Aparantakappikav±davaººan±

74. “Aparanteñ±ºa½ (dha. sa. 1067), aparant±nudiµµhino”ti-±d²su (d². ni. 1.74) viya aparanta–sadd±na½ yath±kkama½ an±gatak±lakoµµh±sav±cakata½ sandh±y±ha “an±gatakoµµh±sasaªkh±tan”ti. “Pubbanta½ kappetv±”ti-±d²su vuttanayena “aparanta½ kappetv±”ti-±d²supi attho veditabbo. Visesamattameva cettha vakkh±ma.

Saññ²v±davaººan±

75. ¾gh±tan± uddhanti uddham±gh±tana½, maraºato uddha½ pavatto att±ti attho. “Uddham±gh±tanan”ti pavatto v±do uddham±gh±tano sahacaraºavasena, taddhitavasena ca, antalopaniddeso v± esa. So etesanti uddham±gh±tanik±. Eva½ saddato nipphanna½ atthato eva dassetu½ “uddham±gh±tan± att±na½ vadant²”ti vutta½, ±gh±tan± uddha½ uparibh³ta½ attabh±vanti attho. Te hi diµµhigatik± “uddha½ maraºato att± nibbik±ro”ti vadanti. “So etesan”ti-±din± assatthiyattha½ dasseti yath± “buddhamassa atth²ti buddho”ti. Aya½ aµµhakath±to aparo nayo– saññ²ti pavatto v±do saññ² sahacaraº±dinayena, saññ² v±do etesanti saññ²v±d± sam±savasena. Saññ²v±do eva v±do etesanti hi attho.
76-77. R³p² att±ti ettha kasiºar³pa½ “att±”ti kasm± vutta½, nanu r³pavinimuttena attan± bhavitabba½ “r³pamassa atth²”ti vutte saññ±ya viya r³pass±pi attaniyatt±. Na hi “saññ² att±”ti ettha saññ± eva att±, atha kho “saññ± assa atth²”ti atthena attaniy±va, tath± ca vutta½ “tattha pavattasaññañcassa ‘saññ±’ti gahetv±”ti? Na kho panetameva½ daµµhabba½ “r³pamassa atth²ti r³p²”ti, atha kho “ruppanas²lo r³p²”ti. Ruppanañcettha r³pasarikkhat±ya kasiºar³passa va¹¹hit±va¹¹hitak±lavasena vises±patti. S± hi “natth²”ti na sakk± vattu½ parittavipulat±divisesasabbh±vato. Yadeva½ siy± “ruppanas²lo r³p²”ti, atha imassa v±dassa sassatadiµµhisaªgaho na yujjati ruppanas²lassa bhedasabbh±vatoti? Yujjateva k±yabhedato uddha½ parikappitassa attano nibbik±rat±ya tena adhippetatt±. Tath± hi vutta½ “arogo para½ maraº±”ti. Atha v± “r³pamassa atth²ti r³p²”ti vuttepi na koci doso kappan±siddhena bhedena abhedass±pi niddesadassanato yath± “sil±puttakassa sar²ran”ti.
