Ucchedav±davaººan±

84. Avijjam±nassa vin±s±sambhavato atthibh±vahetuko ucchedoti dassetu½ vijjam±nav±cakena santa-saddena “sato”ti p±¼iya½ vuttanti ±ha “vijjam±nass±”ti. Vijjam±nat±payutto cesa diµµhigatikav±davisayo sattoyeva idha adhippetoti dassanattha½ p±¼iya½ “sattass±”ti vutta½, tena imamattha½ dasseti– yath± hetuphalabh±vena pavattam±n±na½ sabh±vadhamm±na½ satipi ekasant±napariy±pann±na½ bhinnasantatipatitehi visese hetuphalabh³t±na½ paramatthato bhinnasabh±vatt± bhinnasant±napatit±na½ viya accanta½ bhedasanniµµh±nena n±nattanayassa micch±gahaºa½ ucched±bhinivesassa k±raºa½, eva½ hetuphalabh³t±na½ vijjam±nepi sabh±vabhede ekasantatipariy±pannat±ya ekattanayena accantamabhedagahaºampi k±raºamev±ti. Sant±navasena hi pavattam±nesu khandhesu ghanavinibbhog±bh±vena tesa½ idha sattag±ho, sattassa ca atthibh±vag±hahetuko ucchedav±do, anupubbanirodhavasena pana nirantaravin±so idha “ucchedo”ti adhippeto y±v±ya½ att± ucchijjam±no bhavati, t±v±ya½ vijjatiyev±ti gahaºatoti ±ha “upacchedan”ti. U-saddo hi upa-saddapariy±yo, so ca upasaªkamanattho, upasaªkamanañcettha anupubbamuppajjitv± apar±para½ nirodhavasena nirantarat±. Apica pun±nuppajjam±navasena nirudayavin±soyeva ucchedo n±ma yath±vuttanayena gahaºatoti ±ha “upacchedan”ti. U-saddo, hi upa-saddo ca ettha uparibh±gattho. Niruddhato parabh±go ca idha uparibh±goti vuccati.
Nirantaravasena nirudayavasena v± visesena n±so vin±so, so pana ma½sacakkhupaññ±cakkh³na½ dassanapath±tikkamanato adassanamev±ti ±ha “adassanan”ti. Adassane hi n±sa-saddo loke niru¼ho “dve c±pare vaººavik±ran±s±”ti-±d²su (k±sik± 6-3-109 sutta½ passitabba½) viya. Bh±vavigamanti sabh±v±pagama½. Yath±dhamma½ bhavana½ bh±voti hi atthena idha bh±va-saddo sabh±vav±cako. Yo pana nirantara½ nirudayavin±savasena ucchijjati, so attano sabh±vena µh±tumasakkuºeyyat±ya “bh±v±pagamo”ti vuccati. “Tatth±”ti-±din± ucchedav±dassa yath±p±µha½ samud±gama½ nidassanamattena dasseti, tena vakkhati “tath± ca aññath± ca vikappetv±v±”ti. Tatth±ti “sato sattassa uccheda½ vin±sa½ vibhava½ paññapent²”ti vacane. L±bh²ti dibbacakkhuñ±ºal±bh². Tadavasesal±bh² ceva sabbaso al±bh² ca idha aparantakappikaµµh±ne “al±bh²” tveva vuccati.
