“Nelaªgo setapacch±do, ek±ro vattat² ratho;
an²gha½ passa ±yanta½, chinnasota½ abandhanan”ti. (Sa½. ni. 4.347; ud±. 65; peµako. 25).–

Imiss± ud±nag±th±ya. S²lañhettha niddosat±ya “nelan”ti vutta½. Tenev±ha citto gahapati ±yasmat± k±mabh³therena puµµho sa½yutt±gamavare sa¼±yatanavagge “nelaªgan”ti kho bhante s²l±nameta½ adhivacanan”ti (sa½. ni. 4.347) v±c± n±ma saddasabh±v± ta½tadatthanibandhan±ti s±durasasadisatt± madhurameva byañjana½, attho ca tabbh±vatoti atthameva sandh±ya byañjanamadhurat±ya atthamadhurat±y±”ti ca vutta½. Visesanaparanip±topi hi loke dissati “agy±hito”ti-±d²su. Apica avayav±pekkhane sati “madhura½ byañjana½ yass±”ti-±din± vattabbo. Sukh±ti sukhakaraº², sukhahet³ti vutta½ hoti. Kaººas³lanti kaººasaªku½. Kaººasaddena cettha sotaviññ±ºapaµibaddhatadanuvattak± viññ±ºav²thiyo gahit±. Voh±rakath± hes± suttantadesan±, tass± vaººan± ca, tath± ceva vutta½ “sakalasar²re kopa½, peman”ti ca. Na hi hadayavatthunissito kopo, pemo ca sakalasar²re vattati. Esa nayo ²disesu. Sukhena citta½ pavisati yath±vuttak±raºadvayen±ti attho, aluttasam±so cesa yath± “amataªgato”ti. Pureti guºap±ripure, ten±ha “guºaparipuººat±y±”ti. Pure sa½va¹¹h± por², t±dis± n±r² viy±ti v±c±pi por²ti attham±ha “pure”ti-±din±. Sukum±r±ti sutaruº±. Upameyyapakkhe pana apharusat±ya mudukabh±vo eva sukum±rat±. Purass±ti ettha pura-saddo tanniv±s²v±cako sahacaraºavasena “g±mo ±gato”ti-±d²su viya, tenev±ha “nagarav±s²nan”ti. Es±ti ta½sambandh²niddes± v±c±. Evar³p² kath±ti atthattayena pak±sit± kath±. Kant±ti k±mit± tuµµh± yath± “pakkanto”ti, m±na-saddassa v± antabyappadeso, k±miyam±n±ti attho. Yath± “an±patti asamanubh±santass±”ti (p±r±. 416, 430, 441) mana½ appeti va¹¹het²ti man±p±, tena vutta½ “cittavu¹¹hikar±”ti. Tath±k±rin²ti attho. Ato bahuno janass±ti idha sambandhe s±mivacana½, na tu purimasmi½ viya kattari.

K±ma½ tehi vattumicchito attho sambhavati, so pana aphalatt± bh±sitatthapariy±yena atthoyeva n±ma na hot²ti ±ha “anatthaviññ±pik±”ti. Apica payojanatth±bh±vato anatth±, v±c±, ta½ viññ±pik±tipi vaµµati. Akusalacetan± samphappal±po sampha½ palapanti et±y±ti katv±. ¾sevana½ bh±vana½ bahul²karaºa½. Ya½ jana½ g±h±payitu½ pavattito, tena aggahite appas±vajjo, gahite mah±s±vajjo. Kiles±na½ mudutibbat±vasen±pi appas±vajjamah±s±vajjat± yojetabb±. Bh±ratan±mak±na½ dvebh±tukar±j³na½ yuddhakath±, dasagiriyakkhena s²t±ya n±ma deviy± ±haraºakath±, r±maraññ± pacc±haraºakath± yath± ta½ adhun± b±hirakehi paricayit± sakkaµabh±s±ya gaºµhit± r±mapur±ºabh±ratapur±º±dikath±ti, evam±dik± niratthakakath± samphappal±poti vutta½ “bh±rata…pe… purekkh±rat±”ti.
