Diµµhigatik±dhiµµh±navaµµakath±vaººan±

144. Kiñc±pi imasmi½ µh±ne p±¼iya½ vedayitaman±gata½, heµµh± pana t²supi v±resu adhikatatt±, upari ca “phussa phussa paµisa½vedent²”ti vakkham±natt± vedayitamevettha padh±nanti ±ha “sabbadiµµhivedayit±ni sampiº¹et²”ti. “Yepi te”ti tattha tattha ±gatassa ca pi-saddassa attha½ sandh±ya “sampiº¹et²”ti vutta½. Ye te samaºabr±hmaº± sassatav±d±…pe… sabbepi te chahi phass±yatanehi phussa phussa paµisa½vedent²ti hi vedayitakiriy±vasena ta½ta½diµµhigatik±na½ sampiº¹itatt± vedayitasampiº¹anameva j±ta½. Sabbampi hi v±kya½ kiriy±padh±nanti. Upari phasse pakkhipanatth±y±ti “chahi phass±yataneh²”ti vutte upari phasse pakkhipanattha½, pakkhipanañcettha vedayitassa phassapaccayat±dassanameva. “Chahi phass±yatanehi phussa phussa paµisa½vedent²”ti imin± hi chahi ajjhattik±yatanehi cha¼±rammaºapaµisa½vedana½ ekantato chaphassahetukamev±ti dassita½ hoti, tena vutta½ “sabbe te”ti-±di.
Kambojoti eva½n±maka½ raµµha½. Tath± dakkhiº±patho. “Sañj±tiµµh±ne”ti imin± sañj±yanti etth±ti adhikaraºattho sañj±ti-saddoti dasseti. Eva½ samosaraºa-saddo. ¾yatana-saddopi tadubhayatthe. ¾yataneti samosaraºabh³te catumah±pathe. Nanti mah±nigrodharukkha½. Idañhi aªguttar±game pañcanip±te saddh±nisa½sasuttapada½. Tattha ca seyyath±pi bhikkhave subh³miya½ catumah±pathe mah±nigrodho samant± pakkh²na½ paµisaraºa½ hot²”ti (a. ni. 5.38) tanniddeso vutto. Sati sati-±yataneti satisaªkh±te k±raºe vijjam±ne, tatra tatreva sakkhitabbata½ p±puº±t²ti attho. ¾yatanti ettha phal±ni tad±yattavuttit±ya pavattanti, ±yabh³ta½ v± attano phala½ tanoti pavattet²ti ±yatana½, k±raºa½. Sammant²ti upasammanti ass±sa½ janenti. ¾yatana-saddo aññesu viya na ettha atthantar±vabodhakoti ±ha “paººattimatte”ti, tath± tath± paññattimatteti attho. Rukkhagacchasam³he paººattimatte hi araññavoh±ro, araññameva ca araññ±yatananti. Atthattayep²ti ettha pi-saddena ±karaniv±s±dhiµµh±natthe sampiº¹eti. “Hiraññ±yatana½ suvaºº±yatanan”ti-±d²su hi ±kare, “issar±yatana½ v±sudev±yatanan”ti-±d²su niv±se, “kamm±yatana½ sipp±yatanan”ti-±d²su adhiµµh±ne pavattati, nissayeti attho.
¾yatanti ettha ±karonti, nivasanti, adhiµµhahant²ti yath±kkama½ vacanattho. Cakkh±d²su ca phass±dayo ±kiºº±, t±ni ca nesa½ v±so, adhiµµh±nañca nissayapaccayabh±vato. Tasm± tadetampi atthattayamidha yujjatiyeva. Katha½ yujjat²ti ±ha “cakkh±d²su h²”ti-±di. Phasso vedan± saññ± cetan± cittanti ime phassapañcamak± dhamm± upalakkhaºavasena vutt± aññesampi ta½sampayuttadhamm±na½ ±yatanabh±vato, padh±navasena v±. Tath± hi cittupp±da½ vibhajantena bhagavat± teyeva “phasso hoti, vedan±, saññ±, cetan±, citta½ hot²”ti paµhama½ vibhatt±. Sañj±yanti tannissay±rammaºabh±vena tattheva uppattito. Samosaranti tattha tattha vatthudv±r±rammaºabh±vena samosaraºato. T±ni ca nesa½ k±raºa½ tesamabh±ve abh±vato. Aya½ pana yath±vutto sañj±tides±di-attho ru¼hivaseneva tattha tattha niru¼hat±ya eva pavattatt±ti ±cariya-±nandattherena vutta½. Aya½ pana padatthavivaraºamukhena pavatto attho– ±yatanato, ±y±na½ tananato, ±yatassa ca nayanato ±yatana½. Cakkh±d²su hi ta½ta½dv±r±rammaº± cittacetasik± dhamm± sena sena anubhavan±dikiccena ±yatanti uµµhahanti ghaµenti v±yamanti, ±yabh³te ca dhamme et±ni tanonti vitth±renti, ±yatañca sa½s±radukkha½ nayanti pavattent²ti. Iti imin± nayen±ti ettha ±di-atthena iti saddena “sota½ paµicc±”ti-±dip±¼i½ saªgaºh±ti.
