Ekaccasassatav±davaŗŗan±

38. “Ekaccasassatik±”ti taddhitapada½ sam±sapadena vibh±vetu½ “ekaccasassatav±d±”ti vutta½. Sattesu, saŖkh±resu ca ekacca½ sassatametass±ti ekaccasassato, v±do, so etesanti ekaccasassatik± taddhitavasena, sam±savasena pana ekaccasassato v±do etesanti ekaccasassatav±d±. Esa nayo ekacca-asassatikapadepi. Nanu ca “ekaccasassatik±”ti vutte tadańńesa½ ekacca-asassatikabh±vasanniµµh±na½ siddhamev±ti? Sacca½ atthato, saddato pana asiddhameva tasm± saddato p±kaµatara½ katv± dassetu½ tath± vutta½. Na hi idha s±vasesa½ katv± dhamma½ deseti dhammass±m². “Issaro nicco, ańńe satt± anicc±”ti eva½pavattav±d± sattekaccasassatik± seyyath±pi issarav±d±. Tath± “nicco brahm±, ańńe anicc±”ti eva½pavattav±d±pi. “Param±ŗavo nicc±, dvi-aŗuk±dayo anicc±”ti (visisikadassane sattamaparicchede paµhamakaŗ¹e passitabba½) eva½pavattav±d± saŖkh±rekaccasassatik± seyyath±pi k±ŗ±d±. Tath± “cakkh±dayo anicc±, vińń±ŗa½ niccan”ti (ny±yadassane, visesikadassane ca passitabba½) eva½pavattav±d±pi Idh±ti “ekaccasassatik±”ti imasmi½ pade, imiss± v± desan±ya. Gahit±ti vutt±, desitabbabh±vena v± desan±ń±ŗena sam±dinn± tath± ceva desitatt±. Tath± hi idha purimak± tayo v±d± sattavasena, catuttho saŖkh±ravasena desito. “SaŖkh±rekaccasassatik±”ti ida½ pana tehi sassatabh±vena gayham±n±na½ dhamm±na½ y±th±vasabh±vadassanavasena vutta½, na pana ekaccasassatikamatadassanavasena. Tassa hi sassat±bhimata½ asaŖkhatamev±ti laddhi. Tenev±ha p±¼iya½ “cittanti v±…pe… µhassat²”ti. Na hi yassa sabh±vassa paccayehi abhisaŖkhatabh±va½ paµij±n±ti, tasseva niccadhuv±dibh±vo anummattakena sakk± paµij±nitu½, etena ca “upp±davayadhuvat±yutt± sabh±v± siy± nicc±, siy± anicc±, siy± na vattabb±”ti-±din± (d². ni. µ². 1.38) pavattasattabhaŖgav±dassa ayuttat± vibh±vit± hoti.
Tatr±ya½ ayuttat±vibh±van±– yadi hi “yena sabh±vena yo dhammo atth²ti vuccati, teneva sabh±vena so dhammo natth²”ti vucceyya, siy± anekantav±do. Atha ańńena, na siy± anekantav±do. Na cettha desantar±disambandhabh±vo yutto vattu½ tassa sabbalokasiddhatt±, viv±d±bh±vato ca. Ye pana vadanti “yath± suvaŗŗaghaµena makuµe kate ghaµabh±vo nassati, makuµabh±vo uppajjati, suvaŗŗabh±vo tiµµhatiyeva, eva½ sabbasabh±v±na½ koci dhammo nassati, koci dhammo uppajjati, sabh±vo eva tiµµhat²”ti. Te vattabb± “ki½ ta½ suvaŗŗa½, ya½ ghaµe, makuµe ca avaµµhita½, yadi r³p±di, so saddo viya anicco. Atha r³p±disam³ho sammutimatta½, na tassa atthit± v± natthit± v± niccat± v± labbhat²”ti, tasm± anekantav±do na siy±. Dhamm±nańca dhammino ańńath±nańńath± ca pavattiya½ doso vuttoyeva sassatav±davic±raŗ±ya½. Tasm± so tattha vuttanayena veditabbo. Apica na nicc±niccanavattabbar³po att±, loko ca paramatthato vijjam±nat±parij±nanato yath± nicc±d²na½ ańńatara½ r³pa½, yath± v± d²p±dayo. Na hi r³p±d²na½ udayabbayasabh±v±na½ nicc±niccanavattabbasabh±vat± sakk± vińń±tu½, j²vassa ca nicc±d²su ańńatara½ r³pa½ siy±ti, eva½ sattabhaŖgo viya sesabhaŖg±nampi asambhavoyev±ti sattabhaŖgav±dassa ayuttat± veditabb± (d². ni. µ². 1.38).
