S±sananti pariyattipaµipattipaµivedhavasena tividhampi s±sana½, nippariy±yato pana sattati½sa bodhipakkhiyadhamm±. Addh±na½ gamitumalanti addhaniya½, addh±nag±mi addh±nakkhamanti attho. Cira½ µhiti etass±ti ciraµµhitika½. Ida½ vutta½ hoti– yena pak±rena ida½ s±sana½ addhaniya½, tatoyeva ca ciraµµhitika½ bhaveyya, tena pak±rena dhammañca vinayañca yadi pan±ha½ saªg±yeyya½, s±dhu vat±ti.
Id±ni samm±sambuddhena attano kata½ anuggahavisesa½ samanussaritv± cintan±k±rampi dassento “yañc±ha½ bhagavat±”ti-±dim±ha. Tattha “yañc±han”ti etassa “anuggahito, pasa½sito”ti etehi sambandho. Yanti yasm±, kiriy±par±masana½ v± eta½, tena “anuggahito, pasa½sito”ti ettha anuggahaºa½, pasa½sanañca par±masati. “Dh±ressas²”ti-±dika½ pana vacana½ bhagav± aññatarasmi½ rukkham³le mah±kassapattherena paññattasaªgh±µiya½ nisinno ta½ saªgh±µi½ padumapupphavaººena p±ºin± antantena par±masanto ±ha. Vuttañheta½ kassapasa½yutte (sa½. ni. 2.154) mah±kassapatthereneva ±nandatthera½ ±mantetv± kathentena–
“Atha kho ±vuso bhagav± magg± okkamma yena aññatara½ rukkham³la½ tenupasaªkami, atha khv±ha½ ±vuso paµapilotik±na½ saªgh±µi½ catugguºa½ paññapetv± bhagavanta½ etadavoca½ ‘idha bhante bhagav± nis²datu, ya½ mamassa d²gharatta½ hit±ya sukh±y±’ti Nis²di kho ±vuso bhagav± paññatte ±sane, nisajja kho ma½ ±vuso bhagav± etadavoca ‘muduk± kho ty±ya½ kassapa paµapilotik±na½ saªgh±µ²’ti. Paµiggaºh±tu me bhante bhagav± paµapilotik±na½ saªgh±µi½ anukampa½ up±d±y±ti. Dh±ressasi pana me tva½ kassapa s±º±ni pa½suk³l±ni nibbasan±n²ti. Dh±ress±maha½ bhante bhagavato s±º±ni pa½suk³l±ni nibbasan±n²ti. So khv±ha½ ±vuso paµapilotik±na½ saªgh±µi½ bhagavato p±d±si½, aha½ pana bhagavato s±º±ni pa½suk³l±ni nibbasan±ni paµipajjin”ti (sa½. ni. 2.154).
Tattha muduk± kho ty±yanti muduk± kho te aya½. Kasm± pana bhagav± evam±h±ti? Therena saha c²vara½ parivattetuk±mat±ya. Kasm± parivattetuk±mo j±toti? Thera½ attano µh±ne µhapetuk±mat±ya. Ki½ s±riputtamoggall±n± natth²ti? Atthi, eva½ panassa ahosi “ime na cira½ µhassanti, ‘kassapo pana v²savassasat±yuko, so mayi parinibbute sattapaººiguh±ya½ vasitv± dhammavinayasaªgaha½ katv± mama s±sana½ pañcavassasahassaparim±ºak±la½ pavattanaka½ karissat²”ti attano na½ µh±ne µhapesi, eva½ bhikkh³ kassapassa sussusitabba½ maññissant²”ti tasm± evam±ha. Thero pana yasm± c²varassa v± pattassa v± vaººe kathite “ima½ tumhe gaºhath±”ti vacana½ c±rittameva, tasm± “paµiggaºh±tu me bhante bhagav±”ti ±ha.
