“Eko payogo s±hatthikov±”ti ida½ por±ºaµµhakath±su ±gatanayena vuttanti idha saªgahaµµhakath±ya saªgahak±rassa attano matibheda½ dassetu½ “yasm± pan±”ti-±di vutta½. Tattha “yath±…pe… tath±”ti etena s±hatthiko viya ±ºattik±dayopi gahetabb±, aggahaºe k±raºa½ natthi parassa visa½v±danabh±vena tassadisatt±ti dasseti “idamassa…pe… ±º±pentop²”ti ±ºattikassa gahaºe k±raºa½, “paººa½…pe… nissajjantop²”ti nissaggiyassa, “ayamattho…pe… µhapentop²”ti th±varassa. Yasm± visa½v±det²ti sabbattha sambandho. Paººa½ likhitv±ti t±l±d²na½ paººa½ akkharena likhitv±, paººanti v± bhummatthe upayogavacana½. Tena vutta½ “tirokuµµ±d²s³”ti [ku¹¹±d²su (d². ni. aµµha. 1.8)] paººe akkhara½ lekhaniy± likhitv±ti attho. V²ma½sitv± gahetabb±ti attanomatiy± sabbadubbalatt± anattukka½sanena vutta½. Kiñhettha vic±retabbak±raºa½ atthi sayameva vic±ritatt±.
Saccanti vac²sacca½, saccena saccanti purimena vac²saccena pacchima½ vac²sacca½. Paccayavasena dh±tupadantalopa½ sandh±ya “sandahat²”ti vutta½. Saddavid³ pana–
“Vipubbo dh± karotyatthe, abhipubbo tu bh±sane;
ny±sa½pubbo yath±yoga½, ny±s±ropanasandhis³”ti.–

Dh±-saddameva ghaµanatthe paµhanti. Tasm± pariy±yavasena “sandahat²”ti vuttantipi daµµhabba½. Tadadhipp±ya½ dasseti “na antarantar±”ti-±din±. “Yo h²”ti-±di tabbivaraºa½. Antaritatt±ti antar± paricchinnatt±. Na t±disoti na eva½vadanasabh±vo. J²vitahetupi, pageva aññahet³ti api-saddo sambh±vanattho.

“Saccato thetato”ti-±d²su (ma. ni. 1.19) viya theta-saddo thirapariy±yo, thirabh±vo ca saccav±dit±dhik±ratt± kath±vasena veditabboti ±ha “thirakathoti attho”ti. Thitassa bh±voti hi theto, thirabh±vo, tena yuttatt± puggalo idha theto n±ma. Halidd²ti suvaººavaººakandanipphattako gacchaviseso. Thuso n±ma dhaññattaco, dhaññapal±so ca. Kumbhaº¹anti mah±phalo s³pasamp±dako lat±viseso. Indakh²lo n±ma gambh²ranemo esik±thambho. Yath± haliddir±g±dayo anavaµµhitasabh±vat±ya na µhit±, eva½ na µhit± kath± etass±ti naµhitakatho [nathirakatho (d². ni. aµµha. 1.8)] yath± p±s±ºalekh±dayo avaµµhitasabh±vat±ya µhit±, eva½ µhit± kath± etass±ti µhitakathoti [thirakatho (d². ni. aµµha. 1.8)] haliddir±g±dayo yath± kath±ya upam±yo honti, eva½ yojetabba½. Kath±ya hi et± upam±yoti.
Pattisaªkh±t± saddh± ayati pavattati etth±ti paccayikoti ±ha “pattiy±yitabbako”ti. Pattiy± ayitabb± pavattetabb±ti pattiy±yitabb± ya-k±r±gamena, v±c±. S± etass±ti pattiy±yitabbako, ten±ha “saddh±yitabbako”ti. Tadevattha½ byatirekena, anvayena ca dassetu½ “ekacco h²”ti-±di vutta½. Vattabbata½ ±pajjati visa½v±danato. Itarapakkhe ca avisa½v±danatoti adhipp±yo. “Lokan”ti etena “lokass±”ti ettha kammatthe chaµµh²ti dasseti.
Satipi pacceka½ p±µhakkame aññ±su abhidhammaµµhakath± d²su (dha. sa. aµµha. akusalakammapathakath±; ma. ni. 1.89) sa½vaººan±kkamena tiººampi pad±na½ ekatthasa½vaººana½ k±tu½ “y±ya v±c±y±”ti-±dim±ha, y±ya v±c±ya karot²ti sambandho. Parass±ti ya½ bhinditu½ ta½ v±ca½ bh±sati, tassa. Ca-saddo aµµh±napayutto, so dvandagabbhabh±va½ jotetu½ kammadvaye payujjitabbo. Suññabh±vanti piyavirahitat±ya rittabh±va½. ti yath±vutt± saddasabh±v± v±c±, etena piyañca suññañca piyasuñña½, ta½ karoti et±y±ti pisuº± niruttinayen±ti vacanattha½ dasseti, pisat²ti v± pisuº±, samagge satte avayavabh³te vaggabhinne karot²ti attho.