Nanu ca “ekacce dhamm± sassat±, ekacce asassat±”ti etasmi½ v±de cakkh±d²na½ asassatabh±vasanniµµh±na½ yath±sabh±v±vabodho eva, atha eva½v±d²na½ katha½ micch±dassana½ siy±ti, ko v± evam±ha “cakkh±d²na½ asassatabh±vasanniµµh±na½ micch±dassanan”ti? Asassatesuyeva pana kesańci dhamm±na½ sassatabh±vasanniµµh±na½ idha micch±dassananti gahetabba½, tena pana ekav±de pavattam±nena cakkh±d²na½ asassatabh±v±vabodho vid³sito sa½saµµhabh±vato visasa½saµµho viya sappipiŗ¹o, tato ca tassa sakiccakaraŗ±samatthat±ya samm±dassanapakkhe µhapetabbata½ n±rahat²ti. Asassatabh±vena nicchit±pi v± cakkhu-±dayo sam±ropitaj²vasabh±v± eva diµµhigatikehi gayhant²ti tadavabodhassa micch±dassanabh±vo na sakk± niv±retu½. Tenev±ha p±¼iya½ “cakkhu½ itipi…pe… k±yo itipi aya½ att±”ti-±di. Evańca katv± asaŖkhat±ya, saŖkhat±ya ca dh±tuy± vasena yath±kkama½ “ekacce dhamm± sassat±, ekacce asassat±”ti eva½pavatto vibhajjav±dopi ekaccasassatav±doyeva bhaveyy±ti evampak±r± codan± anavak±s± hoti avipar²tadhammasabh±vapaµipattibh±vato. Avipar²tadhammasabh±vapaµipattiyeva hesa vuttanayena asa½saµµhatt±, an±ropitaj²vasabh±vatt± ca.
Etth±ha– purimasmimpisassatav±de asassat±na½ dhamm±na½ “sassat±”ti gahaŗa½ visesato micch±dassana½ bhavati. Sassat±na½ pana “sassat±”ti g±ho na micch±dassana½ yath±sabh±vagg±habh±vato. Evańca sati imassa v±dassa v±dantarat± na vattabb±, idha viya purimepi ekaccesveva dhammesu sassatagg±hasambhavatoti, vattabb±yeva asassatesveva “kecideva dhamm± sassat±, keci asassat±”ti parikappan±vasena gahetabbadhammesu vibh±gappavattiy± imassa v±dassa dassitatt±. Nanu ca ekadesassa samud±yantogadhatt± aya½ sappadesasassatagg±ho purimasmi½ nippadesasassatagg±he samodh±na½ gaccheyy±t²? Tath±pi na sakk± vattu½ v±d² tabbisayavisesavasena v±dadvayassa pavattatt±. Ańńe eva hi diµµhigatik± “sabbe dhamm± sassat±”ti abhiniviµµh±, ańńe “ekacceva sassat±, ekacce asassat±”ti. SaŖkh±r±na½ anavasesapariy±d±na½, ekadesapariggaho ca v±dadvayassa paribyattoyeva. Kińca bhiyyo– anekavidhasamussaye, ekavidhasamussaye ca khandhapabandhena abhinivesabh±vato tath± na sakk± vattu½. Catubbidhopi hi sassatav±d² j±tivisesavasena n±n±vidhar³pak±yasannissaye eva ar³padhammapuńje sassat±bhinives² j±to abhińń±ŗena, anussav±d²hi ca r³pak±yabhedagahaŗato. Tath± ca vutta½ “tato cuto amutra udap±din”ti, (d². ni. 1.244; ma. ni. 1.148; p±r±. 12) “cavanti upapajjant²”ti (d². ni. 1.255; ma. ni. 1.148; p±r±. 12) ca ±di. Visesal±bh² pana ekaccasassatiko anupadh±ritabhedasamussaye dhammapabandhe sassat±k±ragahaŗena abhinivesa½ janesi ekabhavapariy±pannakhandhasant±navisayatt± tadabhinivesassa. Tath± hi t²supi v±desu “ta½ pubbeniv±sa½ anussarati tato para½ n±nussarat²”ti ettakameva vutta½. Takk²na½ pana ubhinnampi sassatekaccasassatav±d²na½ sassat±bhinivesaviseso r³p±r³padhammavisayat±ya sup±kaµoyev±ti.
