Majjhimas²lavaººan±

11. “Yath± v± paneke bhonto”ti-±didesan±ya sambandham±ha “id±n²”ti-±din±. Tatth±yamaµµhakath±muttako nayo– yath±ti opammatthe nip±to. ti vikappanatthe, tena imamattha½ vikappeti “uss±ha½ katv± mama vaººa½ vadam±nopi puthujjano p±º±tip±ta½ pah±ya p±º±tip±t± paµivirato”ti-±din± par±nuddesikanayena v± sabbath±pi ±c±ras²lamattameva vadeyya, na taduttari½. “Yath±paneke bhonto samaºabr±hmaºabh±va½ paµij±nam±n±, parehi ca tath± sambh±viyam±n± tadanur³papaµipatti½ aj±nanato, asamatthanato ca na abhisambhuºanti, na evamaya½. Aya½ pana samaºo gotamo sabbath±pi samaºas±ruppapaµipatti½ p³resiyev±”ti eva½ aññuddesikanayena v± sabbath±pi ±c±ras²lamattameva vadeyya, na taduttarinti. Pan±ti vacan±laªk±re vikappanattheneva upany±s±di-atthassa sijjhanato. Eketi aññe. “Ekacce”tipi vadanti. Bhontoti s±dh³na½ piyasamud±h±ro. S±dhavo hi pare “bhonto”ti v± “dev±na½ piy±”ti v± “±yasmanto”ti v± sam±lapanti. Samaºabr±hmaº±ti ya½ kiñci pabbajja½ upagatat±ya samaº±. J±timattena ca br±hmaº±ti.
Saddh± n±ma idha catubbidhesu µh±nes³ti ±ha “kammañc±”ti-±di. Kammakammaphalasambandheneva idhalokaparalokasaddahana½ daµµhabba½ “ettha kamma½ vipaccati, kammaphalañca anubhavitabban”ti. Tadattha½ byatirekato ñ±peti “aya½ me”ti-±din±. Paµikarissat²ti paccupak±ra½ karissati. Tadeva samatthetu½ “eva½dinn±ni h²”ti-±dim±ha. Desan±s²samatta½ padh±na½ katv± nidassanato. Tena catubbidhampi paccaya½ nidasset²ti vutta½ “atthato pan±”ti-±di.
“Seyyathidan”ti aya½ saddo “so katamo”ti atthe eko nip±to, nip±tasamud±yo v±, tena ca b²jag±mabh³tag±masam±rambhapade saddakkamena appadh±nabh³topi b²jag±mabh³tag±mo vibhajjitabbaµµh±ne padh±nabh³to viya paµiniddis²yati. Añño hi saddakkamo añño atthakkamoti ±ha “katamo so b²jag±mabh³tag±mo”ti. Tasmiñhi vibhatte tabbisayasam±rambhopi vibhattova hoti. Imamatthañhi dassetu½ “yassa sam±rambha½ anuyutt± viharant²”ti vutta½. Teneva ca p±¼iya½ “m³lab²jan”ti-±din± so niddiµµhoti. M³lameva b²ja½ m³lab²ja½, m³la½ b²ja½ etass±tipi m³lab²janti idha dvidh± attho. Sesapadesupi eseva nayo. Ato na codetabbameta½ “kasm± panettha b²jag±mabh³tag±ma½ pucchitv± b²jag±mo eva vibhatto”ti. Tattha hi paµhamena atthena b²jag±mo niddiµµho, dutiyena bh³tag±mo, duvidhopesa s±maññaniddesena v± m³lab²jañca m³lab²jañca m³lab²janti ekasesanayena v± niddiµµhoti veditabbo, teneva vakkhati “sabbañhetan”ti-±di½. At²va visati bhesajjapayoges³ti ativisa½, ativis± v±, y± “mahosadhan”tipi vuccati kacchakoti k±¼akacchako, ya½ “pilakkho”tipi vadanti. Kapitthanoti ambilaªkuraphalo setarukkho. So hi kampati calat²ti kapithano thanapaccayena, kap²ti v± makkaµo, tassa thanasadisa½ phala½ yass±ti kapitthano. “Kapitthanoti pippalirukkho”ti (visuddhi. µ². 1.108) hi visuddhimaggaµ²k±ya½ vutta½. Pha¼ub²ja½ n±ma pabbab²ja½. Ajjakanti setapaºº±sa½. Phaºijjakanti sam²raºa½. Hiriveranti v±ra½. Paccayantarasamav±ye sadisaphaluppattiy± visesak±raºabh±vato viruhanasamatthe s±raphale niru¼ho b²jasaddoti dasseti “viruhanasamatthamev±”ti imin±. Itarañhi ab²jasaªkhya½ gata½, tañca kho rukkhato viyojitameva. Aviyojita½ pana tath± v± hotu, aññath± v± “bh³tag±mo”tveva vuccati yath±vuttena dutiyaµµhena. Vinay± (p±ci. 91) nur³pato tesa½ visesa½ dasseti “tatth±”ti-±din±. Yamettha vattabba½, ta½ heµµh± vuttameva.
