Amar±vikkhepav±davaººan±

61. Na marat²ti “evamev±”ti sanniµµh±n±bh±vena na upacchijjati, anekantik±yeva hot²ti vutta½ hoti. Pariyantarahit±ti os±navigat±, aniµµhaªgat±ti attho. Vividhoti “evampi me no”ti-±din± n±nappak±ro. Khepoti sakav±dena parav±d±na½ khipana½. Ko paneso amar±vikkhepoti? Tath±pavatto diµµhippadh±no t±dis±ya v±c±ya samuµµh±pako cittupp±doyeva. Amar±ya diµµhiy±, v±c±ya ca vikkhipanti, vividhamapanent²ti v± amar±vikkhepino, teyeva “amar±vikkhepik±”tipi yujjati. “Macchaj±ti” cceva avatv± “ek±”ti vadanto macchaj±tiviseso esoti dasseti. Ito cito ca sandh±vati ekasmi½ sabh±ve anavaµµh±nato. Yath± g±ha½ na upagacchati, tath± sandh±vanato, etena amar±ya vikkhepo tath±, so viy±ti amar±vikkhepoti attham±ha “s± ummujjananimujjan±divasen±”ti-±din± vikkhepapadatthena upamitatt±. Ayameva hi attho ±cariyas±riputtattheren±pi s±ratthad²paniya½ (s±rattha. µ². 1.tatiyasaªg²tikath±vaººan±) vutto. Amar± viya vikkhepo amar±vikkhepoti keci. Atha v± amar± viya vikkhipant²ti amar±vikkhepino, teyeva amar±vikkhepik±.
62. Vikkhepav±dino uttarimanussadhamme, aby±katadhamme ca (akusaladhammepi d². ni. µ². 1.62) sabh±vabhedavasena paµivijjhitu½ ñ±ºa½ natth²ti kusal±kusalapad±na½ kusal±kusalakammapathavaseneva attho vutto. Vigh±to vihes± k±yikadukkha½ “vippaµis±ruppattiy±”ti domanassassa hetubh±vena vacanato, ten±ha “dukkha½ bhaveyy±”ti. Mus±v±deti nimitte bhummavacana½, nissakkatthe v±. Mus±v±dahetu, mus±v±dato v± ottappena ceva hiriy± c±ti attho. K²disa½ amar±vikkhepam±pajjat²ti ±ha “apariyantavikkhepan”ti, tena amar±sadisavikkhepasaªkh±ta½ dutiyanaya½ nivatteti. Yath±vutte hi nayadvaye paµhamanayavasen±yamattho dassito, dutiyanayavasena pana amar±sadisavikkhepa½ dassetu½ “ida½ kusalanti puµµho”ti-±divacana½ vakkhati.
“Evantipi me no”ti ya½ tay± puµµha½, ta½ evantipi me laddhi no hot²ti attho. Eva½ sabbattha yath±raha½. Aniyamitavikkhepoti sassat±d²su ekasmimpi pak±re aµµhatv± vikkhepakaraºa½, parav±din± yasmi½ kismiñci pak±re pucchite tassa paµikkhepavikkhepoti vutta½ hoti. Atha v± apariyantavikkhepadassana½yeva aµµhakath±ya½ kata½ “evantipi me noti aniyamitavikkhepo”ti-±din±, “ida½ kusalanti v± akusalanti v± puµµho”ti-±din± ca. “Evantipi me no”ti-±din± hi aniyametv±, niyametv± ca sassatekaccasassatucchedatakk²v±d±na½ paµisedhanena ta½ ta½ v±da½ paµikkhipateva apariyantavikkhepav±datt±. “Amar±vikkhepino”ti dassetv± attan± pana anavaµµhitav±datt± na kismiñci pakkhe avatiµµhat²ti imamattha½ dassetu½ “saya½ pana ida½…pe… na by±karot²”ti ±ha. Id±ni kusal±d²na½ aby±karaºena tadeva anavaµµh±na½ vibh±veti “ida½ kusalanti puµµho”ti-±din±. Tenev±ha “ekasmimpi pakkhe na tiµµhat²”ti. Ki½ no noti te laddh²ti neva na hot²ti tava laddhi hoti kinti attho. No notipi me noti neva na hot²tipi me laddhi no hoti.
