Tayo-attapaµil±bhavaººan±

428. ¾hito aha½m±no etth±ti att±, attabh±voti ±ha “attabh±vapaµil±bho”ti. Katha½ dasset²ti vutta½ “o¼±rikattabh±vapaµil±bhen±”ti-±di. K±mabhava½ dasseti itarabhavadvayattabh±vato o¼±rikatt±. R³pabhava½ dasseti jh±namanena nibbatta½ hutv± r³p²bh±vena upalabbhanato. Ar³pabhava½ dasseti ar³p²bh±vena upalabbhanato. Sa½kilesik± dhamm± n±ma dv±dasa akusalacittupp±d± tadabh±ve kassaci sa½kilesassa asambhavato. Vod±niy± dhamm± n±ma samathavipassan± t±sa½ vasena sabbaso cittavod±nassa sijjhanato.
429. Paµipakkhadhamm±na½ asamucchede sati na kad±cipi anavajjadhamm±na½ v± p±rip³r², vepulla½ v± sambhavati, samucchede pana sati sambhavat²ti maggaphalapaññ±nameva gahaºa½ daµµhabba½, t± hi saki½ paripuºº±pi aparih²nadhammatt± paripuºº± eva bhavanti. Taruºap²t²ti uppannamatt± aladdh±sevan± dubbalap²ti. Balavatuµµh²ti punappuna½ uppattiy± laddh±sevan± uparivises±dhigamassa paccayabh³t± thiratar± p²ti. Id±ni saªkhepato piº¹attha½ dassento “ki½ vuttan”ti-±dim±ha Tattha ya½ vih±ra½ saya½…pe… viharissat²ti avocumh±ti sambandho. Ida½ vutta½ hoti– ya½ vih±ra½ “sa½kilesikavod±niyadhamm±na½ pah±n±bhivuddhiniµµha½ paññ±ya p±rip³rivepullabh³ta½ imasmi½yeva attabh±ve aparappaccayena ñ±ºena paccakkhato samp±detv± viharissat²”ti kathayimh±ti. Tatth±ti tasmi½ vih±re. Tass±ti ov±dakarassa bhikkhuno. Eva½ viharatoti vuttappak±rena viharaºahetu, viharantassa v±. Tannimitta½ p±mojja½, pamodappabhav± p²ti, tappaccayabh³ta½ passaddhidvaya½, tath± s³paµµhit± sati, ukka½sagatat±ya uttamañ±ºa½. Sukho ca vih±ro bhavissat²ti yojan±. K±yacittapassaddh² hi “passaddh²”ti vutt±, ayameva v± p±µho. “N±mak±yapassaddh²”tipi paµhanti, tadayuttameva passaddhidvayassa avin±bh±vato. Kasm± panesa sukho vih±roti ±ha “sabbavih±res³”ti-±di, sabbesupi iriy±pathavih±r±d²su santapaº²tat±ya imasseva sukhatt± “sukho vih±ro”ti vattabbata½ arahat²ti vutta½ hoti. Katha½ sukhoti vutta½ “upasanto paramamadhuro”ti.
Paµhamajjh±ne paµiladdhamatte h²nabh±vato p²ti dubbal± p±mojjapakkhik±, subh±vite pana tasmi½ paguºe s± paº²t± balavabh±vato paripuººakicc± p²t²ti vutta½ “paµhamajjh±ne p±mojj±dayo chapi dhamm± labbhant²”ti. P±mojja½ nivattat²ti dubbalap²tisaªkh±ta½ p±mojja½ chasu dhammesu nivattati h±yati. Vitakkavic±rakkhobhavirahitena hi catukkanayavibhatte dutiyajjh±ne sabbad± p²ti balavat² eva hoti, na paµhamajjh±ne viya kad±ci dubbal±ti eva½ vutta½. P²ti nivattati tappah±neneva tatiyajjh±nassa labbhanato. “Sukho vih±ro”ti imin± sam±dhi gahitoti ±ha “tath± catutthe”ti. Ye pana “sukho vih±ro’ti etena sukha½ gahitan”ti vadanti, tesa½ matena santavuttit±ya upekkh±pi catutthajjh±ne “sukha”micceva bh±sit±ti (vibha. aµµha. 232; visuddhi. 2.644; mah±ni. aµµha. 27; paµi. ma. aµµha. 