K±mañc±yamattho pubbe vitth±ritoyeva, pak±rantarena pana sotujan±nuggahak±mat±ya, imiss± ca por±ºasa½vaººan±visodhanavasena pavattatt± puna vibh±vitoti na cettha punaruttidoso pariyesitabbo, evam²disesu. Ettha ca kiñc±pi bhagavato dasabal±diñ±º±nipi anaññas±dh±raº±ni, sabbadesavisayatt± pana tesa½ ñ±º±na½ na tehi buddhaguº± ah±petv± gahit± n±ma honti. Sabbaññutaññ±ºassa pana nippadesavisayatt± tasmi½ gahite sabbepi buddhaguº± gahit± eva n±ma honti, tasm± p±¼i-atth±nus±rena tadeva ñ±ºa½ gahitanti veditabba½. P±¼iyampi hi “yehi tath±gatassa yath±bhucca½ vaººa½ samm± vadam±n± vadeyyun”ti tameva pak±sita½ tamantarena aññassa nippadesavisayassa abh±vato, nippadesavisayeneva ca yath±bhucca½ samm± vadanasambhavatoti.
Aññev±ti ettha eva-saddo sanniµµh±panatthoti dassetu½ “aññev±ti ida½ panettha vavatth±panavacanan”ti vutta½, vavatth±panavacananti ca sanniµµh±panavacananti attho, sanniµµh±panañca avadh±raºameva. Kathanti ±ha “aññev±”ti-±di. “Na p±º±tip±t± veramaºi-±dayo”ti imin± avadh±raºena nivattita½ dasseti. Ayañca eva-saddo aniyatadesat±ya ca-saddo viya yattha vutto, tato aññatth±pi vacanicch±vasena upatiµµhat²ti ±ha “gambh²r±v±”ti-±di. Iti-saddena ca ±di-atthena duddas±va na sudas±, duranubodh±va na suranubodh±, sant±va na darath±, paº²t±va na h²n±, atakk±vacar±va na takk±vacar±, nipuº±va na l³kh±, paº¹itavedan²y±va na b±lavedan²y±ti nivattita½ dasseti. Sabbapadeh²ti y±va “paº¹itavedan²y±”ti ida½ pada½, t±va sabbapadehi.
Eva½ nivattetabbata½ yuttiy± da¼h²karonto “s±vakap±ramiñ±ºan”ti-±dim±ha. Tattha s±vakap±ramiñ±ºanti s±vak±na½ d±n±dip±ramip±rip³riy± nipphanna½ vijjattayacha¼abhiññ±catupaµisambhid±bheda½ ñ±ºa½, tath± paccekabuddh±na½ paccekabodhiñ±ºa½. Tatoti s±vakap±ramiñ±ºato. Tatth±ti s±vakap±ramiñ±ºe. Tatop²ti anantaraniddiµµhato paccekabodhiñ±ºatopi. Api-saddena, pi-saddena v± ko pana v±do s±vakap±ramiñ±ºatoti sambh±veti. Tatth±p²ti paccekabodhiñ±ºepi. Ito pan±ti sabbaññutaññ±ºato pana, tasm± ettha sabbaññutaññ±ºe vavatth±na½ labbhat²ti adhipp±yo. Gambh²resu vises±, gambh²r±na½ v± visesena gambh²r±. Ayañca gambh²ro ayañca gambh²ro ime imesa½ visesena gambh²r±ti v± gambh²ratar±. Tarasaddenevettha byavacchedana½ siddha½.
