Paº²tataras±maññaphalavaººan±

189. Tanti yath± d±sav±re “evamev±”ti vutta½, na tath± idha kassakav±re, tadavacana½ kasm±ti anuyuñjeyya ceti attho. Evamev±ti vuccam±neti yath± paµhamadutiy±ni s±maññaphal±ni paññatt±ni, tath±yeva paññapetu½ sakk± nu khoti vutte. Evar³p±h²ti yath±vuttad±sakassak³pam±sadis±hi upam±hi. S±maññaphala½ d²petu½ pahoti anantapaµibh±nat±ya vicittanayadesanabh±vato. Tatth±ti eva½ d²pane. Pariyanta½ n±ma natthi anantanayadesanabh±vato, savane v± asantosanena bhiyyo bhiyyo sotuk±mat±jananato sotuk±mat±ya pariyanta½ n±ma natth²ti attho. Tath±p²ti “desan±ya uttaruttar±dhikan±n±nayavicittabh±ve satip²”ti (d². ni. µ². 1.189) ±cariyena vutta½, satipi eva½ apariyantabh±vetipi yujjati. Anum±nañ±ºena cintetv±. Upari visesanti ta½ µhapetv± tadupari visesameva s±maññaphala½ pucchanto. Kasm±ti ±ha “savane”ti-±di. Etena imamattha½ d²peti– anekatth± sam±n±pi sadd± vatticch±nupubbik±yeva ta½tadatthad²pak±ti.
S±dhuka½ s±dh³ti ekatthameta½ s±dhusaddasseva ka-k±rena va¹¹hetv± vuttatt±. Teneva hi s±dhukasaddassattha½ vadantena s±dhusaddo atthuddh±ravasena ud±haµo. Tena ca nanu s±dhukasaddasseva atthuddh±ro vattabbo, na s±dhusaddass±ti codan± nisedhit±. ¾y±caneti abhimukha½ y±cane, abhipatthan±yanti attho. Sampaµicchaneti paµiggahaºe. Sampaha½saneti sa½vijjam±naguºavasena ha½sane tosane, udaggat±karaºeti attho.
S±dhu dhammaruc²ti g±th± umm±dant²j±take (j±. 2.18.101). Tatth±yamaµµhakath±vinicchayapaveº²– sucaritadhamme rocet²ti dhammaruci, dhammaratoti attho. T±diso hi j²vita½ jahantopi akattabba½ na karoti. Paññ±ºav±ti paññav± ñ±ºasampanno. Mitt±namaddubbhoti mitt±na½ adussanabh±vo. “Ad³sako anupagh±tako”ti (d². ni. µ². 1.189) ±cariyena vutta½. “Adrubbho”tipi p±µho da-k±rassa dra-k±ra½ katv±.
Da¼h²kammeti s±taccakiriy±ya½. ¾ºattiyanti ±º±pane. Idh±p²ti s±maññaphalepi. Ass±ti s±dhukasaddassa. “Suºohi s±dhuka½ manasi karoh²”ti hi s±dhukasaddena savanamanasik±r±na½ s±taccakiriy±pi tad±º±panampi jotita½ hoti. ¾y±caneneva ca uyyojanas±maññato ±ºatti saªgahit±ti na s± visu½ atthuddh±re vutt±. ¾º±rahassa hi ±ºatti tadanarahassa ±y±cananti viseso. Sundarep²ti sundaratthepi. Id±ni yath±vuttena s±dhukasaddassa atthattayena pak±sita½ visesa½ dassetu½, tassa v± atthattayassa idha yogyata½ vibh±vetu½ “da¼h²kammatthena h²”ti-±di vutta½. Suggahita½ gaºhantoti suggahita½ katv± gaºhanto. Sundaranti bh±vanapu½saka½. Bhaddakanti pasattha½, “dhamman”ti imin± sambandho. Sundara½ bhaddakanti v± savan±nuggahaºe pariy±yavacana½.
