Pubbantakappikasassatav±davaººan±

28. Id±ni suññat±pak±sanav±rassattha½ vaººento anusandhi½ pak±setu½ “evan”ti-±dim±ha. Tattha vuttavaººass±ti sahatthe chaµµhivacana½, s±mi-atthe v± anusandhi-saddassa bh±vakammavasena kiriy±desan±su pavattanato. Bhikkhusaªghena vuttavaººass±ti “y±vañcida½ tena bhagavat±”ti-±din± vuttavaººassa. Tatra p±¼iya½ aya½ sambandho– na bhikkhave, ettak± eva buddhaguº± ye tumh±ka½ p±kaµ±, ap±kaµ± pana “atthi bhikkhave, aññe dhamm±”ti vitth±ro. “Ime diµµhiµµh±n± eva½ gahit±”ti-±din± sassat±didiµµhiµµh±n±na½ yath±gahit±k±rassa suññabh±vappak±sanato, “tañca paj±nana½ na par±masat²”ti s²l±d²nañca apar±masan²yabh±vad²panena niccas±r±divirahappak±sanato, y±su vedan±su av²tar±gat±ya b±hir±na½ et±ni diµµhivibandhak±ni sambhavanti, t±sa½ paccayabh³t±nañca sammoh±d²na½ vedakak±rakasabh±v±bh±vadassanamukhena sabbadhamm±na½ attattaniyat±virahad²panato, anup±d±parinibb±nad²panato ca aya½ desan± suññat±vibh±vanappadh±n±ti ±ha “suññat±pak±sana½ ±rabh²”ti.
Pariyatt²ti vinay±dibhedabhinn± manas± vavatth±pit± tanti. Desan±ti tass± tantiy± manas± vavatth±pit±ya vibh±van±, yath±dhamma½ dhamm±bhil±pabh³t± v± paññ±pan±, anulom±divasena v± kathananti pariyattidesan±na½ viseso pubbeyeva vavatth±pitoti imamattha½ sandh±ya “desan±ya, pariyattiyan”ti ca vutta½. Evam±d²s³ti ettha ±di-saddena saccasabh±vasam±dhipaññ±pakatipuññ±pattiñeyy±dayo saªgayhanti. Tath± hi aya½ dhamma-saddo “catunna½ bhikkhave, dhamm±na½ ananubodh±”ti-±d²su (a. ni. 4.1) sacce pavattati, “kusal± dhamm± akusal± dhamm±”ti-±d²su (dha. sa. tikam±tik± 1) sabh±ve, “eva½dhamm± te bhagavanto ahesun”ti-±d²su (d². ni. 2.13, 94, 145; 3.142; ma. ni. 3.167; sa½. ni. 5.378) sam±dhimhi, “sacca½ dhammo dhiti c±go, sa ve pecca na socati”ti-±d²su (sa½. ni. 1.246; su. ni. 190) paññ±ya½, “j±tidhamm±na½ bhikkhave, satt±na½ eva½ icch± uppajjat²”ti-±d²su (ma. ni. 1.131; 3.373; paµi. ma. 1.33) pakatiya½, “dhammo suciººo sukham±vah±t²”ti-±d²su (su. ni. 184; therag±. 303; j±. 1.10.102; 15.385) puññe, “catt±ro p±r±jik± dhamm±”ti-±d²su (p±r±. 233) ±pattiya½, “sabbe dhamm± sabb±k±rena buddhassa bhagavato ñ±ºamukhe ±p±tham±gacchant²”ti-±d²su (mah±ni. 156; c³¼ani. 85; paµi. ma. 3.5) ñeyye pavattati. Dhamm± hont²ti sattaj²vato suññ± dhammamatt± hont²ti attho. Kimatthiya½ guºe pavattananti ±ha “tasm±”ti-±di.
