Adhiccasamuppannav±davaººan±

67. Adhicca yadicchaka½ ya½ kiñci k±raºa½ kassaci buddhipubba½ vin± samuppannoti attalokasaññit±na½ khandh±na½ adhiccuppatti-±k±r±rammaºadassana½ adhiccasamuppanna½ tad±k±rasannissayeneva pavattito, tad±k±rasahacaritato ca yath± “mañc± ghosanti, kunt± pacarant²”ti, adhiccasamuppannadassana½ v± antapadalopena adhiccasamuppanna½ yath± “r³pabhavo r³pan”ti, imamattha½ sandh±ya “adhiccasamuppanno”ti-±di vutta½. Ak±raºasamuppannanti k±raºamantarena yadicchaka½ samuppanna½.
68-73. Asaññasatt±ti ettha eta½ asaññ±vacananti attho. Desan±s²santi desan±ya jeµµhaka½ padh±nabh±vena gahitatt±, tena sañña½ dhura½ katv± bhagavat± aya½ desan± kat±, na pana tattha aññesa½ ar³padhamm±nampi atthit±y±ti dasseti, tenev±ha “acittupp±d±”ti-±di. Bhagav± hi yath± lokuttaradhamma½ desento sam±dhi½, pañña½ v± dhura½ katv± deseti, eva½ lokiyadhamma½ desento citta½, sañña½ v±. Tattha “yasmi½ samaye lokuttara½ jh±na½ bh±veti (dha. sa. 277), pañcaªgiko samm±sam±dhi (d². ni. 3.355) pañcañ±ºiko samm±sam±dhi, (d². ni. 3.355; vibha. 804) paññ±ya cassa disv± ±sav± parikkh²º± hont²”ti, tath± “yasmi½ samaye k±m±vacara½ kusala½ citta½ uppanna½ hoti, (dha. sa. 1) ki½ citto tva½ bhikkhu (p±r±. 146, 180) manopubbaªgam± dhamm±, (dha. pa. 1; netti. 90; peµako. 83, 84) santi bhikkhave, satt± n±nattak±y± n±nattasaññino, (d². ni. 3.332, 341, 357; a. ni. 7.44; a. ni. 9.24; c³¼ani. 83) nevasaññ±n±saññ±yatanan”ti (d². ni. 3.358) ca evam±d²ni sutt±ni etassatthassa s±dhak±ni. Tittha½ vuccati micch±laddhi tattheva b±hullena paribbhamanato taranti b±l± etth±ti katv±, tadeva anappak±namanatth±na½ titthiy±nañca sañj±tidesaµµhena, niv±saµµhena v± ±yatananti titth±yatana½, tasmi½, aññatitthiyasamayeti attho. Titthiy± hi upapattivisese vimuttisaññino, saññ±vir±g±vir±gesu ±d²nav±nisa½sadass±vino ca hutv± asaññasam±patti½ nibbattetv± akkhaºabh³miya½ upapajjanti, na s±sanik±, tena vutta½ “ekacco titth±yatane pabbajitv±”ti. V±yokasiºe parikamma½ katv±ti catutthe bh³takasiºe paµham±d²ni t²ºi jh±n±ni nibbattetv± tatiyajjh±ne ciººavas² hutv± tato vuµµh±ya catutthajjh±n±dhigam±ya parikamma½ katv±, tenev±ha “catutthajjh±na½ nibbattetv±”ti.
Kasm± panettha v±yokasiºeyeva parikamma½ vuttanti? Vuccate– yatheva hi r³papaµibh±gabh³tesu kasiºavisesesu r³pavibh±vanena r³pavir±gabh±van±saªkh±to ar³pasam±pattiviseso sacchikar²yati, eva½ aparibyattaviggahat±ya ar³papaµibh±gabh³te kasiºavisese ar³pavibh±vanena ar³pavir±gabh±van±saªkh±to r³pasam±pattiviseso adhigam²yati, tasm± ettha “saññ± rogo saññ± gaº¹o”ti-±din±, (ma. ni. 3.24) “dhi citta½, dhibbate ta½ cittan”ti-±din± (d². ni. µ². 1.68-73) ca nayena ar³papavattiy± ±d²navadassanena, tadabh±ve ca santapaº²tabh±vasanniµµh±nena r³pasam±pattiy± abhisaªkharaºa½, r³pavir±gabh±van± pana saddhi½ upac±rena ar³pasam±pattiyo visesena paµham±ruppajjh±na½. Yadi eva½ “paricchinn±k±sakasiºep²”ti vattabba½. Tass±pi hi ar³papaµibh±gat± labbhat²ti? Vattabbameveta½ kesañci, avacana½ pana pubb±cariyehi aggahitabh±vena. Yath± hi r³pavir±gabh±van± virajjan²yadhammabh±vamatte parinibbind± (virajjan²yadhamma bh±vamattena parinipphann± d². ni. µ². 1.6-73) virajjan²yadhammapaµibh±gabh³te ca visayavisese p±tubhavati, eva½ ar³pavir±gabh±van±p²ti vuccam±ne na koci virodho. Titthiyeheva pana tass± sam±pattiy± paµipajjitabbat±ya, tesañca visayapadesanimittasseva tassa jh±nassa paµipattito ta½ k±raºa½ passantehi pubb±cariyehi catuttheyeva bh³takasiºe ar³pavir±gabh±van±parikamma½ vuttanti daµµhabba½. Kiñca bhiyyo– vaººakasiºesu viya purimabh³takasiºattayepi vaººapaµicch±y±va paººatti-±rammaºa½ jh±nassa lokavoh±r±nurodheneva pavattito, evañca katv± visuddhimagge (visuddhi. 1.96) pathav²kasiºassa ±d±sacandamaº¹al³pam±vacanañca samatthita½ hoti. Catutthe pana bh³takasiºe bh³tapaµicch±y± eva jh±nassa gocarabh±va½ gacchat²ti tasseva ar³papaµibh±gat± yutt±, tasm± v±yokasiºeyeva parikamma½ vuttanti veditabba½.