“K±lav±d²”ti-±di samphappal±p± paµiviratassa paµipattisandassana½ yath± “p±º±tip±t± paµivirato”ti-±di (d². ni. 1.8, 194) p±º±tip±tappah±nassa paµipattidassana½. “P±º±tip±ta½ pah±ya viharat²”ti hi vutte katha½ p±º±tip±tappah±na½ hot²ti apekkh±sambhavato “p±º±tip±t± paµivirato hot²”ti vutta½. S± pana virati kathanti ±ha “nihitadaº¹o nihita sattho”ti. Tañca daº¹asatthanidh±na½ kathanti vutta½ “lajj²”ti-±di. Eva½ uttaruttara½ purimassa purimassa up±yasandassana½. Tath± adinn±d±n±d²supi yath±sambhava½ yojetabba½. Tena vutta½ “k±lav±d²ti-±di samphappal±p± paµiviratassa paµipattisandassanan”ti. Atthasa½hit±pi hi v±c± ayuttak±lapayogena atth±vah± na siy±ti anatthaviññ±panabh±va½ anulometi, tasm± samphappal±pa½ pajahantena ak±lav±dit± parivajjetabb±ti dassetu½ “k±lav±d²”ti vutta½. K±le vadanten±pi ubhayattha as±dhanato abh³ta½ parivajjetabbanti ±ha “bh³tav±d²”ti. Bh³tañca vadantena ya½ idhalokaparalokahitasamp±danaka½, tadeva vattabbanti vutta½ “atthav±d²”ti. Attha½ vadanten±pi na lokiyadhammanissitameva vattabba½, atha kho lokuttaradhammanissitamp²ti ±ha “dhammav±d²”ti. Yath± ca attho lokuttaradhammanissito hoti, tath± dassanattha½ “vinayav±d²”ti vutta½.
P±timokkhasa½varo, satiñ±ºakhantiv²riyasa½varoti hi pañcanna½ sa½varavinay±na½ tadaªgappah±na½, vikkhambhanasamucchedapaµippassaddhinissaraºappah±nanti pañcanna½ pah±navinay±nañca vasena vuccam±no attho nibb±n±dhigamahetubh±vato lokuttaradhammasannissito hoti. Eva½ guºavisesayutto ca attho vuccam±no desan±kosalle sati sobhati, kiccakaro ca hoti, n±ññath±ti dassetu½ “nidh±navati½ v±ca½ bh±sit±”ti vutta½. Id±ni tameva desan±kosalla½ vibh±vetu½ “k±len±”ti-±dim±ha. Ajjh±sayaµµhuppatt²na½, pucch±ya ca vasena otiººe desan±visaye eka½s±diby±karaºavibh±ga½ sallakkhetv± µhapan±hetud±haraºasa½sandan±ni ta½ta½k±l±nur³pa½ vibh±ventiy± parimitaparicchinnar³p±ya gambh²rud±napah³tatthavitth±rasaªg±hik±ya desan±ya pare yath±jjh±saya½ paramatthasiddhiya½ patiµµh±pento “desan±kusalo”ti vuccat²ti evametth±pi atthayojan± veditabb±.
Vattabbayuttak±lanti vattabbavacanassa anur³pak±la½, tattha v± payujjitabbak±la½. Sabh±vavaseneva bh³tat±ti ±ha “sabh±vamev±”ti. Attha½ vadat²ti atthav±d². Atthavadanañca tannissitav±c±kathanamev±ti adhipp±yena vutta½ “diµµhadhammikasampar±yikatthasannissitameva katv±”ti. Dhammav±d²”ti-±d²supi eseva nayo.