63. Attano paº¹itabh±vavisay±naññeva r±g±d²na½ vasena yojana½ k±tu½ “aj±nantop²”ti-±dim±ha. Sahas±ti anupadh±retv± vegena. “Bhadramukh±ti paº¹it±na½ samud±ciººam±lapana½, sundaramukh±ti attho. Tatth±ti tasmi½ by±karaºe, nimitte ceta½ bhumma½. Chandar±gapad±na½ sam±natthabh±vepi vikappanajotakena -saddena yogyatt± gobal²badd±dinayena bhinnatthat±va yutt±ti ±ha “chando dubbalar±go, r±go balavar±go”ti. Dosapaµighesupi eseva nayo. Ettakampi n±m±ti ettha api-saddo sampiº¹ane vattati, n±ma-saddo garah±ya½. Na kevala½ ito uttaritarameva, atha kho ettakampi na j±n±mi n±ma, pageva taduttarij±naneti attho. Parehi katasakk±rasam±navisay±na½ pana r±g±d²na½ vasena aya½ yojan±– kusal±kusala½ yath±bh³ta½ apaj±nantopi yesamaha½ samav±yena kusalameva “kusalan”ti, akusalameva “akusalan”ti ca by±kareyya½, tesu tath± by±karaºahetu “aho vata re paº¹ito”ti sakk±rasamm±na½ karontesu mama chando v± r±go v± ass±ti. Dosapaµighesupi vuttavipariy±yena yojetabba½. “Ta½ mamassa up±d±na½, so mamassa vigh±to”ti ida½ abhidhammanayena (dha. sa. 1219 ±dayo) yath±l±bhavacana½ yath±sambhava½ yojetabbanti ±ha “chandar±gadvayan”ti-±di. Taºh±diµµhiyo eva hi “up±d±nan”ti abhidhamme vutt± (dha. sa. 1219 ±dayo) id±ni suttantanayena avisesayojana½ dasseti “ubhayampi v±”ti-±din±. Suttante hi dosopi “up±d±nan”ti vutto “kodhup±d±navinibandh± vigh±ta½ ±pajjant²”ti-±d²su (d². ni. µ². 1.63) “ubhayamp²”ti ca atthato vutta½, na saddato catunnampi sadd±namatthadvayav±cakatt±. Da¼haggahaºanti amuñcanaggahaºa½. Paµighopi hi ±rammaºa½ na muñcati upan±h±divasena pavattanato, lobhasseva up±d±nabh±vena p±kaµatt± dosass±pi up±d±nabh±va½ dassetu½ ida½ vutta½. Vihanana½ vihi½sana½ vib±dhana½. R±gopi hi pari¼±havasena s±raddhavuttit±ya nissaya½ vihanati. “R±go h²”ti-±din± r±gados±na½ up±d±nabh±ve visesadassanamukhena tadatthasamatthana½. Vin±setuk±mat±ya ±rammaºa½ gaºh±t²ti sambandho. It²ti tasm± gahaºavihananato.
