Yadattha½ pan±ya½ niddesanayo ±harito, tassa pucch±visesabh±vassa ñ±panattha½ “im±s³”ti-±dim±ha. Citt±bhogo samann±h±ro. Bhusa½, samantato ca sa½sappan± kaªkh± ±sappan±, parisappan± ca. Sabb± kaªkh± chinn± sabbaññutaññ±ºapadaµµh±nena aggamaggena samucchindanato. Paresa½ anumatiy±, kathetukamyat±ya ca dhammadesan±sambhavato, tath± eva tattha tattha diµµhatt± ca vutta½ “avases± pana dve pucch± buddh±na½ atth²”ti. Y± panet± “satt±dhiµµh±n± pucch± dhamm±dhiµµh±n± pucch± ek±dhiµµh±n± pucch± anek±dhiµµh±n± pucch±”ti-±din± apar±pi anekadh± pucch±yo niddese ±gat±, t± sabb±pi niddh±retv± idha avicayana½ “ala½ ett±vat±va, atthikehi pana imin± nayena niddh±retv± vicetabb±”ti nayad±nassa sijjhanatoti daµµhabba½.
8. Pucch± ca n±mes± vissajjan±ya satiyeva yuttar³p±ti codan±ya “id±n²”ti-±di vutta½. Atip±tana½ atip±to. Ati-saddo cettha atirekattho. S²ghabh±vo eva ca atirekat±, tasm± saraseneva patanasabh±vassa antar± eva atireka½ p±tana½, saºika½ patitu½ adatv± s²gha½ p±tananti attho, abhibhavanattho v±, atikkamma satth±d²hi abhibhavitv± p±tananti vutta½ hoti, voh±ravacanameta½ “atip±to”ti. Atthato pana pakaraº±divasen±dhigatatt± p±ºavadho p±ºagh±toti vutta½ hot²ti adhipp±yo. Voh±ratoti paññattito. Sattoti khandhasant±no. Tattha hi sattapaññatti. Vuttañca–
“Yath± hi aªgasambh±r±, hoti saddo ratho iti;
eva½ khandhesu santesu, hoti sattoti sammut²”ti. (Sa½. ni. 1.171).
J²vitindriyanti r³p±r³paj²vitindriya½. R³paj²vitindriye hi vikopite itarampi ta½sambandhat±ya vinassati. Kasm± panettha “p±ºassa atip±to”ti, “p±ºoti cettha voh±rato satto”ti ca ekavacananiddeso kato, nanu niravases±na½ p±º±na½ atip±tato virati idha adhippet±. Tath± hi vakkhati “sabbap±ºabh³tahit±nukamp²ti sabbe p±ºabh³te”ti-±din± (d². ni. aµµha. 1.7) bahuvacananiddesanti? Saccameta½, p±ºabh±vas±maññena panettha ekavacananiddeso kato, tattha pana sabbasaddasannidh±nena puthutta½ suviññ±yam±namev±ti s±maññaniddesamakatv± bhedavacanicch±vasena bahuvacananiddeso kato. Kiñca bhiyyo– s±maññato sa½varasam±d±na½, tabbisesato sa½varabhedoti imassa visesassa ñ±panatthampi aya½ vacanabhedo katoti veditabbo. “P±ºassa atip±to”ti-±di hi sa½varabhedadassana½. “Sabbe p±ºabh³te”ti-±di pana sa½varasam±d±nadassananti. Saddavid³ pana “²disesu µh±nesu j±tidabb±pekkhavasena vacanabhedamatta½, atthato sam±nan”ti vadanti.
