Tassa tassa dhammass±ti saªkh±r±dipaccayuppannadhammassa. Tath± tath± paccayabh±ven±ti upp±d±dihet±dipaccayasattiy± Kammakilesavip±kavasena t²ºi vaµµ±ni yass±ti tivaµµa½. At²tapaccuppann±n±gatavasena tayo addh± k±l± etass±ti tiyaddha½. Hetuphalaphalahetuhetuphalavasena tayo sandhayo etass±ti tisandhi. Saªkhippanti ettha avijj±dayo, viññ±º±dayo c±ti saªkhep±, hetu, vip±ko ca. Atha v± hetu vip±koti saªkhippant²ti saªkhep±. Avijj±dayo, viññ±º±dayo ca koµµh±sapariy±yo v± saªkhepasaddo. At²tahetusaªkhep±divasena catt±ro saªkhep± yass±ti catusaªkhepa½. Sar³pato avutt±pi tasmi½ tasmi½ saªkhepe ±kir²yanti avijj±saªkh±r±diggahaºehi pak±s²yant²ti ±k±r±, at²tahetu-±d²na½ pak±r±. Te saªkhepe pañca pañca katv± v²sati ±k±r± etass±ti v²sat±k±ra½.
Khattiy±dibhedena anekabhedabhinn±pi sassatav±dino j±tisatasahass±nussaraº±dikassa abhinivesahetuno vasena catt±rova honti, na tato uddha½, adho v±ti sassatav±d²na½ parim±ºaparicchedassa anaññavisayata½ dassetu½ “catt±ro jan±”ti-±dim±ha. Esa nayo itaresupi. Tattha catt±ro jan±ti catt±ro janasam³h±ti attho gahetabbo tesu ekekass±pi anekappabhedato. Teti dv±saµµhidiµµhigatav±dino. Ida½ niss±y±ti idappaccayat±ya samm± aggahaºa½. Tatth±pi ca hetuphalabh±vena sambandh±na½ dhamm±na½ santatighanassa abheditatt± paramatthato vijjam±nampi bhedanibandhana½ n±nattanaya½ anupadh±retv± gahita½ ekattaggahaºa½ niss±ya. Ida½ gaºhant²ti ida½ sassataggahaºa½ abhinivissa voharanti, imin± nayena ekaccasassatav±d±dayopi yath±sambhava½ yojetv± vattabb±. Bhinditv±ti “±tappamanv±y±”ti-±din± vibhajitv±, “tayida½ bhikkhave tath±gato paj±n±t²”ti-±din± (d². ni. 1.36) v± vidhamitv±. Nijjaµanti anonaddha½. Nigumbanti an±vuµa½. Apica ve¼u-±d²na½ heµµhupariyasa½sibbanaµµhena jaµ±. Kus±d²na½ ovaraºaµµhena gumbo. Tassadisat±ya diµµhigat±na½ by±kul± p±kaµat± “jaµ±, gumbo”ti ca vuccati, diµµhijaµ±vijaµanena, diµµhigumbavivaraºena ca nijjaµa½ nigumba½ katv±ti attho.
“Tasm±”ti-±din± buddhaguºe ±rabbha desan±ya samuµµhitatt± sabbaññutaññ±ºa½ uddisitv± desan±kusalo bhagav± samayantara½ viggahaºavasena sabbaññutaññ±ºameva vissajjet²ti dasseti.