Tattha tiººanti cakkhupas±dar³p±rammaºacakkhuviññ±º±d²na½ tiººa½ visayindriyaviññ±º±na½. Tesa½ sam±gamanabh±vena gahetabbato “phasso saªgat²”ti vutto. Tath± hi so “sannip±tapaccupaµµh±no”ti vuccati. Imin± nayena ±ropetv±ti sambandho. Tena imamattha½ dasseti– yath± “cakkhu½paµicca…pe… phasso”ti (ma. ni. 1.204; 3.421, 425, 426; sa½. ni. 2.43, 45; 2.4.61; kath±. 465) etasmi½ sutte vijjam±nesupi saññ±d²su sampayuttadhammesu vedan±ya padh±nak±raºabh±vadassanattha½ phassas²sena desan± kat±, evamidh±pi “phassapaccay± vedan±”ti-±din± phassa½ ±di½ katv± aparantapaµisandh±nena paccayaparampara½ dassetu½ “chahi phass±yataneh²”ti ca “phussa phuss±”ti ca phassas²sena desan± kat±ti. Phass±yatan±d²n²ti ±di-saddena “phussa phuss±”ti vacana½ saªgaºh±ti.
“Kiñc±p²”ti-±din± saddamattato codan±lesa½ dassetv± “tath±p²”ti-±din± atthato ta½ pariharati. Na ±yatan±ni phusanti r³p±naman±rammaºabh±vato. Phasso ar³padhammo visam±no ekadesena ±rammaºa½ analliyam±nopi phusan±k±rena pavatto phusanto viya hot²ti ±ha “phassova ta½ ta½ ±rammaºa½ phusat²”ti. Teneva so “phusanalakkhaºo, saªghaµµanaraso”ti ca vuccati. “Chahi phass±yatanehi phussa phuss±”ti aphusanakicc±nipi nissitavoh±rena phusanakicc±ni katv± dassanameva phasse upanikkhipana½ n±ma yath± “mañc± ghosant²”ti. Upanikkhipitv±ti hi phusanakicc±ropanavasena phassasmi½ pavesetv±ti attho. Phassagatik±ni katv± phassupac±ra½ ±ropetv±ti vutta½ hoti. Upac±ro n±ma voh±ramatta½, na tena atthasiddhi ata½sabh±vato. Atthasijjhanako pana ta½sabh±voyeva attho gahetabboti dassetu½ “tasm±”ti-±dim±ha. Yath±hu–
“Atthañhi n±tho saraºa½ avoca,
na byañjana½ lokahito mahes²”ti.