Katha½ passat²ti ±ha “citte sat²”ti-±di. Santoti nibbuto, diµµhadhammanibb±nametanti vutta½ hoti. K±la½ katv±ti maraºa½ katv±, yo v± manussaloke j²vanak±lo upatthambhakapaccayehi kar²yati, ta½ karitv±tipi attho. Asaññasattesu nibbattat²ti asaññasattasaªkh±te sattanik±ye r³papaµisandhivaseneva upapajjati, aññesu v± cakkav±¼esu tass± bh³miy± atthit±ya anekavidhabh±va½ sandh±ya puthuvacananiddesotipi daµµhabba½. Idhev±ti pañcavok±rabhaveyeva. Tatth±ti asaññ²bhave. Yadi r³pakkhandhamattameva asaññ²bhave p±tubhavati, katha½ ar³pasannissayena vin± tattha r³pa½ pavattati, nanu siy± ar³pasannissit±yeva r³pakkhandhassa uppatti idheva pañcavok±rabhave tath± uppattiy± adassanatoti N±yamanuyogo aññatth±pi appaviµµho, katha½ pana r³pasannissayena vin± ar³padh±tuy± ar³pa½ pavattat²ti. Idampi hi tena sam±naj±tiyameva. Kasm±? Idheva adassanato, kathañca kaba¼²k±r±h±rena vin± r³padh±tuy± r³pa½ pavattat²ti. Idampi ca ta½sabh±vameva, ki½ k±raº±? Idha adassanatoyeva. Iti aññatth±pi tath± pavattidassanato, kimetena aññanidassanena idheva anuyogena. Apica yath± yassa cittasant±nassa nibbattik±raºa½ r³pe avigatataºha½, tassa saha r³pena sambhavato r³pa½ niss±ya pavatti r³pas±pekkhat±ya k±raºassa. Yassa pana nibbattik±raºa½ r³pe vigatataºha½, tassa vin± r³pena pavatti r³panirapekkhat±ya k±raºassa, eva½ yassa r³pappabandhassa nibbattik±raºa½ ar³pe vigatataºha½, tassa vin± ar³pena pavatti ar³panirapekkhat±ya k±raºassa, eva½ bh±van±bal±bh±vato pañcavok±rabhave r³p±r³pasambhavo viya, bh±van±balena catuvok±rabhave ar³passeva sambhavo viya ca. Asaññ²bhavepi bh±van±balena r³passeva sambhavo daµµhabboti.
Katha½ pana tattha kevalo r³pappabandho paccuppannapaccayarahito cirak±la½ pavattat²ti paccetabba½, kittaka½ v± k±la½ pavattat²ti codana½ manasi katv± “yath± n±m±”ti-±dim±ha. Tena na kevala½ idha ceva aññattha ca vutto ±gamoyeva etadatthañ±pane, atha kho aya½ panettha yutt²ti dasseti. Jiy±vegukkhittoti dhanujiy±ya vegena khipito. Jh±navego n±ma jh±n±nubh±vo phalad±ne samatthat±. Tattakameva k±lanti ukka½sato pañca mah±kappasat±ni. Tiµµhant²ti yath±nibbatta-iriy±pathameva cittakammar³pakasadis± hutv± tiµµhanti. Jh±navegeti asaññasam±pattiparikkhitte catutthajjh±nakammavege, pañcamajjh±nakammavege v±. Antaradh±yat²ti paccayanirodhena nirujjhati na pavattati. Idh±ti k±m±vacarabhaveti attho aññattha tesamanuppattito. Paµisandhisaññ±ti paµisandhicittupp±doyeva saññ±s²sena vutto. Katha½ pana anekakappasatamatikkamena ciraniruddhato viññ±ºato idha viññ±ºamuppajjati. Na hi niruddhe cakkhupas±de cakkhuviññ±ºamuppajjam±na½ diµµhanti? Nayidamekantato daµµhabba½. Niruddhampi hi citta½ sam±naj±tikassa antar± anuppajjanato samanantarapaccayamatta½ hotiyeva, na b²ja½. B²ja½ pana kammameva, tasm± kammato b²jabh³tato ±rammaº±d²hi paccayehi asaññ²bhavato cut±na½ k±madh±tuy± upapattiviññ±ºa½ hotiyeva, ten±ha “idha paµisandhisaññ± uppajjat²”ti. Ettha ca yath± n±ma utuniy±mena pupphaggahaºe niyatak±l±na½ rukkh±na½ vid±raºasaªkh±te vekhe dinne vekhabalena aniyamat± hoti pupphaggahaºassa, evameva pañcavok±rabhave avippayogena vattam±nesu r³p±r³padhammesu r³p±r³pavir±gabh±van±saªkh±te vekhe dinne tassa sam±pattivekhabalassa anur³pato ar³pabhave, asaññabhave ca yath±kkama½ r³parahit±, ar³parahit± ca khandh±na½ pavatti hot²ti veditabba½.
