Mah±s²lavaººan±

21. Aªg±ni ±rabbha pavattatt± aªgasahacarita½ sattha½ “aªgan”ti vutta½ uttarapadalopena v±. Nimittanti etth±pi eseva nayo, ten±ha “hatthap±d±d²s³”ti-±di. Keci pana “aªganti aªgavik±ra½ paresa½ aªgavik±radassanen±pi l±bh±l±bh±divij±nanan”ti vadanti. Nimittasatthanti nimittena sañj±nanappak±rad²paka½ sattha½, ta½ vatthun± vibh±vetu½ “paº¹ur±j±”ti-±dim±ha. Paº¹ur±j±ti ca “dakkhiº±r±m±dhipati” icceva vutta½. S²ha¼ad²pe dakkhiº±r±man±makassa saªgh±r±massa k±rakoti vadanti. “Dakkhiºamadhur±dhipat²”ti ca katthaci likhita½, dakkhiºamadhuranagarassa adhipat²ti attho. Mutt±yoti muttik±. Muµµhiy±ti hatthamudd±ya. Gharagolik±y±ti sarabun±. So “mutt±”ti saññ±nimitten±ha, saªkhy±nimittena pana “tisso”ti.
“Mahant±nan”ti etena appaka½ nimittameva, mahanta½ pana upp±doti nimittupp±d±na½ visesa½ dasseti. Uppatitanti uppatana½. Subh±subhaphala½ pak±sento uppajjati gacchat²ti upp±do, upp±topi, subh±subhas³cik± bh³tavikati. So hi dh³mo viya aggissa kammaphalassa pak±sanamattameva karoti, na tu tamupp±det²ti. Idanti ida½ n±ma phala½. Evanti imin± n±ma ±k±rena. ¾disant²ti niddisanti. Pubbaºhasamayeti k±lavasena. Ida½ n±m±ti vatthuvasena vadati. Yo vasabha½, kuñjara½, p±s±da½, pabbata½ v± ±ru¼hamatt±na½ supine passati, tassa “ida½ n±ma phalan”ti-±din± hi vatthukittana½ hoti. Supinakanti supinasattha½. Aªgasampattivipattidassanamattena pubbe “aªgan”ti vutta½, idha pana mah±nubh±vat±dinipph±dakalakkhaºavisesadassanena “lakkhaºan”ti ayametesa½ viseso, ten±ha “imin± lakkhaºen±”ti-±di. Lakkhaºanti hi aªgapaccaªgesu dissam±n±k±ravisesa½ sattisirivacchagad±p±s±d±dikamadhippeta½ ta½ ta½ phala½ lakkh²yati anen±ti katv±, sattha½ pana tappak±sanato lakkhaºa½. ¾hateti pur±ºe. An±hateti nave. Ahateti pana p±µhe vuttavipariy±yena attho. Ito paµµh±y±ti devarakkhasamanuss±dibhedena yath±phala½ parikappitena vividhavatthabh±ge ito v± etto v± sañchinne ida½ n±ma bhog±diphala½ hoti. Evar³pena d±run±ti pal±sasiriphal±did±run±, tath± dabbiy±. Yadi dabbihom±d²nipi aggihom±neva atha kasm± visu½ vutt±n²ti ±ha “evar³p±y±”ti-±di. Dabbihom±d²ni homopakaraº±divisesehi phalavisesadassanavasena vutt±ni, aggihoma½ pana vutt±vasesas±dhanavasena vuttanti adhipp±yo. Ten±ha “dabbihom±d²n²”ti-±di.