Apica avayavavasena avayavino tath±niddesanidassanato yath± “k±ye k±y±nupass²”ti (sa½. ni. 5.390), ruppana½ v± r³pa½, r³pasabh±vo, tadassa atth²ti r³p², att± “r³pino dhamm±”ti-±d²su (dha. sa. 11.dukam±tik±) viya, evañca katv± attano r³pasabh±vatt± “r³p² att±”ti vacana½ ñ±y±gatamev±ti vutta½ “kasiºar³pa½ att±”ti. “Gahetv±”ti etena cetassa sambandho. Tatth±ti kasiºar³pe. Ass±ti parikappitassa attano, ±j²vak±dayo takkamattena paññapenti viy±ti attho. ¾j²vak± hi takkik±yeva, na l±bhino. Niyatav±dit±ya hi kammaphalapaµikkhepato natthi tesa½ jh±nasam±pattil±bho. Tath± hikaºh±bhij±ti-±d²su k±¼ak±dir³pa½ “att±”ti ekacce ±j²vak± paµij±nanti. Purimanayena cettha l±bh²na½ dasseti, pacchimanayena pana takkika½. Evam²disesu. Roga-saddo bhaªgapariy±yo bhaªgass±pi rujjanabh±vato, evañca katv± aroga-saddassa niccapariy±yat± upapann± hoti, ten±ha “nicco”ti. Roga-saddo v± by±dhipariy±yo. Arogoti pana rogarahitat±s²sena nibbik±rat±ya niccata½ diµµhigatiko paµij±n±t²ti dassetu½ “nicco”ti vutta½ Kasiºuggh±µim±k±sapaµham±ruppaviññ±ºanatthibh±v±kiñcaññ±yatan±ni yath±rahamar³pasam±pattinimitta½ n±ma. Nimbapaººe tapparim±ºo tittakaraso viya sar²rapparim±ºo ar³p² att± sar²re tiµµhat²ti takkamatteneva nigaºµh± “ar³p² att± saññ²”ti paññapent²ti ±ha “nigaºµh±dayo viy±”ti.
Tatiy± pan±ti “r³p² ca ar³p² ca att±”ti laddhi. Missakag±havasen±ti r³p±r³pasam±patt²na½ yath±vutt±ni nimitt±ni ekajjha½ katv± ekova “att±”ti, tattha pavattasaññañcassa “saññ±”ti gahaºavasena. Ayañhi diµµhigatiko r³p±r³pasam±pattil±bh² t±sa½ nimitta½ r³pabh±vena, ar³pabh±vena ca “att±”ti gahetv± “r³p² ca ar³p² c±”ti abhinivesa½ janesi athetav±dino viya, takkamatteneva v± r³p±r³padhamm±na½ missakagahaºavasena “r³p² ca ar³p² ca att±”ti abhinivissa aµµh±si. Catutth±ti “neva ar³p² ca n±r³p² ca att±”ti laddhi. Takkag±henev±ti saªkh±rasesasukhumabh±vappattadhamm± viya accantasukhumabh±vappattiy± sakiccas±dhan±samatthat±ya khambhakucchi [thambhakuµµa (d². ni. µ². 176-77)] hatthap±d±disaªgh±to viya neva r³p², r³pasabh±v±nativattanato na ca ar³p²ti eva½ pavattatakkag±heneva.
Aya½ aµµhakath±muttako nayo– nevar³p² n±r³p²ti ettha hi ant±nantikacatutthav±de viya aññamaññapaµikkhepavasena attho veditabbo. Satipi ca tatiyav±dena imassa sam±natthabh±ve tattha desak±labhedavasena viya idha k±lavatthubhedavasena tatiyacatutthav±d±na½ viseso daµµhabbo. K±labhedavasena hi idha tatiyav±dassa pavatti r³p±r³panimitt±na½ saha-anupaµµh±nato. Catutthav±dassa pana vatthubhedavasena pavatti r³p±r³padhammasam³habh±vatoti. Dutiyacatukka½ ant±nantikav±de vuttanayena veditabba½ sabbath± saddatthato sam±natthatt±. Ya½ panettha vattabba½, tampi “amati gacchati bh±vo os±nametth±”ti-±din± amhehi vuttameva, kevala½ pana tattha pubbantakappan±vasena pavatto, idha aparantakappan±vasen±ti aya½ viseso p±kaµoyeva. K±mañca n±nattasaññ² att±ti ayampi v±do sam±pannakavasena labbhati. Aµµhasam±pattil±bhino diµµhigatikassa vasena saññ±bhedasambhavato. Tath±pi sam±pattiya½ ekar³peneva saññ±ya upaµµh±nato l±bh²vasena ekattasaññit± s±tisaya½ yutt±ti ±ha “sam±pannakavasena ekattasaññ²”ti. Ekasam±pattil±bhino eva v± vasena attho veditabbo. Satipi ca sam±pattibhedato saññ±bhedasambhave bahiddh± puthutt±rammaºeyeva saññ±n±nattassa o¼±rikassa sambhavato takk²vaseneva n±nattasaññita½ dassetu½ “asam±pannakavasena n±nattasaññ²”ti vutta½. Parittakasiºavasen±ti ava¹¹hitatt± appakakasiºavasena, kasiºaggahaºañcettha saññ±ya visayadassana½. Visayavasena hi saññ±ya parittat±, imin± ca satipi saññ±vinimuttadhamme “saññ±yeva att±”ti vadat²ti dasseti. Esa nayo vipulakasiºavasen±ti etth±pi. Evañca katv± ant±nantikav±de ceva idha ca ant±nantacatukke paµhamadutiyav±desu saddatthamattato sam±nesupi sabh±vato tehi dv²hi v±dehi imesa½ dvinna½ v±d±na½ viseso siddho hoti, aññath± vuttappak±resu v±desu satipi pubbant±parantakappanabhedamattena kehici visese kehici avisesoyeva siy±ti.