39. Sa½vaµµaµµh±y²vivaµµavivaµµaµµh±y²saŖkh±t±na½ tiŗŗampi asaŖkhyeyyakapp±namatikkamena puna sa½vaµµanato, addh±-saddassa ca k±lapariy±yatt± eva½ vuttanti ±ha “d²ghass±”ti-±di. Atikkamma ayana½ pavattana½ accayo. Anekatthatt± dh±t³na½, upasaggavasena ca atthavisesav±cakatt± sa½-saddena yutto vaµµa-saddo vin±sav±c²ti vutta½ “vinassat²”ti, vatu-saddo v± gatiyameva. SaŖkhayatthajotakena pana sa½-saddena yuttatt± tadatthasambandhanena vin±sattho labbhat²ti dasseti “vinassat²”ti imin±. SaŖkhayavasena vattat²ti hi saddato attho, ta-k±rassa cettha µa-k±r±deso. Vipattikaramah±meghasamuppattitto hi paµµh±ya y±va aŗusahagatopi saŖkh±ro na hoti, t±va loko sa½vaµµat²ti vuccati. P±¼iya½ lokoti pathav²-±dibh±janaloko adhippeto tadavasesassa b±hullato, tadeva sandh±ya “yebhuyyen±”ti vuttanti dasseti “ye”ti-±din±. Uparibrahmalokes³ti ±bhassarabh³mito uparibh³m²su. Aggin± kappavuµµh±nańhi idh±dhippeta½, tenev±ha p±¼iya½ “±bhassarasa½vattanik± hont²”ti. Kasm± tadeva vuttanti ce? Tasseva bahula½ pavattanato. Ayańhi v±raniyamo–
“Sattasattaggin± v±r±, aµµhame aµµhame dak±;
catusaµµhi yad± puŗŗ±, eko v±yuvaro siy±”ti. (Abhidhammatthavibh±van²µ²k±ya pańcamaparicchedavaŗŗan±yampi).
¾ruppesu v±ti ettha vikappanatthena -saddena sa½vaµµam±nalokadh±t³hi ańńalokadh±t³su v±ti vikappeti. Na hi sabbe ap±yasatt± tad± r³p±r³pabhavesu uppajjant²ti sakk± vińń±tu½ ap±yesu d²ghatar±yuk±na½ manussalok³papattiy± asambhavato, manussalok³papattińca vin± tad± tesa½ tatr³papattiy± anupapattito. Niyatamicch±diµµhikopi hi sa½vaµµham±ne kappe nirayato na muccati, piµµhicakkav±¼eyeva nibbattat²ti aµµhakath±su (a. ni. aµµha. 1.311) vutta½. Satipi sabbasatt±na½ puńń±puńń±bhisaŖkh±ramanas± nibbattabh±ve b±hirapaccayehi vin± manas±va nibbattatt± r³p±vacarasatt± eva “manomay±”ti vuccanti, na pana b±hirapaccayapaµiyatt± tadańńeti dassetu½ “manena nibbattatt± manomay±”ti ±ha. Yadeva½ k±m±vacarasatt±nampi opap±tik±na½ manomayabh±vo ±pajjat²ti? N±pajjati, adhicittabh³tena atisayamanas± nibbattasattesuyeva manomayavoh±ratoti dassentena jh±na-saddena visesetv± “jh±namanen±”ti vutta½. Evampi ar³p±vacarasatt±na½ manomayabh±vo ±pajjat²ti? Na tattha b±hirapaccayehi nibbattetabbat±saŖk±ya abh±vena manas± eva nibbatt±ti avadh±raŗ±sambhavato. Niru¼hov±ya½ loke manomayavoh±ro r³p±vacarasattesu. Tath± hi annamayo p±namayo manomayo ±nandamayo vińń±ŗamayoti pańcadh± att±na½ vedav±dino parikappenti. Ucchedav±depi vakkhati “dibbo r³p² manomayo”ti, (d². ni. 1.87) te pana jh±n±nubh±vato p²tibhakkh± saya½pabh± antalikkhacar±ti ±ha “p²ti tesan”ti-±di, tesa½ attanova pabh± atth²ti attho. Sobhan± v± µh±y² sabh± etesanti subhaµµh±yinotipi yujjati. Ukka½sen±ti ±bhassare sandh±ya vutta½. Paritt±bh±ppam±ŗ±bh± pana dve, catt±ro ca kappe tiµµhanti. Aµµha kappeti catunnamasaŖkhyeyyakapp±na½ samud±yabh³te aµµha mah±kappe.