Kuº¹akoti taº¹ulakhaº¹a½, tilassa idanti tela½, sam±sataddhitapad±ni pasiddhesu s±maññabh³t±n²ti visesakaraºattha½ “tilatel±dikan”ti vutta½. Pakkhipananti pakkhipanattha½. “Pakkhipanavijjan”tipi p±µho, pakkhipanahetubh³ta½ vijjanti attho. Dakkhiºakkhakajaººulohit±d²h²ti dakkhiºakkhakalohitadakkhiºajaººulohit±d²hi. “Pubbe”ti-±din± aªga-aªgavijj±na½ visesadassanena punaruttabh±vamapaneti. Aªgulaµµhi½ disv±ti aªgulibh³ta½, aªguliy± v± j±ta½ aµµhi½ passitv±, aªgulicchavimatta½ apassitv± tadaµµhivipassanavaseneva by±karont²ti vutta½ hoti. “Aªgalaµµhinti sar²ran”ti (d². ni. µ². 1.21) pana ±cariyadhammap±lattherena vutta½, eva½ sati aªgapaccaªg±na½ viruhanabh±vena laµµhisadisatt± sar²rameva aªgalaµµh²ti viññ±yati. Kulaputtoti j±tikulaputto, ±c±rakulaputto ca. Disv±p²ti ettha api-saddo adisv±p²ti sampiº¹anattho. Abbhino sattha½ abbheyya½. M±surakkhena kato gantho m±surakkho. R±j³hi paribh³tta½ sattha½ r±jasattha½. Sabb±nipet±ni khattavijj±pakaraº±ni. Siva-saddo santi-atthoti ±ha “santikaraºavijj±”ti, upasagg³pasamanavijj±ti attho. Siv±-saddameva rassa½ katv± evamah±ti sandh±ya “siªg±larutavijj±”ti vadanti, siªg±l±na½ rute subh±subhasañj±nanavijj±ti attho. “Bh³tavejjamantoti bh³tavas²karaºamanto. Bh³righareti antopathaviya½ kataghare, mattik±mayaghare v±. “Bh³rivijj± sassabuddhikaraºavijj±”ti s±rasam±se. Sapp±vh±yanavijj±ti sapp±gamanavijj±. Visavantameva v±ti visavam±nameva v±. Bh±vaniddesassa hi m±na-saddassa antabyappadeso. Y±ya karonti, s± visavijj±ti yojan±. “Visatantrameva v±”tipi p±µho. Eva½ sati sar³padassana½ hoti, visavic±raºaganthoyev±ti attho. Tantranti hi ganthassa parasamaññ±. Sapakkhaka-apakkhakadvipadacatuppad±nanti piªgalamakkhik±disapakkhakagharagolik±di-apakkhakadevamanussacaªgor±didvipada- kaºµasasajambuk±dicatuppad±na½ Ruta½ vassita½. Gata½ gamana½, etena “sakuºavijj±”ti idha migasaddassa lopa½, nidassanamatta½ v± dasseti. Sakuºañ±ºanti sakuºavasena subh±subhaphalassa j±nana½. Nanu sakuºavijj±ya eva v±yasavijj±paviµµh±ti ±ha “ta½ visuññeva satthan”ti. Ta½ta½pak±sakasatth±nur³pavasena hi idha tassa tassa vacananti daµµhabba½.
Paripakkagatabh±vo attabh±vassa, j²vitak±lassa ca vasena gahetabboti dasseti “id±n²”ti-±din±. ¾diµµhañ±nanti ±disitabbassa ñ±ºa½. Sararakkhaºanti sarato att±na½, attato v± sarassa rakkhaºa½. “Sabbasaªg±hikan”ti imin± miga-saddassa sabbasakuºacatuppadesu pavatti½ dasseti, ekasesaniddeso v± esa catuppadesveva miga-saddassa niru¼hatt±. Sabbesampi sakuºacatuppad±na½ rutaj±nanasatthassa migacakkasamaññ±, yath± ta½ subh±subhaj±nanappak±re sabbato bhadra½ cakk±disamaññ±ti ±ha “sabba…pe… vuttan”ti.
22. “S±mino”ti-±di pasaµµh±pasaµµhak±raºavacana½. Lakkhaºanti tesa½ lakkhaºappak±sakasattha½. P±risesanayena avasesa½ ±vudha½. “Yamhi kule”ti-±din± imasmi½ µh±ne tath±j±nanahetu eva sesa½ lakkhaºanti dasseti. Aya½ visesoti “lakkhaºan”ti heµµh± vutt± lakkhaºato viseso. Tadatth±vikaraºattha½ “idañcettha vatth³”ti vutta½ aggi½ dhamam±nanti aggi½ mukhav±tena j±lenta½. Makkhes²ti vin±seti. Pi¼andhanakaººik±y±ti kaºº±laªk±rassa. Gehakaººik±y±ti gehak³µassa, etena ekasesanaya½, s±maññaniddesa½ v± upeta½. Kacchapalakkhaºanti kummalakkhaºa½. Sabbacatuppad±nanti miga-saddassa catuppadav±cakattam±ha.