64. Pa¹ati sabh±vadhamme j±n±ti, yath±sabh±va½ v± gacchat²ti paº¹±, s± yesa½ te paº¹it±ti attha½ dasseti “paº¹iccen±”ti-±din±. Paº¹itassa bh±vo paº¹icca½, paññ±. Yena hi dhammena pavattinimittabh³tena yutto “paº¹ito”ti vuccati, soyeva dhammo paº¹icca½. Tena sutacint±mayapaññ± vutt± t±sameva visayabh±vato. Sam±pattil±bhino hi bh±van±mayapaññ±. “Nipuº±”ti imin± pana kammanibbatta½ paµisandhipaññ±saªkh±ta½ s±bh±vikañ±ºa½ vuttanti ±ha “saºhasukhumabuddhino”ti. Atthantaranti atthan±natta½, atthameva v±. “Viññ±taparappav±d±”ti etena kata-saddassa kiriy±s±maññav±cakatt± “katavijjo”ti-±d²su viya kata-saddo ñ±º±nuyuttata½ vadat²ti dasseti. “Katav±daparicay±”ti etena pana “katasippo”ti-±d²su viya samud±ciººav±data½. Ubhinnamantar± pana samuccayadvayena s±maññaniddesa½, ekasesa½ v±ti daµµhabba½. V±lavedh²na½ r³pa½ sabh±vo viya r³pametesanti v±lavedhir³p±ti ±ha “v±lavedhidhanuggahasadis±”ti. Satadh± bhinnassa v±laggassa a½sukoµivedhakadhanuggahasadis±ti attho. T±disoyeva hi “v±lavedh²”ti adhippeto. Maññe-saddo upam±jotakoti vutta½ “bhindant± viy±”ti. Paññ±gaten±ti paññ±pabhedena, paññ±ya eva v±. Samanuyuñjan± laddhiy± pucch±. Samanug±han± ta½k±raºass±ti dasseti “ki½ kusalan”ti-±din±. Samanubh±san±pi ov±davasena samanuyuñjan±yev±ti ±ha “samanuyuñjeyyun”ti. “Na samp±yeyyan”ti ettha da-k±rassa ya-k±r±desata½, eyya-saddassa ca s±matthiyatthata½ dassetu½ “na samp±deyyan”ti-±di vutta½.
65-66. Mand± atikkh± paññ± yass±ti mandapañño, ten±ha “apaññasseveta½ n±man”ti. “Moham³ho”ti vattabbe ha-k±ralopena “mom³ho”ti vutta½, tañca atisayatthad²paka½ pariy±yadvayassa atirekatthabh±vatoti yath± “padaµµh±nan”ti vutta½ “atisamm³¼ho”ti. Siddhe hi sati pun±rambho niyam±ya v± hoti, atthantaraviññ±pan±ya v±. Yath± pubbe kammun± ±gato, tath± idh±p²ti tath±gato, satto. Ettha ca k±ma½ purim±nampi tiººa½ kusal±didhammasabh±v±navabodhato attheva mandabh±vo, tesa½ pana attano kusal±didhamm±navabodhassa avabodhanato viseso atth²ti. Pacchimoyeva tadabh±vato mandamom³habh±vena vutto. Nanu ca pacchimass±pi attano dhamm±navabodhassa avabodho atthiyeva “atthi paro loko’ti iti ce me assa, ‘atthi paro loko’ti iti te na½ by±kareyya½, evantipi me no”ti-±divacanatoti? Kiñc±pi atthi, na pana tassa purim±na½ viya apariññ±tadhammaby±karaºanimittamus±v±d±dibh±yanajigucchan±k±ro atthi, atha kho mah±m³¼hoyev±ti tath±vesa vutto. Atha v± “evantipi me no”ti-±din± pucch±ya vikkhepakaraºattha½ “atthi paro loko”ti iti ce ma½ pucchas²ti pucch±µhapanameva tena dass²yati, na attano dhamm±navabodh±vabodhoti ayameva visesena “mando mom³ho”ti vutto. Teneva hi tath±v±d²na½ sañcaya½ belaµµhaputta½ ±rabbha “ayañca imesa½ samaºabr±hmaº±na½ sabbab±lo sabbam³¼ho”ti (d². ni. 1.181) vutta½. Tattha “atthi paro loko”ti sassatadassanavasena, samm±diµµhivasena v± pucch±. Yadi hi diµµhigatiko sassatadassanavasena puccheyya, yadi ca samm±diµµhiko samm±dassanavasen±ti dvidh±pi attho vaµµati. “Natthi paro loko”ti natthikadassanavasena, samm±diµµhivasena v±, “atthi ca natthi ca paro loko”ti ucchedadassanavasena, samm±diµµhivasena v±, “nevatthi na natthi paro loko”ti vuttapak±rattayapaµikkhepe sati pak±rantarassa asambhavato atthit±natthit±hi na vattabb±k±ro paro lokoti vikkhepaññeva purakkh±rena samm±diµµhivasena v± pucch±. Sesacatukkattayepi vuttanay±nus±rena attho veditabbo. Puññasaªkh±rattiko viya hi k±yasaªkh±rattikena purimacatukkasaªgahito eva attho sesacatukkattayena sattapar±m±sapuññ±disaphalat±codan±nayena (attapar±m±sapuññ±diphalat±codan±nayena d². ni. µ². 1.65, 66) saªgahito. Ettha hi tatiyacatukkena puññ±dikammasaphalat±ya, sesacatukkattayena ca sattapar±m±sat±ya codan±nayo vuttoti daµµhabba½.