29. Atthi pariy±yo santi-saddo, so ca sa½vijjantipariy±yo, sa½vijjam±nat± ca ñ±ºena upalabbham±nat±ti ±ha “sant²”ti-±di. Sa½vijjam±naparid²panena pana “sant²”ti imin± padena tesa½ diµµhigatik±na½ vijjam±nat±ya avicchinnata½, tato ca nesa½ micch±g±hato sithilakaraºavivecanehi attano desan±ya kiccak±rita½, avitathatañca d²peti dhammar±j±. Atth²ti ca santipadena sam±nattho puthuvacanavisayo eko nip±to “atthi imasmi½ k±ye kes±”ti-±d²su (d². ni. 2.377; ma. ni. 1.110; 3.154; sa½. ni. 4.127) viya. ¾lapanavacananti buddh±lapanavacana½. Bhagav±yeva hi “bhikkhave, bhikkhavo”ti ca ±lapati, na s±vak±. S±vak± pana “±vuso, ±yasm±”ti-±disambandhaneneva. “Eke”ti vutte ekacceti attho eva saªkhy±v±cakassa eka-saddassa niyatekavacanatt±, na samitabahitap±pat±ya samaºabr±hmaº±ti ±ha “pabbajj³pagatabh±ven±”ti-±di. Tath± v± hontu, aññath± v±, sammutimatteneva idh±dhippet±ti dasseti “loken±”ti-±din±. Sassat±divasena pubbanta½ kappent²ti pubbantakappik±. Yasm± pana tesa½ pubbanta½ purimasiddhehi taºh±diµµhikappehi kappetv± ±sevanabalavat±ya, vicitravuttit±ya ca vikappetv± aparabh±gasiddhehi abhinivesabh³tehi taºh±diµµhig±hehi gaºhanti abhinivisanti par±masanti, tasm± vutta½ “pubbanta½ kappetv± vikappetv± gaºhant²”ti. Purimabh±gapacchimabh±gasiddh±na½ v± taºh±-up±d±n±na½ vasena yath±kkama½ kappanagahaº±ni veditabb±ni. Taºh±paccay± hi up±d±na½ sambhavati. Pahutapasa½s±nind±tisayasa½sagganiccayog±divisayesu idha niccayogavasena vijjam±nattho sambhavat²ti vutta½ “pubbanta kappo v±”ti-±di vuttañca–
“Pahute ca pasa½s±ya½, nind±yañc±tisayane;
niccayoge ca sa½sagge, hontime mantu-±dayo”ti.
Koµµh±ses³ti ettha koµµh±s±d²s³ti attho veditabbo ±di-saddalopena, nidassananayena ca vuttatt±. Padap³raºasam²pa-ummagg±d²supi hi anta-saddo dissati. Tath± hi “iªgha t±va suttante v± g±th±yo v± abhidhamma½ v± pariy±puºassu (p±ci. 442), suttante ok±sa½ k±r±petv±”ti-±d²su (p±ci. 1221) ca padap³raºe anta-saddo vattati, “g±mantasen±sanan”ti-±d²su (visuddhi. 1.31) sam²pe, “k±masukhallik±nuyogo eko anto, atth²ti kho kacc±na ayameko anto”ti-±d²su (sa½. ni. 1.258; sa½. ni. 2.110) ca ummaggeti.
Antap³roti mah±-anta-antaguºehi p³ro. “S± haritanta½ v± panthanta½ v±”ti (ma. ni. 1.304) majjhimanik±ye mah±hatthipadopamasuttantap±¼i. Tattha ti tejodh±tu. Haritantanti haritatiºarukkhamariy±da½ Panthantanti maggamariy±da½. ¾gamma an±h±r± nibb±yat²ti seso. “Antamida½ bhikkhave, j²vik±na½ yadida½ piº¹olyan”ti (sa½. ni. 3.80; itivu. 91) piº¹iy±lopasuttantap±¼i. Tattha piº¹a½ ulati gavesat²ti piº¹olo, piº¹±c±riko, tassa bh±vo piº¹olya½, piº¹acaraºena j²vikat±ti attho. Esev±ti sabbapaccayasaªkhayabh³to nibb±nadhammo eva, ten±ha “sabba…pe… vuccat²”ti. Etena sabbapaccayasaªkhayanato asaªkhata½ nibb±na½ saªkhatabh³tassa vaµµadukkhassa parabh±ga½ pariyos±nabh³ta½, tasm± ettha parabh±gova attho yuttoti dasseti. Sakk±yoti sakk±yag±ho.