Attano paccayabh³t±na½ channa½ phass±na½ vasena cakkhusamphassaj± y±va manosamphassaj±ti saªkhepato chabbidha½ sandh±ya “chaphass±yatanasambhav± vedan±”ti vutta½. Vitth±rato pana–
“Phassato chabbidh±pet±, upavic±rabhedato;
tidh± nissitato dv²hi, tidh± k±lena va¹¹hit±”ti.–

Aµµhasatapariy±ye vuttanayena aµµhasatappabhed±. Mah±vih±rav±sino cettha yath± viññ±ºa½ n±mar³pa½ sa¼±yatana½ eva½ phassa½, vedanañca paccayapaccayuppannampi sasantatipariy±panna½ d²pento vip±kameva icchanti, aññe pana yath± tath± v± paccayabh±vo sati na sakk± vajjetunti sabbameva icchanti. ti yath±vuttappabhed± vedan±. R³pataºh±dibhed±y±ti “seµµhiputto br±hmaºaputto”ti pitun±mavasena viya ±rammaºan±mavasena vutt±ya r³pataºh± y±va dhammataºh±ti saªkhepato chabbidh±ya. Vitth±rato pana–

“R³pataºh±dik± k±ma-taºh±d²hi tidh± puna;
sant±nato dvidh± k±la-bhedena guºit± siyun”ti.–

Eva½ vutta-aµµhasatappabhed±ya. Upanissayakoµiy±ti upanissayas²sena. Kasm± panettha upanissayapaccayova uddhaµo, nanu sukh± vedan±, adukkhamasukh± ca taºh±ya ±rammaºamatta-±rammaº±dhipati-±rammaº³panissayapakat³panissayavasena catudh± paccayo, dukkh± ca ±rammaºamattapakat³panissayavasena dvidh±ti? Saccameta½, upanissaye eva pana ta½ sabbampi antogadhanti evamuddhaµo. Yutta½ t±va ±rammaº³panissayassa upanissayas±maññato upanissaye antogadhat±, katha½ pana ±rammaºamatta-±rammaº±dhipat²na½ tattha antogadhabh±vo siy±ti? Tesampi ±rammaºas±maññato ±rammaº³panissayena saªgahitatt± ±rammaº³panissayavasamodh±nabh³teva upanissaye eva antogadhat± hoti. Etadatthameva hi sandh±ya “upanissayen±”ti avatv± “upanissayakoµiy±”ti vutta½. Siddhe hi saty±rambho niyam±ya v± hoti atthantaraviññ±pan±ya v±ti. Evam²disesu.

Catubbidhass±ti k±mup±d±na½ y±va attav±dup±d±nanti catubbidhassa. Nanu ca taºh±va k±mup±d±na½, katha½ s±yeva tassa paccayo siy±ti? Sacca½, purimataºh±ya pana upanissayapaccayena pacchimataºh±ya da¼habh±vato purim±yeva taºh± pacchim±ya paccayo bhavati. Taºh±da¼hattameva hi “k±mup±d±na½ up±y±so upakaµµh±”ti-±d²su viya upa-saddassa da¼hatthe pavattanato. Apica dubbal± taºh± taºh±yeva, balavat² taºh± k±mup±d±na½. Atha v± apattavisayapatthan± taºh± tamasi cor±na½ hatthapas±raºa½ viya, sampattavisayaggahaºa½ k±mup±d±na½ cor±na½ hatthagatabhaº¹aggahaºa½ viya. Appicchat±paµipakkh± taºh±. Santuµµhit±paµipakkha½ k±mup±d±na½. Pariyesanadukkham³la½ taºh±, ±rakkhadukkham³la½ k±mup±d±na½. Ayampi tesa½ viseso keciv±davasena ±cariyadhammap±lattherena (d². ni. µ². 1.144) dassito purimanayasseva visuddhimagge (visuddhi. 1.144) sakav±dabh±vena vuttatt±.
Asahaj±tassa up±d±nassa upanissayakoµiy±, sahaj±tassa pana sahaj±takoµiy±ti yath±l±bhamattho gahetabbo. Tattha asahaj±t± anantaraniruddh± anantarasamanantara-anantar³panissayanatthivigat±sevanapaccayehi chadh± paccayo. ¾rammaºabh³t± pana ±rammaºamatta-±rammaº±dhipati-±rammaº³panissayehi tidh±, ta½ sabbampi vuttanayena upanissayeneva saªgahetv± “upanissayakoµiy±”ti vutta½. Yasm± ca taºh±ya r³p±d²ni ass±detv± k±mesu p±tabyata½ ±pajjati, tasm± taºh± k±mup±d±nassa upanissayakoµiy± paccayo. Tath± r³p±dibhede samm³¼ho “natthi dinnan”ti-±din± (d². ni. 1.171; ma. ni. 1.445; 2.94-95, 225; 3.91, 116, 136; sa½. ni. 3.210; a. ni. 10.176, 217; dha. sa. 1221; vibha. 907, 925, 971) micch±dassana½, sa½s±rato muccituk±mo asuddhimagge suddhimaggapar±masana½, khandhesu attattaniyag±habh³ta½ sakk±yadassanañca gaºh±ti. Tasm± itaresampi tiººa½ taºh± upanissayakoµiy± paccayoti daµµhabba½. Sahaj±t± pana sahaj±ta-aññamaññanissayasampayutta-atthi-avigatahetuvasena sattadh± sahaj±t±na½ paccayo. Tampi sabba½ sahaj±tapaccayeneva saªgahetv± “sahaj±takoµiy±”ti vutta½.
