Saªkhepato “sabbap±passa akaraºan”ti-±di (d². ni. 2.90; dha. pa. 183; netti. 30, 50, 116, 124) nayappavatta½ bhagavato s±sana½ sachandar±gappavattito nacc±d²na½ dassana½ n±nulomet²ti ±ha “s±sanassa ananulomatt±”ti. Visucati s±sana½ vijjhati ananulomikabh±ven±ti vis³ka½, paµiviruddhanti vutta½ hoti. Tatra upama½ dasseti “paµ±º²bh³tan”ti imin±, paµ±º²saªkh±ta½ k²la½ viya bh³tanti attho. “Vis³kan”ti etassa paµ±º²bh³tanti attham±h±tipi vadanti. Attan± payojiyam±na½, parehi payoj±piyam±nañca nacca½ naccabh±vas±maññato p±¼iya½ ekeneva naccasaddena s±maññaniddesanayena gahita½, ekasesanayena v±. Tath± g²tav±ditasaddehi g±yanag±y±panav±danav±d±pan±n²ti ±ha “naccananacc±pan±divasen±”ti. Suddhahetut±jotanavasena hi dv±dhipp±yik± ete sadd±. Naccañca g²tañca v±ditañca vis³kadassanañca naccag²tav±ditavis³kadassana½, sam±h±ravasenettha ekatta½. Aµµhakath±ya½ pana yath±p±µha½ v±ky±vatthikantavacanena saha samuccayasam±sadassanattha½ “nacc± c±”ti-±di vutta½. Eva½ sabbattha ²disesu. (Dassanavisaye may³ranacc±dipaµikkhipanena nacc±panavisayepi paµikkhipana½ daµµhabba½) “nacc±d²ni h²”ti-±din± yath±vuttatthasamatthana½. Dassanena cettha savanampi saªgahita½ vir³pekasesanayena, yath±saka½ v± visayassa ±locanasabh±vat±ya pañcanna½ viññ±º±na½ savanakiriy±yapi dassanasaªkhepasambhavato “dassan±” icceva vutta½. Tenev±ha “pañcahi viññ±ºehi na kiñci dhamma½ paµij±n±ti aññatra atinip±tamatt±”ti.
“Vis³kabh³t± dassan± c±”ti etena avis³kabh³tassa pana g²tassa savana½ kad±ci vaµµat²ti dasseti. Tath± hi vutta½ paramatthajotik±ya khuddakap±µhaµµhakath±ya “dhamm³pasa½hitampi cettha g²ta½ na vaµµati, g²t³pasa½hito pana dhammo vaµµat²”ti (khu. p±. aµµha. pacchimapañcasikkh±padavaººan±) katthaci pana na-k±ravipariy±yena p±µho dissati. Ubhayatth±pi ca g²to ce dhamm±nulomatthapaµisa½yuttopi na vaµµati, dhammo ce g²tasaddapaµisa½yuttopi vaµµat²ti adhipp±yo veditabbo. “Na bhikkhave, g²tassarena dhammo g±yitabbo, yo g±yeyya, ±patti dukkaµass±”ti (c³¼ava. 149) hi desan±ya eva paµikkhepo, na savan±ya. Imassa ca sikkh±padassa visu½ paññ±panato viññ±yati “g²tassarena desitopi dhammo na g²to”ti. Yañca sakkapañhasuttavaººan±ya½ sevitabb±sevitabbasadda½ niddharantena “ya½ pana atthanissita½ dhammanissita½ kumbhad±sig²tampi suºantassa pas±do v± uppajjati, nibbid± v± saºµh±ti, evar³po saddo sevitabbo”ti (d². ni. aµµha. 2.365) vutta½, ta½ asam±d±nasikkh±padassa sevitabbat±mattapariy±yena vutta½. Sam±d±nasikkh±padassa hi evar³pa½ suºantassa sikkh±padasa½vara½ bhijjati g²tasaddabh±vatoti veditabba½. Tath± hi vinayaµµhakath±su vutta½ “g²tanti naµ±d²na½ v± g²ta½ hotu, ariy±na½ parinibb±nak±le ratanattayaguº³pasa½hita½ s±dhuk²¼anag²ta½ v±, asa½yatabhikkh³na½ dhammabh±ºakag²ta½ v±, antamaso dantag²tampi, ya½ “g±yiss±m±”ti pubbabh±ge ok³jita½ karonti, sabbameta½ g²ta½ n±m±”ti (p±ci. aµµha. 835; vi. saªga. aµµha. 34.25).