Nidheti sannidh±na½ karoti etth±ti nidh±na½. Ýhapanok±so. “Ýh±navat²”ti vutte tasmi½ µh±ne µhapetu½ yutt±tipi attho sambhavat²ti ±ha “hadaye”ti-±di. Nidh±navat²pi v±c± k±layutt±va atth±vah±, tasm± “k±len±”ti ida½ “nidh±navati½” v±ca½ bh±sit±”ti etass±pekkhavacananti dasseti “evar³pin”ti-±din±. Icchitatthanibbattanattha½ apadisitabbo, apadis²yati v± icchitattho anen±ti apadeso, upam±, hetud±haraº±dik±raºa½ v±, tena saha vattat²ti s±pades±, v±c±, ten±ha “sa-upama½ sak±raºanti attho”ti. Pariccheda½ dassetv±ti y±vat± pariyos±na½ sambhavati, t±vat± mariy±da½ dassetv±, tena vutta½ “yath±…pe… bh±sat²”ti. Sikhamappatt± hi kath± atth±vah± n±ma na hoti. Atthasa½hitanti ettha attha-saddo bh±sitatthapariy±yoti vutta½ “anekehip²”ti-±di. Bh±sitattho ca n±ma sadd±nus±rena adhigato sabbopi pakatyatthapaccayatthabh±vatth±diko, tatoyeva bhagavato vacana½ ekag±th±padampi saªkhepavitth±r±di-ekatt±dinandiy±vatt±dinayehi anekehipi niddh±raºakkhamat±ya pariy±d±tumasakkuºeyya½ attham±vahat²ti. Eva½ atthas±maññato sa½vaººetv± icchitatthavisesatopi sa½vaººetu½ “ya½ v±”ti-±dim±ha. Atthav±din± vattumicchitatthoyeva hi idha gahito. Nanu sabbesampi vacana½ attan± icchitatthasahita½yeva, kimettha vattabba½ atth²ti antol²nacodana½ parisodheti “na aññan”ti-±din±. Aññamattha½ paµhama½ nikkhipitv± ananusandhivasena pacch± aññamattha½ na bh±sati. Yath±nikkhitt±nusandhivaseneva pariyos±petv± kathet²ti adhipp±yo.
10. Eva½ paµip±µiy± sattam³lasikkh±pad±ni vibhajitv± satipi abhijjh±dippah±nassa sa½varas²lasaªgahe upariguºasaªgahato, lokiyaputhujjan±visayato ca uttaridesan±ya saªgahitu½ ta½ pariharitv± pacurajanap±kaµa½ ±c±ras²lameva vibhajanto bhagav± “b²jag±mabh³tag±masam±rambh±”ti-±dim±h±ti p±¼iya½ sambandho vattabbo. Tattha vij±yanti viruhanti eteh²ti b²j±ni. Paccayantarasamav±ye sadisaphaluppattiy± visesak±raºabh±vato viruhanasamatth±na½ s±raphal±d²nameta½ adhivacana½. Bhavanti, ahuvunti c±ti bh³t±, j±yanti va¹¹hanti j±t±, va¹¹hit± c±ti attho. Va¹¹ham±nak±na½ va¹¹hitv±, µhit±nañca rukkhagacch±d²na½ yath±kkamamadhivacana½. Viru¼ham³l± hi n²labh±va½ ±pajjant± taruºarukkhagacch± j±yanti va¹¹hant²ti vuccanti. Va¹¹hitv± µhit± mahant± rukkhagacch± j±t± va¹¹hit±ti. G±moti sam³ho, so ca suddhaµµhakadhammar±si, b²j±na½, bh³t±nañca tath±laddhasamaññ±na½ aµµhadhamm±na½ g±mo, teyeva v± g±moti tath±. Avayavavinimuttassa hi samud±yassa abh±vato duvidhen±pi atthena teyeva tiºarukkhalat±dayo gayhanti.