Bhavass±ti kammabhavassa ceva upapattibhavassa ca. Tattha cetan±disaªkh±ta½ sabba½ bhavag±mikamma½ kammabhavo. K±mabhav±dinavavidho upapattibhavo. Tesu upapattibhavassa catubbidhampi up±d±na½ upapattibhavahetubh³tassa kammabhavassa k±raºabh±vato, tassa ca sah±yabh±v³pagamanato pakat³panissayavasena paccayo. Kamm±rammaºakaraºak±le pana kammasahaj±tamup±d±na½ upapattibhavassa ±rammaºavasena paccayo. Kammabhavassa pana sahaj±tassa sahaj±tamup±d±na½ sahaj±ta-aññamaññanissayasampayutta-atthi-avigatavasena ceva hetumaggavasena ca anekadh± paccayo. Asahaj±tassa pana anantarassa asahaj±tamup±d±na½ anantarasamanantara-anantar³panissayanatthivigat±sevanavasena, itarassa ca n±nantarassa pakat³panissayavasena, sammasan±dik±lesu ±rammaº±divasena ca paccayo. Tattha anantar±dike upanissayapaccaye, sahaj±t±dike ca sahaj±tapaccaye pakkhipitv± tath±ti vutta½, r³p³pah±rattho v± hesa anuka¹¹hanattho v±. Tena hi upanissayakoµiy± ceva sahaj±takoµiy± c±ti attha½ dasseti.
Bhavo j±tiy±ti ettha bhavoti kammabhavo adhippeto. So hi j±tiy± paccayo, na upapattibhavo. J±tiyeva hi upapattibhavoti, s± ca paµham±bhinibbattakhandh±. Tena vutta½ “j±t²ti panettha savik±r± pañcakkhandh± daµµhabb±”ti, ten±ya½ codan± nivattit± “nanu j±tipi bhavoyeva, katha½ so j±tiy± paccayo”ti, katha½ paneta½ j±nitabba½ “kammabhavo j±tiy± paccayo”ti ce? B±hirapaccayasamattepi kammavaseneva h²napaº²t±divisesadassanato. Yath±ha bhagav± “kamma½ satte vibhajati yadida½ h²napaº²tat±y±”ti (ma. ni. 3.289) savik±r±ti nibbattivik±rena savik±r±, na aññehi, te ca atthato upapattibhavoyeva, so eva ca tassa k±raºa½ bhavitumayutto taºh±ya k±mup±d±nassa paccayabh±ve viya purimapacchim±divises±namasambhavato, tasm± kammabhavoyeva upapattibhavasaªkh±t±ya j±tiy± kammapaccayena ceva pakat³panissayapaccayena ca paccayoti attha½ dassetu½ “kammapaccaya½ upanissayeneva saªgahetv± upanissayakoµiy± paccayo”ti vutta½. Yasm± pana j±tiy± sati jar±maraºa½, jar±maraº±din± phuµµhassa ca b±lassa sok±dayo sambhavanti, n±sati, tasm± j±tijar±maraº±d²na½ upanissayavasena paccayoti ±ha “j±ti…pe… paccayo”ti vitth±rato atthavinicchayassa akatatt±, sahaj±t³panissayas²seneva paccayavic±raº±ya ca, dassitatt±, aªg±dividh±nassa ca an±maµµhatt± “ayamettha saªkhepo”ti-±di vutta½. Mah±visayatt± paµiccasamupp±davic±raº±ya niravases± aya½ kuto laddhabb±ti codanamapaneti “vitth±rato”ti-±din±. “Idha panass±”ti-±din± p±¼iyampi paµiccasamupp±dakath± ekadeseneva kathit±ti dasseti. Tattha idh±ti imasmi½ brahmaj±le. Ass±ti paµiccasamupp±dassa. Payojanamattamev±ti diµµhiy± k±raºabh³tavedan±vasena ekadesamatta½ payojanameva. “Mattamev±”ti hi avadh±raºatthe pariy±yavacana½ “appa½ vassasata½ ±yu, id±netarahi vijjat²”ti-±d²su viya aññamaññatth±vabodhanavasena sapayojanatt±, matta-saddo v± pam±ºe, payojanasaªkh±ta½ pam±ºameva, na taduttar²ti attho. “Matta-saddo avadh±raºe eva-saddo sanniµµh±ne”tipi vadanti. Eva½ sabbattha. Hoti cettha–
“Mattamev±ti ekattha½, mattapada½ pam±ºake;
matt±vadh±raºe v±, sanniµµh±namhi cetaran”ti.