Kiñc±pi m±l±-saddo loke baddhapupphav±cako, s±sane pana ru¼hiy± abaddhapupphesupi vaµµati, tasm± ya½ kiñci puppha½ baddhamabaddha½ v±, ta½ sabba½ “m±l±” tveva daµµhabbanti ±ha “ya½ kiñci pupphan”ti. “Ya½ kiñci gandhan”ti cettha v±sacuººadh³p±dika½ vilepanato añña½ ya½ kiñci gandhaj±ta½. Vuttattha½ viya hi vuccam±natthamantaren±pi saddo atthavisesav±cako. Chavir±gakaraºanti vilepanena chaviy± rañjanattha½ pisitv± paµiyatta½ ya½ kiñci gandhacuººa½. Pi¼andhana½ dh±raºa½. Ðnaµµh±nap³raºa½ maº¹ana½. Gandhavasena, chavir±gavasena ca s±diyana½ vibh³sana½. Tadevattha½ puggal±dhiµµh±nena d²peti “tattha pi¼andhanto”ti-±din±. Tath± ceva majjhimaµµhakath±yampi (ma. ni. aµµha. 3.147) vutta½, paramatthajotik±ya½ pana khuddakap±µhaµµhakath±ya½ “m±l±d²su dh±raº±d²ni yath±saªkhya½ yojetabb±n²”ti (khu. p±. aµµha. pacchimapañcasikkh±padavaººan±) ettakameva vutta½. Tatth±pi yojentena yath±vuttanayeneva yojetabb±ni. Ki½ paneta½ k±raºanti ±ha “y±y±”ti-±di. Y±ya duss²lyacetan±ya karoti, s± idha k±raºa½. “Tato paµivirato”ti hi ubhayattha sambandhitabba½, eteneva “m±l±…pe… vibh³san±na½ µh±na½, m±l±…pe… vibh³san±neva v± µh±nan”ti sam±sampi dasseti. Tad±k±rappavatto cetan±didhammoyeva hi dh±raº±dikiriy±. Tattha ca cetan±sampayuttadhamm±na½ k±raºa½ sahaj±t±dopak±rakato, padh±nato ca. “Cetayitv± kamma½ karoti k±yena v±c±ya manas±”ti (a. ni. 6.63) hi vutta½. Dh±raº±dibh³t± eva ca cetan± µh±nanti. Ýh±na-saddo pacceka½ yojetabbo dvandapadato suyyam±natt±.
Ucc±ti uccasaddena ak±rantena sam±nattha½ ±k±ranta½ eka½ saddantara½ accuggatav±cakanti ±ha “pam±º±tikkantan”ti. Seti etth±ti sayana½, mañc±di. Samaºas±rupparahitatt±, gahaµµhehi ca seµµhasammatatt± akappiyapaccattharaºa½ “mah±sayanan”ti idh±dhippetanti dassetu½ “akappiyattharaºan”ti vutta½. Nis²dana½ panettha sayaneneva saªgahitanti daµµhabba½. Yasm± pana ±dh±re paµikkhitte tad±dh±rakiriy±pi paµikkhitt±va hoti, tasm± “ucc±sayanamah±sayan±” icceva vutta½. Atthato pana tadupabhogabh³tanisajj±nipajjanehi virati dassit±ti veditabba½. Atha v± “ucc±sayanamah±sayan±”ti esa niddeso ekasesanayena yath± “n±mar³papaccay± sa¼±yatanan”ti (ma. ni. 3.126; sa½. ni. 2.1; ud±. 1) etasmimpi vikappe ±sanapubbakatt± sayanakiriy±ya sayanaggahaºeneva ±sanampi gahitanti veditabba½. Kiriy±v±caka-±sanasayanasaddalopato uttarapadalopaniddesotipi vinayaµ²k±ya½ (vi. vi. µ². 2.106) vutta½.
J±tameva r³pamassa na vippak±ranti j±tar³pa½, satthuvaººa½. Rañj²yati setavaººat±ya, rañjanti v± ettha satt±ti rajata½ yath± “nesa½ padakkantan”ti. “Catt±ro v²hayo guñj±, dve guñj± m±sako bhave”ti vuttalakkhaºena v²satim±sako n²lakah±paºo v± dudrad±mak±diko v± ta½ta½desavoh±r±nur³pa½ kato kah±paºo. Loh±d²hi kato loham±sak±diko. Ye voh±ra½ gacchant²ti pariy±d±navacana½. Voh±ranti ca kayavikkayavasena sabboh±ra½. Aññehi g±h±pane, upanikkhittas±diyane ca paµiggahaºattho labbhat²ti ±ha “na uggaºh±peti na upanikkhitta½ s±diyat²”ti. Atha v± tividha½ paµiggahaºa½ k±yena v±c±ya manas±. Tattha k±yena paµiggahaºa½ uggahaºa½. V±c±ya paµiggahaºa½ uggah±pana½. Manas± paµiggahaºa½ s±diyana½. Tividhampeta½ paµiggahaºa½ s±maññaniddesena, ekasesanayena v± gahetv± paµiggahaº±ti vuttanti ±ha “neva na½ uggaºh±t²”ti-±di. Esa nayo ±makadhaññapaµiggahaº±ti-±d²supi.