Etth±ya½ yojan±– kiñc±pi s±vakap±ramiñ±ºa½ heµµhima½ heµµhima½ sekkhañ±ºa½ puthujjanañ±ºañca up±d±ya gambh²ra½, paccekabodhiñ±ºa½ pana up±d±ya na tath± gambh²ranti “gambh²ramev±”ti na sakk± byavacchijjitu½, tath± paccekabodhiñ±ºampi yath±vutta½ ñ±ºamup±d±ya gambh²ra½, sabbaññutaññ±ºa½ pana up±d±ya na eva½ gambh²ranti “gambh²ramev±”ti na sakk± byavacchijjitu½, tasm± tattha vavatth±na½ na labbhati. Sabbaññutaññ±ºadhamm± pana s±vakap±ramiñ±º±d²namiva kiñci up±d±ya gambh²r±bh±v±bh±vato “gambh²r± ev±”ti vavatth±na½ labbhat²ti. Yath± cettha vavatth±na½ dassita½, eva½ s±vakap±ramiñ±ºa½ duddasa½. “Paccekabodhiñ±ºa½ pana tato duddasataranti tattha vavatth±na½ natth²”ti-±din± vavatth±nasambhavo netabbo, tenev±ha “tath± duddas±va…pe… veditabban”ti.
Pucch±vissajjanantipi p±µho, tass± pucch±ya vissajjananti attho. Etanti yath±vutta½ vissajjanavacana½. Evanti imin± diµµh²na½ vibhajan±k±rena. Etth±yamadhipp±yo– bhavatu t±va niravasesabuddhaguºavibh±vanup±yabh±vato sabbaññutaññ±ºameva ekampi puthunissay±rammaºañ±ºakiccasiddhiy± “atthi bhikkhave, aññeva dhamm±”ti-±din± (d². ni. 1.18) bahuvacanena uddiµµha½, tassa pana vissajjana½ saccapaccay±k±r±divisayavisesavasena anaññas±dh±raºena vibhajananayena an±rabhitv± sanissay±na½ diµµhigat±na½ vibhajananayena kasm± ±raddhanti? Tattha yath± saccapaccay±k±r±d²na½ vibhajana½ anaññas±dh±raºa½ sabbaññutaññ±ºasseva visayo, eva½ niravasesadiµµhigatavibhajanamp²ti dassetu½ “buddh±nañh²”ti-±di ±raddha½, tattha µh±n±n²ti k±raº±ni. Gajjita½ mahanta½ hot²ti desetabbassa atthassa anekavidhat±ya, dubbiññeyyat±ya ca n±n±nayehi pavattam±na½ desan±gajjita½ mahanta½ vipula½, bahuppabhedañca hoti ѱºa½ anupavisat²ti tato eva ca desan±ñ±ºa½ desetabbadhamme vibh±gaso kurum±na½ anupavisati, te anupavisitv± µhita½ viya hot²ti attho.
Buddhañ±ºassa mahantabh±vo paññ±yat²ti eva½vidhassa n±ma dhammassa desaka½, paµivedhakañc±ti buddh±na½ desan±ñ±ºassa, paµivedhañ±ºassa ca u¼±rabh±vo p±kaµo hoti. Desan± gambh²r± hot²ti sabh±vena gambh²r±na½ tesa½ catubbidh±nampi desan± desetabbavasena gambh²r±va hoti, s± pana buddh±na½ desan± sabbattha, sabbad± ca y±nattayamukhenev±ti vutta½ “tilakkhaº±hat± suññat±paµisa½yutt±”ti, t²hi lakkhaºehi ±hat±, attattaniyato suññabh±vapaµisaññutt± c±ti attho. Ettha ca kiñc±pi “sabba½ vac²kamma½ buddhassa bhagavato ñ±ºapubbaªgama½ ñ±º±nuparivatt²”ti (mah±ni. 69, 156; c³¼ani. 85; paµi. ma. 3.5; netti. 15) vacanato sabb±pi bhagavato desan± ñ±ºarahit± n±ma natthi, samasamaparakkamanavasena s²hasam±navuttit±ya ca sabbattha sam±nuss±happavatti, desetabbadhammavasena pana desan± visesato ñ±ºena anupaviµµh±, gambh²ratar± ca hot²ti daµµhabba½.