Tasmi½ pana p±ºeti yath±vutte dubbidhepi p±ºe. P±ºasaññinoti p±ºasaññ±samaªgino puggalassa Y±ya pana cetan±ya pavattam±nassa j²vitindriyassa nissayabh³tesu mah±bh³tesu upakkamakaraºahetu ta½mah±bh³tapaccay± uppajjanakamah±bh³t± nuppajjissanti, s± t±disapayogasamuµµh±pik± cetan± p±º±tip±toti ±ha “j²vitindriyupacchedaka-upakkamasamuµµh±pik±”ti, j²vitindriyupacchedakassa k±yavac²payogassa tannissayesu mah±bh³tesu samuµµh±pik±ti attho. Laddhupakkam±ni hi bh³t±ni purimabh³t±ni viya na visad±ni, tasm± sam±naj±tiy±na½ bh³t±na½ k±raº±ni na hont²ti tesuyeva upakkame kate tato par±na½ asati antar±ye uppajjam±n±na½ bh³t±na½, tannissitassa ca j²vitindriyassa upacchedo hoti. “K±yavac²dv±r±nan”ti etena vitaº¹av±dimata½ manodv±re pavatt±ya vadhakacetan±ya p±º±tip±tabh±va½ paµikkhipati.
Payogavatthumahantat±d²hi mah±s±vajjat± tehi paccayehi uppajjam±n±ya cetan±ya balavabh±vato veditabb±. Ekass±pi hi payogassa sahas± nipph±danavasena, kiccas±dhik±ya bahukkhattu½ pavattajavanehi laddh±sevan±ya ca sanniµµh±pakacetan±ya vasena payogassa mahantabh±vo. Satipi kad±ci khuddake ceva mahante ca p±ºe payogassa samabh±ve mahanta½ hanantassa cetan± tibbatar± uppajjat²ti vatthussa mahantabh±vo. Iti ubhayampeta½ cetan±ya balavabh±veneva hoti. Satipi ca payogavatth³na½ amahantabh±ve hantabbassa guºamahattenapi tattha pavatta-upak±racetan± viya khettavisesanipphattiy± apak±racetan±pi balavat², tibbatar± ca uppajjat²ti tass± mah±s±vajjat± daµµhabb± Ten±ha “guºavantes³”ti-±di. “Kiles±nan”ti-±din± pana satipi payogavatthuguº±na½ amahantabh±ve kilesupakkam±na½ mudutibbat±ya cetan±ya dubbalabalavabh±vavasena appas±vajjamah±s±vajjabh±vo veditabboti dasseti.
Sambhar²yanti sahar²yanti eteh²ti sambh±r±, aªg±ni. Tesu p±ºasaññit±, vadhakacittañca pubbabh±giy±nipi honti. Upakkamo pana vadhakacetan±samuµµh±pito sahaj±tova. Pañcasambh±ravat² pana p±º±tip±tacetan±ti s± pañcasambh±ravinimutt± daµµhabb±. Esa nayo adinn±d±n±d²supi.
Etth±ha– khaºe khaºe nirujjhanasabh±vesu saªkh±resu ko hanti, ko v± haññati, yadi cittacetasikasant±no, eva½ so anupat±panachedanabhedan±divasena na vikopanasamattho, n±pi vikopan²yo, atha r³pasant±no, evampi so acetanat±ya kaµµhakaliªgar³pamoti na tattha chedan±din± p±º±tip±to labbhati yath± matasar²re. Payogopi p±º±tip±tassa paharaºappak±r±di-at²tesu v± saªkh±resu bhaveyya, an±gatesu v± paccuppannesu v±. Tattha na t±va at²t±n±gatesu sambhavati tesa½ abh±vato. Paccuppannesu ca saªkh±r±na½ khaºikatt± saraseneva nirujjhanasabh±vat±ya vin±s±bhimukhesu nippayojano eva payogo siy±. Vin±sassa ca k±raºarahitatt± na paharaºappak±r±dipayogahetuka½ maraºa½, nir²hakat±ya ca saªkh±r±na½ kassa so payogo, khaºikatt± vadh±dhipp±yasamak±labhijjanakassa kiriy±pariyos±nak±l±navaµµh±nato kassa v± p±º±tip±takammabaddhoti?