Kasm± panettha puna saññupp±d± ca pana “te dev± tamh± k±y± cavant²”ti saññupp±do tesa½ cavanassa k±raºabh±vena vutto, “saññupp±d±”ti vacana½ v± kimatthadassananti codan±ya “yasm± pan±”ti-±dim±ha. Idha paµisandhisaññupp±dena tesa½ cavanassa paññ±yanato ñ±pakahetubh±vena vutto, “saññupp±d±”ti vacana½ v± tesa½ cavanassa paññ±yanabh±vadassananti adhipp±yo. “Saññupp±d±”ti hi etassa saññupp±dena hetubh³tena cavanti, saññupp±d± v± upp±dasaññ± te dev±ti sambandho. Santabh±v±y±ti nibb±n±ya. Nanu cettha j±tisatasahassadasasa½vaµµ±d²namatthake, tadabbhantare v± pavatt±ya asaññ³papattiy± vasena l±bh²-adhiccasamuppannikav±dopi l±bh²sassatav±do viya anekabhedo sambhavat²ti? Saccameva, anantaratt± pana ±sann±ya asaññ³papattiy± vasena l±bh²-adhiccasamuppannikav±do nayadassanavasena ekova dassitoti daµµhabba½. Atha v± sassatadiµµhisaªgahato adhiccasamuppannikav±dassa sassatav±de ±gato sabbopi desan±nayo yath±sambhava½ adhiccasamuppannikav±depi gahetabboti imassa visesassa dassanattha½ bhagavat± l±bh²-adhiccasamuppannikav±do avibhajitv± dassito, avassañcassa sassatadiµµhisaªgaho icchitabbo sa½kilesapakkhe satt±namajjh±sayassa sassatucchedavaseneva duvidhatt±, tesu ca ucchedappasaªg±bh±vato. Tath± hi aµµhakath±ya½ ±saya-saddassa atthuddh±ravasena vutta½ “sassatucchedadiµµhi c±”ti, tath± ca vakkhati “y±sa½ satteva ucchedadiµµhiyo, ses± sassatadiµµhiyo”ti (d². ni. aµµha. 1.97, 98).
Nanu ca adhiccasamuppannikav±dassa sassatadiµµhisaªgaho na yutto “ahañhi pubbe n±hosin”ti-±divasena pavattanato apubbasattap±tubh±vag±hakatt±. Sassatadiµµhi pana attano, lokassa ca sad±bh±vag±hin² “atthitveva sassatisaman”ti pavattanatoti? No na yutto an±gatakoµi-adassanena sassatagg±hasamavarodhatt±. Yadipi hi aya½ v±do “somhi etarahi ahutv± santat±ya pariºato”ti (d². ni. 1.68) attano, lokassa ca at²takoµipar±masanavasena pavatto, tath±pi vattam±nak±lato paµµh±ya na tesa½ katthaci an±gate pariyanta½ passati, visesena ca paccuppann±n±gatak±lesu apariyantadassanapabh±vito sassatav±do, yath±ha “sassatisama½ tatheva µhassat²”ti (d². ni. 1.31 atthato sam±na½) yadeva½ siy± imassa ca v±dassa, sassatav±d±d²nañca pubbantakappikesu saªgaho na yuttoyeva an±gatak±lapar±masanavasena pavattatt±ti? Yutto eva samud±gamassa at²takoµµh±sikatt±. Tath± hi nesa½ samud±gamo at²ta½sapubbeniv±sañ±ºehi, tappatir³pak±nussav±dipabh±vitehi ca takkanehi saªgahitoti, tath± ceva sa½vaººita½. Atha v± sabbattha appaµihatañ±ºac±rena dhammass±min± niravasesato agati½, gatiñca yath±bh³ta½ saya½ abhiññ± sacchikatv± pavedit± et± diµµhiyo, tasm± y±vatik± diµµhiyo bhagavat± desit±, yath± ca desit±, t±vatik± tath± ceva sanniµµh±nato sampaµicchitabb±, na cettha yuttivic±raº± k±tabb± buddhavisayatt±. Acinteyyo hi buddh±na½ buddhavisayo, tath± ca vakkhati “tattha na ekantena k±raºa½ pariyesitabban”ti (d². ni. aµµha. 1.78-82).

Dutiyabh±ºav±ravaººan± niµµhit±.