Pharusanti sineh±bh±vena l³kha½. Sayampi pharus±ti domanassasamuµµhitatt± sabh±vena sayampi kakkas±. Pharusasabh±vato neva kaººasukh±. Atthavipannat±ya na hadayaªgam±. Ettha pana paµhamanaye pharusa½ karot²ti vacanatthena v± phal³pac±rena v± v±c±ya pharusasaddappavatti veditabb±. Dutiyanaye mammacchedavasena pavattiy± ekantaniµµhurat±ya ru¼hisaddavasena sabh±vena, k±raº³pac±rena v± v±c±ya pharusasaddappavatti daµµhabb±.
Yen±ti pal±pasaªkh±tena niratthakavacanena. Samphanti “san”ti vutta½ sukha½, hitañca phalati paharati vin±set²ti atthena “samphan”ti laddhan±ma½ attano, paresañca anupak±raka½ ya½ kiñci attha½, ten±ha “niratthakan”ti, imin± sampha½ palapati eten±ti samphappal±poti vacanattha½ dasseti.
“Tesan”ti-±din± cetan±ya phalavoh±rena pisuº±disaddappavatti vutt±. “S± ev±”ti-±din± pana cetan±ya pavattiparikappan±ya hetu½ vibh±veti. Tattha “pah±y±”ti-±divacanasannidh±nato tass±yeva ca pah±tabbat± yuttito adhippet±ti attho.
Tatth±ti t±su pisuºav±c±d²su. Sa½kiliµµhacittass±ti lobhena, dosena v± vib±dhitacittassa, upat±pitacittassa v±, d³sitacittass±ti vutta½ hoti, “cetan±”ti etena sambandho. Yena saha paresa½ bhed±ya vadati, tassa attano piyakamyat±y±ti attho. Cetan± pisuºav±c± n±ma pisuºa½ vadanti et±y±ti katv±. Sam±savisaye hi mukhyavasena attho gahetabbo, by±savisaye upac±ravasen±ti daµµhabba½. Yassa yato bheda½ karoti, tesu abhinnesu appas±vajja½, bhinnesu mah±s±vajja½. Tath± kiles±na½ mudutibbat±visesesupi yojetabba½.
Yassa pesuñña½ upasa½harati, so bhijjatu v±, m± v±, tassa tadatthaviññ±panameva pam±ºanti ±ha “tassa tadatthavij±nanan”ti. Bhedapurekkh±rat±piyakamyat±namekekapakkhipanena catt±ro. Kammapathappatti pana bhinne eva. Imesanti aniyamat±ya parammukh±pavatt±nampi attano buddhiya½ parivattam±ne sandh±ya vuttanti dassetu½ “yesan”ti-±dim±ha. Itoti idha padese, vutt±na½ yesa½ santike sutanti yojetabba½.
“Dvinnan”ti nidassanavacana½ bah³nampi sandh±nato. “Mitt±nan”ti-±di “sandh±nan”ti ettha kamma½, tena p±¼iya½ “bhinn±nan”ti etassa kammabh±va½ dasseti. Sandh±nakaraºañca n±ma tesamanur³pakaraºamev±ti vutta½ “anukatt±”ti. Anuppad±t±ti anubalappad±t±, anuvattanavasena v± pad±t±. Kassa pana anubalappad±na½, anuvattanañc±ti? “Sahit±nan”ti vuttatt± sandh±nass±ti viññ±yat²ti ±ha “sandh±n±nuppad±t±”ti. Yasm± pana anubalavasena, anuvattanavasena ca sandh±nassa pad±na½ ±d±na½, rakkhaºa½ v± da¼h²karaºa½ hoti, tasm± vutta½ “da¼h²kamma½ katt±”ti. ¾ramanti etth±ti ±r±mo. Ramitabbaµµh±na½ samaggoti hi tadadhiµµh±n±na½ vasena tabbisesanat± vutt±. “Samagge”tipi paµhanti, tadayutta½ “yatth±”ti-±divacanena viruddhatt±. Yasm± pana ±k±rena vin±pi ayamattho labbhati, tasm± “ayamevettha attho”ti vutta½ samagges³ti samaggabh³tesu janak±yesu, ten±ha “te pah±y±”ti-±di. Tappakatiyatthopi kattu-atthov±ti dasseti “nandat²”ti imin±. Tappakatiyatthena hi “disv±pi sutv±p²”ti vacana½ supapanna½ hoti. Samagge karoti et±y±ti samaggakaraº². S±yeva v±c±, ta½ bh±sit±ti attham±ha “y± v±c±”ti-±din±. T±ya v±c±ya samaggakaraºa½ n±ma. “Sukh± saªghassa s±magg², samagg±na½ tapo sukho”ti-±din± (dha. pa. 194) samagg±nisa½sadassanamev±ti vutta½ “s±maggiguºaparid²pikamev±”ti. Itaranti tabbipar²ta½ bhedanika½ v±ca½.