Vuccate– vadhakacetan±sahito saªkh±r±na½ puñjo sattasaªkh±to hanti, tena pavattitavadhappayoganimitt±pagatusm±viññ±ºaj²vitindriyo matavoh±rappavattinibandhano yath±vuttavadhappayog±karaºe uppajjan±raho r³p±r³padhammasam³ho haññati, kevalo v± cittacetasikasant±no, vadhappayog±visayabh±vepi tassa pañcavok±rabhave r³pasant±n±dh²navuttit±ya r³pasant±ne parena payojitaj²vitindriyupacchedakapayogavasena tannibbattivibandhakavisadisar³puppattiy± vihate vicchedo hot²ti na p±º±tip±tassa asambhavo, n±pi ahetuko p±º±tip±to, na ca payogo nippayojano paccuppannesu saªkh±resu katapayogavasena tadanantara½ uppajjan±rahassa saªkh±rakal±passa tath±-anuppattito, khaºik±na½ saªkh±r±na½ khaºikamaraºassa idha maraºabh±vena anadhippetatt± santatimaraºassa ca yath±vuttanayena sahetukabh±vato na ahetuka½ maraºa½, na ca katturahito p±º±tip±tappayogo nir²hakesupi saªkh±resu sannihitat±mattena upak±rakesu attano attano anur³paphalupp±dananiyatesu k±raºesu kattuvoh±rasiddhito yath± “pad²po pak±seti, nis±karo candim±”ti, na ca kevalassa vadh±dhipp±yasahabhuno cittacetasikakal±passa p±º±tip±to icchito sant±navasena avaµµhitasseva paµij±nanato, sant±navasena pavattam±n±nañca pad²p±d²na½ attakiriy±siddhi dissat²ti attheva p±º±tip±tena kammabaddhoti. Ayañca vic±ro adinn±d±n±d²supi yath±sambhava½ vibh±vetabbo.
S±hatthikoti saya½ m±rentassa k±yena v± k±yapaµibaddhena v± paharaºa½. ¾ºattikoti añña½ ±º±pentassa “eva½ vijjhitv± v± paharitv± v± m±reh²”ti ±º±pana½. Nissaggiyoti d³re µhita½ m±retuk±massa k±yena v± k±yapaµibaddhena v± usuyantap±s±º±d²na½ nissajjana½. Th±varoti asañc±rimena upakaraºena m±retuk±massa op±t±passena-upanikkhipana½, bhesajjasa½vidh±nañca. Vijj±mayoti m±raºattha½ mantaparijappana½ ±thabbaºik±d²na½ viya. ¾thabbaºik± hi ±thabbaºa½ payojenti nagare v± ruddhe saªg±me v± paccupaµµhite paµisen±ya paccatthikesu pacc±mittesu ²ti½ upp±denti upaddava½ upp±denti roga½ upp±denti pajjaraka½ upp±denti s³cika½ upp±denti vis³cika½ karonti pakkhandiya½ karonti. Vijj±dhar± ca vijja½ parivattetv± nagare v± ruddhe…pe… pakkhandiya½ karonti. Iddhimayoti kammavip±kajiddhimayo d±µh±koµan±d²ni viya. Piturañño kira s²ha¼anarindassa d±µh±koµanena c³¼asumanakuµumbiyassa maraºa½ hoti. “Imasmi½ panatthe”ti-±din± ganthag±rava½ pariharitv± tassa an³nabh±vampi karoti “atthikeh²”ti-±din±. Idha avuttopi hi esa attho atidisanena vutto viya an³no paripuººoti.