23. Asukadivaseti dutiy±tatiy±ditithivasena vutta½. Asukanakkhatten±ti assayujabharaº²kattik±rohaº²-±dinakkhattayogavasena. Vippavutth±nanti vippavasit±na½ sadesato nikkhant±na½. Upasaªkamana½ upay±na½. Apay±na½ paµikkamana½. Dutiyapadep²ti “b±hir±na½ rañña½…pe… bhavissat²”ti vutte dutiyav±kyepi. “Abbhantar±na½ rañña½ jayo”ti-±d²hi dv²hi v±kyehi vutt± jayapar±jay± p±kaµ±yeva.
24. R±h³ti r±hu n±ma asurissaro asurar±j±. Tath± hi mah±samayasutte asuranik±ye vutta½–
“Satañca baliputt±na½, sabbe verocan±mak±;
sannayhitv± balisena½, r±hubhaddamup±gamun”ti. (D². ni. 2.339).
Tassa candimas³riy±na½ gahaºa½ sa½yuttanik±ye candimasuttas³riyasuttehi d²petabba½. Iti-saddo cettha ±di-attho “candagg±h±dayo”ti vuttatt±, tena s³riyagg±hanakkhattagg±h± saªgayhanti. Tasm± candimas³riy±namiva nakkhatt±nampi r±hun± gahaºa½ veditabba½. Tato eva hi “api c±”ti-±din± nakkhattag±he dutiyanayo vutto. Aªg±rak±dig±hasam±yogop²ti aggahitaggahaºena aªg±rakasasiputtas³ragarusukkaravisutaketusaªkh±t±na½ g±h±na½ sam±yogo api nakkhattag±hoyeva saha payogena gahaºato. Sahapayogopi hi vedasamayena gahaºanti vuccati. Ukk±na½ patananti ukkobh±s±na½ patana½. V±tasaªgh±tesu hi vegena aññamañña½ saªghaµµentesu d²pikobh±so viya obh±so uppajjitv± ±k±sato patati, tatr±ya½ ukk±p±tavoh±ro. Jotisatthepi vutta½–
“Mah±sikh± ca sukkhagg±-ratt±nilasikhojjal±;
poris² ca pam±ºena, ukk± n±n±vidh± mat±”ti.
Dis±k±lusiyanti dis±su khobhana½, ta½ sar³pato dasseti “aggisikhadh³masikh±d²hi ±kulabh±vo viy±”ti imin±, aggisikhadh³masikh±d²na½ bahudh± p±tubh±vo eva dis±d±ho n±m±ti vutta½ hoti. Tadeva “dh³maket³”ti lokiy± vadanti. Vuttañca jotisatthe
“Ketu viya sikh±vat², joti upp±tar³pin²”ti.
Sukkhaval±hakagajjananti vuµµhimantarena v±yuvegacalitassa val±hakassa nadana½. Ya½ lokiy± “nigh±to”ti vadanti. Vuttañca jotisatthe
“Yad±ntalikkhe balav±, m±ruto m±rut±hato;
patatyadho sa n²gh±to, j±yate v±yusambhavo”ti.

Udayananti lagganam±y³hana½.

“Yadodeti tad± lagana½, r±s²namanvaya½ kam±”ti–

Hi vutta½. Atthaªgamanampi tato sattamar±sippam±ºavasena veditabba½. Abbh± dh³mo rajo r±h³ti imehi cat³hi k±raºehi avisuddhat±. Tabbinimuttat± vod±na½. Vuttañca “catt±rome bhikkhave, candimas³riy±na½ upakkiles±, yehi upakkilesehi upakkiliµµh± candimas³riy± na tapanti na bh±santi na virocanti. Katame catt±ro? Abbh± bhikkhave, candimas³riy±na½ upakkiles±, yena…pe… dh³mo…pe… rajo…pe… r±hu bhikkhave…pe… ime kho…pe… na virocant²”ti (a. ni. 4.50).

