Kasm± pana so evam±h±ti? Bhagavati ±gh±tena. Aya½ kireso khandhake ±gate ±tum±vatthusmi½ (mah±va. 303) nah±pitapubbako vu¹¹hapabbajito bhagavati kusin±rato nikkhamitv± a¹¹hate¼asehi bhikkhusatehi saddhi½ ±tuma½ gacchante “bhagav± ±gacchat²”ti sutv± “±gatak±ley±gud±na½ kariss±m²”ti s±maºerabh³miya½ µhite dve putte etadavoca “bhagav± kira t±t± ±tuma½ ±gacchati mahat± bhikkhusaªghena saddhi½ a¹¹hate¼asehi bhikkhusatehi, gacchatha tumhe t±t±, khurabhaº¹a½ ±d±ya n±¼iy± v± pasibbakena v± anugharaka½ ±hiº¹atha, loºampi telampi taº¹ulampi kh±dan²yampi sa½haratha, bhagavato ±gatassa y±gud±na½ kariss±m²”ti. Te tath± aka½su. Atha bhagavati ±tuma½ ±gantv± bhus±g±raka½ paviµµhe subhaddo s±yanhasamaya½ g±madv±ra½ gantv± manusse ±mantetv± “hatthakammamatta½ me deth±”ti hatthakamma½ y±citv± “ki½ bhante karom±”ti vutte “idañcidañca gaºhath±”ti sabb³pakaraº±ni g±h±petv± vih±re uddhan±ni k±retv± eka½ k±¼aka½ k±s±va½ niv±setv± t±disameva p±rupitv± “ida½ karotha, ida½ karoth±”ti sabbaratti½ vic±rento satasahassa½ vissajjetv± bhojjay±guñca madhugo¼akañca paµiy±d±pesi. Bhojjay±gu n±ma bhuñjitv± p±tabbay±gu, tattha sappimadhuph±ºitamacchama½sapupphaphalaras±di ya½ kiñci kh±dan²ya½ n±ma atthi, ta½ sabba½ pavisati. K²¼ituk±m±na½ s²samakkhanayogg± hoti sugandhagandh±.
Atha bhagav± k±lasseva sar²rapaµijaggana½ katv± bhikkhusaªghaparivuto piº¹±ya caritu½ ±tum±bhimukho p±y±si. Atha tassa ±rocesu½ “bhagav± piº¹±ya g±ma½ pavisati, tay± kassa y±gu paµiy±dit±”ti. So yath±nivatthap±ruteheva tehi k±¼akak±s±vehi ekena hatthena dabbiñca kaµacchuñca gahetv± brahm± viya dakkhiºa½ j±ºumaº¹ala½ bh³miya½ patiµµhapetv± vanditv± “paµiggaºh±tu me bhante bhagav± y±gun”ti ±ha. Tato “j±nant±pi tath±gat± pucchant²”ti khandhake (mah±va. 304) ±gatanayena bhagav± pucchitv± ca sutv± ca ta½ vu¹¹hapabbajita½ vigarahitv± tasmi½ vatthusmi½ akappiyasam±d±nasikkh±pada½, khurabhaº¹apariharaºasikkh±padañc±ti dve sikkh±pad±ni paññapetv± “anekakappakoµiyo bhikkhave bhojana½ pariyesanteheva v²tin±mit± ida½ pana tumh±ka½ akappiya½, adhammena uppanna½ bhojana½ ima½ paribhuñjitv± anek±ni attabh±vasahass±ni ap±yesveva nibbattissanti, apetha m± gaºhath±”ti vatv± bhikkh±c±r±bhimukho agam±si, ekabhikkhun±pi na kiñci gahita½. Subhaddo anattamano hutv± “aya½ sabba½ j±n±m²”ti ±hiº¹ati, sace na gahetuk±mo pesetv± ±rocetabba½ assa, pakk±h±ro n±ma sabbacira½ tiµµhanto satt±hamatta½ tiµµheyya, idañca mama y±vaj²va½ pariyatta½ assa, sabba½ tena n±sita½, ahitak±mo aya½ mayhan”ti bhagavati ±gh±ta½ bandhitv± dasabale dharam±ne kiñci vattu½ n±sakkhi. Eva½ kirassa ahosi “aya½ ucc± kul± pabbajito mah±puriso, sace kiñci dharantassa vakkh±mi, mama½yeva santajjessat²”ti.
