabbakiccassa karaŗas²lo sampaj±nak±r²ti ±ha “sampajańńena sabbakiccak±r²”ti. “Sampajańńameva v± k±r²”ti imin± sampaj±nassa karaŗas²lo sampaj±nak±r²ti dasseti. “So h²”ti-±di dutiyavikappassa samatthana½. “Sampajańńan”ti ca imin± sampaj±na-saddassa sampajańńapariy±yat± vutt±. Tath± hi ±cariy±nandattherena vutta½ “samantato, samm±, sama½ v± paj±nana½ sampaj±na½, tadeva sampajańńan”ti (vibha. m³laµ². 2.523) aya½ aµµhakath±to aparo nayo– yath± atikkant±d²su asammoha½ upp±deti, tath± sampaj±nassa k±ro karaŗa½ sampaj±nak±ro, so etassa atth²ti sampaj±nak±r²ti.
Dhammato va¹¹hisaŖkh±tena atthena saha vattat²ti s±tthaka½, abhikkant±di, s±tthakassa sampaj±nana½ s±tthakasampajańńa½. Sapp±yassa attano patir³passa sampaj±nana½ sapp±yasampajańńa½. Abhikkam±d²su bhikkh±c±ragocare, ańńattha ca pavattesu avijahitakammaµµh±nasaŖkh±te gocare sampaj±nana½ gocarasampajańńa½. S±mańńaniddesena, hi ekasesanayena v± gocarasaddo tadatthadvayepi pavattati. Atikkam±d²su asammuyhanasaŖkh±ta½ asammohameva sampajańńa½ asammohasampajańńa½. Cittavasenev±ti cittassa vaseneva, cittavasamanugatenev±ti attho. Pariggahetv±ti tulayitv± t²retv±, paµisaŖkh±y±ti attho. SaŖghadassaneneva uposathapav±raŗ±di-atth±ya gamana½ saŖgahita½. ¾disaddena kasiŗaparikamm±d²na½ saŖgaho. SaŖkhepato vutta½ tadatthameva vivaritu½ “cetiya½ v±”ti-±di vutta½. Arahatta½ p±puŗ±t²ti ukkaµµhaniddeso esa. Samathavipassanupp±danampi hi bhikkhuno va¹¹hiyeva. Tatth±ti asubh±rammaŗe. Kec²ti abhayagiriv±sino. ¾misatoti c²var±di-±misapaccayato. Kasm±ti ±ha “ta½ niss±y±”ti-±di.
Tasminti s±tthakasampajańńavasena pariggahita-atthe. Yasm± pana dhammato va¹¹hiyeva attho n±ma, tasm± ya½ “s±tthakan”ti adhippeta½ gamana½, ta½ sabbampi sapp±yamev±ti siy± avisesena kassaci ±saŖk±ti tannivattanattha½ “cetiyadassana½ t±v±”ti-±di ±raddha½. Mah±p³j±y±ti mahatiy± p³j±ya, bah³na½ p³j±divaseti vutta½ hoti. Cittakammar³pak±n² viy±ti cittakammakatapaµim±yo viya, yantapayogena v± n±nappak±ravicittakiriy± paµim±yo viya. Tatr±ti t±su paris±su. Ass±ti bhikkhuno. Asamapekkhana½ n±ma gehassita-ańń±ŗupekkh±vasena ±rammaŗassa ayoniso gahaŗa½. Ya½ sandh±ya vutta½ “cakkhun± r³pa½ disv± uppajjati upekkh± b±lassa m³¼hassa puthujjanass±”ti-±di (ma. ni. 3.308) m±tug±masamphassavasena k±yasa½sagg±patti. Hatthi-±disammaddena j²vitantar±yo. Visabh±gar³padassan±din± brahmacariyantar±yo. “Dasadv±dasayojanantare paris± sannipatant²”ti-±din± vuttappak±reneva. Mah±parisapariv±r±nanti kad±ci dhammassavan±di-atth±ya itthipurisasammissapariv±re sandh±ya vutta½.
Tadatthad²panatthanti asubhadassanassa s±tthakabh±vasaŖkh±tassa atthassa d²panattha½. Pabbajitadivasato paµµh±ya paµivacanad±navasena bhikkh³na½ anuvattanakath± ±ciŗŗ±, tasm± paµivacanassa ad±navasena ananuvattanakath± tassa dutiy± n±ma hot²ti ±ha “dve kath± n±ma na kathitapubb±”ti. Dve kath±ti hi vacanakaraŗ±karaŗakath±. Tattha vacanakaraŗakath±yeva kathitapubb±, dutiy± na kathitapubb±. Tasm± subbacatt± paµivacanamad±s²ti attho.