40. Vin±sav±c²yeva vaµµa-saddo paµisedhajotakena upasaggena yuttatt± saŗµh±hanatthań±pakoti ±ha “saŗµh±t²”ti, anekatthatt± v± dh±t³na½ nibbattati, va¹¹hat²ti v± attho. Sampattimah±meghasamuppattito hi paµµh±ya pathav²sandh±rakudakata½sandh±rakav±yu-±d²na½ samuppattivasena y±va candimas³riy±na½ p±tubh±vo, t±va loko vivaµµat²ti vuccati. Pakatiy±ti sabh±vena, tassa “suńńan”ti imin± sambandho. Tath±suńńat±ya k±raŗam±ha “nibbattasatt±na½ natthit±y±”ti. Purimatara½ ańńesa½ satt±namanuppannatt±ti bh±vo, tena yath± ekacc±ni vim±n±ni tattha nibbattasatt±na½ cha¹¹itatt± suńń±ni, na evamidanti dasseti.
Aparo nayo– sakakammassa paµhama½ karaŗa½ pakati, t±ya nibbattasatt±nanti sambandho, tena yath± etassa attano kammabalena paµhama½ nibbatti, na eva½ ańńesa½ tassa purimatara½, sam±nak±le v± nibbatti atthi, tath± nibbattasatt±na½ natthit±ya suńńamidanti dasseti. Brahmap±risajjabrahmapurohitamah±brahm±no idha brahmak±yik±, tesa½ niv±sat±ya bh³mipi “brahmak±yik±”ti vutt±, brahmak±yikabh³m²ti pana p±µhebrahmak±yik±na½ sambandhin² bh³m²ti attho. Katt± saya½ k±rako. K±ret± paresa½ ±ŗ±pako. Visuddhimagge pubbeniv±sań±ŗakath±ya½ (visuddhi. 2.408) vuttanayena, etena nibbattakkama½ kammapaccaya-utusamuµµh±nabh±ve ca k±raŗa½ dasseti. Kamma½ upanissayabh±vena paccayo etiss±ti kammapaccay±. Atha v± tattha nibbattasatt±na½ vipaccanakakammassa sahak±r²k±rakabh±vato kammassa paccay±ti kammapaccay±. Utu samuµµh±nametiss±ti utusamuµµh±n±. “Kammapaccaya-utusamuµµh±n±”tipi sam±savasena p±µho kammasah±yo paccayo, vuttanayena v± kammassa sah±yabh³to paccayoti kammapaccayo, so eva utu tath±, sova samuµµh±nametiss±ti kammapaccaya-utusamu-±n±. Ratanabh³m²ti ukka½sagatapuńńakamm±nubh±vato ratanabh³t± bh³mi, na kevala½ bh³miyeva, atha kho tappariv±r±p²ti ±ha “pakat²”ti-±di. Pakatinibbattaµµh±neti purimakappesu purimak±na½ nibbattaµµh±ne. Etth±ti “brahmavim±nan”ti vutt±ya brahmak±yikabh³miy±. S±mańńavisesavasena ceta½ ±dh±radvaya½. Katha½ paŗ²t±ya dutiyajjh±nabh³miy± µhit±na½ h²n±ya paµhamajjh±nabh³miy± upapatti hot²ti ±ha “atha satt±nan”ti-±di, nikantivasena paµhamajjh±na½ bh±vetv±ti vutta½ hoti, pakatiy± sabh±vena nikanti taŗh± uppajjat²ti sambandho. Vasitaµµh±neti vutthapubbaµµh±ne. Tato otarant²ti upapattivasena dutiyajjh±nabh³mito paµhamajjh±nabh³mi½ apasakkanti, gacchant²ti attho. App±yuketi ya½ u¼±rapuńńakamma½ kata½, tassa upajjan±rahavip±kapabandhato appaparim±ŗ±yuke. Tassa devalokass±ti tasmi½ devaloke, nissayavasena v± sambandhaniddeso. ¾yuppam±ŗenev±ti param±yuppam±ŗeneva. Parittanti appaka½. Antar±va cavant²ti r±jakoµµh±g±re pakkhittataŗ¹ulan±¼i viya puńńakkhay± hutv± sakakammappam±ŗena tassa devalokassa param±yu-antar± eva cavanti.