Catuby³hah±ravaººan±

Mamanti aneruttapada½, tath± v±ti ca. Bhikkhanas²l± bhikkh³. Parentiviruddhabh±vamupagacchant²ti par±, aññatthe paneta½ aneruttapadanti evam±din± nerutta½, ta½ pana “evan”ti-±dinid±napad±na½, “maman”ti-±dip±¼ipad±nañca aµµhakath±vasena, tass± l²natthavibh±van²vasena ca suviññeyyatt± ativitth±rabhayena na vitth±rayimha. Ye te nind±pasa½s±hi samm±kampitacetas± micch±j²vato anorat± sassat±dimicch±bhinivesino s²l±didhammakkhandhesu appatiµµhit± samm±sambuddhaguºarasass±davimukh± veneyy±, te katha½ nu kho yath±vuttadosavinimutt± samm±paµipattiy± ubhayahitapar± bhaveyyunti ayamettha bhagavato adhipp±yo. Evamadhippet± puggal±, desan±bh±janaµµh±ne ca dassit± imiss± desan±ya nid±na½.
Pubb±par±nusandhi pana padasandhipadatthaniddesanikkhepasuttadesan±sandhivasena chabbidh±. Tattha “maman”ti etassa “avaººan”ti imin± sambandhoti-±din± padassa padantarena sambandho padasandhi. “Maman”ti vuttassa bhagavato “avaººan”ti vuttena parehi upavaditena aguºenasambandhoti-±din± padatthassa padatthantarena sambandho padatthasandhi. “Mama½ v± bhikkhave, pare avaººa½ bh±seyyun”ti-±didesan± suppiyena paribb±jakena vutta-avaºº±nusandhivasena pavatt±. “Mama½ v± bhikkhave, pare vaººa½ bh±seyyun”ti-±didesan± brahmadattena m±ºavena vuttavaºº±nusandhivasena pavatt±. “Atthi bhikkhave, aññeva dhamm± gambh²r± duddas± duranubodh±”ti-±didesan± bhikkh³hi vuttavaºº±nusandhivasena pavatt±ti eva½ n±n±nusandhikassa suttassa ta½tadanusandh²hi, ek±nusandhikassa ca pubb±parabh±gehi sambandho niddesasandhi. Nikkhepasandhi pana catubbidhasuttanikkhepavasena. Suttasandhi ca tividhasutt±nusandhivasena aµµhakath±ya½ eva vic±rit±, amhehi ca pubbe sa½vaººit±. Ekiss± desan±ya desan±ntarehi saddhi½ sa½sandana½ desan±sandhi, s± paneva½ veditabb±– “mama½ v± bhikkhave…pe… na cetaso anabhiraddhi karaº²y±”ti aya½ desan± “ubhatodaº¹akena cepi bhikkhave, kakacena cor± ocarak± aªgamaªg±ni okanteyyu½, tatrapi yo mano pad³señña, na me so tena s±sanakaro”ti (ma. ni. 1.232) im±ya desan±ya saddhi½ sa½sandati. “Tumha½yevassa tena anantar±yo”ti aya½ “kammassak± m±ºava satt± kammad±y±d± kammayon² kammabandh³ kammapaµisaraº± kamma½ satte vibhajati, yadida½ h²napaº²tat±y±”ti (ma. ni. 3.289-297) im±ya, “api nu tumhe…pe… ±j±neyy±th±”ti aya½–
“Kuddho attha½ na j±n±ti, kuddho dhamma½ na passati;
andha½ tama½ tad± hoti, ya½ kodho sahate naran”ti. (A. ni. 7.64; mah±ni. 5, 156, 195).–

Im±ya, “mama½ v± bhikkhave, pare vaººa½…pe… na cetaso ubbil±vitatta½ karaº²yan”ti aya½ “dhamm±pi vo bhikkhave, pah±tabb±, pageva adhamm±”ti (ma. ni. 1.240), “kull³pama½ vo bhikkhave, dhamma½ desess±mi nittharaºatth±ya, no gahaºatth±y±”ti (ma. ni. 1.240) ca im±ya, “tatra ce tumhe…pe… tumha½yevassa tena antar±yo”ti aya½–

“Luddho attha½ na j±n±ti, luddho dhamma½ na passati;
andha½ tama½ tad± hoti, ya½ lobho sahate naran”ti. (Itivu. 88; mah±ni. 5, 156; c³¼ani. 128) ca–
“K±mandh± j±lasañchann±, taºh±chadanach±dit±;
pamattabandhun±baddh±, macch±va kum²n±mukhe;
jar±maraºamanventi, vaccho kh²rapakova m±taran”ti. (Ud±. 64; netti. 27, 90; peµako. 14) ca–

Im±ya, “appamattaka½ kho paneta½ s²lamattakan”ti aya½ “vivicceva k±mehi…pe… paµhama½ jh±na½ upasampajja viharati, ayampi kho br±hmaºa yañño purimehi yaññehi appaµµhataro ca appasam±rambhataro ca mahapphalataro ca mah±nisa½sataro c±”ti (d². ni. 1.353) im±ya paµhamajjh±nassa s²lato mahapphalamah±nisa½satarat±vacanena jh±nato s²lassa appaphala-app±nisa½satarabh±vad²panato.

