31. ¾t±panabh±ven±ti vib±dhanassa bh±vena, vib±dhanaµµhena v±. Pah±nańcettha vib±dhana½. Padahanavasen±ti sam±dahanavasena. Sam±dahana½ pana kosajjapakkhe patitumadatv± cittassa uss±hana½. Yath± sam±dhi visesabh±giyata½ p±puŗ±ti, eva½ v²riyassa bahul²karaŗa½ anuyogo. Iti padattayena v²riyameva vuttanti ±ha “eva½ tippabheda½ v²riyan”ti. Yath±kkamańhiha t²hi padehi upac±rappan±cittaparidamanav²riy±ni dasseti. Na pamajjati eten±ti appam±do, satiy± avippav±so. So pana satipaµµh±n± catt±ro khandh± eva. Samm± up±yena manasi karoti kammaµµh±nameten±ti samm±manasik±ro, so pana ń±ŗameva, na ±rammaŗav²thijavanapaµip±dak±, ten±ha “atthato ń±ŗan”ti. Pathamanasik±roti k±raŗamanasik±ro. Tadevattha½ samattheti “yasmińh²”ti-±din±. Tattha yasmi½ manasik±reti kammaµµh±namanasikaraŗ³p±yabh³te ń±ŗasaŖkh±te manasik±re. “Imasmi½ µh±ne”ti imin± saddantarasampayog±din± viya pakaraŗavasen±pi saddo visesavisayoti d²peti. V²riyańc±ti yath±vuttehi t²hi padehi vutta½ tippabheda½ v²riyańca. Etth±ti “±tappa…pe… manasik±ramanv±y±”ti imasmi½ p±µhe, s²lavisuddhiy± saddhi½ catunna½ r³p±vacarajjh±n±na½ adhigamanapaµipad± idha vattabb±, s± pana visuddhimagge (visuddhi. 2.401) vitth±rato vutt±ti ±ha “saŖkhepattho”ti. Tath±j±tikanti tath±sabh±va½, etena cuddasavidhehi cittaparidamanehi r³p±vacaracatutthajjh±nassa paguŗat±p±danena damitata½ dasseti. Cetaso sam±dhi cetosam±dhi, so pana aµµhaŖgasamann±gatar³p±vacaracatutthajjh±nasseva sam±dhi. Yath±-saddo “yen±”ti atthe nip±toti ±ha “yena sam±dhin±”ti.
Vijambhanabh³tehi lokiy±bhińń±saŖkh±tehi jh±n±nubh±vehi sampannoti jh±n±nubh±vasampanno. So diµµhigatiko eva½ vadat²ti vattam±navacana½, tath±vadanassa avicchedabh±vena sabbak±likat±dassanatthanti veditabba½. Aniyamite hi k±lavisese vippakatak±lavacananti. Vanati y±cati puttanti vańjh± jha-paccaya½, na-k±rassa ca niggahita½ katv±, vadhati putta½, phala½ v± hanat²tipi vańjh± sapaccayaghya-k±rassa jha-k±ra½, niggahit±gamańca katv±. S± viya kassaci phalassa ajanen±ti vańjho, ten±ha “vańjhapas³”ti-±di. Eva½ padatthavat± imin± k²disa½ s±matthiyattha½ dasset²ti antol²nacodana½ pariharitu½ “eten±”ti-±dim±ha. Jh±nal±bhissa visesena jh±nadhamm± ±p±tham±gacchanti, tammukhena pana sesadhamm±p²ti imamattha½ sandh±ya “jh±n±d²nan”ti vutta½. R³p±dijanakabh±vanti r³p±d²na½ janakas±matthiya½. Paµikkhipat²ti “nayime kińci janent²”ti paµikkhipati. Kasm±ti ce? Sati hi janakabh±ve r³p±didhamm±na½ viya, sukh±didhamm±na½ viya ca paccay±yattavuttit±ya upp±davantat± vińń±yati, upp±de ca sati avassa½bh±v² nirodhoti anavak±s±va niccat± siy±, tasm± ta½ paµikkhipat²ti.