Katha½ pana vinayapaººatti½ patv± desan± tilakkhaº±hat±, suññat±paµisaññutt± ca hoti, nanu tattha vinayapaººattimattamev±ti? Na tattha vinayapaººattimattameva. Tatth±pi hi sannisinnaparis±ya ajjh±say±nur³pa½ pavattam±n± desan± saªkh±r±na½ aniccat±divibh±vin² sabbadhamm±na½ attattaniyat±, suññabh±vappak±sin² ca hoti, tenev±ha “anekapariy±yena dhammi½ katha½ katv±”ti-±di. Vinayapaññattinti vinayassa paññ±pana½. Ñña-k±rassa pana ººa-k±re kate vinayapaººattintipi p±µho. Bh³mantaranti dhamm±na½ avatth±visesañca µh±navisesañca. Bhavanti dhamm± etth±ti bh³m²ti hi avatth±viseso, µh±nañca vuccati. Tattha avatth±viseso sati-±didhamm±na½ satipaµµh±nindriyabalabojjhaªgamaggaªg±dibhedo “vaccho, dammo, bal²baddo”ti ±dayo viya. Ýh±naviseso k±m±vacar±dibhedo. Paccay±k±ra-saddassa attho heµµh± vuttoyeva. Samayantaranti diµµhivisesa½, n±n±vihit± diµµhiyoti attho, aññasamaya½ v±, b±hirakasamayanti vutta½ hoti. Vinayapaññatti½ patv± mahanta½ gajjita½ hot²ti-±din± sambandho. Tasm±ti yasm± gajjita½ mahanta½…pe… paµisa½yutt±, tasm±. Chejjag±min²ti atekicchag±min².
Eva½ otiººe vatthusminti yath±vuttanayena lahukagaruk±divasena tadanur³pe vatthumhi otarante. Ya½ sikkh±padapaññ±pana½ n±ma atthi, tatth±ti sambandho. Th±moti ñ±ºas±matthiya½. Balanti akampanasaªkh±to v²rabh±vo. Th±mo balanti v± s±matthiyavacanameva paccavekkhaº±desan±ñ±ºavasena yojetabba½. Paccavekkhaº±ñ±ºapubbaªgamañhi desan±ñ±ºa½. Es±ti sikkh±padapaññ±panameva vuccam±napadamapekkhitv± pulliªgena niddisati, eso sikkh±padapaññ±panasaªkh±to visayo aññesa½ avisayoti attho. It²ti tath±visay±visayabh±vassa hetubh±vena paµiniddesavacana½ nidassanattho v± iti-saddo, tena “ida½ lahuka½, ida½ garukan”ti-±dinaya½ niddisati. Evamaparatth±pi yath±sambhava½.
Yadipi k±y±nupassan±divasena satipaµµh±n±dayo suttantapiµake (d². ni. 2.374; ma. ni. 1.107) vibhatt±, tath±pi suttantabh±jan²y±divasena abhidhammeyeva te visesato vibhatt±ti ±ha “ime catt±ro satipaµµh±n±…pe… abhidhammapiµaka½ vibhajitv±”ti. Tattha satta phass±ti sattaviññ±ºadh±tusampayogavasena vutta½. Tath± “satta vedan±”ti-±dipi. Lokuttar± dhamm± n±m±ti ettha iti-saddo ±di-attho, pak±rattho v±, tena vutt±vasesa½ abhidhamme ±gata½ dhamm±na½ vibhajitabb±k±ra½ saªgaºh±ti. Catuv²satisamantapaµµh±n±ni etth±ti catuv²satisamantapaµµh±nanti b±hiratthasam±so. “Abhidhammapiµakan”ti etassa hi ida½ visesana½. Ettha ca paccayanaya½ aggahetv± dhammavaseneva samantapaµµh±nassa catuv²satividhat± vutt±. Yath±ha–
“Tikañca paµµh±navara½ dukuttama½,
dukatikañceva tikadukañca;
tikatikañceva dukadukañca,
cha anulomamhi nay± sugambh²r±…pe…
cha paccan²yamhi…pe… anulomapaccan²yamhi…pe…
paccan²y±nulomamhi nay± sugambh²r±”ti. [Paµµh±. 1.1.41(ka), 44(kha), 48(ga), 52(gha)].