105) katv± tath± vuttanti daµµhabba½. Imasmi½yeva d²ghanik±ye (d². ni. 1.432; 3.166, 358) ±gata½ anekadh± desan±nayamuddharitv± idha desitanaya½ niyametu½ “imes³”ti-±di vutta½. Suddha…pe… kathitanti uparimagga½ akathetv± kevala½ vipassan±p±dakameva jh±na½ kathita½. Cat³hi…pe… kathit±ti vipassan±p±dakabh±vena jh±n±ni kathetv± tato para½ vipassan±pubbak± catt±ropi magg± kathit±. Catutthajjh±nikaphalasam±patti kathit±ti paµhamajjh±nik±dik± phalasam±pattiyo akathetv± catutthajjh±nik± eva phalasam±patti kathit±. P²tivevacanameva katv±ti dvinna½ p²t²na½ ekasmi½ cittupp±de anuppajjanato p±mojja½ p²tivevacanameva katv±, tadubhaya½ abhedato katv±ti vutta½ hoti. P²tisukh±na½ apariccattatt±, “sukho vih±ro”ti ca s±tisayassa sukhavih±rassa gahitatt± “dutiyajjh±nikaphalasam±patti n±ma kathit±”ti vutta½. K±ma½ paµhamajjh±nepi p²tisukh±ni labbhanti, t±ni pana vitakkavic±raparikkhobhena na tattha santapaº²t±ni, idha ca santapaº²t±neva adhippet±ni, tasm± dutiyajjh±nik± eva phalasam±patti gahit±, na paµhamajjh±nik±ti daµµhabba½.
432-437. Vibh±vanatthoti pak±sanattho sar³pato nir³panattho “na samaºo gotamo br±hmaºe jiººe …pe… abhiv±deti v± paccuµµheti v± ±sanena v± nimantet²”ti-±d²su (a. ni. 8.11; p±r±. 2) viya. Ten±ha “aya½ so”ti-±di. “Aya½ attapaµil±bho so ev±”ti eva½ sar³pato vibh±vetv± pak±setv±. Ayanti hi bhagavat± pubbe vutta½ attapaµil±bha½ ±sannapaccakkhabh±vena pacc±masati, soti pana parehi pucchiyam±na½ parammukhabh±vena. Na na½ eva½ vad±m±ti ettha nanti o¼±rikamattapaµil±bha½. Sapp±µih²rakatanti ettha pubbe vuttanayena attho veditabbo. Parehi coditavacanapaµih±raka½ sa-uttaravacana½ sapp±µih²rakanti hi ayameva viseso. Tucchoti mus± abh³to. Soti manomayo, ar³po v± attapaµil±bho. Svev±ti so eva o¼±riko attapaµil±bho. Tasmi½ samaye sacco hot²ti tasmi½ paccuppannasamaye vijjam±no hoti. Attapaµil±bhotveva niyy±tes²ti attapaµil±bhasaddena tath± eva pariyos±pesi, na pana na½ “attapaµil±bho”ti saªkhya½ gacchat²ti paññatti½ sar³pato n²haritv± dasses²ti adhipp±yo. R³p±dayo cettha dhamm±ti r³pavedan±dayo eva ettha loke sabh±vadhamm±. N±mamattametanti r³p±dike pañcakkhandhe up±d±ya n±mapaññattimattameta½ “attapaµil±bho”ti. Evar³p± voh±r±ti “o¼±riko attapaµil±bho”ti-±divoh±r±. N±mapaññattivasen±ti n±mabh³tapaññattimattavasena. “Attapaµil±bho’ti saªkhya½ gacchat²”ti niyy±tanattha½.
438. Evañca pana vatv±ti r³p±dike up±d±ya paññattimattameta½ attapaµil±bhoti imamattha½ “yasmi½ citta samaye”ti-±din± vatv±. Paµipucchitv±ti yath± pare puccheyyu½, tath± k±lavibh±gato paµipad±ni pucchitv±. Vinayanatthanti yath±pucchitassa atthassa ñ±panavasena vinayanatth±ya. Ye te at²t± dhamm±ti at²tasamaye at²tattapaµil±bhassa up±d±nabh³t± r³p±dayo dhamm±. Te etarahi natthi niruddhatt±. Tato eva “ahesun”ti saªkhya½ gat±. Tasm±ti up±d±nassa at²tasmi½yeva samaye labbhanato. Sop²ti tadup±d±no me attapaµil±bhopi. Tasmi½yeva samayeti at²te eva samaye. Sacco ahos²ti bh³to vijjam±no viya ahosi. An±gatapaccuppann±nanti an±gat±nañcevapaccuppann±nañca r³p±didhamm±na½ up±d±nabh³t±na½. Tad± abh±v±ti tasmi½ at²tasamaye abh±v± avijjam±natt±. Tadup±d±nabh³to an±gato, paccuppanno ca attapaµil±bho tasmi½ at²ta samaye mogho tuccho mus± natth²ti attho. Atthatoti paññatti-atthato. N±mamattamev±ti samaññ±mattameva. Paramatthato anupalabbham±natt± attapaµil±bha½ paµij±n±ti.