Makasatuº¹as³ciy±ti s³cimukhamakkhik±ya tuº¹asaªkh±t±ya s³ciy±. Alabbhaneyyapatiµµho viy±ti sambandho. Aññatra tath±gat±ti µhapetv± tath±gata½. “Duddas±”ti padeneva tesa½ dhamm±na½ dukkhog±hat± pak±sit±ti “alabbhaneyyapatiµµh±” icceva vutta½. Labhitabb±ti labbhan²y±, s± eva labbhaneyy±, labh²yate v± labbhana½, tamarahat²ti labbhaneyy±, na labbhaneyy± alabbhaneyy±, patiµµhahanti etth±ti patiµµh±, patiµµhahana½ v± patiµµh±, alabbhaneyy± patiµµh± etth±ti alabbhaneyyapatiµµh±. Ida½ vutta½ hoti– sace koci attano pam±ºa½ aj±nanto ñ±ºena te dhamme og±hitu½ uss±ha½ kareyya, tassa ta½ ñ±ºa½ appatiµµhameva makasatuº¹as³ci viya mah±samuddeti. Og±hitumasakkuºeyyat±ya “ettak± ete ²dis± v±”ti te passitu½ na sakk±ti vutta½ “gambh²ratt± eva duddas±”ti. Ye pana daµµhumeva na sakk±, tesa½ og±hitv± anu anu bujjhane kath± eva natth²ti ±ha “duddasatt± eva duranubodh±ti. Sabbakilesapari¼±hapaµippassaddhisaªkh±ta-aggaphalamatthake samuppannat±, purecar±nucaravasena nibbutasabbakilesapari¼±hasam±pattisamokiººatt± ca nibbutasabbapari¼±h±. Tabbh±vato sant±ti attho. Sant±rammaº±ni maggaphalanibb±n±ni anupasantasabh±v±na½ kiles±na½, saªkh±r±nañca abh±vato.
Atha v± kasiºuggh±µim±k±satabbisayaviññ±º±na½ anantabh±vo viya susam³hatavikkhepat±ya niccasam±hitassa manasik±rassa vasena tad±rammaºadhamm±na½ santabh±vo veditabbo. Avirajjhitv± nimittapaµivedho viya iss±s±na½ avirajjhitv± dhamm±na½ yath±bh³tasabh±v±vabodho s±duraso mah±rasova hot²ti ±ha “atittikaraºaµµhen±”ti, atappanakaraºasabh±ven±ti attho. Sohicca½ titti tappananti hi pariy±yo. Atittikaraºaµµhen±ti patthetv± s±durasakaraºaµµhen±tipi attha½ vadanti. Paµivedhappatt±na½ tesu ca buddh±nameva sabb±k±rena visayabh±v³pagamanato na takkabuddhiy± gocar±ti ±ha “uttamañ±ºavisayatt±”ti-±di. Nipuº±ti ñeyyesu tikkhappavattiy± chek±. Yasm± pana so chekabh±vo ±rammaºe appaµihatavuttit±ya, sukhumañeyyaggahaºasamatthat±ya ca sup±kaµo hoti, tasm± vutta½ “saºhasukhumasabh±vatt±”ti. Paº¹itehiyev±ti avadh±raºa½ samatthetu½ “b±l±na½ avisayatt±”ti ±ha.
Aya½ aµµhakath±nayato aparo nayo– vinayapaººatti-±digambh²raneyyavibh±vanato gambh²r±. Kad±ciyeva asaªkhyeyye mah±kappe atikkamitv±pi dullabhadassanat±ya duddas±. Dassanañcettha paññ±cakkhuvaseneva veditabba½. Dhammanvayasaªkh±tassa anubodhassa kassacideva sambhavato duranubodh±. Santasabh±vato, veneyy±nañca sabbaguºasampad±na½ pariyos±natt± sant±. Attano paccayehi padh±nabh±va½ n²tat±ya paº²t±. Samadhigatasaccalakkhaºat±ya atakkehi puggalehi, atakkena v± ñ±ºena avacaritabbato atakk±vacar±. Nipuºa½, nipuºe v± atthe saccapaccay±k±r±divasena vibh±vanato nipuº±. Loke aggapaº¹itena samm±sambuddhena veditabbato pak±sitabbato paº¹itavedan²y±.