12. Sannidh±na½ sannidhi, t±ya kar²yateti sannidhik±ro, annap±n±di. Eva½ k±ra-saddassa kammatthata½ sandh±ya “sannidhik±raparibhogan”ti vutta½. Ayamaparo nayo– yath± “±caya½ g±mino”ti vattabbe anun±sikalopena “±cayag±mino”ti (dha. sa. 10) niddeso kato, evamidh±pi “sannidhik±ra½ paribhogan”ti vattabbe anun±sikalopena “sannidhik±raparibhogan”ti vutta½, sannidhi½ katv± paribhoganti attho. Vinayavasen±ti vinay±gat±c±ravasena. Vinay±gat±c±ro hi uttaralopena “vinayo”ti vutto, k±yav±c±na½ v± vinayana½ vinayo. Suttantanayapaµipattiy± visu½ gahitatt± vinay±c±royeva idha labbhati. Samm± kilese likhat²ti sallekhoti ca vinay±c±rassa visu½ gahitatt± suttantanayapaµipatti eva. Paµiggahitanti k±yena v± k±yapaµibaddhena v± paµiggahita½. Aparajj³ti aparasmi½ divase. Datv±ti parivattanavasena datv±. Ýhap±petv±ti ca attano santakakaraºena µhap±petv±. Tesampi santaka½ viss±sagg±h±divasena paribhuñjitu½ vaµµati. Suttantanayavasena sallekho eva na hoti.
Y±ni ca tesa½ anulom±n²ti ettha s±nulomadhaññarasa½, madhukapuppharasa½, pakka¹±karasañca µhapetv± avases± sabbepi phalapupphapattaras± anulomap±n±n²ti daµµhabba½, yath±paricchedak±la½ anadhiµµhita½ avikappitanti attho.
Sannidh²yateti sannidhi, vatthameva. Pariy±yati kapp²yat²ti pariy±yo, kappiyav±c±nus±rena paµipatti, tassa kath±ti pariy±yakath±. Tabbipar²to nippariy±yo, kappiyampi anupaggamma santuµµhivasena paµipatti, pariy±ya-saddo v± k±raºe, tasm± kappiyak±raºavasena vutt± kath± pariy±yakath±. Tadapi avatv± santuµµhivasena vutt± nippariy±yo. “Sace”ti-±di aññassa d±n±k±radassana½. P±¼iy± uddisana½ uddeso. Atthassa pucch± paripucchana½. “Ad±tu½ na vaµµat²”ti imin± ad±ne sallekhakopana½ dasseti. Appahonteti k±tu½ appahonake sati. Pacc±s±y±ti c²varapaµil±bh±s±ya. Anuññ±tak±leti anatthate kathine eko pacchimakattikam±so, atthate kathine pacchimakattikam±sena saha hemantik± catt±ro m±s±, piµµhisamaye yo koci eko m±soti eva½ tatiyakathinasikkh±pad±d²su anuññ±tasamaye. Suttanti c²varasibbanasutta½. Vinayakamma½ katv±ti m³lac²vara½ parikkh±raco¼a½ adhiµµhahitv± pacc±s±c²varameva m³lac²vara½ katv± µhapetabba½, ta½ puna m±saparih±ra½ labhati, etena up±yena y±va icchati, t±va aññamañña½ m³lac²vara½ katv± µhapetu½ labbhat²ti vuttanayena, vikappan±vasena v± vinayakamma½ katv±. Kasm± na vaµµat²ti ±ha “sannidhi ca hoti sallekhañca kopet²”ti.