Apica bh³miya½ patiµµhahitv± haritabh±vam±pann± rukkhagacch±dayo devat± pariggayhanti, tasm± bh³t±na½ niv±sanaµµh±nat±ya g±moti bh³tag±motipi vadanti, te sar³pato dassetu½ “m³lab²jan”ti-±dim±ha. M³lameva b²ja½ m³lab²ja½. Sesesupi aya½ nayo. Pha¼ub²janti pabbab²ja½. Paccayantarasamav±ye sadisaphaluppattiy± visesak±raºabh±vato viruhanasamatthe s±raphale niru¼ho b²ja-saddo tadatthasiddhiy± m³l±d²supi kesuci pavattat²ti m³l±dito nivattanattha½ ekena b²ja-saddena visesetv± “b²jab²jan”ti vutta½ yath± “r³pa½r³pa½, dukkhadukkhan”ti ca. N²latiºarukkh±dikass±ti allatiºassa ceva allarukkh±dikassa ca. ¾di-saddena osadhigacchalat±dayo veditabb±. Sam±rambho idha vikopana½, tañca chedan±diyev±ti vutta½ “chedanabhedanapacan±dibh±ven±”ti. Nanu ca rukkh±dayo cittarahitat±ya na j²v±, cittarahitat± ca paripphandan±bh±vato, chinne viruhanato, visadisaj±tikabh±vato, catuyoni-apariy±pannato ca veditabb±. Vu¹¹hi pana pav±¼asil±lavaº±d²nampi vijjat²ti na tesa½ j²vat±bh±ve k±raºa½. Visayaggahaºañca nesa½ parikappan±matta½ supana½ viya ciñc±d²na½, tath± kaµukambil±s±din± doha¼±dayo. Tattha kasm± b²jag±mabh³tag±masam±rambh± paµivirati icchit±ti? Samaºas±ruppato, tannissitasatt±nukampanato ca. Tenev±ha ±¼avak±na½ rukkhacchedan±divatth³su “j²vasaññino hi moghapuris± manuss± rukkhasmin”ti-±di (p±r±. 89).
Eka½ bhatta½ ekabhatta½, tamassa atthi ekasmi½ divase ekav±rameva bhuñjanatoti ekabhattiko. Tayida½ ekabhatta½ kad± bhuñjitabbanti sandh±ya vutta½ “p±tar±sabhattan”ti-±di, dv²su bhattesu p±tar±sabhatta½ sandh±y±h±ti adhipp±yo. P±to asitabbanti p±tar±sa½. S±ya½ asitabbanti s±yam±sa½, tadeva bhatta½ tath±. Eka-saddo cettha majjhanhikak±laparicchedabh±vena payutto, na tadantogadhav±rabh±ven±ti dasseti “tasm±”ti-±din±.
Rattiy± bhojana½ uttarapadalopato rattisaddena vutta½, taddhitavasena v± tath±yev±dhipp±yasambhavato, ten±ha “rattiy±”ti-±di. Aruºuggamanato paµµh±ya y±va majjhanhik± aya½ buddh±d²na½ ariy±na½ ±ciººasam±ciººo bhojanassa k±lo n±ma, tadañño vik±lo. Tattha dutiyapadena rattibhojanassa paµikkhittatt± aparanhova idha vik±loti p±risesanayena tatiyapadassa attha½ d²petu½ “atikkante majjhanhike”ti-±di vutta½. Bh±vas±dhano cettha bhojana-saddo ajjhoharaºatthav±cakoti d²peti “y±va s³riyatthaªgaman± bhojanan”ti imin±. Kassa pana tadajjhoharaºanti? Y±mak±lik±d²namanuññ±tatt±, vik±labhojanasaddassa ca y±vak±likajjhoharaºeyeva niru¼hatt± “y±vak±likass±”ti viññ±yati. Aya½ panettha aµµhakath±vaseso ±cariy±na½ nayo– bhuñjitabbaµµhena bhojana½, y±gubhatt±di sabba½ y±vak±likavatthu Yath± ca “ratt³parato”ti ettha rattibhojana½ rattisaddena vuccati, evamettha bhojanajjhoharaºa½ bhojanasaddena. Vik±le bhojana½ vik±labhojana½, tato vik±labhojan±. Vik±le y±vak±likavatthussa ajjhoharaº±ti atthoti. ¿dis± guºavibh³ti na buddhak±leyev±ti ±ha “anom±nad²t²re”ti-±di. Aya½ pana p±¼iya½ anusandhikkamo– ekasmi½ divase ekav±rameva bhuñjanato “ekabhattiko”ti vutte rattibhojanopi siy±ti tanniv±raºattha½ “ratt³parato”ti vutta½. Eva½ sati s±yanhabhoj²pi ekabhattiko siy±ti tad±saªk±nivattanattha½ “virato vik±labhojan±”ti vuttanti.