Aya½ pana aµµhakath±muttako nayo– “aªguµµhappam±ºo att±, aºumatto att±”ti-±diladdhivasena paritto ca so saññ² c±ti parittasaññ² k±pilak±º±dapabhutayo [kapilakaº±d±dayo (d². ni. µ². 1.76-77)] viya. Attano sabbagatabh±vapaµij±nanavasena appam±ºo ca so saññ² c±ti appam±ºasaññ²ti.
Dibbacakkhuparibhaº¹att± yath±kamm³pagañ±ºassa dibbacakkhupabh±vajanitena yath±kamm³pagañ±ºena dissam±n±pi satt±na½ sukh±disamaªgit± dibbacakkhun±va diµµh± n±m±ti ±ha “dibbena cakkhun±”ti-±di. Catukkanaya½, pañcakanayañca sandh±ya tikacatukkajjh±nabh³miyan”ti vutta½. Diµµhigatikavisay±su hi pañcavok±rajh±nabh³m²su vehapphalabh³mi½ µhapetv± avases± yath±raha½ catukkanaye tikajjh±nassa, pañcakanaye ca catukkajjh±nassa vip±kaµµh±natt± tikacatukkajjh±nabh³miyo n±ma. Suddh±v±s± pana tesamavisay±. Nibbattam±nanti uppajjam±na½. Nanu ca “ekantasukh² att±”ti-±din± pavattav±d±na½ aparantadiµµhibh±vato “nibbattam±na½ disv±”ti paccuppannavacana½ anupapannameva siy±. An±gatavisay± hi ete v±d±ti? Upapannameva an±gatassa ekantasukh²bh±v±dikassa pakappan±ya paccuppannanibbattidassanena adhippetatt±. Tenev±ha “nibbattam±na½ disv± ‘ekantasukh²’ti gaºh±t²”ti. Ettha ca tassa½ tassa½ bh³miya½ b±hullena sukh±disahitadhammappavattidassana½ paµicca tesa½ “ekantasukh²”ti-±digahaºato tadanur³p±yeva bh³mi vutt±ti daµµhabba½. Saddantar±bhisambandhavasena viya hi atthapakaraº±divasenapi atthaviseso labbhati. “Ekantasukh²”ti-±d²su ca ekantabh±vo bahula½ pavattimatta½ pati payutto. Tath±pavattimattadassanena tesa½ eva½ gahaºato. Atha v± hatthidassaka-andh± viya diµµhigatik± ya½ yadeva passanti, ta½ tadeva abhinivissa voharanti. Vuttañheta½ bhagavat± ud±ne “aññatitthiy± bhikkhave, paribb±jak± andh± acakkhuk±”ti-±di, (ud±. 55) tasm± alamettha yuttimaggan±ti. “Dibbena cakkhun± disv±”ti vuttamattha½ samatthetu½ “visesato h²”ti-±di vutta½.