N²v±r±di-upadhaññassa s±liy±dim³ladhaññantogadhatt± “sattavidhass±p²”ti vutta½. Saµµhidinaparip±ko sukadhaññaviseso s±li n±ma sal²yate s²l±ghateti katv±. Dabbaguºapak±se pana–
“Atha dhañña½ tidh± s±li-saµµhikav²hibhedato;
s±layo hemant± tatra, saµµhik± gimhaj± api;
v²hayo tv±sa¼h±khy±t±, vassak±lasamubbha v±”ti.–

Vutta½. Vahati, br³heti v± satt±na½ j²vitanti v²hi, sassa½. Yuvitabbo missitabboti yavo. So hi atil³khat±ya aññena missetv± paribhuñj²yati. Gudhati parivedhati palibuddhat²ti godh³mo, ya½ “milakkhabhojanan”tipi vadanti. Sobhanatt± kaman²yabh±va½ gacchat²ti kaªgu, atisukhumadhaññaviseso. Var²yati atil³khat±ya niv±r²yati, khudd±paµivinayanato v± bhaj²yat²ti varako. Kora½ rudhira½ d³sat²ti kudr³sako, vaººasaªkamanena yo “gova¹¹hano”tipi vuccati. T±ni sattapi sappabhed± nidh±ne posane s±dhuttena “dhaññ±n²”ti vuccanti. “Na kevalañc±”ti-±din± sampaµicchana½, par±masanañca idha paµiggahaºasaddena vuttanti dasseti. Evam²disesu. “Anuj±n±mi bhikkhave, vas±ni bhesajj±ni acchavasa½ macchavasa½ susuk±vasa½ s³karavasa½ gadrabhavasan”ti (mah±va. 262) vuttatt± ida½ pañcavidhampi bhesajja½ odissa anuññ±ta½ n±ma. Tassa pana “k±le paµiggahitan”ti vuttatt± paµiggahaºa½ vaµµat²ti ±ha “aññatra odissa anuññ±t±”ti. Ma½sa-saddena macch±nampi ma½sa½ gahita½ ev±ti dassetu½ “±makama½samacch±nan”ti vutta½, tikoµiparisuddha½ macchama½sa½ anuññ±ta½ adiµµha½, asuta½, aparisaªkitanti v± payogassa dassanato vir³pekasesanayo dassito anen±ti veditabba½.

K±ma½ lokiy±–
“Aµµhavass± bhave gor², dasavass± tu kaññak±;
sampatte dv±dasavasse, kum±r²tibhidh²yate”ti.–

Vadanti Idha pana purisantaragat±gatavasena itthikum±rik±bhedoti ±ha “itth²ti purisantaragat±”ti-±di. D±sid±savasenev±ti d±sid±savoh±ravaseneva. Eva½ vutteti t±disena kappiyavacanena vutte. Vinayaµµhakath±su ±gatavinicchaya½ sandh±ya “vinayavasen±”ti vutta½. So kuµik±rasikkh±padavaººan±d²su (p±r±. aµµha. 364) gahetabbo.

B²ja½ khipanti ettha, khitta½ v± b²ja½ t±yat²ti khetta½, ked±roti ±ha “yasmi½ pubbaººa½ ruhat²”ti. Aparaººassa pubbe pavattamanna½ pubbaººa½ na-k±rassa ºa-k±ra½ katv±, s±li-±di Vasanti patiµµhahanti aparaºº±ni etth±ti vatth³ti attha½ dasseti “vatthu n±m±”ti-±din±. Pubbaººassa apara½ pavattamanna½ aparaººa½ vuttanayena. Eva½ aµµhakath±nay±nur³pa½ attha½ dassetv± id±ni “khetta½ n±ma yattha pubbaººa½ v± aparaººa½ v± j±yat²”ti (p±r±. 104) vuttavinayap±¼inay±nur³pampi attha½ dassento “yattha v±”ti-±dim±ha. Tadatth±y±ti khettatth±ya. Akatabh³mibh±goti aparisaªkhato taduddesiko bh³mibh±go. “Khettavatthu s²sen±”ti-±din± nidassanamattametanti dasseti. ¾di-saddena pokkharaº²k³p±dayo saªgahit±.