Cutinti sekkhaputhujjan±nampi cutimeva. Esa nayo cutimattamev±ti etth±pi. Upapatti½ apassantoti daµµhu½ samatthepi sati anolokanavasena apassanto. Na upap±tanti pubbayog±bh±vena, parikamm±karaºena v± upapatti½ daµµhu½ na sakkoti, evañca katv± nayadvaye viseso p±kaµo hoti. Ko paraloka½ j±n±ti, na j±n±tiyev±ti natthikav±davasena uccheda½ gaºh±t²ti saha p±µhasesena sambandho, natthikav±davasena mah±m³¼habh±veneva “ito añño paraloko atth²”ti anavabodhanato ima½ diµµhi½ gaºh±t²ti adhipp±yo. “Ettakoyeva visayo, yv±ya½ indriyagocaro”ti attano dh²tuy± hatthaggaºhanakar±j± viya k±masukh±bhirattat±yapi gaºh±t²ti ±ha “k±masukhagiddhat±ya v±”ti. Vaºµato patitapaºº±na½ vaºµena apaµisandhikabh±va½ sandh±ya “na puna viruhant²”ti vutta½. Evameva satt±ti yath± paº¹upal±so bandhan± pavutto puna na paµisandh²yati, evameva sabbepi satt± appaµisandhik± maraºapariyos±n± aponobbhavik± appaµisandhikamaraºameva nigacchant²ti attho. Udakapubbu¼ak³pam± hi satt± puna anuppajjam±natoti tassa laddhi. Tath±ti “l±bh² anussaranto”ti-±din± [arahato (aµµha)] nidassanavasena vuttappak±rena. Aññath±ti takkanassa anekappak±rasambhavato tato aññenapi pak±rena. L±bhinopi cutito uddha½ upap±tassa adassanamatta½ pati takkaneneva im± diµµhiyo uppajjant²ti vutta½ “vikappetv±v±”ti. Tath± ca vikappetv±va uppann± aññath± ca vikappetv±va uppann±ti hi sambandho. Tattha “dve jan±”ti-±din± ucchedagg±hakappabhedadassanena imamattha½ dasseti. Yath± amar±vikkhepikav±d± ekanta-al±bh²vaseneva desit±, yath± ca uddham±gh±tanikasaññ²v±de catutthacatukke saññ²v±d± ekantal±bh²vaseneva desit±, nayime. Ime pana sassatekaccasassatav±d±dayo viya l±bh²-al±bh²vaseneva desit±ti. Yadeva½ kasm± sassatav±d±d²su viya l±bh²vasena, takk²vasena ca pacceka½ desanamakatv± sassatav±d±didesan±hi aññath± idha desan± kat±ti? Vuccate– desan±vil±sappattito. Desan±vil±sappatt± hi buddh± bhagavanto, te veneyyajjh±say±nur³pa½ vividhen±k±rena dhamma½ desenti, na aññath±. Yadi hi idh±pi ca tath±desan±ya nibandhanabh³to veneyyajjh±sayo bhaveyya, tath±r³pameva bhagav± vadeyya, katha½? “Idha bhikkhave, ekacco samaºo v± br±hmaºo v± ±tappamanv±ya…pe… yath± sam±hite citte satt±na½ cut³pap±tañ±º±ya citta½ abhininn±meti, so dibbena cakkhun± visuddhena atikkantam±nusakena arahato cuticitta½ passati, puth³na½ v± parasatt±na½, na heva kho taduddha½ upapatti½. So evam±ha ‘yato kho bho aya½ att± r³p² c±tumah±bh³tiko m±t±pettikasambhavo k±yassa bhado ucchijjati vinassati, na hoti para½ maraº±’ti-±din±” visesal±bhino, takkino ca visu½ katv±. Yasm± pana tath±desan±ya nibandhanabh³to veneyyajjh±sayo na idha bhavati, tasm± desan±vil±sena veneyyajjh±say±nur³pa½ sassatav±d±didesan±hi aññath±yev±ya½ desan± kat±ti daµµhabba½.
Atha v± sassatekaccasassatav±d±d²su viya na idha takk²v±dato visesal±bh²v±do bhinn±k±ro, atha kho sam±nappak±rat±ya sam±n±k±royev±ti imassa visesassa pak±sanattha½ ayamucchedav±do bhagavat± purimav±dehi visiµµh±k±rabh±vena desito. Sambhavati hi idha takkinopi anussav±divasena adhigamavato viya abhiniveso. Apica na im± diµµhiyo bhagavat± an±gate eva½bh±v²vasena desit±, n±pi evamete bhaveyyunti parikappan±vasena, atha kho yath± yath± diµµhigatikehi “idameva sacca½, moghamaññan”ti (ma. ni. 2.187, 203, 427; 3.27, 28; ud±. 55) maññit±, tath± tath±yeva ime diµµhigat± yath±bhucca½ sabbaññutaññ±ºena paricchinditv± pak±sit±, yehi gambh²r±dippak±r± aputhujjanagocar± buddhadhamm± pak±santi, yesañca parikittanena tath±gat± sammadeva thomit± honti.
Aparo nayo– yath± ucchedav±d²hi diµµhigatikehi uttaruttarabhavadass²hi aparabhavadass²na½ tesa½ v±dapaµisedhavasena sakasakav±d± patiµµh±pit±, tath±yev±ya½ desan± kat±ti purimadesan±hi imiss± desan±ya pavattibhedo na codetabbo, evañca katv± ar³pabhavabhedavasena ucchedav±do catudh± vibhajitv± viya k±mar³pabhavabhedavasen±pi anekadh± vibhajitv±yeva vattabbo, eva½ sati bhagavat± vuttasattakato bahutarabhedo ucchedav±do ±pajjat²ti, atha v± pacceka½ k±mar³pabhavabhedavasena viya ar³pabhavavasen±pi na vibhajitv± vattabbo, evampi sati bhagavat± vuttasattakato appatarabhedova ucchedav±do ±pajjat²ti ca eva½pak±r±pi codan± anavak±s± eva hoti. Diµµhigatik±nañhi yath±bhimata½ desan± pavatt±ti.