Żhitoti niccala½ patiµµhito, k³µaµµha-saddoyeva v± loke accanta½ nicce niru¼ho daµµhabbo. Tiµµhat²ti µh±y², esik± ca s± µh±y² c±ti esikaµµh±y², visesanaparanip±to cesa, tasm± gambh²ranemo niccalaµµhitiko indakh²lo viy±ti attho, ten±ha “yath±”ti-±di. “K³µaµµho”ti imin± cettha aniccat±bh±vam±ha. “Esikaµµh±y² µhito”ti imin± pana yath± esik± v±tappah±r±d²hi na calati, eva½ na kenaci vik±ram±pajjat²ti vik±r±bh±va½, vik±ropi atthato vin±soyev±ti vutta½ “ubhayen±pi lokassa vin±s±bh±va½ dasset²”ti.
Evamaµµhakath±v±da½ dassetv± id±ni keciv±da½ dassetu½ “keci pan±”ti-±di vutta½. Muńjatoti [muńje (aµµhakath±ya½)] muńjatiŗato. æsik±ti ka¼²ro. Yadida½ attasaŖkh±ta½ dhammaj±ta½ j±yat²ti vuccati, ta½ sattir³pavasena pubbe vijjam±nameva byattir³pavasena nikkhamati, abhibyatti½ gacchat²ti attho. “Vijjam±namev±”ti hi etena k±raŗe phalassa atthibh±vadassanena byattir³pavasena abhibyattiv±da½ dasseti. S±ligabbhe sa½vijjam±na½ s±lis²sa½ viya hi sattir³pa½, tadabhinikkhanta½ viya byattir³panti. Katha½ pana sattir³pavasena vijjam±noyeva pubbe anabhibyatto byattir³pavasena abhibyatti½ gacchat²ti? Yath± andhak±rena paµicchanno ghaµo ±lokena abhibyatti½ gacchati, evamayamp²ti.
Idamettha vic±retabba½– ki½ karonto ±loko ghaµa½ pak±set²ti vuccati, yadi ghaµavisaya½ buddhi½ karonto pak±seti, anuppann±ya eva buddhiy± uppattid²panato abhibyattiv±do h±yati. Atha ghaµavisay±ya buddhiy± ±varaŗabh³ta½ andhak±ra½ vidhamanto pak±seti, evampi abhibyattiv±do h±yateva. Sati hi ghaµavisay±ya buddhiy± katha½ andhak±ro tass± ±varaŗa½ hot²ti. Yath± ca ghaµassa abhibyatti na yujjati, eva½ diµµhigatikaparikappitassa attanopi abhibyatti na yujjatiyeva. Tatth±pi hi yadi indriyavisay±disannip±tena anuppann± eva buddhi uppann±, uppattivacaneneva abhibyattiv±do h±yati abhibyattimattamatikkamma anuppann±ya eva buddhiy± uppattid²panato. Tath± sassatav±dopi teneva k±raŗena. Atha buddhippavattiy± ±varaŗabh³tassa andhak±raµµh±niyassa mohassa vidhamanena buddhi uppann±. Evampi sati atthavisay±ya buddhiy± katha½ moho tass± ±varaŗa½ hot²ti, h±yateva abhibyattiv±do, kińca bhiyyo– bhedasabbh±vatopi abhibyattiv±do h±yati. Na hi abhibyańjanak±na½ candimas³riyamaŗipad²p±d²na½ bhedena abhibyańjitabb±na½ ghaµ±d²na½ bhedo hoti, hoti ca visayabhedena buddhibhedo yath±visaya½ buddhiy± sambhavatoti bhiyyopi abhibyatti na yujjatiyeva, na cettha vijjam±nat±bhibyattivasena vuttikappan± yutt± vijjam±nat±bhibyattikiriy±saŖkh±t±ya vuttiy± vuttimato ca anańńath±nuj±nanato. Anańń±yeva hi tath± vuttisaŖkh±t± kiriy± tabbantavatthuto, yath± phass±d²hi phusan±dibh±vo, tasm± vuttimato anańń±ya eva vijjam±nat±bhibyattisaŖkh±t±ya vuttiy± parikappito kesańci abhibyattiv±do na yutto ev±ti. Ye pana “²sikaµµh±y² µhito”ti paµhitv± yath±vuttamatthamicchanti, te tadida½ k±raŗabh±vena gahetv± “te ca satt± sandh±vanti sa½saranti cavanti upapajjant²”ti padehi atthasambandhampi karonti, na aµµhakath±yamiva asambandhanti dassento “yasm± c±”ti-±dim±ha. Te ca satt± sandh±vant²ti ettha ye idha manussabh±vena avaµµhit±, teyeva devabh±v±di-upagamanena ito ańńattha gacchant²ti attho. Ańńath± katassa kammassa vin±so, akatassa ca abbh±gamo ±pajjeyy±ti adhipp±yo.
