Pakaraºanayavaººan±

“Ito para½ ±cariya-dhammap±lena y± kat±;
samuµµh±n±dih±r±di-vividhatthavibh±van±.
Na s± amhehupekkheyy±, ayañhi tabbisodhan±;
tasm± tampi pavakkh±ma, sot³na½ ñ±ºavu¹¹hiy±.
Ayañhi pakaraºanayena p±¼iy± atthavaººan±– pakaraºanayoti ca tambapaººibh±s±ya vaººan±nayo. “Nettipeµakappakaraºe dhammakathik±na½ yojan±nayotipi vadant²”ti abhidhammaµ²k±ya½ vutta½. Yasm± pan±ya½ desan±ya samuµµh±napayojanabh±janesu, piº¹atthesu ca paµhama½ niddh±ritesu sukar±, hoti suviññeyy± ca, tasm±–
Samuµµh±na½ payojana½, bh±janañc±pi piº¹attha½;
niddh±retv±na paº¹ito, tato h±r±dayo sa½se.
Tattha samuµµh±na½ n±ma desan±nid±na½, ta½ s±dh±raºamas±dh±raºanti duvidha½, tath± s±dh±raºampi ajjhattikab±hirato. Tattha s±dh±raºa½ ajjhattikasamuµµh±na½ n±ma bhagavato mah±karuº±. T±ya hi samuss±hitassa lokan±thassa veneyy±na½ dhammadesan±ya citta½ udap±di, ta½ sandh±ya vutta½ “sattesu k±ruññata½ paµicca buddhacakkhun± loka½ volokes²”ti-±di. Ettha ca tividh±vatth±yapi mah±karuº±ya saªgaho daµµhabbo y±vadeva saddhammadesan±hatthad±nehi sa½s±ramahoghato sattasant±raºattha½ taduppattito. Yath± ca mah±karuº±, eva½ sabbaññutaññ±ºadasabalañ±º±dayopi desan±ya s±dh±raºamajjhattikasamuµµh±na½ n±ma. Sabbañhi ñeyyadhamma½ tesa½ desetabb±k±ra½, satt±na½ ±say±nusay±dikañca y±th±vato j±nanto bhagav± µh±n±µµh±n±d²su kosallena veneyyajjh±say±nur³pa½ vicitranayadesana½ pavattesi. B±hira½ pana s±dh±raºasamuµµh±na½ dasasahassimah±brahmapariv±rassa sahampatibrahmuno ajjhesana½. Tadajjhesanañhi pati dhammagambh²rat±paccavekkhaº±janita½ appossukkata½ paµippassambhetv± dhammass±m² dhammadesan±ya uss±haj±to ahosi.
As±dh±raºampi ajjhattikab±hirato duvidhameva. Tattha ajjhattika½ y±ya mah±karuº±ya, yena ca desan±ñ±ºena ida½ sutta½ pavattita½, tadubhayameva. S±maññ±vatth±ya hi s±dh±raºampi sam±na½ mah±karuº±divises±vatth±ya as±dh±raºa½ bhavati, b±hira½ pana as±dh±raºasamuµµh±na½ vaºº±vaººabhaºananti aµµhakath±ya½ vutta½. Apica nind±pasa½s±su satt±na½ veneyy±gh±t±nand±dibh±vaman±patti. Tattha ca an±d²navadassana½ b±hiramas±dh±raºasamuµµh±nameva, tath± nind±pasa½s±su paµipajjanakkamassa, pasa½s±visayassa ca khuddak±divasena anekavidhassa s²lassa, sabbaññutaññ±ºassa ca sassat±didiµµhiµµh±ne, taduttari ca appaµihatac±rat±ya, tath±gatassa ca katthacipi bhav±d²su apariy±pannat±ya satt±namanavabodhopi b±hiramas±dh±raºasamuµµh±na½.
Payojanampi s±dh±raº±s±dh±raºato duvidha½. Tattha s±dh±raºa½ anup±d±parinibb±na½ vimuttirasatt± sabb±yapi bhagavato desan±ya, tenev±ha “etadatth± kath±, etadatth± mantan±”ti-±di (pari. 366) as±dh±raºa½ pana b±hirasamuµµh±nato vipariy±yena veditabba½. Nind±pasa½s±su hi satt±nanveneyy±gh±t±nand±dibh±vappatti-±dika½ imiss± desan±ya phalabh³ta½ k±raºabh±vena ima½ desana½ payojeti. Phalañhi tadupp±dakasattiy± k±raºa½ payojeti n±ma phale satiyeva t±ya sattiy± k±raºabh±vappattito. Atha v± yath±vutta½ phala½ im±ya desan±ya bhagavanta½ payojet²ti ±cariyas±riputtattherena vutta½. Yañhi desan±ya s±dhetabba½ phala½, ta½ ±kaªkhitabbatt± desan±ya desaka½ payojeti n±ma. Apica kuhanalapan±din±n±vidhamicch±j²vaviddha½sana½, dv±saµµhidiµµhij±laviniveµhana½, diµµhis²sena paccay±k±ravibh±vana½, chaphass±yatanavasena catusaccakammaµµh±naniddeso, sabbadiµµhigat±na½ anavasesapariy±d±na½, attano anup±d±parinibb±nad²panañca payojanameva.