25. Devass±ti meghassa. Dh±r±nuppavecchana½ vassana½. Avagg±hoti dh±r±ya avaggahaºa½ duggahaºa½, ten±ha “vassavibandho”ti. Hatthamudd±ti hatthena adhippetaviññ±pana½, ta½ pana aªgulisaªkocanena gaºan±yev±ti ±cariyadhammap±lattherena (d². ni. µ². 1.21) vutta½. ¾cariyas±riputtattherena pana “hatthamudd± n±ma aªgulipabbesu sañña½ µhapetv± gaºan±”ti dassit±. Gaºan± vuccati acchiddakagaºan± parisesañ±yena, s± pana p±dasikamilakkhak±dayo viya “eka½ dve”ti-±din± navantavidhin± nirantaragaºan±ti veditabb±. Sam³hana½ saªkalana½ visu½ upp±dana½ apanayana½ paµupp±dana½ [saµupp±dana½ (aµµhakath±ya½)] “sadupp±danan”tipi paµhanti, samm± upp±dananti attho. ¾di-saddena vokalanabh±gah±r±dike saªgaºh±ti. Tattha vokalana½ visu½ sam³hakaraºa½, vomissananti attho. Bh±gakaraºa½ bh±go. Bhuñjana½ vibhajana½ h±ro. S±ti yath±vutt± piº¹agaºan± disv±ti ettha diµµhamattena gaºetv±ti attho gahetabbo.
Paµibh±nakav²ti ettha aªguttar±game (a. ni. 4.231) vutt±nanti seso, kav²na½ kabyakaraºanti sambandho, etena kav²hi kata½, kav²na½ v± ida½ k±veyyanti attha½ dasseti. “Attano cint±vasen±”ti-±di tesa½ sabh±vadassana½. Tath± hi vatthu½, anusandhiñca sayameva cirena cintetv± karaºavasena cint±kavi veditabbo. Kiñci sutv± sutena asuta½ anusandhetv± karaºavasena sutakavi, kiñci attha½ upadh±retv± tassa saªkhipanavitth±raº±divasena atthakavi, ya½ kiñci parena kata½ kabba½ v± n±µaka½ v± disv± ta½sadisameva añña½ attano µh±nuppattikapaµibh±nena karaºavasena paµibh±nakav²ti. Nti tamattha½. Tappaµibh±ganti tena diµµhena sadisa½. “Kattabban”ti ettha visesana½, “kariss±m²”ti ettha v± bh±vanapu½saka½. Ýh±nuppattikapaµibh±navasen±ti k±raº±nur³pa½ pavattanakañ±ºavasena. J²vikatth±y±ti pakaraº±dhigatavaseneva vutta½. Kav²na½ idanti kabya½, ya½ “g²tan”ti vuccati.
26. Pariggahabh±vena d±rik±ya gaºhana½ ±v±hana½. Tath± d±na½ viv±hana½. Idha pana tath±karaºassa uttarapadalopena niddeso, hetugabbhavasena v±, ten±ha “imassa d±rakass±”ti-±di. It²ti eva½hontesu, eva½bh±vato v±. Uµµh±nanti khett±dito uppannam±ya½. Iºanti dhanava¹¹hanattha½ parassa dinna½ pariyudañcana½. Pubbe paricchinnak±le asampattepi uddharitamiºa½ uµµh±na½, yath±paricchinnak±le pana sampatte iºanti keci, tadayuttameva iºagahaºeneva sijjhanato. Paresa½ dinna½ iºa½ v± dhananti sambandho. Th±varanti ciraµµhitika½. Desantare diguºatiguº±digahaºavasena bhaº¹appayojana½ payogo. Tattha v± aññattha v± yath±k±lapariccheda½ va¹¹higahaºavasena payojana½ uddh±ro. “Bhaº¹am³larahit±na½ v±ºija½ katv± ettakena udayena saha m³la½ deth±’ti dhanad±na½ payogo, t±vak±likad±na½ uddh±ro”tipi vadanti. Ajja payojita½ diguºa½ catuguºa½ hot²ti yadi ajja payojita½ bhaº¹a½, eva½ aparajja diguºa½, ajja catuguºa½ hot²ti attho. Subhassa, subhena v± gamana½ pavattana½ subhago, tassa karaºa½ subhagakaraºa½, ta½ pana piyaman±passa, sassir²kassa v± karaºamev±ti ±ha “piyaman±pakaraºan”ti-±di. Sassir²kakaraºanti sar²rasobhaggakaraºa½. Vil²nass±ti patiµµhahitv±pi paripakkamap±puºitv± vilopassa. Tath± paripakkabh±vena aµµhitassa. Pariy±yavacanameta½ padacatukka½. Bhesajjad±nanti gabbhasaºµh±panabhesajjassa d±na½. T²hi k±raºeh²ti ettha v±tena, p±ºakehi v± gabbhe vinassante na purimakammun± ok±so kato, tappaccay± eva kamma½ vipaccati, sayameva pana kammun± ok±se kate na ekantena v±t±, p±ºak± v± apekkhitabb±ti kammassa visu½ k±raºabh±vo vuttoti daµµhabba½. Vinayaµµhakath±ya½ (vi. aµµha. 2.185) pana v±tena p±ºakehi v± gabbho vinassanto kamma½ vin± na vinassat²ti adhipp±yena tamaññ±tra dv²hi k±raºeh²ti vutta½. Nibb±pan²yanti upasamakara½. Paµikammanti yath± te na kh±danti, tath± paµikaraºa½.