Manasi karoh²ti ettha na ±rammaºapaµip±danalakkhaºo manasik±ro, atha kho v²thipaµip±danajavanapaµip±danamanasik±rapubbake citte µhapanalakkhaºoti dassento “±vajja, samann±har±”ti ±ha. Avikkhittacittoti yath±vuttamanasik±radvayapubbak±ya cittapaµip±µiy± ek±rammaºe µhapanavasena anuddhatacitto hutv±. Nis±meh²ti suº±hi, anaggharatanamiva v± suvaººamañjus±ya dullabhadhammaratana½ citte paµis±meh²tipi attho Tena vutta½ “citte karoh²”ti. Eva½ padadvayassa pacceka½ yojan±vasena attha½ dassetv± id±ni paµiyog²vasena dassetu½ “apic±”ti-±di vutta½. Tattha sotindriyavikkhepav±raºa½ savane niyojanavasena kiriyantarapaµisedhanato, tena sota½ odah±ti attha½ dasseti. Manindriyavikkhepav±raºa½ manasik±rena da¼h²kammaniyojanena aññacint±paµisedhanato. Byañjanavipall±sagg±hav±raºa½ “s±dhukan”ti visesetv± vuttatt±. Atthavipall±sagg±hav±raºepi esa nayo.
Dh±raº³paparikkh±d²s³ti ettha ±di-saddena tulanat²raº±dike, diµµhiy± suppaµivedhe ca saªgaºh±ti. Yath±dhippetamattha½ byañjeti pak±seti, sayameten±ti v± byañjana½, sabh±vanirutti, saha byañjanen±ti sabyañjano, byañjanasampannoti attho. Sahappavatti hi “sampannat± samav±yat± vijjam±nat±”ti-±din± anekavidh±, idha pana sampannat±yeva tadaññassa asambhavato, tasm± “saha byañjanen±”ti nibbacana½ katv±pi “byañjanasampanno”ti (d². ni. µ². 1.189) attho ±cariyena vuttoti daµµhabba½, yath± ta½ “na kusal± akusal±, kusalapaµipakkh±”ti (dha. sa. 1) araº²yato upagantabbato anudh±tabbato attho, catup±risuddhis²l±di, saha atthen±ti s±ttho, vuttanayena atthasampannoti attho. S±dhukapada½ ekameva sam±na½ ±vuttinay±divasena ubhayattha yojetabba½. Kathanti ±ha “yasm±”ti-±di. Dhammo n±ma tanti. Desan± n±ma tass± manas± vavatth±pit±ya tantiy± desan±. Attho n±ma tantiy± attho. Paµivedho n±ma tantiy±, tanti-atthassa ca yath±bh³t±vabodho. Yasm± cete dhammadesan±tthapaµivedh± sas±d²hi viya mah±samuddo mandabuddh²hi dukkhog±h±, alabbhaneyyapatiµµh± ca, tasm± gambh²r±. Tena vutta½ “yasm±…pe… manasi karoh²”ti. Ettha ca paµivedhassa dukkarabh±vato dhammatth±na½ dukkhog±hat±, desan±ñ±ºassa dukkarabh±vato desan±ya, upp±detumasakkuºeyyat±ya, tabbisayañ±ºuppattiy± ca dukkarabh±vato paµivedhassa dukkhog±hat± veditabb±. Yamettha vattabba½, ta½ nid±navaººan±ya½ vuttameva.
“Suº±hi s±dhukan”ti “s±dhuka½ manasi karoh²”ti vadanto na kevala½ atthakkamato eva aya½ yojan±, atha kho saddakkamatopi ubhayattha sambandhatt±ti dasseti. “Sakk± mah±r±j±”ti idh±pi “aññampi diµµheva dhamme sandiµµhika½ s±maññaphala½…pe… paº²tatarañc±”ti idamanuvattat²ti ±ha “eva½ paµiññ±ta½ s±maññaphaladesanan”ti. Vitth±rato bh±sananti atthameva da¼ha½ karoti “desess±m²ti sa½khittad²panan”ti-±din±. Hi-saddo cettha luttaniddiµµho. Ida½ vutta½ hoti– desana½ n±ma uddisana½. Bh±sana½ n±ma niddisana½ paribyattakathana½. Ten±yamattho sambhavat²ti yath±vuttamattha½ sag±th±vaggasa½yutte vaªg²sasutte (sa½. ni. 1.214) g±th±padena s±dhetu½ “ten±h±”ti-±di vutta½.
