Niddosat±ya anupavajja½ anupavadan²ya½. Pakkhipitabb±bh±vena an³na½. Apanetabb±bh±vena anadhika½. Atthabyañjan±disampattiy± sabb±k±raparipuººa½. Nimmadanahetu nimmadana½. V±laggamattamp²ti v±ladhilomassa koµippam±ºampi. Avakkhalitanti vir±dhita½ mus± bhaºita½. Ekamuddik±y±ti ekar±jalañchanena. Ekan±¼iy±ti ek±¼hakena, ekatumbena v±. Ekatul±y±ti ekam±nena. “Tathamev±”ti vuttamevattha½ no aññath±ti byatirekato dasseti, tena yadattha½ bh±sita½, ekantena tadatthanipph±danato yath± bh±sita½ bhagavat±, tath±yev±ti avipar²tadesanata½ dasseti. “Gadattho”ti etena tatha½ gadati bh±sat²ti tath±gato da-k±rassa ta-k±ra½, niruttinayena ca ±k±r±gama½ katv±, dh±tusadd±nugatena v± ±k±ren±ti nibbacana½ dasseti.
Eva½ “sugato”ti-±d²su (p±r±. 1) viya dh±tusaddanipphattiparikappena nirutti½ dassetv± b±hiratthasam±senapi dassetu½ “apic±”ti-±di vutta½. ¾gadananti sabbahitanipph±danato bhusa½ kathana½ vacana½, tabbh±vamatto v± ±-saddo.
Tath± gatamass±ti tath±gato. Yath± v±c±ya gata½ pavatti, tath± k±yassa, yath± v± k±yassa gata½ pavatti, tath± v±c±ya assa, tasm± tath±gatoti attho. Tadeva nibbacana½ dassetu½ “bhagavato”ti-±dim±ha. Tattha hi “gato pavatto, gat± pavatt±”ti ca etena k±yavac²kiriy±na½ aññamaññ±nulomanavacanicch±ya k±yassa, v±c±ya ca pavatti idha gata-saddena kathit±ti dasseti, “eva½bh³tass±”ti-±din± b±hiratthasam±sa½, “yath± tath±”ti etena ya½ta½-sadd±na½ abyabhic±ritasambandhat±ya “tath±”ti vutte “yath±”ti ayamattho upaµµhitoyeva hot²ti tath±saddattha½, “v±d² k±r²”ti etena pavattisar³pa½, “bhagavato h²”ti etena yath±v±d²tath±k±rit±dik±raºanti. “Eva½bh³tass±”ti yath±v±d²tath±k±rit±din± pak±rena pavattassa, ima½ pak±ra½ v± pattassa. It²ti vuttappak±ra½ niddisati. Yasm± panettha gata-saddo v±c±ya pavattimpi dasseti, tasm± k±ma½ tath±v±dit±ya tath±gatoti ayampi attho siddho hoti, so pana pubbe pak±rantarena dassitoti p±risesanayena tath±k±rit±-atthameva dassetu½ “eva½ tath±k±rit±ya tath±gato”ti vutta½. Vuttañca–
“Yath± v±c± gat± yassa,
tath± k±yo gato yato;
yath± k±yo tath± v±c±,
tato satth± tath±gato”ti.
Bhavagga½ pariyanta½ katv±ti sambandho. Ya½ paneke vadanti “tiriya½ viya upari, adho ca santi aparim±º± lokadh±tuyo”ti, tesa½ ta½ paµisedhetu½ eva½ vuttanti daµµhabba½. Vimuttiy±ti phalena. Vimuttiñ±ºadassanen±ti paccavekkhaº±ñ±ºasaªkh±tena dassanena. Tuloti sadiso. Pam±ºanti minanak±raºa½. Pare abhibhavati guºena ajjhottharati adhiko bhavat²ti abhibh³. Parehi na abhibh³to ajjhotthaµoti anabhibh³to. Aññadatth³ti eka½savacane nip±to. Dassanavasena daso, sabba½ passat²ti attho. Pare attano vasa½ vattet²ti vasavatt².
“Abhibhavanaµµhena tath±gato”ti aya½ na saddato labbhati, saddato pana evanti dassetu½ “tatrevan”ti-±di vutta½. Tattha agadoti dibb±gado aga½ roga½ d±ti avakhaº¹ati, natthi v± gado rogo eten±ti katv± tassadisaµµhena idha desan±vil±sassa, puññussayassa ca agadat± labbhat²ti ±ha “agado viy±”ti. Y±ya dhammadh±tuy± desan±vijambhanappatt±, s± desan±vil±so. Dhammadh±ta³ti ca sabbaññutaññ±ºameva. Tena hi dhamm±nam±k±rabheda½ ñatv± tadanur³pa½ desana½ niy±meti. Desan±vil±soyeva desan±vil±samayo yath± “d±namaya½ s²lamayan”ti (d². ni. 3.305; itivu. 60; netti. 34) adhun± pana potthakesu bah³supi maya-saddo na dissati. Puññussayoti ussana½, atireka½ v± ñ±º±disambh±rabh³ta½ puñña½. “Ten±”ti-±di opammasamp±dana½. Ten±ti ca tadubhayena desan±vil±sena ceva puññussayena ca so bhagav± abhibhavat²ti sambandho. “It²”ti-±din± b±hiratthasam±sa½ dasseti. Sabbalok±bhibhavanena tatho, na aññath±ti vutta½ hoti.