D³tassa ida½, d³tena v± k±tumarahat²ti d³teyya½. Paººanti lekhas±sana½. S±sananti mukhas±sana½. Ghar± gharanti aññasm± ghar± añña½ ghara½. Khuddakagamananti d³teyyagamanato appataragamana½, anaddh±nagamana½ rassagamananti attho. Tadubhayesa½ anuyuñjana½ anuyogoti ±ha “tadubhayakaraºan”ti. Tasm±ti tadubhayakaraºasseva anuyogabh±vato.
Kayana½ kayo, parampar± gahetv± attano dhanassa d±na½. K²-saddañhi dabbavinimaye paµhanti vikkayana½ vikkayo, paµhamameva attano dhanassa paresa½ d±nanti vadanti. S±ratthad²paniy±d²su pana “kayan”ti parabhaº¹assa gahaºa½. Vikkayanti attano bhaº¹assa d±nan”ti (s±rattha. µ². 2.594) vutta½. Tadeva “kayitañca hoti parabhaº¹a½ attano hatthagata½ karontena, vikk²tañca attano bhaº¹a½ parahatthagata½ karonten±”ti (p±r±. aµµha. 515) vinayaµµhakath±vacanena sameti. Vañcana½ m±y±karaºa½, paµibh±nakaraºavasena up±yakusalat±ya parasantakaggahaºanti vutta½ hoti. Tul± n±ma y±ya tul²yati pam²yati, t±ya k³µa½ “tul±k³µan”ti vuccati. Ta½ pana karonto tul±ya r³pa-aªgagahaº±k±rapaµicchannasaºµh±navasena karot²ti catubbidhat± vutt±. Attan± gahetabba½ bhaº¹a½ pacch±bh±ge, paresa½ d±tabba½ pubbabh±ge katv± minent²ti ±ha “gaºhanto pacch±bh±ge”ti-±di. Akkamati nipp²¼ati, pubbabh±ge akkamat²ti sambandho. M³le rajjunti tul±ya m³le yojita½ rajju½. Tath± agge. Tanti ayacuººa½.
Kanati dibbat²ti ka½so, suvaººarajat±dimay± bhojanap±napatt±. Idha pana sovaººamaye p±napatteti ±ha “suvaººap±t²”ti. T±ya vañcananti nikativasena vañcana½. “Patir³paka½ dassetv± parasantakagahaºañhi nikati, paµibh±nakaraºavasena pana up±yakusalat±ya vañcanan”ti nikativañcana½ bhedato kaºhaj±takaµµhakath±d²su (j±. aµµha. 4.10.19; d². ni. aµµha. 1.10; ma. ni. aµµha. 2.149; sa½. ni. aµµha. 3.5.1165; a. ni. aµµha. 2.4.198 atthato sam±na½) vutta½ idha pana tadubhayampi “vañcana”micceva. “Kathan”ti-±din± hi patir³paka½ dassetv± parasantakagahaºameva vibh±veti. Samagghataranti t±sa½ p±t²na½ aññamañña½ samaka½ agghavisesa½. P±s±ºeti bh³t±bh³tabh±vasañj±nanake p±s±ºe. Gha½saneneva suvaººabh±vasaññ±pana½ siddhanti “gha½sitv±”tveva vutta½.
Hadayanti n±¼i-±diminanabh±jan±na½ abbhantara½, tasmi½ bhedo chiddakaraºa½ hadayabhedo. Til±d²na½ n±¼i-±d²hi minanak±le uss±pit± sikh±yeva sikh±, tass± bhedo h±pana½ sikh±bhedo.
Rajjuy± bhedo visamakaraºa½ rajjubhedo. T±n²ti sappitel±d²ni. Antobh±janeti paµhama½ nikkhittabh±jane. Uss±petv±ti uggam±petv±, uddha½ r±si½ katv±ti vutta½ hoti. Chindantoti apanento.