Sv±ya½ ajja mah±kassapattherena saddhi½ gacchanto “parinibbuto bhagav±”ti sutv± laddhass±so viya haµµhatuµµho evam±ha. Thero pana ta½ sutv± hadaye pah±ra½ viya, matthake patitasukkh±sani½ viya (sukkh±sani viya d². ni. aµµha. 3.232) maññi, dhammasa½vego cassa uppajji “satt±hamattaparinibbuto bhagav±, ajj±pissa suvaººavaººa½ sar²ra½ dharatiyeva, dukkhena bhagavat± ±r±dhitas±sane n±ma eva½ lahu½ mahanta½ p±pa½ kasaµa½ kaºµako uppanno, ala½ kho panesa p±po va¹¹ham±no aññepi evar³pe sah±ye labhitv± s±sana½ osakk±petun”ti.
Tato thero cintesi “sace kho pan±ha½ ima½ mahallaka½ idheva pilotika½ niv±setv± ch±rik±ya okir±petv± n²har±pess±mi, manuss± ‘samaºassa gotamassa sar²re dharam±neyeva s±vak± vivadant²’ti amh±ka½ dosa½ dassessanti, adhiv±semi t±va. Bhagavat± hi desitadhammo asaªgahitapupphar±sisadiso, tattha yath± v±tena pahaµapupph±ni yato v± tato v± gacchanti, evameva evar³p±na½ vasena gacchante gacchante k±le vinaye eka½ dve sikkh±pad±ni nassissanti, sutte eko dve pañh±v±r± nassissanti, abhidhamme eka½ dve bh³mantar±ni nassissanti, eva½ anukkamena m³le naµµhe pis±casadis± bhaviss±ma, tasm± dhammavinayasaªgaha½ kariss±mi, eva½ sati da¼hasuttena saªgahitapupph±ni viya aya½ dhammavinayo niccalo bhavissati. Etadatthañhi bhagav± mayha½ t²ºi g±vut±ni paccuggamana½ ak±si, t²hi ov±dehi (sa½. ni. 2.149, 150, 151) upasampada½ ak±si, k±yato c²varaparivattana½ ak±si, ±k±se p±ºi½ c±letv± candopamapaµipada½ kathento maññeva sakkhi½ katv± kathesi, tikkhattu½ sakalas±sanaratana½ paµicch±pesi, m±dise bhikkhumhi tiµµham±ne aya½ p±po s±sane va¹¹hi½ m± alattha, y±va adhammo na dippati, dhammo na paµib±hiyyati, avinayo na dippati, vinayo na paµib±hiyyati, adhammav±dino na balavanto honti, dhammav±dino na dubbal± honti, avinayav±dino na balavanto honti, vinayav±dino na dubbal± honti, t±va dhammañca vinayañca saªg±yiss±mi, tato bhikkh³ attano attano pahonaka½ gahetv± kappiy±kappiye kathessanti, ath±ya½ p±po sayameva niggaha½ p±puºissati, puna s²sa½ ukkhipitu½ na sakkhissati, s±sana½ iddhañceva ph²ttañca bhavissat²”ti cintetv± so “eva½ n±ma mayha½ citta½ uppannan”ti kassacipi an±rocetv± bhikkhusaªgha½ samass±setv± atha pacch± dh±tubh±janadivase dhammavinayasaªg±yanattha½ bhikkh³na½ uss±ha½ janesi. Tena vutta½ “±yasm± mah±kassapo satt±haparinibbute…pe… dhammavinayasaªg±yanattha½ bhikkh³na½ uss±ha½ janes²”ti.