Dh±ressasi pana me tva½ kassap±ti kassapa tva½ im±ni paribhogajiºº±ni pa½suk³l±ni p±rupitu½ sakkhissas²ti vadati. Tañca kho na k±yabala½ sandh±ya, paµipattip³raºa½ pana sandh±ya evam±ha. Ayañhettha adhipp±yo– aha½ ima½ c²vara½ puººa½ n±ma d±si½ p±rupitv± ±makasus±ne cha¹¹ita½ sus±na½ pavisitv± tumbamattehi p±ºakehi samparikiººa½ te p±ºake vidhunitv± mah±-ariyava½se µhatv± aggahesi½, tassa me ima½ c²vara½ gahitadivase dasasahassacakkav±¼e mah±pathav² mah±virava½ viravam±n± kampittha, ±k±sa½ taµataµ±yi, cakkav±¼e devat± s±dhuk±ra½ ada½su, ima½ c²vara½ gaºhantena bhikkhun± j±tipa½suk³likena j±ti-±raññikena j±ti-ek±sanikena j±tisapad±nac±rikena bhavitu½ vaµµati, tva½ imassa c²varassa anucchavika½ k±tu½ sakkhissas²ti. Theropi attan± pañcanna½ hatth²na½ bala½ dh±reti, so ta½ atakkayitv± “ahameta½ paµipatti½ p³ress±m²”ti uss±hena sugatac²varassa anucchavika½ k±tuk±mo “dh±ress±maha½ bhante”ti ±ha. Paµipajjinti paµipannosi½. Eva½ pana c²varaparivattana½ katv± therena p±rupitac²vara½ bhagav± p±rupi, satthu c²vara½ thero. Tasmi½ samaye mah±pathav² udakapariyanta½ katv± unnadant² kampittha.
S±º±ni pa½suk³l±n²ti mataka¼evara½ pariveµhetv± cha¹¹it±ni tumbamatte kim² papphoµetv± gahit±ni s±ºav±kamay±ni pa½suk³lac²var±ni. Nibbasan±n²ti niµµhitavasanakicc±ni, paribhogajiºº±n²ti attho. Ettha ca kiñc±pi ekameva ta½ c²vara½, anek±vayavatt± pana bahuvacana½ katanti majjhimagaºµhipade vutta½. C²vare s±dh±raºaparibhogen±ti ettha attan± s±dh±raºaparibhogen±ti atthassa viññ±yam±natt±, viññ±yam±natthassa ca saddassa payoge k±m±c±ratt± “attan±”ti na vutta½. “Dh±ressasi pana me tva½ kassapa s±º±ni pa½suk³l±n²”ti (sa½. ni. 2.154) hi vuttatt± “attan±va s±dh±raºaparibhogen±”ti viññ±yati, n±ññena. Na hi kevala½ saddatoyeva sabbattha atthanicchayo, atthapakaraº±din±pi yebhuyyena atthassa niyamitatt±. ¾cariyadhammap±lattherena panettha eva½ vutta½ “c²vare s±dh±raºaparibhogen±ti ettha ‘attan± samasamaµµhapanen±’ti idha vutta½ attan±– saddam±netv± ‘c²vare attan± s±dh±raºaparibhogen±’ti yojetabba½.
Yassa yena hi sambandho, d³raµµhampi ca tassa ta½;
atthato hyasam±n±na½, ±sannattamak±raºanti.
Atha v± bhagavat± c²vare s±dh±raºaparibhogena bhagavat± anuggahitoti yojan²ya½. Ekass±pi hi karaºaniddesassa sah±diyogakattutthajotakattasambhavato”ti. Sam±na½ dh±raºametass±ti s±dh±raºo, t±diso paribhogoti s±dh±raºaparibhogo, tena. S±dh±raºaparibhogena ca samasamaµµhapanena ca anuggahitoti sambandho.