Mamm±n²ti duµµh±r³ni, tassadisat±ya pana idha akkosavatth³ni “mamm±n²”ti vuccanti. Yath± hi duµµh±r³su yena kenaci vatthun± ghaµitesu citta½ adhimatta½ dukkhappatta½ hoti, tath± tesu dasasuj±ti-±d²su akkosavatth³su pharusav±c±ya phusitamattes³ti. Tath± hi vutta½ “mamm±ni viya mamm±ni, yesu pharusav±c±ya chupitamattesu duµµh±r³su viya ghaµµitesu citta½ adhimatta½ dukkhappatta½ hoti, k±ni pana t±ni? J±ti-±d²ni akkosavatth³n²”ti (d². ni. µ². 1.9) “yassa sar²rappadesassa satth±dipaµihanena bhusa½ rujjana½, so mamma½ n±ma. Idha pana yassa cittassa pharusav±c±vasena domanassasaªkh±ta½ bhusa½ rujjana½, ta½ mamma½ viy±ti mamman”ti apare. T±ni mamm±ni chijjanti bhijjanti yen±ti mammacchedako, sveva k±yavac²payogo, t±ni samuµµh±pet²ti tath±. Ekantapharusacetan± pharus± v±c± pharusa½ vadanti et±y±ti katv±. “Pharusacetan±” icceva avatv± “ekantapharusacetan±”ti vacana½ duµµhacittat±ya eva pharusacetan± adhippet±, na pana savanapharusat±matten±ti ñ±panattha½. Tass±ti ekantapharusacetan±ya eva. ¾vibh±vatthanti pharusav±c±bh±vassa p±kaµakaraºattha½. Tass±ti v± ekantapharusacetan±ya eva, pharusav±c±bh±vass±ti attho. Tathev±ti m±tuvutt±k±reneva, uµµh±si anubandhitunti attho. Saccakiriyanti ya½ “caº¹± ta½ mahi½s² anubandhat³”ti vacana½ mukhena kathesi, ta½ m±tucitte natthi, tasm± “ta½ m± hotu, ya½ pana uppalapattampi mayha½ upari na patat³”ti k±raºa½ cittena cintesi, tadeva m±tucitte atthi, tasm± “tameva hot³”ti saccakaraºa½, kattabbasacca½ v±. Tatthev±ti uµµh±naµµh±neyeva. Baddh± viy±ti yott±din± paribandhi viya. Eva½ mammacchedakoti ettha savanapharusat±mattena mammacchedakat± veditabb±.
Payogoti vac²payogo. Cittasaºhat±y±ti ekantapharusacetan±ya abh±vam±ha. Tatoyeva hi pharusav±c± na hoti kammapathappatt±, kammabh±va½ pana na sakk± v±retunti daµµhabba½. “M±t±pitaro h²”ti-±din±pi tadevattha½ samattheti. Eva½ byatirekavasena cetan±pharusat±ya pharusav±c±bh±va½ s±dhetv± id±ni tameva anvayavasena s±dhetu½ “yath±”ti-±di vutta½. Apharus± v±c± na hoti pharus± v±c± hotiyev±ti attho ti pharusav±c±. Yanti puggala½.
Etth±pi kammapathabh±va½ appatt± appas±vajj±, itar± mah±s±vajj±. Tath± kiles±na½ mudutibbat±bhedepi yojetabba½. Keci pana “ya½ uddissa pharusav±c± payujjati, tassa sammukh±yeva s²sa½ et²”ti vadanti, eke pana “parammukh±pi pharusav±c± hotiyev±”ti. Tatth±yamadhipp±yo yutto siy±, sammukh± payoge ag±rav±d²na½ balavabh±vato siy± cetan± balavat², parassa ca tadatthavij±nana½, na tath± parammukh±. Yath± pana akkosite mate ±¼ahane kat± khaman± upav±dantar±ya½ nivatteti, eva½ parammukh± payutt±pi pharusav±c± hotiyev±ti sakk± ñ±tunti, tasm± ubhayatth±pi pharusav±c± sambhavat²ti daµµhabba½. Tath± hi parassa tadatthavij±nanamaññatra tayova tass± sambh±r± aµµhakath±su vutt±ti. Kupitacittanti akkosan±dhipp±yeneva vutta½, na pana maraº±dhipp±yena. Maraº±dhipp±yena hi sati cittakope atthasiddhiy±, tadabh±ve ca yath±raha½ p±º±tip±taby±p±d±va honti.
Ela½ vuccati doso ilati citta½, puggalo v± kampati eten±ti katv±. Etth±ti–