Upari maº¹apasadisa½ padaracchanna½, sabbapaliguºµhima½ v± ch±detv± kata½ vayha½. Ubhosu passesu suvaººarajat±dimay± gop±nasiyo datv± garu¼apakkhakanayena kat± sandam±nit±. Phalak±din± kata½ p²µhakay±na½ sivik±. Antolik±saªkh±t± paµapoµalik± p±µaªk². “Ekabhikkhussa h²”ti-±di tadatthassa samatthana½. Araññatth±y±ti araññagamanatth±ya. Dhotap±dakatth±y±ti dhovitap±d±namanurakkhaºatth±ya. Sa½hanitabb± bandhitabb±ti saªgh±µ±, up±han±yeva saªgh±µ± tath±, yuga¼abh³t± up±han±ti attho. Aññassa d±tabb±ti ettha vuttanayena d±na½ veditabba½.
Mañcoti nidassanamatta½. Sabbepi hi p²µhabhis±dayo nis²danasayanayogg± gahetabb± tesupi tath±paµipajjitabbato.
¾b±dhapaccay± eva attan± paribhuñjitabb± gandh± vaµµant²ti dasseti “kaº¹ukacchuchavidos±di-±b±dhe sat²”ti imin±. “Lakkhaºe hi sati hetutthopi katthaci sambhavat²”ti heµµh± vuttoyeva. Tattha kaº¹³ti khajju. Kacch³ti vitacchik±. Chavidosoti kil±s±di. ¾har±petv±ti ñ±tipav±ritato bhikkh±c±ravattena v± na yena kenaci v± ±k±rena har±petv±. Bhesajjapaccayehi gil±nassa viññattipi vaµµati. “Anuj±n±mi bhikkhave gandha½ gahetv± kav±µe pañcaªgulika½ d±tu½, puppha½ gahetv± vih±re ekamanta½ nikkhipitun”ti (c³¼ava. 264) vacanato “dv±re”ti-±di vutta½. Gharadh³pana½ vih±rav±san±, cetiyagharav±san± v±. ¾di-saddena cetiyapaµim±p³j±d²ni saªgaºh±ti.
Kilesehi ±masitabbato ±misa½, ya½ kiñci upabhog±raha½ vatthu, tasm± yath±vutt±nampi pasaªga½ niv±retu½ “vutt±vasesa½ daµµhabban”ti ±ha, p±risesanayato gahitatt± vutt±vasesa½ daµµhabbanti adhipp±yo. Ki½ panetanti vutta½ “seyyathidan”ti-±di. Tath±r³pe k±leti g±ma½ pavisitu½ dukkar±dik±le. Vall³roti sukkhama½sa½. Bh±jana-saddo sappitelagu¼asaddehi yojetabbo tadavin±bh±vitt±. K±lassev±ti pageva. Udakakaddameti udake ca kaddame ca. Nimitte ceta½ bhumma½, bh±valakkhaºe v±. Acchath±ti nis²datha. Bhuñjantassev±ti bhuñjato eva bhikkhuno, sampad±navacana½, an±daratthe v± s±mivacana½. Kiriyantar±vacchedanayogena hettha an±darat±. G²v±y±makanti bh±vanapu½sakavacana½, g²va½ ±yametv± ±yata½ katv±ti attho, yath± v± bhutte atibhuttat±ya g²v± ±yamitabb± hoti, tath±tipi vaµµati. Catum±samp²ti vass±nassa catt±ro m±sepi. Kuµumba½ vuccati dhana½, tadassatth²ti kuµumbiko, muº¹o ca so kuµumbiko c±ti muº¹akuµumbiko, tassa j²vika½ tath±, ta½ katv± j²vat²ti attho. Nayadassanamattañceta½ ±misapadena dassit±na½ sannidhivatth³nanti daµµhabba½.