Bandhakaraºanti yath± ji½ c±letu½ na sakkoti, eva½ an±lo¼itakaraºa½. Parivattanatthanti ±vudh±din± saha ukkhittahatth±na½ aññattha parivattanattha½, attan± gopitaµµh±ne akhipetv± parattha khipanatthanti vutta½ hoti. Khipat²ti ca aññattha khipat²ti attho. Vinicchayaµµh±neti a¹¹avinicchayaµµh±ne. Icchitatthassa devat±ya kaººe kathanavasena jappana½ kaººajappananti ca vadanti. Devata½ ot±retv±ti ettha mantajappanena devat±ya ot±raºa½. J²vikatth±y±ti yath± p±ricariya½ katv± j²vitavutti hoti, tath± j²vitavuttikaraºatth±ya. ¾diccap±ricariy±ti karam±l±hi p³ja½ katv± sakaladivasa½ ±dicc±bhimukh±vaµµh±nena ±diccassa paricaraºa½. “Tathev±”ti imin± “j²vikatth±y±”ti padam±ka¹¹hati. Sirivh±yananti ²-k±rato a-k±ralopena sandhiniddeso, ten±ha “siriy± avh±yanan”ti. “Siren±”ti pana µh±navasena avh±yan±k±ra½ dasseti. Ye tu a-k±rato a-k±rassa lopa½ katv± “siravh±yanan”ti paµhanti, tesa½ p±µhe ayamattho “manta½ jappetv± siras± icchitassa atthassa avh±yanan”ti.
27. Devaµµh±nanti dev±yatana½. Upah±ranti p³ja½. Samiddhik±leti ±y±citassa atthassa siddhak±le. Santipaµissavakammanti devat±y±can±ya y± santi paµikattabb±, tass± paµissavakaraºa½. Sant²ti cettha mantajappanena p³j±karaºa½, t±ya santiy± ±y±canappayogoti attho. Tasminti ya½ “sace me ida½ n±ma samijjhissat²”ti vutta½, tasmi½ paµissavaphalabh³te yath±bhipatthitakammasmi½. Tass±ti yo “paºidh²”ti ca vutto, tassa paµissavassa. Yath±paµissavañhi upah±re kate paºidhi-±y±can± kat± niyy±tit± hot²ti. Gahitamantass±ti uggahitamantassa. Payogakaraºanti upac±rakammakaraºa½. It²ti k±raºatthe nip±to, tena vassavossa-sadd±na½ purisapaº¹akesu pavatti½ k±raºabh±vena dasseti, paº¹akato visesena asati bhavat²ti vasso. Purisaliªgato virahena ava-asati h²¼ito hutv± bhavat²ti vosso. Viseso r±gassavo yass±ti vasso. Vigato r±gassavo yass±ti vossoti niruttinayena padasiddh²tipi vadanti. Vassakaraºa½ tadanur³pabhesajjena. Vossakaraºa½ pana uddhatab²jat±din±pi, teneva j±takaµµhakath±ya½ “vossavar±ti uddhatab²j± orodhap±lak±”ti vutta½ Acchandikabh±vamattanti itthiy± ak±mabh±vamatta½. Liªganti purisanimitta½.