Evanti imin±. “Sace pana cetiyassa mah±p³j±y±”ti-±dika½ sabbampi vuttappak±ra½ pacc±masati, na “purisassa m±tug±m±subhan”ti-±dikameva. Pariggahita½ s±tthaka½, sapp±yańca yena so pariggahitas±tthakasapp±yo, tassa, tena yath±nupubbika½ sampajańńapariggahaŗa½ dasseti. Vuccam±nayogakammassa pavattiµµh±nat±ya bh±van±ya ±rammaŗa½ kammaµµh±na½, tadeva bh±van±ya visayabh±vato gocaranti ±ha “kammaµµh±nasaŖkh±ta½ gocaran”ti. Uggahetv±ti yath± uggahanimitta½ uppajjati, eva½ uggahakosallassa samp±danavasena uggahaŗa½ katv±. Bhikkh±c±ragocareti bhikkh±c±rasaŖkh±te gocare, anena kammaµµh±ne, bhikkh±c±re ca gocarasaddoti dasseti.
Idh±ti s±sane. Harat²ti kammaµµh±na½ pavattanavasena neti, y±va piŗ¹ap±tapaµikkam± anuyuńjat²ti attho. Na pacc±harat²ti ±h±r³payogato y±va div±µh±nupasaŖkaman± kammaµµh±na½ na paµineti. Tatth±ti tesu cat³su bhikkh³su. ¾varaŗ²yeh²ti n²varaŗehi. Pagev±ti p±toyeva Sar²raparikammanti mukhadhovan±disar²rapaµijaggana½. Dve tayo pallaŖketi dve tayo nisajj±v±re. Šrubaddh±sanańhettha pallaŖko. Usumanti dve t²ŗi uŗh±pan±ni sandh±ya vutta½. Kammaµµh±na½ anuyuńjitv±ti tadahe m³labh³ta½ kammaµµh±na½ anuyuńjitv±. Kammaµµh±nas²senev±ti kammaµµh±namukheneva, kammaµµh±namavijahanto ev±ti vutta½ hoti, tena “patopi acetano”ti-±din± (d². ni. aµµha. 1.214; ma. ni. aµµha. 1.209; sa½. ni. aµµha. 3.5.168; vibha. aµµha. 523) vakkham±na½ kammaµµh±na½, yath±parihariyam±na½ v± avijahitv±ti dasseti.
Gantv±ti p±puŗitv±. Buddh±nussatikammaµµh±na½ ce, tadeva nipaccak±ras±dhana½. Ańńańce, anipaccak±rakaraŗamiva hot²ti dassetu½ “sace”ti-±di vutta½. Atabbisayena ta½ µhapetv±. “Mahanta½ cetiya½ ce”ti-±din± kammaµµh±nikassa m³lakammaµµh±namanasik±rassa papańc±bh±vadassana½. Ańńena pana tath±pi ańńath±pi vanditabbameva. Tathev±ti tikkhattumeva. Paribhogacetiyato s±r²rikacetiya½ garutaranti katv± “cetiya½ vanditv±”ti pubbak±lakiriy±vasena vutta½. Yath±ha aµµhakath±ya½ “cetiya½ b±dhayam±n± bodhis±kh± haritabb±”ti, (ma. ni. aµµha. 4.128; a. ni. aµµha. 1.1.275; vibha. aµµha. 809) aya½ ±cariyassa mati, “bodhiyaŖgaŗa½ patten±p²”ti pana vacanato yadi cetiyaŖgaŗato gate bhikkh±c±ramagge bodhiyaŖgaŗa½ bhaveyya, s±pi vanditabb±ti magg±nukkameneva “cetiya½ vanditv±”ti pubbak±lakiriy±vacana½, na tu garuk±tabbat±nukkamena. Evańhi sati bodhiyaŖgaŗa½ paµhama½ patten±pi bodhi½ vanditv± cetiya½ vanditabba½, ekameva patten±pi tadeva vanditabba½, tadubhayampi appattena na vanditabbanti ayamattho suvińń±to hoti. Bhikkh±c±ragatamaggena hi pattaµµh±ne kattabba-antar±vattadassanameta½, na pana dhuvavattadassana½. Pubbe hesa katavattoyeva. Ten±ha “pageva cetiyaŖgaŗabodhiyaŖgaŗavatta½ katv±”ti-±di. Buddhaguŗ±nussaraŗavaseneva bodhi-±diparibhogacetiyepi nipaccakaraŗa½ upapannanti dasseti “buddhassa bhagavato sammukh± viya nipaccak±ra½ dassetv±”ti imin±. Paµis±mitaµµh±nanti sop±nam³labh±vas±mańńena vutta½, buddh±rammaŗap²tivisayabh³tacetiyaŖgaŗabodhiyaŖgaŗato b±hiraµµh±na½ patv±ti vutta½ hoti.