Tabbirahita½ samaºapaµipatti½ dassento “bhikkhuno pan±”ti-±dim±ha. Tattha “gu¼apiº¹o t±lapakkappam±ºan”ti s±ratthad²paniya½ vutta½. Catubh±gamattanti kuµumbamattanti vutta½. “Ek± taº¹ulan±¼²”ti vuttatt± pana tass± catubh±go ekapatthoti vadanti. Vuttañca–
“Ku¹uvo pasato eko, pattho te caturo siyu½;
±¼hako caturo patth±, doºa½ v± catur±¼hakan”ti.
Kasm±ti vutta½ “te h²”ti-±di. ¾har±petv±pi µhapetu½ vaµµati, pageva yath±laddha½. “Aph±sukak±le”ti-±din± suddhacittena µhapitassa paribhogo sallekha½ na kopet²ti dasseti. Sammutikuµik±dayo catasso, av±s±g±rabh³tena v± uposath±g±r±din± saha pañcakuµiyo sandh±ya “kappiyakuµiyan”ti-±di vutta½. Sannidhi n±ma natthi tattha antovuttha-antopakkassa anuññ±tatt±. “Tath±gatass±”ti-±din± adhik±r±nur³pa½ attha½ payojeti. Pilotikakhaº¹anti jiººaco¼akhaº¹a½.
13. “G²va½ pas±retv±”ti etena sayameva ±p±thagamane doso natth²ti dasseti. Ettakamp²ti vinicchayavic±raº± vatthukittanampi. Payojanamattamev±ti padatthayojanamattameva. Yassa pana padassa vitth±rakatha½ vin± na sakk± attho viññ±tu½, tattha vitth±rakath±pi padatthasaªgahameva gacchati.
Kut³halavasena pekkhitabbato pekkha½, naµasatthavidhin± payogo. Naµasam³hena pana janasam³he kattabbavasena “naµasammajjan”ti vutta½. Jan±na½ sammadde sam³he katanti hi sammajja½. S±rasam±se pana “pekkh±mahan”tipi vadanti, “sammajjadassanussavan”ti tesa½ mate attho. Bh±ratan±mak±na½ dvebh±tukar±j³na½, r±marañño ca yujjhan±dika½ tappasutehi ±cikkhitabbato akkh±na½. Gantumpi na vaµµati, pageva ta½ sotu½. P±ºin± t±¼itabba½ sara½ p±ºissaranti ±ha “ka½sat±¼an”ti, lohamayo t³riyaj±tiviseso ka½so, lohamayapatto v±, tassa t±¼anasaddanti attho. P±º²na½ t±¼anasaranti attha½ sandh±ya p±ºit±¼antipi vadanti. Ghanasaªkh±t±na½ t³riyavises±na½ t±¼ana½ ghanat±¼a½ n±ma, daº¹amayasammat±¼a½ sil±tal±kat±¼a½ v±. Manten±ti bh³t±visanamantena. Eketi s±rasam±s±cariy±, uttaravih±rav±sino ca, yath± cettha, evamito paresupi “eke”ti ±gataµµh±nesu. Te kira d²ghanik±yassatthavisesav±dino. Caturassa-ambaºakat±¼a½ n±ma rukkhas±radaº¹±d²su yena kenaci caturassa-ambaºa½ katv± cat³su passesu dhammena onaddhitv± v±ditabhaº¹assa t±¼ana½. Tañhi ek±dasadoºappam±ºam±navisesasaºµh±natt± “ambaºakan”ti vuccati, bimbisakantipi tasseva n±ma½. Tath± kumbhasaºµh±nat±ya kumbho, ghaµoyeva v±, tassa dhunananti khuddakabh±ºak±. Abbhokkiraºa½ raªgabalikaraºa½. Te hi naccaµµh±ne devat±na½ balikaraºa½ n±ma katv± k²¼anti, ya½ “nand²”tipi vuccati Itthipurisasa½yog±dikilesajanaka½ paµibh±nacitta½ sobhanakaraºato sobhanakara½ n±ma. “Sobhanagharakan”ti s±rasam±se vutta½. Caº¹±ya alanti caº¹±la½, ayogu¼ak²¼±. Caº¹±l± n±ma h²naj±tik± sunakhama½sabhojino, tesa½ idanti caº¹±la½. S±ºe udakena temetv± aññamañña½ ±koµanak²¼± s±ºadhovanak²¼±. Va½sena kata½ k²¼ana½ va½santi ±ha “ve¼u½ uss±petv± k²¼anan”ti.