Kappoti leso. Kappakaten±ti tiººa½ dubbaººakaraº±na½ aññataradubbaººakatena. ¾di-saddena cettha kappa-saddo mah±kappasamantabh±vakilesak±mavitakkak±lapaññattisadisabh±v±d²supi vattat²ti dasseti. Tath± hesa “catt±rim±ni bhikkhave, kappassa asaªkhyeyy±n²”ti-±d²su (a. ni. 4.156) mah±kappe vattati, “kevalakappa½ ve¼uvana½ obh±setv±”ti-±d²su (sa½. ni. 1.94) samantabh±ve, “saªkappo k±mo r±go k±mo saªkappar±go k±mo”ti-±d²su (mah±ni. 1; c³¼ani. 8) kilesak±me, “takko vitakko saªkappo”ti-±d²su vitakke, “yena suda½ niccakappa½ vihar±m²”ti-±d²su (ma. ni. 1.387) k±le “icc±yasm± kappo”ti-±d²su (su. ni. 1018) paññattiya½, “satthukappena vata kira bho s±vakena saddhi½ mantayam±n± na j±nimh±”ti-±d²su (ma. ni. 1.260) sadisabh±veti.
Taºh±diµµh²su pavatti½ mah±niddesap±¼iy± (mah±ni. 28) s±dhento “vuttampi cetan”ti-±dim±ha. Tattha udd±natoti saªkhepato. “Tasm±”ti-±di yath±vutt±ya atthavaººan±ya guºavacana½. Taºh±diµµhivasen±ti upanissayasahaj±tabh³t±ya abhinandanasaªkh±t±ya taºh±ya ceva sassat±di-±k±rena abhinivisantassa micch±g±hassa ca vasena. Pubbe nivutthadhammavisay±ya kappan±ya idha adhippetatt± at²tak±lav±cakoyeva pubba-saddo, na pana “manopubbaªgam± dhamm±”ti-±d²su viya padh±n±div±cako, r³p±dikhandhavinimuttassa kappanavatthuno abh±v± anta-saddo ca koµµh±sav±cako, na pana abbhantar±div±cakoti dassetu½ “at²ta½ khandhakoµµh±san”ti vutta½. Kappetv±ti ca tasmi½ pubbante taºh±yan±bhinivesan±na½ samatthana½ pariniµµh±panam±ha. Ýhit±ti tass± laddhiy± avijahana½, pubbantameva anugat± diµµhi tesamatth²ti yojan±. Atthit±, anugatat± ca n±ma punappuna½ pavattiy±ti dasseti “punappuna½ uppajjanavasen±”ti imin±. “Te evan”ti-±din± “pubbanta½ ±rabbh±”ti-±dip±¼iy± attha½ sa½vaººeti. Tattha ±rabbh±ti ±lambitv±. Visayo hi tass± diµµhiy± pubbanto. Visayabh±vato hesa tass± ±gamanaµµh±na½ ±rammaºapaccayo c±ti vutta½ “±gamma paµicc±”ti. Tadeta½ aññesa½ patiµµh±panadassananti ±ha “aññampi jana½ diµµhigatita½ karont±”ti.