Apar±paranti aparasm± bhav± apara½ bhava½, aparamapara½ v±, punappunanti attho. “Cavant²”ti padamulliŖgetv± “eva½ saŖkhya½ gacchant²”ti attha½ vivarati, attano tath±gahitassa niccasabh±vatt± na cut³papattiyo. Sabbaby±pit±ya n±pi sandh±vanasa½saraŗ±ni, dhamm±na½yeva pana pavattivisesena eva½ saŖkhya½ gacchanti eva½ vohar²yant²ti adhipp±yo. Etena “avaµµhitasabh±vassa attano, dhammino ca dhammamatta½ uppajjati ceva vinassati c±”ti ima½ vipariŗ±mav±da½ dasseti. Ya½ panettha vattabba½, ta½ imissa½ sassatav±davic±raŗ±yameva “eva½gatik±”ti padatthavibh±vane vakkh±ma. Id±ni aµµhakath±ya½ vutta½ asambandhamatta½ dassetu½ “aµµhakath±ya½ pan±”ti-±di vutta½. Sandh±vant²ti-±din± vacanena attano v±da½ bhindati vin±seti sandh±van±divacanasiddh±ya aniccat±ya pubbe attan± paµińń±tassa sassatav±dassa viruddhabh±vatoti attho. “Diµµhigatikass±”ti-±di tadatthasamatthana½. Na nibaddhanti na thira½. “Sandh±vant²”ti-±divacana½, sassatav±dańca sandh±ya “sundarampi asundarampi hotiyev±”ti vutta½. Sabbad± saranti pavattant²ti sassatiyo ra-k±rassa sa-k±ra½, dvibh±vańca katv±, pathav²sinerucandimas³riy±, sassat²hi sama½ sadisa½ tath±, bh±vanapu½sakavacanańceta½. “Att± ca loko c±”ti hi kattu-adhik±ro. Sassatisamanti v± liŖgabyattayena kattuniddeso. Sassatisamo att± ca loko ca atthi ev±ti attho, iti-saddo cettha padap³raŗamatta½. Eva-saddassa hi e-k±re pare iti-sadde i-k±rassa va-k±ramicchanti saddavid³. Sassatisamanti sassata½ th±vara½ niccak±lantipi attho, sassatisama-saddassa sassatapadena sam±natthata½ sandh±ya µ²k±ya½ (d². ni. µ². 1.31) vutto.