Kattabbakammato uddha½ koµana½ paµihanana½ ukkoµana½. Abh³tak±r²na½ lañjaggahaºa½, na pana puna kamm±ya ukkoµanamattanti ±ha “ass±mike…pe… ggahaºan”ti. Up±yeh²ti k±raºapatir³pakehi. Tatr±ti tasmi½ vañcane. “Vatthun”ti avatv± “eka½ vatthun”ti vadanto aññ±nipi atthi bah³n²ti dasseti. Aññ±nipi hi sasavatthu-±d²ni tattha tattha vutt±ni. Miganti mahanta½ miga½. Tena h²ti migaggahaºe uyyojana½, yena v± k±raºena “miga½ me deh²”ti ±ha, tena k±raºen±ti attho. Hi-saddo nip±tamatta½. Yogavasen±ti vijj±jappan±dipayogavasena. M±y±vasen±ti mantajappana½ vin± abh³tass±pi bh³t±k±rasaññ±pan±ya cakkhumohanam±y±ya vasena. Y±ya hi amaºi-±dayopi maºi-±di-±k±rena dissanti. P±maªgo n±ma kul±c±rayutto ±bharaºaviseso, ya½ loke “yaññopavittan”ti vadanti. Vakkalitther±pad±nepi vutta½–
“Passatheta½ m±ºavaka½, p²tamaµµhaniv±sana½;
hemayaññopavittaªga½, jananettamanoharan”ti. (Apa. 2.54.40).

Tadaµµhakath±yampi “p²tamaµµhaniv±sananti siliµµhasuvaººavaººavatthe nivatthanti attho. Hemayaññopavittaªganti suvaººap±maªgalaggitagattanti attho”ti (apa. aµµha. 2.54.40) savana½ saµhana½ s±vi, anujukat±, ten±ha “kuµilayogo”ti, jimhat±yogoti attho. “Etesa½yev±”ti-±din± tuly±dhikaraºata½ dasseti. “Tasm±”ti-±di laddhaguºadassana½. Ye pana catunnampi pad±na½ bhinn±dhikaraºata½ vadanti, tesa½ v±dam±ha “kec²”ti-±din±. Tattha “kec²”ti s±rasam±sak±rak± ±cariy±, uttaravih±rav±sino ca, tesa½ ta½ na yutta½ vañcanena saªgahitasseva puna gahitatt±ti dasseti “ta½ pan±”ti-±din±.

M±raºanti muµµhipah±rakas±t±¼an±d²hi hi½sana½ viheµhana½ sandh±ya vutta½, na tu p±º±tip±ta½. Viheµhanatthepi hi vadha-saddo dissati “att±na½ vadhitv± vadhitv± rodeyy±”ti-±d²su (p±ci. 880) m±raºa-saddopi idha viheµhaneyeva vattat²ti daµµhabbo. Keci pana “pubbe p±º±tip±ta½ pah±y±’ti-±d²su saya½k±ro, idha para½k±ro”ti vadanti, ta½ na sakk± tath± vattu½ “k±yavac²payogasamuµµh±pik± cetan±, cha payog±”ti ca vuttatt±. Yath± hi appaµigg±habh±vas±maññepi sati pabbajitehi appaµiggahitabbavatthuvisesabh±vasandassanattha½ itthikum±rid±sid±s±dayo vibh±gena vutt±. Yath± ca parasantakassa haraºabh±vato adinn±d±nabh±vas±maññepi sati tul±k³µ±dayo adinn±d±navisesabh±vasandassanattha½ vibh±gena vutt±, na eva½ p±º±tip±tapariy±yassa vadhassa puna gahaºe payojana½ atthi tath±vibhajitabbass±bh±vato, tasm± yath±vuttoyevattho sundarataroti.
Vipar±mosoti visesena samantato bhusa½ mos±pana½ muyhanakaraºa½, thenana½ v±. Theyya½ corik± mosoti hi pariy±yo. So k±raºavasena duvidhoti ±ha “himavipar±moso”ti-±di. Musant²ti corenti, mosenti v± muyhana½ karonti, mosetv± tesa½ santaka½ gaºhant²ti vutta½ hoti. Yanti ca tass± kiriy±ya par±masana½. Maggappaµipanna½ jananti parapakkhepi adhik±ro. ¾lopana½ vilumpana½ ±lopo. Sahas± karaºa½ sahas±k±ro. Sahas± pavattit± s±hasik±, s±va kiriy± tath±.
Ett±vat±ti “p±º±tip±ta½ pah±y±”ti-±din± “sahas±k±r± paµivirato”ti pariyos±nena etapparim±ºena p±µhena. Antarabheda½ aggahetv± p±¼iya½ yath±rutam±gatavaseneva chabb²satisikkh±padasaªgahameta½ s²la½ yebhuyyena sikkh±pad±namavibhattatt± c³¼as²la½ n±m±ti attho. Desan±vasena hi idha c³¼amajjhim±dibh±vo veditabbo, na dhammavasena. Tath± hi idhasaªkhittena uddiµµh±na½ sikkh±pad±na½ avibhatt±na½ vibhajanavasena majjhimas²ladesan± pavatt±, tenev±ha “majjhimas²la½ vitth±rento”ti.C³¼as²lavaººan± niµµhit±.