An±varaºañ±ºapaµil±bhato hi bhagav± “sabbavid³hamasmi, (ma. ni. 1.178; 2.342; dha. pa. 353; mah±va. 11) dasabalasamann±gato bhikkhave, tath±gato”ti-±din± (sa½. ni. 2.21; 2.22) attano sabbaññut±diguºe pak±sesi, tenev±ha “saya½ abhiññ± sacchikatv± pavedet²”ti. Saya½-saddena, niddh±rit±vadh±raºena v± nivattetabbamattha½ dassetu½ “anaññaneyyo hutv±”ti vutta½, aññehi abodhito hutv±ti attho. Abhiññ±ti ya-k±ralopo “aññ±ºat± ±pajjat²”ti-±d²su (pari. 296) viy±ti dasseti “abhivisiµµhena ñ±ºen±”ti imin±. Apica “saya½ abhiññ±”ti padassa anaññaneyyo hutv±ti atthavacana½, “sacchikatv±”ti padassa pana sayameva…pe… katv±ti. Saya½-sadd± hi sacchikatv±ti etth±pi sambajjhitabbo. Abhivisiµµhena ñ±ºen±ti ca tassa hetuvacana½, karaºavacana½ v±.
Tattha kiñc±pi sabbaññutaññ±ºa½ phalanibb±n±ni viya sacchik±tabbasabh±va½ na hoti, ±savakkhayañ±ºe pana adhigate adhigatameva hoti, tasm± tassa paccakkhakaraºa½ sacchikiriy±ti ±ha “abhivisiµµhena ñ±ºena paccakkha½ katv±”ti. Hetu-atthe ceta½ karaºavacana½, aggamaggañ±ºasaªkh±tassa abhivisiµµhañ±ºass±dhigamahet³ti attho. Abhivisiµµhañ±ºanti v± paccavekkhaº±ñ±ºe adhippete karaºatthe karaºavacanampi yujjateva. Pavedanañcettha aññ±visay±na½ sacc±d²na½ desan±kiccas±dhanato, “ekomhi samm±sambuddho”ti-±din± (mah±va. 11; kath±. 405) paµij±nanato ca veditabba½. Guºadhammeh²ti guºasaªkh±tehi dhammehi. Yath±bh³tameva yath±bhucca½ sakatthe ºyapaccayavasena.
Vadam±n±ti ettha satti-attho m±nasaddo yath± “ekapuggalo bhikkhave, loke uppajjam±no uppajjat²”ti, (a. ni. 1.170; kath±. 405) tasm± vattu½ uss±ha½ karontoti attho. Eva½bh³t± hi vattuk±m± n±ma honti, ten±ha “tath±gatass±”ti-±di S±vasesa½ vadant±pi vipar²tavadant± viya samm± vadant²ti na vattabb±ti yath± samm± vadanti, tath± dassetu½ “ah±petv±”ti-±di vutta½. Tena hi anavasesavadanameva samm± vadananti dasseti. “Vattu½ sakkuºeyyun”ti imin± ca “vadeyyun”ti etassa samatthanatthabh±vam±ha yath± “so ima½ vijaµaye jaµan”ti (sa½. ni. 1.23; peµako. 22; mi. pa. 1.1.9) ye eva½ bhagavat± thomit±, te dhamm± katameti yojan±. “Atthi bhikkhave, aññeva dhamm±”ti-±dip±¼iy± “sabbaññutaññ±ºan”ti vuttavacanassa virodhibh±va½ codento “yadi evan”ti-±dim±ha. Tattha yadi evanti eva½ “sabbaññutaññ±ºan”ti vuttavacana½ yadi siy±ti attho. Bahuvacananiddesoti “atthi bhikkhave”ti-±d²ni sandh±ya vutta½. Atthi-saddopi hi idha bahuvacanoyeva “atthi kh²r±, atthi g±vo”ti-±d²su viya nip±tabh±vasseva icchitatt±. Yadipi tadida½ ñ±ºa½ ekameva sabh±vato, tath±pi sampayogato, ±rammaºato ca puthuvacanappayogamarahat²ti vissajjeti “puthucitta…pe… rammaºato”ti imin±. Puthucittasam±yogatoti puth³hi cittehi sampayogato. Puth³ni ±rammaº±ni etass±ti puthu-±rammaºa½, tabbh±vato sabb±rammaºatt±ti vutta½ hoti.