G±masam²peti g±m³pac±re. T±va pańha½ v± pucchanti, dhamma½ v± sotuk±m± hont²ti sambandho. JanasaŖgahatthanti “mayi akathente etesa½ ko kathessat²”ti dhamm±nuggahena mah±janassa saŖgahaŗattha½. Aµµhakath±cariy±na½ vacana½ samatthetu½ “dhammakath± hi kammaµµh±navinimutt± n±ma natth²”ti vutta½. Tasm±ti yasm± “dhammakath± n±ma k±tabb±yev±”ti aµµhakath±cariy± vadanti, yasm± v± dhammakath± kammaµµh±navinimutt± n±ma natthi, tasm± dhammakatha½ kathetv±ti sambandho. ¾cariy±nandattherena (vibha. m³laµ². 523) pana “tasm±”ti etassa “kathetabb±yev±ti vadant²”ti etena sambandho vutto. Kammaµµh±nas²senev±ti attan± parihariyam±na½ kammaµµh±na½ avijahanavasena, tadanuguŗa½yeva dhammakatha½ kathetv±ti attho, dutiyapadepi eseva nayo. Anumodana½ katv±ti etth±pi “kammaµµh±nas²senev±”ti adhik±ro. Tatth±ti g±mato nikkhamanaµµh±neyeva.
“Por±ŗakabhikkh³”ti-±din± por±ŗak±ciŗŗadassanena yath±vuttamattha½ da¼ha½ karoti. Sampattaparicchedenev±ti “paricito aparicito”ti-±divibh±ga½ akatv± sampattakoµiy± eva, sam±gamamattenev±ti attho. ¾nubh±ven±ti anuggahabalena. Bhayeti paracakk±dibhaye. Ch±taketi dubbhikkhe.
“Pacchimay±mepi nisajj±caŖkamehi v²tin±metv±”ti-±din± vuttappak±ra½. Karontass±ti karam±nasseva, an±dare ceta½ s±mivacana½. Kammajatejoti gahaŗi½ sandh±y±ha. Pajjalat²ti uŗhabh±va½ janeti. Tatoyeva up±dinnaka½ gaŗh±ti, sed± muccanti. Kammaµµh±na½ v²thi½ n±rohati khud±parissamena kilantak±yassa sam±dh±n±bh±vato. Anup±dinna½ odan±divatthu. Up±dinna½ udarapaµala½. Antokucchiyańhi odan±divatthusmi½ asati kammajatejo uµµhahitv± udarapaµala½ gaŗh±ti, “ch±tosmi, ±h±ra½ me deth±”ti vad±peti, bhuttak±le udarapaµala½ muńcitv± vatthu½ gaŗh±ti, atha satto ekaggo hoti, yato “ch±y±rakkhaso viya kammajatejo”ti aµµhakath±su vutto. So pagev±ti ettha “tasm±”ti seso. Gor³p±nanti gunna½, gosam³h±na½ v±, vajato gocaratth±ya nikkhamanavel±yamev±ti attho. Vuttavipar²tanayena up±dinnaka½ muńcitv± anup±dinnaka½ gaŗh±ti. Antar±bhatteti bhattassa antare, y±va bhatta½ na bhuńjati, t±v±ti attho. Ten±ha “kammaµµh±nas²sena ±h±rańca paribhuńjitv±”ti. Avasesaµµh±neti y±guy± aggahitaµµh±ne. Tatoti bhuńjanato. PoŖkh±nupoŖkhanti kammaµµh±n±nupaµµh±nassa anavacchedadassanameta½, uttaruttarinti attho, yath± poŖkh±nupoŖkha½ pavatt±ya sarapaµip±µiy± anavacchedo, evametass±pi kammaµµh±nupaµµh±nass±ti vutta½ hoti. “Edis± c±”ti-±din± tath± kammaµµh±namanasik±rass±pi s±tthakabh±va½ dasseti. ¾sananti nisajj±sana½.