Id±ni–
“Aha½ bhikkhave, y±vade ±kaªkh±mi vivicceva k±mehi vivicca akusalehi dhammehi savitakka½ savic±ra½ vivekaja½ p²tisukha½ paµhama½ jh±na½ upasampajja vihar±mi, kassapopi bhikkhave y±vade ±kaªkhati vivicceva k±mehi vivicca akusalehi dhammehi savitakka½ savic±ra½ vivekaja½ p²tisukha½ paµhama½ jh±na½ upasampajja viharat²”ti-±din± (sa½. ni. 2.152)–

Nav±nupubbavih±racha¼abhiññ±pabhede uttarimanussadhamme attan± samasamaµµhapanatth±ya bhagavat± vutta½ kassapasa½yutte (sa½. ni. 2.151) ±gata½ p±¼imima½ peyy±lamukhena, ±diggahaºena ca saªkhipitv± dassento ±ha “aha½ bhikkhave”ti-±di.

Tattha y±vadeti y±vadeva, yattaka½ k±la½ ±kaªkh±mi, tattaka½ k±la½ vihar±m²ti attho. Tatoyeva hi majjhimagaºµhipade, c³¼agaºµhipade ca “y±vadeti y±vadev±ti vutta½ hot²”ti likhita½. Sa½yuttaµµhakath±yampi “y±vade ±kaªkh±m²ti y±vadeva icch±m²”ti (sa½. ni. aµµha. 1.2.152) attho vutto. Tath± hi tattha l²natthapak±saniya½ ±cariyadhammap±lattherena “y±vadev±ti imin± sam±nattha½ ‘y±vade’ti ida½ padan”ti vutta½. Potthakesu pana katthaci “y±vadev±”ti ayameva p±µho dissati. Api ca y±vadeti yattaka½ sam±pattivih±ra½ viharitu½ ±kaªkh±mi, tattaka½ sam±pattivih±ra½ vihar±m²ti sam±pattiµµh±ne, yattaka½ abhiññ±voh±ra½ voharitu½ ±kaªkh±mi, tattaka½ abhiññ±voh±ra½ vohar±m²ti abhiññ±µh±ne ca saha p±µhasesena attho veditabbo. ¾cariyadhammap±lattheren±pi tadevattha½ yath±l±bhanayena dassetu½ “yattake sam±pattivih±re, abhiññ±voh±re v± ±kaªkhanto vih±r±mi ceva vohar±mi ca, tath± kassapop²ti attho”ti vutta½. Apare pana “y±vadeti ‘ya½ paµhamajjh±na½ ±kaªkh±mi, ta½ paµhamajjh±na½ upasampajja vih±r±m²’ti-±din± sam±pattiµµh±ne, iddhividh±bhiññ±µh±ne ca ajjh±haritassa ta-saddassa kammavasena ‘ya½ dibbasota½ ±kaªkh±mi, tena dibbasotena sadde suº±m²’ti-±din± ses±bhiññ±µh±ne karaºavasena yojan± vattabb±”ti vadanti. Vivicceva k±meh²ti ettha eva-saddo niyamattho, ubhayattha yojetabbo. Yamettha vattabba½, tadupari ±vi bhavissati.