Tattha alanti paµikkhepavacana½, na yuttanti attho. ¾vusoti paridevante bhikkh³ ±lapati. M± socitth±ti citte uppannabalavasokena m± sokamakattha. M± paridevitth±ti v±c±ya m± vil±pamakattha. “Paridevana½ vil±po”ti hi vutta½. Asocan±d²na½ k±raºam±ha “sumutt±”ti-±din±. Tena mah±samaºen±ti nissakke karaºavacana½, sm±vacanassa v± n±byappadeso. “Upaddut±”ti pade pana kattari tatiy±vasena sambandho. Ubhay±pekkhañheta½ pada½. Upaddut± ca hom±ti ta½k±l±pekkhavattam±navacana½, “tad±”ti seso. At²tatthe v± vattam±navacana½, ahumh±ti attho. Anussaranto dhammasa½vegavaseneva, na pana kodh±divasena. Dhammasabh±vacint±vasena hi pavatta½ sahottappañ±ºa½ dhammasa½vego. Vuttañheta½–
“Sabbasaªkhatadhammesu, ottapp±k±rasaºµhita½;
ñ±ºamohitabh±r±na½, dhammasa½vegasaññitan”ti. (S±rattha. µ². 1.paµhamamah±saªg²tikath±vaººan±).
Añña½ uss±hajananak±raºa½ dassetu½ “²disass±”ti-±di vutta½. Tattha ²disassa ca saªghasannip±tass±ti sattasatasahassagaºap±mokkhattherappamukhagaºanapath±tikkantasaªghasannip±ta½ sandh±ya vadati. “Ýh±na½ kho paneta½ vijjat²”ti-±din±pi añña½ k±raºa½ dasseti. Tiµµhati ettha phala½ tad±yattavuttit±y±ti µh±na½, hetu. Khoti avadh±raºe. Pan±ti vacan±laªk±re, eta½ µh±na½ vijjateva, no na vijjat²ti attho. Ki½ pana tanti ±ha “ya½ p±pabhikkh³”ti-±di. Yanti nip±tamatta½, k±raºaniddeso v±, yena µh±nena antaradh±peyyu½, tadeta½ µh±na½ vijjatiyev±ti. P±pena l±makena icch±vacarena samann±gat± bhikkh³ p±pabhikkh³ At²to satth± ettha, etass±ti v± at²tasatthuka½ yath± “bahukattuko”ti. Padh±na½ vacana½ p±vacana½. P±-saddo cettha nip±to “p± eva vutyass±”ti-±d²su viya. Upasaggapada½ v± eta½, d²gha½ katv± pana tath± vutta½ yath± “p±vadat²”tipi vadanti. Pakkhanti alajjipakkha½. “Y±va c±”ti-±din± saªg²tiy± s±sanaciraµµhitikabh±ve k±raºa½, s±dhakañca dasseti. “Tasm±”ti hi padamajjh±haritv± “saªg±yeyyan”ti padena sambandhan²ya½.
Tattha y±va ca dhammavinayo tiµµhat²ti yattaka½ k±la½ dhammo ca vinayo ca lajjipuggalesu tiµµhati. Parinibb±namañcake nipannena bhagavat± mah±parinibb±nasutte (d². ni. 2.216) vutta½ sandh±ya “vuttañhetan”ti-±dim±ha. Hi-saddo ±gamavasena da¼hijotako. Desito paññattoti dhammopi desito ceva paññatto ca. Sutt±bhidhammasaªgahitassa hi dhammassa atisajjana½ pabodhana½ desan±, tasseva pak±rato ñ±pana½ vineyyasant±ne µhapana½ paññ±pana½. Vinayopi desito ceva paññatto ca. Vinayatantisaªgahitassa hi atthassa atisajjana½ pabodhana½ desan±, tasseva pak±rato ñ±pana½ asaªkarato µhapana½ paññ±pana½, tasm± kammadvayampi kiriy±dvayena sambajjhana½ yujjat²ti veditabba½.