S±¼ik±yiva nigghosoti s±¼ik±ya nigghoso viya, yath± s±¼ik±ya ±l±po madhuro kaººasukho peman²yo, evanti attho. Paµibh±nanti cetassa visesana½ liªgabhedassapi visesanassa dissanato yath± “guºo pam±ºan”ti. Paµibh±nanti ca saddo vuccati paµibh±ti ta½tad±k±rena dissat²ti katv±. Ud²ray²ti ucc±rayi, vuccati v±, kammagabbhañceta½ kiriy±pada½. Imin± ceta½ d²peti– ±yasmanta½ dhammasen±pati½ thometuk±mena desan±bh±san±na½ visesa½ dassentena pabhinnapaµisambhidena ±yasmat± vaªg²sattherena “saªkhittena, vitth±ren±”ti ca visesana½ kata½, ten±yamattho viññ±yat²ti.
Eva½ vutteti “bh±siss±m²”ti vutte. “Na kira bhagav± saªkhepeneva desessati, atha kho vitth±renapi bh±sissat²”ti hi ta½ pada½ sutv±va uss±haj±to sañj±tuss±ho, haµµhatuµµhoti attho. Ayam±cariyassa adhipp±yo. Apica “tena hi mah±r±ja suºohi s±dhuka½ manasi karohi, bh±siss±m²”ti vutta½ sabbampi uyyojanapaµiññ±karaºappak±ra½ uss±hajananak±raºa½ sabbeneva uss±hasambhavato, tasm± eva½ vutteti “suºohi, s±dhuka½ manasi karohi, bh±siss±m²”ti vutte sabbeheva t²hipi padehi uss±haj±toti attho daµµhabbo. Paccassos²ti pati assosi bhagavato vacanasamanantarameva pacch± assosi, “sakk± pana bhante”ti-±din± v± pucchitv± puna “eva½ bhante”ti assos²ti attho. Ta½ pana patissavana½ atthato sampaµicchanamev±ti ±ha “sampaµicchi, paµiggahes²”ti. Teneva hi “iti attho”ti avatv± “iti vutta½ hot²”ti vutta½.
190. “Athassa bhagav± etadavoc±”ti vacanasambandhamatta½ dassetv± “eta½ avoc±”ti pada½ vibhajitv± attha½ dassento “id±n²”ti-±dim±ha. “Idh±”ti imin± vuccam±na½ adhikaraºa½ tath±gatassa uppattiµµh±nabh³ta½ lokamev±dhippetanti dasseti “desopadese nip±to”ti imin±. Desassa upadisana½ desopadeso, tasmi½. Yadi sabbattha desopadese, ath±yamattho na vattabbo avuttepi labbham±natt±ti codan±y±ha “sv±yan”ti-±di. S±maññabh³ta½ idhasadda½ gaºhitv± “sv±yan”ti vutta½, na tu yath±visesitabba½. Tath± hi vakkhati “katthaci padap³raºamattamev±”ti (d². ni. aµµha. 1.190). Loka½ up±d±ya vuccati lokasaddena sam±n±dhikaraºabh±vato. Idha loketi ca j±tikkhetta½, tatth±pi aya½ cakkav±¼o adhippeto. S±sanamup±d±ya vuccati “samaºo”ti saddantarasannidh±nato. Ayañhi catukaªguttarap±¼i. Tattha paµhamo samaºoti sot±panno. Dutiyo samaºoti sakad±g±m². Vuttañheta½ tattheva–
“Katamo ca bhikkhave paµhamo samaºo? Idha bhikkhave bhikkhu tiººa½ sa½yojan±na½ parikkhay± sot±panno hot²”ti, (a. ni. 4.241) “katamo ca bhikkhave dutiyo samaºo? Idha bhikkhave bhikkhu tiººa½ sa½yojan±na½ parikkhay± r±gadosamoh±na½ tanutt± sakad±g±m² hot²”ti (a. ni. 4.241) ca ±di.