“Eseva nayo”ti imin± ye te an±gat± dhamm±, te etarahi natthi, “bhavissant²”ti pana saªkhya½ gat±, tasm± sopi me attapaµil±bho tasmi½yeva samaye sacco bhavissati. At²tapaccuppann±na½ pana dhamm±na½ tad± abh±v± tasmi½ samaye “mogho at²to, mogho paccuppanno”ti eva½ atthato n±mamattameva attapaµil±bha½ paµij±n±ti. Ye ime paccuppann± dhamm±, te etarahi “atth²”ti saªkhya½ gat±, tasm± yv±ya½ me attapaµil±bho, so id±ni sacco hoti. At²t±n±gat±na½ pana dhamm±na½ adhun± abh±v± etarahi “mogho at²to, mogho an±gato”ti eva½ atthato n±mamattameva attapaµil±bha½ paµij±n±t²ti imamattha½ atidisati.
439-443. Sa½sanditunti sam±netu½. Gav±ti g±vito. Tatth±ti kh²r±d²su pañcagorasesu. Yasmi½ samaye kh²ra½ hot²ti yasmi½ k±le bh³tup±d±yasaññita½ up±d±navisesa½ up±d±ya kh²rapaññatti hoti. Na tasmi½…pe… gacchati kh²rapaññatti-up±d±nassa bh³tup±d±yar³passa dadhi-±dipaññattiy± anup±d±nato. Paµiniyatavatthuk± hi et± lokasamaññ±. Ten±ha “ye dhamme up±d±y±”ti-±di. Saªkh±yati kath²yati et±y±ti saªkh±. Atta½ n²haritv± uccanti vadanti et±y±ti nirutti. Ta½ tadattha½ namanti satt± eten±ti n±ma½, tath± voharanti eten±ti voh±ro, paññattiyeva. “Yasmi½ samaye”ti-±din± kh²re vuttanaya½ dadhi-±d²supi “esa nayo sabbatth±”ti atidisati.
Samanuj±nanamattak±n²ti “ida½ kh²ra½, ida½ dadh²”ti-±din± t±disesu bh³tup±d±yar³pavisesesu loke parampar±gata½ paññatti½ appaµikkhipitv± samanuj±nana½ viya paccayavisesavisiµµha½ r³p±dikhandhasam³ha½ up±d±ya “o¼±riko attapaµil±bho”ti ca “manomayo attapaµil±bho”ti ca “ar³po attapaµil±bho”ti ca tath± tath± samanuj±nanamattak±ni, na ca tabbinimutto up±d±nato añño koci paramatthato atth²ti vutta½ hoti. Niruttimattak±n²ti saddaniruttiy± gahaº³p±yamattak±ni. “Satto phasso”ti-±din± hi saddaggahaºuttarak±la½ tadanuviddhapaººattiggahaºamukheneva tadatth±vabodho. Tath± c±hu–
“Paµhama½ sadda½ sotena, t²ta½ dutiyacetas±;
n±ma½ tatiyacittena, attha½ catutthacetas±”ti. (Maºis±ramañjus±µ²k±ya½ paccayasaªgahavibh±gepi).
Vacanapathamattak±n²ti tasseva vevacana½. Niruttiyeva hi aññesampi diµµh±nugatim±pajjant±na½ k±raºaµµhena vacanapatho. Voh±ramattak±n²ti tath± tath± voh±ramattak±ni. N±mapaººattimattak±n²ti tasseva pariy±yo, ta½ta½n±mapaññ±panamattak±n²ti attho. Sabbametanti “attapaµil±bho”ti v± “satto”ti v± “poso”ti v± sabbameta½ voh±ramattaka½. Kasm±ti ce, paramatthato anupalabbhanatoti dassetu½ “yasm±”ti-±di vutta½. Suññoti paramatthato vivitto.
Yajjeva½ kasm± ces± buddhehipi vuccat²ti codana½ sodhento “buddh±na½ pan±”ti-±dim±ha. Sammutiy± voh±rassa kathana½ sammutikath±. Paramatthassa sabh±vadhammassa kathana½ paramatthakath±. Paramatthasannissitakath±bh±vato anicc±dikath±pi “paramatthakath±”ti vutt±. Paramatthadhammoyeva hi “anicco, dukkho”ti ca vuccati, na sammutidhammo.