“P±º±tip±ta½ pah±y±”ti-±didesan± “samaºo khalu bho gotamo s²lav± ariyas²lena samann±gato”ti-±didesan±ya (d². ni. 1.304), “aññeva dhamm± gambh²r±”ti-±didesan± “adhigato kho my±ya½ dhammo gambh²ro duddaso duranubodho”ti-±didesan±ya, (d². ni. 2.67; ma. ni. 1.281; 2.337; sa½. ni. 1.172; mah±va. 7, 8) gambh²rat±divisesayuttadhammapaµivedhena hi ñ±ºassa gambh²r±dibh±vo viññ±yati.
“Santi bhikkhave, eke samaºabr±hmaº± pubbantakappik±”ti-±didesan± “santi bhikkhave, eke samaºabr±hmaº± pubbantakappik±…pe… abhivadanti sassato att± ca loko ca, idameva sacca½, moghamaññanti ittheke abhivadanti, asassato, sassato ca asassato ca, nevasassato ca n±sassato ca, antav±, anantav±, antav± ca anantav± ca, nevantav± ca n±nantav± ca att± ca loko ca, idameva sacca½, moghamaññanti ittheke abhivadant²”ti-±didesan±ya (ma. ni. 3.27).
Tath± “santi bhikkhave, eke samaºabr±hmaº± aparantakappik±”ti-±didesan± “santi bhikkhave …pe… abhivadanti saññ² att± hoti arogo para½ maraº±. Ittheke abhivadanti asaññ², saññ² ca asaññ² ca, nevasaññ² ca n±saññ² ca att± hoti arogo para½ maraº±. Ittheke abhivadanti sato v± pana sattassa uccheda½ vin±sa½ vibhava½ paññapenti, diµµhadhammanibb±na½ v± paneke abhivadant²n”ti-±didesan±ya (ma. ni. 3.21), “vedan±na½ samudayañca…pe… tath±gato”ti-±didesan± “tadida½ saªkhata½ o¼±rika½, atthi kho pana saªkh±r±na½ nirodho, atthetanti iti viditv± tassa nissaraºadass±v² tath±gato tadup±tivatto”ti-±didesan±ya (ma. ni. 3.29), “tadapi tesa½…pe… vipphanditamev±”ti aya½ “ida½ tesa½ vata aññatreva saddh±ya aññatra ruciy± aññatra anussav± aññatra ±k±raparivitakk± aññatra diµµhinijjh±nakkhantiy± paccatta½yeva ñ±ºa½ bhavissati parisuddha½ pariyod±tan’ti neta½ µh±na½ vijjati. Paccatta½ kho pana bhikkhave, ñ±ºe asati parisuddhe pariyod±te yadapi te bhonto samaºabr±hmaº± tattha ñ±ºabh±vamattameva pariyod±penti, tadapi tesa½ bhavata½ samaºabr±hmaº±na½ up±d±namakkh±yat²”ti-±didesan±ya (sa½. ni. 2.43), “tadapi phassapaccay±”ti aya½ “cakkhuñca paµicca r³pe ca uppajjati cakkhuviññ±ºa½, tiººa½ saªgati phasso, phassapaccay± vedan±, vedan±paccay± taºh±, taºh±paccay± up±d±nan”ti (sa½. ni. 2.45), “chandam³lak± ime ±vuso dhamm± manasik±rasamuµµh±n± phassasamodh±n± vedan±samosaraº±”ti (pariyesitabba½) ca ±didesan±ya, “yato kho bhikkhave, bhikkhu channa½ phass±yatan±nan”ti-±didesan± “yato kho bhikkhave, bhikkhu neva vedana½ attato samanupassati, na sañña½, na saªkh±re, na viññ±ºa½ attato samanupassati, so eva½ asamanupassanto na kiñci loke up±diyati, anup±diya½ na paritassati, aparitassa½ paccatta½yeva parinibb±yat²”ti-±didesan±ya, “sabbete imeheva dv±saµµhiy± vatth³hi antoj±l²kat±”ti-±didesan± “ye hi keci bhikkhave…pe… abhivadanti, sabbete im±neva pañca k±y±ni abhivadanti etesa½ v± aññataran”ti-±didesan±ya (ma. ni. 3.26), “k±yassa bhed±…pe… devamanuss±”ti aya½–
“Acc² yath± v±tavegena khitt± (upasiv±ti bhagav±),
attha½ paleti na upeti saªkha½;
eva½ mun² n±mak±y± vimutto,
attha½ paleti na upeti saªkhan”ti. (Su. ni. 1080)–

¾didesan±ya saddhi½ sa½sandat²ti. Aya½ neruttamadhipp±yadesan±nid±napubb±par±nusandh²na½ catunna½ vibh±vanalakkhaºo catuby³hah±ro n±ma. Vuttampi ceta½ “neruttamadhipp±yo”ti-±di (netti. 4.6).