Adhivacanapath±n²ti [adhivacanapa-ad±ni (aµµhakath±ya½)] ru¼himattena paññattipath±ni. D±s±d²su hi siriva¹¹hak±disadd± viya vacanamattameva adhik±ra½ katv± pavattiy± tath± paººattiyeva adhivacana½, s± ca voh±rassa pathoti. Atha v± adhi-saddo uparibh±ge, vuccat²ti vacana½. Adhi uparibh±ge vacana½ adhivacana½. Up±d±niyabh³t±na½ r³p±d²na½ [up±d±bh³tar³p±d²na½ (d². ni. µ². 1.29)] upari paññ±piyam±n± up±d±paññatti, tasm± paññattid²pakapath±n²ti attho daµµhabbo. Paññattimattañheta½ vuccati, yadida½ “att±, loko”ti ca, na r³pavedan±dayo viya paramatthoti. Adhimutti-saddo cettha adhivacana-saddena sam±nattho “niruttipatho”ti-±d²su (dha. sa. 107 dukam±tik±) viya uttisaddassa vacanapariy±yatt±. “Bh³ta½ atthan”ti-±din± pana bh³tasabh±vato atireka½. Tamatidh±vitv± v± muccant²ti adhimuttiyo, t±sa½ path±ni tadd²pakatt±ti attha½ dasseti, adhika½ v± sassat±dika½ muccant²ti adhimuttiyo. Adhikañhi sassat±di½, pakati-±di½, dabb±di½, j²v±di½, k±y±diñca abh³ta½ attha½ sabh±vadhammesu ajjh±ropetv± diµµhiyo pavattanti.
30. Abhivadant²ti “idameva sacca½, moghamaññan”ti abhinivisitv± vadanti. “Ayameva dhammo, n±ya½ dhammo”ti-±din± abhibhavitv±pi vadanti. Abhivadanakiriy±ya ajj±pi avicchedabh±vadassanattha½ vattam±navacana½ katanti ayamettha p±¼ivaººan±. Kathetukamyat±ya hetubh³t±ya pucchitv±ti sambandho. Micch± passat²ti diµµhi, diµµhi eva diµµhigata½ “muttagata½, (a. ni. 9.11) saªkh±ragatan”ti-±d²su (mah±ni. 41) viya gata-saddassa tabbh±vavuttito, gantabb±bh±vato v± diµµhiy± gatamattanti diµµhigata½. Diµµhiy± gahaºamattameva, natthañña½ avagantabbanti attho, diµµhipak±ro v± diµµhigata½. Lokiy± hi vidhayuttagatapak±rasadde sam±natthe icchanti. Ekasmi½yeva khandhe “att±”ti ca “loko”ti ca gahaºavisesa½ up±d±ya paññ±pana½ hot²ti ±ha “r³p±d²su aññatara½ att±ti ca lokoti ca gahetv±”ti. Amara½ nicca½ dhuvanti sassatavevacan±ni, maraº±bh±vena v± amara½. Upp±d±bh±vena sabbad±pi atthit±ya nicca½. Thiraµµhena vik±r±bh±vena dhuva½. “Yath±h±”ti-±din± mah±niddesa paµisambhid±maggap±¼²hi yath±vuttamattha½ vibh±veti. Tattha “r³pa½ gahetv±”ti p±µhasesena sambandho. Aya½ panattho– “r³pa½ attato samanupassati. Vedana½, sañña½, saªkh±re, viññ±ºa½ attato samanupassat²”ti imiss± pañcavidh±ya sakk±yadiµµhiy± vasena vutto, “r³pavanta½ att±nan”ti-±dik±ya pana pañcadasavidh±yapi tadavases±ya sakk±yadiµµhiy± vasena catt±ro khandhe “att±”ti gahetv± tadañño “loko”ti paññapent²ti ayampi attho labbhateva. Tath± eka½ khandha½ “att±”ti gahetv± añño attano upabhogabh³to “loko”ti ca. Sasantatipatite khandhe “att±”ti gahetv± tadañño parasantatipatito “loko”ti ca paññapet²ti evampettha attho daµµhabbo. Etth±ha “sassato v±do etesan”ti kasm± heµµh± vutta½, nanu tesa½ att± ca loko ca sassatoti adhippeto, na v±doti? Saccameta½, sassatasahacaritat±ya pana v±dopi sassatoti vutto yath± “kunt± pacarant²”ti, sassato iti v±do etesanti v± tattha iti-saddalopo daµµhabbo. Sassata½ vadanti “idameva sacca½, moghamaññan”ti abhinivissa voharant²ti sassatav±d± tipi yujjati.