Ok±santi kañci padesamup±d±ya vuccati “tiµµham±nass±”ti saddantarasannidh±nato.
Idheva tiµµham±nass±ti imissa½yeva indas±laguh±ya½ patiµµham±nassa, devabh³tassa me satoti devabh±vena, devo hutv± v± bh³tassa sam±nassa. Meti an±darayoge s±mivacana½. Puna meti kattutthe. Idañhi sakkapañhato ud±haµa½.
Padap³raºamattameva ok±s±padisanass±pi asambhavena atthantarassa abodhanato. Pubbe vutta½ tath±gatassa uppattiµµh±nabh³tameva sandh±ya “lokan”ti vutta½. Purima½ uyyojanapaµiññ±karaºavisaye ±lapananti puna “mah±r±j±”ti ±lapati. “Arahan”ti ±dayo sadd± vitth±rit±ti yojan±. Atthato hi vitth±raºa½ saddamukheneva hot²ti ubhayattha saddaggahaºa½ kata½. Yasm± pana “aparehipi aµµhahi k±raºehi bhagav± tath±gato”ti-±din± (ud±. aµµha. 18; itivu. aµµha. 38) tath±gata-saddo ud±naµµhakath±d²su, “arahan”ti ±dayo ca visuddhimaggaµ²k±ya½ (visuddhi. µ². 1.130) aparehipi pak±rehi vitth±rit± ±cariyena, tasm± tesu vuttanayenapi tesamattho veditabbo. Tath±gatassa sattanik±yantogadhat±ya “idha pana sattaloko adhippeto”ti vatv± tatth±ya½ yasmi½ sattanik±ye, yasmiñca ok±se uppajjati, ta½ dassetu½ “sattaloke uppajjam±nopi c±”ti-±di vutta½. Na devaloke, na brahmaloketi ettha ya½ vattabba½, ta½ parato ±gamissati.
Tass±paren±ti tassa nigamassa aparena, tato bah²ti vutta½ hoti. Tatoti mah±s±lato. Orato majjheti abbhantara½ majjhimapadeso. Eva½ paricchinneti pañcanimittabaddh± s²m± viya pañcahi yath±vuttanimittehi paricchinne. A¹¹hateyyayojanasateti paºº±sayojanehi ³natiyojanasate. Ayañhi majjhimajanapado mudiªgasaºµh±no, na samaparivaµµo, na ca samacaturasso, ujukena katthaci as²tiyojano hoti, katthaci yojanasatiko, tath±pi cesa kuµilaparicchedena miniyam±no pariyanta parikkhepato navayojanasatiko hoti. Tena vutta½ “navayojanasate”ti. As²timah±ther±ti yebhuyyavasena vutta½ sun±parantakassa puººattherass±pi mah±s±vakesu pariy±pannatt±. Sun±parantajanapado hi paccantavisayo. Tath± hi “candanamaº¹alam±¼apaµiggahaºe bhagav± na tattha aruºa½ uµµhapet²”ti majjhim±gama- (ma. ni. aµµha. 4.397) sa½yutt±gamaµµhakath±su (sa½. ni. aµµha. 3.4.88-89) vutta½. S±rappatt±ti kulabhogissariy±divasena, s²las±r±divasena ca s±rabh³t±. Br±hmaºagahapatik±tibrahm±yupokkharas±ti-±dibr±hmaº± ceva an±thapiº¹ik±digahapatik± ca.