“Anicc± sabbe saªkh±r±, dukkh±natt± ca saªkhat±;
nibb±nañceva paññatti, anatt± iti nicchay±” ti. (Pari. 257)–
Vacanato panesa “anatt±”ti vuccati, khandh±dipaññatti pana tajj±paññatti viya paramatthasannissay±, ±sannatar± ca, puggalapaññatti-±dayo viya na d³re tasm± khandh±dikath±pi “paramatthakath±”ti vutt±, khandh±dis²sena v± tadup±d±nasabh±vadhamm± eva gahit±ti daµµhabba½. Nanu ca sabh±vadhamm±pi sammutimukheneva desanam±rohanti, na paramatthamukhena, tasm± sabb±pi desan± sammutikath±va siy±ti? Nayidameva½ kathetabbadhammavibh±gena kath±vibh±gassa adhippetatt±, na ca saddo kenaci pavattinimittena vin± attha½ pak±set²ti.
Kasm± ceva½ dubbidh± buddh±na½ kath± pavattat²ti anuyoga½ k±raºavibh±vanena pariharitu½ “tattha yo”ti-±di vutta½. Attha½ vij±nitu½ catusacca½ paµivijjhitu½ vaµµato niyy±tu½ arahattasaªkh±ta½ jayagg±ha½ gahetu½ sakkoti. Yasm± paramatthakath±ya eva saccasampaµivedho, ariyasaccakath± ca sikh±ppatt± desan±, tasm± vineyyapuggalavasena ±dito sammutikatha½ kathentopi bhagav± parato paramatthakatha½yeva kathet²ti ±ha “tass±”ti-±di. “¾ditova sammutikatha½ kathet²”ti hi vadanto parato paramatthakathampi kathet²ti d²peti, itarattha pana “±ditova kathet²”ti avadanto sabbatthap²ti. “Tath±”ti-±din± kath±dvayakathane pariy±yantara½ vibh±veti. Bodhetv±ti veneyyajjh±say±nur³pa½ tath± tath± desetabbamattha½ j±n±petv±, imin± pana imamattha½ dasseti– katthaci sammutikath±pubbik± paramatthakath± hoti puggalajjh±sayavasena, katthaci paramatthakath±pubbik± sammutikath±, iti vineyyadammakusalassa satthu veneyyajjh±sayavasena tath± tath± desan± pavattat²ti. Sabbattha pana bhagav± dhammata½ avijahanto eva sammutimanuvattati, sammuti½ apariccajantoyeva dhammata½ vibh±veti, na½ tattha abhinives±tidh±van±ni. Vuttañheta½ bhagavat± “janapadanirutti½ n±bhiniviseyya, samañña½ n±tidh±veyy±”ti (d². ni. µ². 1.439-443).
Paµhama½ sammutikath±kathana½ pana veneyyavasena yebhuyyena buddh±nam±ciººanti ta½ k±raºena saddhi½ dassento “pakatiy± pan±”ti-±dim±ha. L³kh±k±r±ti veneyy±namanabhisambujjhanavasena l³khasadis±. Nanu ca sammuti n±ma paramatthato avijjam±natt± abh³t±, ta½ katha½ buddh± kathent²ti vutta½ “sammutikatha½ kathent±p²”ti-±di. Saccamev±ti tathameva Sabh±vamev±ti sammutibh±vena ta½sabh±vameva. Ten±ha “amus±v±”ti. Paramatthassa pana sacc±dibh±ve vattabbameva natthi.
Ko panimesa½ sammutiparamatthadhamm±na½ visesoti? Yasmi½ bhinne, buddhiy± v± avayavavinibbhoge kate na ta½saññ±, so ghaµapaµ±dippabhedo sammuti, tabbipariy±yato paramattho. Na hi kakkha¼aphusan±disabh±ve aya½ nayo labbhati. Eva½ santepi vuttanayena sammuti ca saccasabh±v± ev±ti ±ha “duve sacc±ni akkh±s²”ti-±di. Tattha duve sacc±ni akkh±s²ti n±n±desabh±s±kusalo tiººa½ ved±namatthasa½vaººanako ±cariyo viya n±n±vidhasammutiparamatthakusalo bhagav± veneyyajjh±say±nur³pa½ duveyeva sacc±ni akkh±s²ti attho. Ta½ sar³pato, parim±ºato ca dasseti “sammuti½ paramatthañca, tatiya½ n³palabbhat²”ti imin±. Vadata½ varoti sabbesa½ vadant±na½ varo. Lokasaªketamattasiddh± sammuti. Paramo uttamo avipar²to yath±bh³tasabh±vo paramattho.