Bh±jana½ pana desan±dhiµµh±na½. Ye hi vaºº±vaººanimitta-anurodhavirodhavantacitt± kuhan±divividhamicch±j²vanirat± sassat±didiµµhipaªkanimugg± s²lakkhandh±d²su aparip³rak±rino abuddhaguºavisesañ±º± veneyy±, te imiss± desan±ya bh±jana½.
Piº¹attho pana idha labbham±napadehi, samud±yena ca suttapadena yath±sambhava½ saªgahito attho. ¾gh±t±d²na½ akaraº²yat±vacanena hi dassita½ paµiññ±nur³pa½ samaºasaññ±ya niyojana½, tath± khantisoracc±nuµµh±na½, brahmavih±rabh±van±nuyogo, saddh±paññ±sam±yogo, satisampajaññ±dhiµµh±na½, paµisaªkh±nabh±van±balasiddhi, pariyuµµh±n±nusayappah±na½, ubhayahitapaµipatti, lokadhammehi anupalepo ca–
P±º±tip±t±d²hi paµivirativacanena dassit± s²lavisuddhi, t±ya ca hirottappasampatti, mett±karuº±samaªgit±, v²tikkamappah±na½, tadaªgappah±na½, duccaritasa½kilesappah±na½, viratittayasiddhi, piyaman±pagarubh±van²yat±nipphatti, l±bhasakk±rasilokasamud±gamo, samathavipassan±na½ adhiµµh±nabh±vo, akusalam³latanukaraºa½, kusalam³laropana½, ubhay±natthad³r²karaºa½, paris±su vis±radat±, appam±davih±ro, parehi duppadha½siyat±, avippaµis±r±disamaªgit± ca–
“Gambh²r±”ti-±divacanehi dassita½ gambh²radhammavibh±vana½, alabbhaneyyapatiµµhat±, kapp±namasaªkhyeyyen±pi dullabhap±tubh±vat±, sukhumenapi ñ±ºena paccakkhato paµivijjhitumasakkuºeyyat±, dhammanvayasaªkh±tena anum±nañ±ºen±pi duradhigaman²yat±, passaddhasabbadarathat±, santadhammavibh±vana½, sobhanapariyos±nat±, atittikarabh±vo, padh±nabh±vappatti, yath±bh³tañ±ºagocarat±, sukhumasabh±vat±, mah±paññ±vibh±van± ca. Diµµhid²pakapadehi dassit± sam±sato sassata-ucchedadiµµhiyo l²nat±tidh±vanavibh±vana½, ubhayavinibandhaniddeso micch±bhinivesakittana½, kummaggapaµipattippak±sana½, vipariyesagg±hañ±pana½, par±m±sapariggaho, pubbant±parant±nudiµµhipatiµµh±pan±, bhavavibhavadiµµhivibh±g±, taºh±vijj±pavatti, antav±nantav±diµµhiniddeso, antadvay±vat±raºa½, ±savoghayogakilesaganthasa½yojanup±d±navisesavibhajanañca–
Tath± “vedan±na½ samudayan”ti-±divacanehi dassit± catunnamariyasacc±na½ anubodhapaµibodhasiddhi, vikkhambhanasamucchedappah±na½ taºh±vijj±vigamo, saddhammaµµhitinimittapariggaho, ±gam±dhigamasampatti, ubhayahitapaµipatti, tividhapaññ±pariggaho, satisampajaññ±nuµµh±na½, saddh±paññ±sam±yogo, v²riyasamat±nuyojana½, samathavipassan±nipphatti ca–
“Aj±nata½ apassatan”ti padehi dassit± avijj±siddhi, tath± “taºh±gat±na½ paritassitavipphanditan”ti padehi taºh±siddhi, tadubhayena ca n²varaºasaññojanadvayasiddhi, anamataggasa½s±ravaµµ±nupacchedo, pubbant±haraº±parant±nusandh±n±ni, at²tapaccuppannak±lavasena hetuvibh±go, avijj±taºh±na½ aññamaññ±nativattana½, aññamaññ³pak±rit±, paññ±vimutticetovimutt²na½ paµipakkhaniddeso ca–
“Tadapi phassapaccay±”ti padena dassit± sassat±dipaññ±panassa paccay±dh²navuttit±, tena ca dhamm±na½ niccat±paµisedho, aniccat±patiµµh±pana½, paramatthato k±rak±dipaµikkhepo, eva½dhammat±niddeso, suññat±pak±sana½ samatthanir²ha paccayalakkhaºavibh±vanañca–
“Ucchinnabhavanettiko”ti-±din± dassit± bhagavato pah±nasampatti, vijj±vimuttivas²bh±vo, sikkhattayanipphatti, nibb±nadh±tudvayavibh±go, caturadhiµµh±naparip³raºa½, bhavayoni-±d²su apariy±pannat± ca–
Sakalena pana suttapadena dassito iµµh±niµµhesu bhagavato t±dibh±vo, tattha ca paresa½ patiµµh±pana½, kusaladhamm±na½ ±dibh³tadhammadvayaniddeso sikkhattay³padeso, attantap±dipuggalacatukkasiddhi, kaºhakaºhavip±k±dikammacatukkavibh±go, caturappamaññ±visayaniddeso, samudayatthaªgam±dipañcakassa yath±bh³t±vabodho, chas±raº²yadhammavibh±van±, dasan±thakadhammapatiµµh±pananti evam±dayo yath±sambhava½ saªgahetv± dassetabb± atth± piº¹attho.