Hetu½ dassentoti yesa½ “sassato”ti att±nańca lokańca pańńapeti, tesa½ hetu½ dassento aya½ diµµhigatiko ±h±ti sambandho. Na hi attano diµµhiy± paccakkhakatamattha½ attanoyeva s±dheti, attano pana paccakkhakatena atthena attano appaccakkhabh³tampi attha½ s±dheti, attan± ca yath±nicchita½ attha½ parepi vińń±peti, na anicchita½ ida½ pana hetudassana½ etesu anekesu j±tisatasahassesu ekov±ya½ me att± ca loko ca anussaraŗasambhavato. Yo hi yamattha½ anubhavati, so eva ta½ anussarati, na ańńo. Na hi ańńena anubh³tamattha½ ańńo anussaritu½ sakkoti yath± ta½ buddharakkhitena anubh³ta½ dhammarakkhito. Yath± cet±su, eva½ ito purimatar±supi j±t²su, tasm± “sassato me att± ca loko ca, yath± ca me, eva½ ańńesampi satt±na½ sassato att± ca loko c±”ti sassatavasena diµµhigahaŗa½ pakkhandanto diµµhigatiko parepi tattha patiµµhapeti. P±¼iya½ pana “anekavihit±ni adhimuttipath±ni abhivadanti, so evam±h±”ti vacanato par±nug±h±panavasena idha hetudassana½ adhippetanti vińń±yati. Etanti attano ca lokassa ca sassatabh±va½. “Na kevalan”ti-±di atthato ±pannadassana½. Żh±na-saddo k±raŗe, tańca kho idha pubbeniv±s±nussatiyev±ti ±ha “idan”ti-±di. K±raŗańca n±meta½ tividha½ samp±paka½ nibbattaka½ ń±pakanti. Tattha ariyamaggo nibb±nassa samp±pakak±raŗa½, b²ja½ aŖkurassa nibbattakak±raŗa½, paccayuppannat±dayo aniccat±d²na½ ń±pakak±raŗa½, idh±pi ń±pakak±raŗameva adhippeta½. ѱpako hi attho ń±petabbatthavisayassa ń±ŗassa hetubh±vato k±raŗa½. Tad±yattavuttit±ya ta½ ń±ŗa½ tiµµhati etth±ti µh±na½, vasati ta½ ń±ŗamettha tiµµhat²ti “vatth³”ti ca vuccati. Tath± hi bhagavat± vatthu-saddena uddisitv±pi µh±na-saddena niddiµµhanti.
32-33. Dutiyatatiyav±r±na½ paµhamav±rato viseso natthi µhapetv± k±labhedanti ±ha “upari v±radvayepi eseva nayo”ti. Tadeta½ k±labheda½ yath±p±¼i½ dassetu½ “kevalańh²”ti-±di vutta½. Itarena dutiyatatiyav±r± y±va dasasa½vaµµavivaµµakapp±, y±va catt±l²sasa½vaµµavivaµµakapp± ca anussaraŗavasena vutt±ti adhipp±yo. Yadeva½ kasm± sassatav±do catudh± vibhatto, nanu tidh± k±labhedamakatv± adhiccasamuppattikav±do viya duvidheneva vibhajitabbo siy±ti codana½ sodhetu½ “mandapańńo h²”ti-±dim±ha. Mandapańń±d²na½ tiŗŗa½ pubbeniv±s±nussatiń±ŗal±bh²na½ vasena tidh± k±labheda½ katv± takkanena saha catudh± vibhattoti adhipp±yo. Nanu ca anussav±divasena takkik±na½ viya mandapańń±d²nampi visesal±bh²na½ h²n±divasena anekabhedasambhavato bahudh± bhedo siy±, atha kasm± sabbepi visesal±bhino tayo eva r±s² katv± vutt±ti? Ukkaµµhaparicchedena dassetuk±matt±. T²su hi r±s²su ye h²namajjhimapańń±, te vuttaparicchedato ³nakameva anussaranti. Ye pana ukkaµµhapańń±, te vuttapariccheda½ atikkamitv± n±nussarant²ti tattha tattha ukkaµµhaparicchedena dassetuk±mato anekaj±tisatasahassadasacatt±r²sasa½vaµµavivaµµ±nussaraŗavasena tayo eva r±s² katv± vutt±ti. Na tato uddhanti yath±vuttak±lattayato, catt±r²sasa½vaµµavivaµµakappato v± uddha½ n±nussarati, kasm±? Dubbalapańńatt±. Tesańhi n±mar³paparicchedavirahato dubbal± pańń± hot²ti aµµhakath±su vutta½.