85. M±t±pit³na½ etanti ta½sambandhanato eta½ m±t±pit³na½ santakanti attho. Sukkasoºitanti pitu sukka½, m±tu soºitañca, ubhinna½ v± sukkasaªkh±ta½ soºita½. M±t±pettiketi nimitte ceta½ bhumma½. It²ti imehi t²hi padehi. “R³pak±yavasen±”ti avatv± “r³pak±yas²sen±”ti vadanto ar³pampi tesa½ “att±”ti gahaºa½ ñ±peti. Imin± pak±rena itthanti ±ha “evameke”ti. Eva½-saddo hettha idamattho, imin± pak±ren±ti attho. Eketi ekacce, aññe v±.
86. Manuss±na½ pubbe gahitatt±, aññesañca asambhavato “k±m±vacaro”ti ettha chak±m±vacaradevapariy±pannoti attho. Kaba¼²k±ro cettha yath±vuttasudh±h±ro.
87. Jh±namanena nibbattoti ettha ya½ vattabba½, ta½ heµµh± vuttameva. Mah±vayavo aªgo, tattha visu½ pavatto paccaªgo, sabbehi aªgapaccaªgehi yutto tath±. Tesanti cakkhusotindriy±na½. Itaresanti gh±najivh±k±yindriy±na½. Tesampi indriy±na½ saºµh±na½ purisavesavaseneva veditabba½. Tath± hi aµµhakath±su vutta½ “sam±nepi tattha ubhayaliªg±bh±ve purisasaºµh±n±va tattha brahm±no, na itthisaºµh±n±”ti.
88-92. ¾k±s±nañc±yatana-saddo idha bhaveyev±ti ±ha “±k±s±nañc±yatanabhavan”ti. Etth±ha– yutta½ t±va purimesu t²su v±desu “k±yassa bhed±”ti vattu½ pañcavok±rabhavapariy±panna½ attabh±vam±rabbha pavattatt± tesa½ v±d±na½, catuvok±rabhavapariy±panna½ pana attabh±va½ niss±ya pavattesu catutth±d²su cat³su v±desu kasm± “k±yassa bhed±”ti vutta½. Na hi ar³p²na½ k±yo vijjati. Yo bhedoti vucceyy±ti? Saccameta½, r³pattabh±ve pana pavattavoh±reneva diµµhigatiko ar³pattabh±vepi k±yavoh±ra½ ±ropetv± evam±ha. Lokasmiñhi dissati aññatthabh³topi voh±ro tadaññatthasam±ropito yath± ta½ “sasavis±ºa½, kha½ pupphan”ti. Yath± ca diµµhigatik± diµµhiyo paññapenti, tath±yeva bhagav±pi deset²ti. Apica n±mak±yabh±vato phass±didhammasam³habh³te ar³pattabh±ve k±yaniddeso daµµhabbo. Sam³haµµhenapi hi “k±yo”ti vuccati “hatthik±yo assak±yo”ti-±d²su viya. Ettha ca k±m±vacaradevattabh±v±diniravasesavibhavapatiµµh±pak±na½ dutiy±div±d±na½ aparantakappikabh±vo yutto hotu an±gataddhavisayatt± tesa½ v±d±na½, katha½ pana diµµhigatikassa paccakkhabh³tamanussattabh±v±pagamapatiµµh±pakassa paµhamav±dassa aparantakappikabh±vo yujjeyya paccuppannaddhavisayatt± tassa v±dassa. Dutiyav±d±d²nañhi purimapurimav±dasaªgahitasseva attano an±gate taduttaribhav³papannassa samucchedabodhanato yujjati aparantakappikat±, tath± ceva vutta½ “no ca kho bho aya½ att± ett±vat± samm± samucchinno hot²”ti-±di (d². ni. 1.85) ya½ pana tattha vutta½ “atthi kho bho añño att±”ti, (d². ni. 1.87) ta½ manussattabh±v±diheµµhimattabh±vavises±pekkh±ya vutta½, na sabbath± aññabh±vato. Paµhamav±dassa pana an±gate taduttaribhav³papannassa attano samucchedabodhan±bh±vato “atthi kho bho añño att±”ti ettha aññabh±vena aggahaºato ca na yujjateva aparantakappikat±ti? No na yujjati idhalokapariy±pannattepi paµhamav±davisayassa an±gatak±likasseva tena adhippetatt±. Paµhamav±din±pi hi idhalokapariy±pannassa attano para½ maraº± ucchedo an±gatak±lavaseneva adhippeto, tasm± cassa aparantakappikat±ya na koci virodhoti.