Id±ni nesa½ saccasabh±va½ saha k±raºena dassetu½ “saªketavacanan”ti g±th± vutt±. Yasm± lokasammutik±raºa½, tasm± saªketavacana½ sacca½, yasm± ca dhamm±na½ bh³talakkhaºa½, tasm± paramatthavacana½ saccanti yojan±. Lokasammutik±raºanti hi saªketavacanassa saccabh±ve k±raºadassana½, lokasiddh± sammuti saªketavacanassa avisa½v±danat±ya k±raºanti attho, visa½v±dan±bh±vato saªketavacana½ saccanti vutta½ hoti. Dhamm±na½ bh³talakkhaºanti ca paramatthavacanassa saccabh±ve k±raºadassana½. Sabh±vadhamm±na½ yo bh³to avipar²to sabh±vo, tassa lakkhaºa½ aªgana½ ñ±pananti attho, y±th±vato avisa½v±danavasena pavattanato paramatthavacana½ saccanti adhipp±yo. Anaªgaºasuttaµ²k±ya½ pana ±cariyeneva nissakkavacanena padamulliªgetv± “lokasammutik±raº±ti lokasamañña½ niss±ya pavattanato. Dhamm±nanti sabh±vadhamm±na½. Bh³tak±raº±ti yath±bh³tasabh±va½ niss±ya pavattanato”ti vutta½.
Aññattha pana–
“Tasm± voharakusalassa, lokan±thassa satthuno;
sammuti½ voharantassa, mus±v±do na j±yat²”ti. (Ma. ni. aµµha. 1.57; a. ni. aµµha. 1.170; itivu. aµµha. 24)–
Ayampi guºaparid²pan² g±th± dissati. Tattha tasm±ti saccassa duvidhatt±, saªketavacanassa v± saccabh±vato. Sammuti½ voharantass±ti “puggalo satto”ti-±din± lokasamañña½ kathentassa mus±v±do n±ma na j±yat²ti attho. Apica “aµµhahi k±raºehi bhagav± puggala katha½ katheti hirottappad²panattha½, kammassakat±d²panattha½, paccattapurisak±rad²panattha½, ±nantariyad²panattha½, brahmavih±rad²panattha½, pubbeniv±sad²panattha½, dakkhiº±visuddhid²panattha½, lokasammutiy± appah±natthañc±”ti-±din± (ma. ni. aµµha. 1.57; a. ni. aµµha. 1.170; itivu. aµµha. 24; kath±. anuµ². 1) tattha tattha vuttak±raºampi ±haritv± idha vattabba½.
Yadi tath±gato paramatthasacca½ sammadeva abhisambujjhitv± µhitopi lokasamaññ±bh³ta½ sammutisacca½ gahetv±va vadati, evañcettha ko lokiyamah±janehi visesoti vutta½ “y±h²”ti-±di, aya½ p±¼iya½ sambandho. Ida½ vutta½ hoti– lokiyamah±jano appah²napar±m±satt± “eta½ mam±”ti-±din± par±masanto voharati. Tath±gato pana sabbaso pah²napar±m±satt± apar±masantova yasm± lokasamaññ±hi vin± lokiyo attho lokena dubbiññeyyo, tasm± t±hi ta½ voharati. Tath± voharanto ca attano desan±vil±sena veneyyasatte paramatthasacce patiµµh±pet²ti. Desana½ vinivaµµetv±ti heµµh± vutt±ya diµµh±bhinivesapaµisaññutt±ya vaµµakath±ya vinivattetv± vivecetv±. Arahattanik³µena niµµh±pes²ti “apar±masan”ti imin± padena taºh±m±napar±m±sappah±nakittanena tappah±yaka-arahattasaªkh±tanik³µena desana½ pariyos±pesi. Ya½ panettha atthato na vibhatta½, ta½ suviññeyyameva.
Iti sumaªgalavil±siniy± d²ghanik±yaµµhakath±ya paramasukhumagambh²raduranubodhatthaparid²pan±ya suvimalavipulapaññ±veyyattiyajanan±ya s±dhuvil±siniy± n±ma l²natthapak±saniy± poµµhap±dasuttavaººan±ya l²natthapak±san±.

Poµµhap±dasuttavaººan± niµµhit±.