Apica puthu ±rammaºa½ ±rammaºametass±ti puthu-±rammaº±rammaºanti etasmi½ atthe “oµµhamukho, k±m±vacaran”ti-±d²su viya ekassa ±rammaºasaddassa lopa½ katv± “puthu-±rammaºato”ti vutta½, tenassa puthuñ±ºakiccas±dhakatta½ dasseti. Tath± heta½ ñ±ºa½ t²su k±lesu appaµihatañ±ºa½, catuyoniparicchedakañ±ºa½, pañcagatiparicchedakañ±ºa½, chasu as±dh±raºañ±ºesu ses±s±dh±raºañ±º±ni, satt±riyapuggalavibh±vanakañ±ºa½, aµµhasu paris±su akampanañ±ºa½, navasatt±v±saparij±nanañ±ºa½, dasabalañ±ºanti evam±d²na½ anekasatasahassabhed±na½ ñ±º±na½ yath±sambhava½ kicca½ s±dheti, tesa½ ±rammaºabh³t±na½ anekesampi dhamm±na½ tad±rammaºabh±vatoti daµµhabba½. “Tañh²”ti-±di yath±kkama½ tabbivaraºa½. “Yath±h±”ti-±din± paµisambhid±maggap±¼i½ s±dhakabh±vena dasseti. Tatth±ti at²tadhamme. Ekav±ravasena puthu-±rammaºabh±va½ nivattetv± anekav±ravasena kamappavattiy± ta½ dassetu½ “punappuna½ uppattivasen±”ti vutta½. Kamen±pi hi sabbaññutaññ±ºa½ visayesu pavattati, na tath± saki½yeva Yath± b±hirak± vadanti “saki½yeva sabbaññ³ sabba½ j±n±ti, na kamen±”ti.
Yadi eva½ acinteyy±parimeyyappabhedassa ñeyyassa paricchedavat± ekena ñ±ºena niravasesato katha½ paµivedhoti, ko v± evam±ha “paricchedavanta½ sabbaññutaññ±ºan”ti. Aparicchedañhi ta½ ñ±ºa½ ñeyyamiva. Vuttañheta½ “y±vataka½ ñ±ºa½, t±vataka½ ñeyya½. Y±vataka½ ñeyya½, t±vataka½ ñ±ºan”ti (mah±ni. 69, 156; c³¼ani. 85; paµi. ma. 3.5 adhipp±yatthameva gahita½ viya dissati) evampi j±tibh³misabh±v±divasena, dis±desak±l±divasena ca anekabhedabhinne ñeyye kamena gayham±ne anavasesapaµivedho na sambhavatiyev±ti? Nayidameva½. Yañhi kiñci bhagavat± ñ±tumicchita½ sakalamekadeso v±, tattha appaµihatac±rit±ya paccakkhato ñ±ºa½ pavattati. Vikkhep±bh±vato ca bhagav± sabbak±la½ sam±hitoti ñ±tumicchitassa paccakkhabh±vo na sakk± niv±retu½. Vuttañhi “±kaªkh±paµibaddha½ buddhassa bhagavato ñ±ºan”ti-±di, (mah±ni. 69, 156; c³¼ani. 85; paµi. ma. 3.5) nanu cettha d³rato cittapaµa½ passant±na½ viya, “sabbe dhamm± anatt±”ti vipassant±na½ viya ca anekadhamm±vabodhak±le anir³pitar³pena bhagavato ñ±ºa½ pavattat²ti gahetabbanti? Gahetabba½ acinteyy±nubh±vat±ya buddhañ±ºassa. Tenev±ha “buddhavisayo acinteyyo”ti, (a. ni. 4.77) ida½ panettha sanniµµh±na½– sabb±k±rena sabbadhamm±vabodhanasamatthassa ±kaªkh±paµibaddhavuttino an±varaºañ±ºassa paµil±bhena bhagav± sant±nena sabbadhammapaµivedhasamattho ahosi sabbaneyy±varaºassa pah±nato, tasm± sabbaññ³, na saki½yeva sabbadhamm±vabodhato yath±sant±nena sabbassa indhanassa dahanasamatthat±ya p±vako “sabbabh³”ti vuccat²ti.