Duss²lassa bh±vo duss²lya½, yath±vutt± cetan±. “Pah±y±”ti ettha tv±-saddo pubbak±leti ±ha “pah²nak±lato paµµh±y±”ti, hetu-atthata½ v± sandh±ya eva½ vutta½. Etena hi pah±nahetuk± idh±dhippet± samucchedanik± virat²ti dasseti. Kammakkhayañ±ºena hi p±º±tip±taduss²lyassa pah²natt± bhagav± accantameva tato paµiviratoti vuccati samucchedavasena pah±navirat²namadhippetatt±. Kiñc±pi “pah±ya paµivirato”ti padehi vutt±na½ pah±naviramaº±na½ purimapacchimak±lat± natthi, maggadhamm±na½ pana samm±diµµhi-±d²na½, paccayabh³t±na½ samm±v±c±d²nañca paccayuppannabh³t±na½ paccayapaccayuppannabh±ve apekkhite sahaj±t±nampi paccayapaccayuppannabh±vena gahaºa½ purimapacchimabh±vena viya hoti. Paccayo hi purimatara½ paccayasattiy± µhito, tato para½ paccayuppanna½ paccayasatti½ paµicca pavattati, tasm± gahaºappavatti-±k±ravasena sahaj±t±dipaccayabh³tesu samm±diµµhi-±d²su pah±yakadhammesu pah±nakiriy±ya purimak±lavoh±ro, tappaccayuppann±su ca virat²su viramaºakiriy±ya aparak±lavoh±ro sambhavati. Tasm± “samm±diµµhi-±d²hi p±º±tip±ta½ pah±ya samm±v±c±d²hi p±º±tip±t± paµivirato”ti p±¼iya½ attho daµµhabbo.
Aya½ panettha aµµhakath±muttako nayo– pah±na½ samucchedavasena viratipaµippassaddhivasena yojetabb±, tasm± maggena p±º±tip±ta½ pah±ya phalena p±º±tip±t± paµiviratoti attho. Apica p±ºo atip±t²yati eten±ti p±º±tip±to, p±ºagh±tahetubh³to dhammasam³ho. Ko paneso? Ahirik±nottappadosamohavihi½s±dayo kiles±. Te hi bhagav± ariyamaggena pah±ya samuggh±µetv± p±º±tip±taduss²lyato accantameva paµivirato kilesesu pah²nesu tannimittakammassa anuppajjanato, tasm± maggena p±º±tip±ta½ yath±vuttakilesa½ pah±ya teneva p±º±tip±t± duss²lyacetan± paµiviratoti attho. Esa nayo “adinn±d±na½ pah±y±”ti-±d²supi.
Orato viratoti pariy±yavacanameta½, pati-visadd±na½ v± pacceka½ yojetabbato tath± vutta½. Oratoti hi avarato abhimukha½ rato, tena ujuka½ viramaºavasena s±tisayata½ dasseti. Paµiratassa ceta½ atthavacana½. Viratoti visesena rato, tena saha v±san±ya viramaºabh±va½, ubhayena pana samucchedaviratibh±va½ vibh±veti. Eva-saddo pana tass± viratiy± k±l±divasena apariyantata½ dassetu½ vutto. So ubhayattha yojetabbo. Yath± hi aññe sam±dinnaviratik±pi anavaµµhitacittat±ya l±bhaj²vit±dihetu sam±d±na½ bhinnanti, na eva½ bhagav±, sabbaso pah²nap±º±tip±tatt± panesa accantavirato ev±ti. “Natthi tass±”ti-±din± eva-saddena dassita½ yath±vuttamattha½ nivattetabbatthavasena samattheti. Tattha v²tikkamiss±m²ti uppajjanak± dhamm±ti saha p±µhasesena sambandho. Te pana anavajjadhammehi vokiºº± antarantar± uppajjanak± dubbal± s±vajj± dhamm±, yasm± ca “k±yavac²payoga½ upalabhitv± imassa kiles± uppann±”ti viññun± sakk± ñ±tu½, tasm± te imin±va pariy±yena “cakkhusotaviññeyy±”ti vutt±, na pana cakkhusotaviññ±º±rammaºatt±. Ato sasambh±rakath±ya cakkhusotehi, tannissitaviññ±ºehi v± k±yikav±casikapayogamupalabhitv± manoviññ±ºena viññeyy±ti attho daµµhabbo. K±yik±ti k±yena kat± p±º±tip±t±dinipph±dak± balavanto akusal±. “K±¼ak±” tipi µ²k±ya½ uddhatap±µho, kaºhapakkhik± balavanto akusal±ti attho. “Imin±v±”ti-±din± nayad±na½ karoti, tañca kho “adinn±d±na½ pah±ya adinn±d±n± paµivirato”ti-±dipadesu.