Amar±vikkhepiko pana sassat±d²na½ attano aruccanat±ya sabbattha “evantipi me no”ti-±din± vikkhepaññeva karoti. Tattha “evantipi me no”ti-±di tattha tattha pucchit±k±rapaµisedhanavasena vikkhep±k±radassana½. Kasm± pana vikkhepav±dino paµikkhepova sabbattha vutto. Nanu vikkhepapakkhassa “evamevan”ti anuj±nanampi vikkhepapakkhe avaµµh±nato yuttar³pa½ siy±ti? Na, tatth±pi tassa samm³¼hatt±, paµikkhepavaseneva ca vikkhepav±dassa pavattanato. Tath± hi sañcayo belaµµhaputto raññ± aj±tasattun± sandiµµhika½ s±maññaphala½ puµµho paralokatthit±d²na½ paµisedhanamukheneva vikkhepa½ by±k±si.
Etth±ha– nanu c±ya½ sabbopi amar±vikkhepiko kusal±dayo dhamme, paralokatthit±d²ni ca yath±bh³ta½ anavabujjham±no tattha tattha pañha½ puµµho pucch±ya vikkhepanamatta½ ±pajjati, atha tassa katha½ diµµhigatikabh±vo siy±. Na hi avattuk±massa viya pucchitatthamaj±nantassa vikkhepakaraºamattena diµµhigatikat± yutt±ti? Vuccate– na heva kho pucch±ya vikkhepakaraºamattena tassa diµµhigatikat±, atha kho micch±bhinivesavasena. Sassat±bhinivesavasena hi micch±bhiniviµµhoyeva puggalo mandabuddhit±ya kusal±didhamme, paralokatthit±d²ni ca y±th±vato appaµibujjham±no attan± aviññ±tassa atthassa para½ viññ±petumasakkuºeyyat±ya mus±v±dabhayena ca vikkhepam±pajjat²ti. Tath± hi vakkhati “y±sa½ satteva ucchedadiµµhiyo, ses± sassatadiµµhiyo”ti (d². ni. aµµha. 1.97, 98) atha v± puññap±p±na½, tabbip±k±nañca anavabodhena, asaddahanena ca tabbisay±ya pucch±ya vikkhepakaraºameva sundaranti khanti½ ruci½ upp±detv± abhinivisantassa uppann± visu½yeves± ek± diµµhi sattabhaªgadiµµhi viy±ti daµµhabba½. Tath± ca vutta½ “pariyantarahit± diµµhigatikassa diµµhi ceva v±c±” c±ti (d². ni. aµµha. 1.61). Ya½ paneta½ vutta½ “imepi catt±ro pubbe pavattadhamm±nus±reneva diµµhiy± gahitatt± pubbantakappikesu paviµµh±”ti, tadetassa amar±vikkhepav±dassa sassatadiµµhisaªgahavaseneva vutta½. Katha½ panassa sassatadiµµhisaªgahoti? Ucchedavasena anabhinivesanato. Natthi hi koci dhamm±na½ yath±bh³taved² viv±dabahulatt± lokassa. “Evamevan”ti pana saddantarena dhammanijjh±nan± an±dik±lik± loke, tasm± sassatalesassa ettha labbhanato sassatadiµµhiy± etassa saªgaho daµµhabbo.