Ekadesenevidha p±¼iya½ kathitatt± paµiccasamupp±dassa tath± kathane saddhi½ ud±haraºena k±raºa½ dassento “bhagav± h²”ti-±dim±ha. Tena imamadhipp±ya½ dasseti “vaµµakatha½ kathento bhagav± avijj±-taºh±-diµµh²namaññataras²sena kathesi, tesu idha diµµhis²seneva kathento vedan±ya diµµhiy± balavak±raºatt± vedan±m³laka½ ekadesameva paµiccasamupp±da½ kathes²”ti. Et±ni ca sutt±ni aªguttaranik±ye dasanip±te (a. ni. 10.61 v±kyakhandhe) tattha purimakoµi na paññ±yat²ti asukassa n±ma samm±sambuddhassa, cakkavattino v± k±le avijj± uppann±, na tato pubbeti eva½ avijj±ya purimo ±dimariy±do appaµihatassa mama sabbaññutaññ±ºass±pi na paññ±yati tat± mariy±dassa avijjam±natt±ti attho. Evañcetanti imin± mariy±d±bh±vena aya½ avijj± k±ma½ vuccati. Atha ca pan±ti eva½ k±laniyamena mariy±d±bh±vena vuccam±n±pi. Idappaccay±ti imasm± pañcan²varaºasaªkh±tapaccay± avijj± sambhavat²ti eva½ dhammaniy±mena avijj±ya koµi paññ±yat²ti attho. “Ko c±h±ro avijj±ya, ‘pañca n²varaº±’ tissa vacan²yan”ti (a. ni. 10.61) hi tattheva vutta½, µ²k±ya½ pana “±savapaccay±”ti (d². ni. µ². 1.144) ±ha, ta½ ud±haraºasuttena na sameti. Aya½ paccayo idappaccayo ma-k±rassa da-k±r±desavasena. Saddavid³ pana “²disassa payogassa dissanato ida-saddoyeva pakat²”ti vadanti, ayuttameveta½ vaººavik±r±divasena n±n±payogassa dissam±natt±. Yath± hi vaººavik±rena “am³”ti vuttepi “as³”ti dissati, “imes³”ti vuttepi “es³”ti, evamidh±pi vaººavik±ro ca v±kye viya sam±sepi labbhateva yath± “j±nipati tudampat²”ti. Kimettha vattabba½, pabhinnapaµisambhidena ±yasmat± mah±kacc±yanattherena vuttameva pam±ºanti daµµhabba½.
Bhavataºh±y±ti bhavasaññojanabh³t±ya taºh±ya. Idappaccay±ti imasm± avijj±paccay±. “Ko c±h±ro bhavataºh±ya, ‘avijj±’ tissa vacan²yan”ti hi vutta½. Bhavadiµµhiy±ti sassatadiµµhiy±. Idappaccay±ti idha pana vedan±paccay±tveva attho. Nanu diµµhiyo eva kathetabb±, kimatthiya½ pana paµiccasamupp±dakathananti anuyogen±ha “ten±”ti-±di. Ida½ vutta½ hoti– anulomena paµiccasamupp±dakath± n±ma vaµµakath±, ta½ kathaneneva bhagav± ete diµµhigatik± y±vida½ micch±dassana½ na paµinissajjanti, t±va imin± paccayaparamparena vaµµeyeva nimujjant²ti dasses²ti. Ito bhav±dito. Ettha bhav±d²su. Esa nayo sesapadadvayepi. Imin± apariyanta½ apar±paruppatti½ dasseti. Vipannaµµh±ti vividhena n±sit±.