Nav±nupubbavih±racha¼abhiññ±ppabhedeti ettha nav±nupubbavih±r± n±ma anupaµip±µiy± sam±pajjitabbatt± eva½saññit± nirodhasam±pattiy± saha aµµha sam±pattiyo. Cha¼abhiññ± n±ma ±savakkhayañ±ºena saha pañc±bhiññ±yo. Katthaci potthake cettha ±disaddo dissati. So anadhippeto yath±vutt±ya p±¼iy± gahetabbassa atthassa anavasesatt±. Manussesu, manuss±na½ v± uttaribh³t±na½, uttar²na½ v± manuss±na½ jh±y²nañceva ariy±nañca dhammoti uttarimanussadhammo, manussadhamm± v± uttar²ti uttarimanussadhammo. Dasa kusalakammapath± cettha vin± bh±van±manasik±rena pakatiy±va manussehi nibbattetabbato, manussattabh±v±vahanato ca manussadhammo n±ma, tato uttari pana jh±n±di uttarimanussadhammoti veditabbo. Samasamaµµhapanen±ti “aha½ yattaka½ k±la½, yattake v± sam±pattivih±re, yattak± abhiññ±yo ca va¼añjemi tath± kassapop²”ti eva½ samasama½ katv± µhapanena. Anekaµµh±nesu µhapana½, kassacipi uttarimanussadhammassa asesabh±vena ekantasamaµµhapana½ v± sandh±ya “samasamaµµhapanen±”ti vutta½, idañca nav±nupubbavih±racha¼abhiññ±bh±vas±maññena pasa½s±mattanti daµµhabba½. Na hi ±yasm± mah±kassapo bhagav± viya devasika½ catuv²satikoµisatasahassasaªkhy± sam±pattiyo sam±pajjati, yamakap±µih±riy±divasena ca abhiññ±yo va¼añjet²ti. Ettha ca uttarimanussadhamme attan± samasamaµµhapanen±”ti ida½ nidassanamattanti veditabba½. Tath± hi–
“Ovada kassapa bhikkh³, karohi kassapa bhikkh³na½ dhammi½ katha½, aha½ v± kassapa bhikkh³ ovadeyya½, tva½ v±. Aha½ v± kassapa bhikkh³na½ dhammi½ katha½ kareyya½, tva½ v±”ti–
Evampi attan± samasamaµµhapanamak±siyev±ti.
Tath±ti r³p³pasa½h±ro yath± anuggahito, tath± pasa½sitoti. ¾k±se p±ºi½ c±letv±ti bhagavat± attanoyeva p±ºi½ ±k±se c±letv± kulesu alaggacittat±ya ceva karaºabh³t±ya pasa½sitoti sambandho. Alaggacittat±y±ti v± ±dh±re bhumma½, ±k±se p±ºi½ c±letv± kul³pakassa bhikkhuno alaggacittat±ya kulesu alagganacittena bhavitu½ yuttat±ya ceva maññeva sakkhi½ katv± pasa½sitoti attho. Yath±ha–
“Atha kho bhagav± ±k±se p±ºi½ c±lesi seyyath±pi bhikkhave, aya½ ±k±se p±ºi na sajjati na gayhati na bajjhati, evameva kho bhikkhave yassa kassaci bhikkhuno kul±ni upasaªkamato kulesu citta½ na sajjati na gayhati na bajjhati ‘labhantu l±bhak±m±, puññak±m± karontu puññ±n²’ti. Yath± sakena l±bhena attamano hoti sumano, eva½ paresa½ l±bhena attamano hoti sumano. Evar³po kho bhikkhave bhikkhu arahati kul±ni upasaªkamitu½. Kassapassa bhikkhave kul±ni upasaªkamato kulesu citta½ na sajjati na gayhati na bajjhati ‘labhantu l±bhak±m±, puññak±m± karontu puññ±n²’ti. Yath± sakena l±bhena attamano hoti sumano, eva½ paresa½ l±bhena attamano hoti sumano”ti (sa½. ni. 2.146).
Tattha ±k±se p±ºi½ c±les²ti n²le gaganantare yamakavijjuka½ sañc±layam±no viya heµµh±bh±ge uparibh±ge, ubhato ca passesu p±ºi½ sañc±lesi, idañca pana tepiµake buddhavacane asambhinnapada½ n±ma. Attamanoti sakamano, na domanassena pacchinditv± gahitamano. Sumanoti tuµµhamano, id±ni yo h²n±dhimuttiko micch±paµipanno eva½ vadeyya “samm±sambuddho ‘alaggacittat±ya ±k±se c±litap±º³pam± kul±ni upasaªkamath±’ti vadanto aµµh±ne µhapeti, asayhabh±ra½ ±ropeti, ya½ na sakk± k±tu½, ta½ k±reh²”ti, tassa v±dapatha½ pacchinditv± “sakk± ca kho eva½ k±tu½, atthi evar³po bhikkh³”ti ±yasmanta½ mah±kassapattherameva sakkhi½ katv± dassento “kassapassa bhikkhave”ti-±dim±ha.