Vatthubalikammakaraºanti gharavatthusmi½ balikammassa karaºa½, ta½ pana upaddavapaµib±hanattha½, va¹¹hanatthañca karonti, mantajappanena attano, aññesañca mukhasuddhikaraºa½. Tesanti aññesa½. Yoganti bhesajjapayoga½. Vamananti pacchindana½. Uddha½virecananti vamanabhedameva “uddha½ dos±na½ n²haraºan”ti vuttatt±. Virecananti pakativirecanameva. Adhovirecananti suddhavatthikas±vavatthi-±divatthikiriy± “adho dos±na½ n²haraºan”ti vuttatt±. Atho vamana½ uggiraºameva, uddha½virecana½ dosan²haraºa½. Tath± virecana½ virekova, adhovirecana½ dosan²haraºanti ayametesa½ viseso p±kaµo hoti. Dos±nanti ca pitt±didos±nanti attho. Semhan²haraº±di sirovirecana½. Kaººabandhanatthanti chinnakaºº±na½ saªghaµanattha½. Vaºaharaºatthanti arupanayanattha½. Akkhitappanatelanti akkh²su usumassa n²haraºatela½. Yena akkhimhi añjite uºha½ usuma½ nikkhamati. Ya½ n±sik±ya gaºh²yati, ta½ natthu. Paµal±n²ti akkhipaµal±ni. N²haraºasamatthanti apanayanasamattha½. Kh±rañjananti kh±rakamañjana½. S²tameva sacca½ niruttinayena, tassa k±raºa½ añjana½ saccañjananti ±ha “s²talabhesajjañjanan”ti. Sal±kavejjakammanti akkhirogavejjakamma½. Sal±kasadisatt± sal±kasaªkh±tassa akkhirogassa vejjakammanti hi s±l±kiya½. Ida½ pana vutt±vasesassa akkhirogapaµikammassa saªgahaºattha½ vutta½ “tappan±dayopi hi s±l±kiy±nev±”ti. Paµividdhassa sal±kassa nikkhamanattha½ vejjakamma½ sal±kavejjakammanti keci, ta½ pana sallakattiyapadeneva saªgahitanti daµµhabba½.
Sallassa paµividdhassa kattana½ ubb±hana½ sallakatta½, tadatth±ya vejjakamma½ sallakattavejjakamma½. Kum±ra½ bharat²ti kum±rabhato, tassa bh±vo kom±rabhacca½, kum±ro eva v± kom±ro, bhatana½ bhacca½, tassa bhacca½ tath±, tadabhinipph±daka½ vejjakammanti attho. M³l±ni padh±n±ni rog³pasamane samatth±ni bhesajj±ni m³labhesajj±ni, m³l±na½ v± by±dh²na½ bhesajj±ni tath±. M³l±nubandhavasena hi duvidho by±dhi. Tatra m³laby±dhimhi tikicchite yebhuyyena itara½ v³pasamati, ten±ha “k±yatikicchata½ dasset²”ti-±di Tattha k±yatikicchatanti m³labh±vato sar²rabh³tehi bhesajjehi, sar²rabh³t±na½ v± rog±na½ tikicchakabh±va½. Kh±r±d²n²ti kh±rodak±d²ni. Tadanur³pe vaºeti v³pasamitassa m³laby±dhino anucchavike arumhi. Tesanti m³labhesajj±na½. Apanayana½ apaharaºa½, tehi atikicchananti vutta½ hoti. Idañca kom±rabhaccasallakattas±l±kiy±divisesabh³t±na½ tant²na½ pubbe vuttatt± p±risesavasena vutta½, tasm± tadavases±ya tantiy± idha saªgaho daµµhabbo, sabb±ni cet±ni ±j²vahetuk±niyeva idh±dhippet±ni “micch±j²vena j²vika½ kappent²”ti (d². ni. 1.21) vuttatt±. Ya½ pana tattha tattha p±¼iya½ “iti v±”ti vutta½. Tattha it²-ti pak±ratthe nip±to, -ti vikappanatthe. Ida½ vutta½ hoti– imin± pak±rena, ito aññena v±ti. Tena y±ni ito b±hirakapabbajit± sipp±yatanavijj±µµh±n±d²ni j²vikop±yabh³t±ni ±j²vikapakat± upaj²vanti, tesa½ pariggaho katoti veditabba½.

Mah±s²lavaººan± niµµhit±.