Eva½ dhammavasena catuv²satibhedesu tikapaµµh±n±d²su ekeka½ paccayanayena anulom±divasena catubbidha½ hot²ti channavutisamantapaµµh±n±ni. Tattha pana dhamm±nulome tikapaµµh±ne kusalattike paµiccav±re paccay±nulome hetum³lake hetupaccayavasena ek³napaññ±sa pucch±nay± satta vissajjananay±ti-±din± dassiyam±n± anantabhed± nay±ti ±ha “anantanayan”ti.
Navah±k±reh²ti upp±d±d²hi navahi paccay±k±rehi. Ta½ sar³pato dassetu½ “upp±do hutv±”ti-±di vutta½. Tattha uppajjati etasm± phalanti upp±do, phaluppattiy± k±raºabh±vo. Sati ca avijj±ya saªkh±r± uppajjanti, n±sati. Tasm± avijj± saªkh±r±na½ upp±do hutv± paccayo hoti, tath± pavattati dharati etasmi½ phalanti pavatta½. Nim²yati phalametasminti nimitta½. (Nidad±ti phala½ attano paccayuppanna½ eten±ti nid±na½.) (Etthantare aµµhakath±ya na sameti) ±y³hati phala½ attano paccayuppannuppattiy± ghaµeti eten±ti ±y³hana½. Sa½yujjati phala½ attano paccayuppannena etasminti sa½yogo. Yattha saya½ uppajjati, ta½ palibuddhati phalameten±ti palibodho. Paccayantarasamav±ye sati phalamudayati eten±ti samudayo. Hinoti k±raºabh±va½ gacchat²ti hetu. Avijj±ya hi sati saªkh±r± pavattanti, dharanti ca, te avijj±ya sati attano phala½ (nidadanti) (paµi. ma. 1.45; d². ni. µ². 1.28 passitabba½) bhav±d²su khipanti, ±y³hanti attano phaluppattiy± ghaµenti, attano phalena sa½yujjanti, yasmi½ sant±ne saya½ uppann± ta½ palibuddhanti, paccayantarasamav±ye udayanti uppajjanti, hinoti ca saªkh±r±na½ k±raºabh±va½ gacchati, tasm± avijj± saªkh±r±na½ pavatta½ hutv±…pe… paccayo hutv± paccayo hoti. Eva½ avijj±ya saªkh±r±na½ k±raºabh±v³pagamanavises± upp±d±dayo veditabb±. Saªkh±r±d²na½ viññ±º±d²supi eseva nayo.
Tamattha½ paµisambhid±maggap±¼iy± s±dhentena “yath±h±”ti-±di vutta½. Tattha tiµµhati eten±ti µhiti, paccayo, upp±do eva µhiti upp±daµµhiti. Eva½ sesesupi. Yasm± pana “±savasamuday± avijj±samudayo”ti (ma. ni. 1.103) vuttatt± ±sav±va avijj±ya paccayo, tasm± vutta½ “ubhopete dhamm± “paccayasamuppann±”ti, avijj± ca saªkh±r± ca ubhopete dhamm± paccayato eva samuppann±, na vin± paccayen±ti attho. Paccayapariggahe paññ±ti saªkh±r±na½, avijj±ya ca upp±d±dike paccay±k±re paricchinditv± gahaºavasena pavatt± paññ±. Dhammaµµhitiñ±ºanti paccayuppannadhamm±na½ paccayabh±vato dhammaµµhitisaªkh±te paµiccasamupp±de ñ±ºa½. “Dv±dasa paµiccasamupp±d±”ti vacanato hi dv±dasa paccay± eva paµiccasamupp±do. Ayañca nayo na paccuppanne eva, atha kho at²t±n±gatesupi, na ca avijj±ya eva saªkh±resu, atha kho saªkh±r±d²na½ viññ±º±d²supi labbhat²ti paripuººa½ katv± paccay±k±rassa vibhattabh±va½ dassetu½ “at²tampi addh±nan”ti-±di p±¼im±hari. Paµµh±ne (paµµh±. 1.1) pana dassit± het±dipaccay±-evettha upp±d±dipaccay±k±rehi gahit±ti tepi yath±sambhava½ n²haritv± yojetabb±. Ativitth±rabhayena pana na yojayimha, atthikehi ca visuddhimagg±dito (visuddhi. 2.594) gahetabb±.