Soti so dhammo ca vinayo ca. Mamaccayen±ti mama accayak±le. “Bhummatthe karaºaniddeso”ti hi akkharacintak± vadanti. Hetvatthe v± karaºavacana½, mama accayahetu tumh±ka½ satth± n±ma bhavissat²ti attho. Vuttañhi mah±parinibb±nasuttavaººan±ya½ “mayi parinibbute tumh±ka½ satthukicca½ s±dhessat²”ti (d². ni. aµµha. 2.216). Lakkhaºavacanañhettha hetvatthas±dhaka½ yath± “nette uju½ gate sat²”ti (a. ni. 4.70; netti. 10.90, 93). Ida½ vutta½ hoti– may± vo µhiteneva “ida½ lahuka½, ida½ garuka½, ida½ satekiccha½, ida½ atekiccha½, ida½ lokavajja½, ida½ paººattivajja½, aya½ ±patti puggalassa santike vuµµh±ti, aya½ gaºassa, aya½ saªghassa santike vuµµh±t²”ti sattanna½ ±pattikkhandh±na½ av²tikkaman²yat±vasena otiººavatthusmi½ sakhandhakapariv±ro ubhatovibhaªgo mah±vinayo n±ma desito, ta½ sakalampi vinayapiµaka½ mayi parinibbute tumh±ka½ satthukicca½ s±dhessati “ida½ vo kattabba½, ida½ vo na kattabban”ti kattabb±kattabbassa vibh±gena anus±sanato. Ýhiteneva ca may± “ime catt±ro satipaµµh±n±, catt±ro sammappadh±n±, catt±ro iddhip±d±, pañcindriy±ni, pañca bal±ni, satta bojjhaªg±, ariyo aµµhaªgiko maggo”ti tena tena vineyy±na½ ajjh±say±nur³pena pak±rena ime sattati½sa bodhipakkhiyadhamme vibhajitv± vibhajitv± suttantapiµaka½ desita½, ta½ sakalampi suttantapiµaka½ mayi parinibbute tumh±ka½ satthukicca½ s±dhessati ta½ta½cariy±nur³pa½ samm±paµipattiy± anus±sanato, µhiteneva ca may± “ime pañcakkhandh± (d². ni. aµµha. 2.216), dv±das±yatan±ni, aµµh±rasa dh±tuyo, catt±ri sacc±ni, b±v²satindriy±ni, nava het³, catt±ro ±h±r±, satta phass±, satta vedan±, satta saññ±, satta cetan±, satta citt±ni. Tatr±pi ettak± dhamm± k±m±vacar±, ettak± r³p±vacar±, ettak± ar³p±vacar±, ettak± pariy±pann±, ettak± apariy±pann±, ettak± lokiy±, ettak± lokuttar±”ti ime dhamme vibhajitv± vibhajitv± abhidhammapiµaka½ desita½, ta½ sakalampi abhidhammapiµaka½ mayi parinibbute tumh±ka½ satthukicca½ s±dhessati khandh±divibh±gena ñ±yam±na½ catusaccasambodh±vahatt±. Iti sabbampeta½ abhisambodhito y±va parinibb±n± pañcacatt±l²sa vass±ni bh±sita½ lapita½ “t²ºi piµak±ni, pañca nik±y±, navaªg±ni, catur±s²ti dhammakkhandhasahass±n²”ti eva½ mahappabheda½ hoti. Im±ni catur±s²ti dhammakkhandhasahass±ni tiµµhanti, aha½ ekova parinibb±yiss±mi, ahañca panid±ni ekova ovad±mi anus±s±mi, mayi parinibbute im±ni catur±s²ti buddhasahass±ni tumhe ovadissanti anus±sissanti ov±d±nus±sanakiccassa nipph±danatoti.