Tath±ya gatoti purimasaccattaya½ sandh±y±ha, tatha½ gatoti pana pacchimasacca½. Catusacc±nukkamena cettha gata-saddassa atthacatukka½ vutta½. V±cakasaddasannidh±ne upasagganip±t±na½ tadatthajotanabh±vena pavattanato gata-saddoyeva anupasaggo avagatattha½, at²tatthañca vadat²ti dasseti “avagato at²to”ti imin±.
“Tatth±”ti-±di tabbivaraºa½. Lokanti dukkhasaccabh³ta½ loka½. Tath±ya t²raºapariññ±y±ti yojetabba½. Lokanirodhag±mini½ paµipadanti ariyamagga½, na pana abhisambujjhanamatta½. Tattha kattabbakiccampi katamev±ti dassetu½ “lokasm± tath±gato visa½yutto”ti-±din± saccacatukkepi dutiyapakkha½ vutta½, abhisambujjhanahetu½ v± etehi dasseti. Tatoyeva hi t±ni abhisambuddhoti. “Ya½ bhikkhave, sadevakassa lokassa sam±rakassa sabrahmakassa sassamaºabr±hmaºiy± paj±ya sadevamanuss±ya diµµha½ suta½ muta½ viññ±ta½ patta½ pariyesita½ anuvicarita½ manas±, sabba½ ta½ tath±gatena abhisambuddha½, tasm± tath±gatoti vuccat²”ti (a. ni. 4.23) aªguttar±game catukkanip±te ±gata½ p±¼imima½ peyy±lamukhena dasseti, tañca atthasambandhat±ya eva, na imassatthassa s±dhakat±ya. S± hi peyy±laniddiµµh± p±¼i tathadassit± atthassa s±dhik±ti. “Tassapi eva½ attho veditabbo”ti imin± s±dhyas±dhakasa½sandana½ karoti. “Idampi c±”ti-±din± tath±gatapadassa mah±visayata½ aµµhavidhass±pi yath±vuttak±raºassa nidassanamattañca dasseti. Tattha idanti atiby±sar³pena vutta½ aµµhavidha½ k±raºa½, pi-saddo, api-saddo v± sambh±vane “itthampi mukhamattameva, pageva aññath±”ti. Tath±gatabh±vad²paneti tath±gatan±mad²pane. Guºena hi bhagav± tath±gato n±ma, n±mena ca bhagavati tath±gata-saddoti. “Asaªkhyeyy±ni n±m±ni, saguºena mahesino”ti-±di (ud±. aµµha. 306; paµi. ma. aµµha. 1.277) hi vutta½. Appam±dapada½ viya sakalakusaladhammapaµipattiy± sabbabuddhaguº±na½ tath±gatapada½ saªg±hakanti dassetu½ “sabb±k±ren±”ti-±dim±ha Vaººeyy±ti parikappavacanameta½ “vaººeyya v±, na v± vaººeyy±”ti. Vuttañca–
“Buddhopi buddhassa bhaºeyya vaººa½,
kappampi ce aññamabh±sam±no;
kh²yetha kappo cirad²ghamantare,
vaººo na kh²yetha tath±gatass±”ti. (D². ni. aµµha. 1.304; 3.141; ud±. aµµha. 52; apa. aµµha. 2.7.20; bu. va½. aµµha. koº¹aññabuddhava½savaººan±; cariy±. pakiººakakath±).–

Samatthane v± eta½ “so ima½ vijaµaye jaµan”ti-±d²su (sa½. ni. 2.23) viy±tipi vadanti keci.

Aya½ panettha aµµhakath±muttako nayo– abhin²h±rato paµµh±ya y±va samm±sambodhi, etthantare mah±bodhiy±napaµipattiy± h±naµµh±nasa½kilesanivatt²na½ abh±vato yath±paºidh±na½ tath±gato abhin²h±r±nur³pa½ paµipannoti tath±gato. Atha v± mahiddhikat±ya, paµisambhid±na½ ukka½s±dhigamena an±varaºañ±ºat±ya ca katthacipi paµigh±t±bh±vato yath±ruci, tath± k±yavac²citt±na½ gat±ni gaman±ni pavattiyo etass±ti tath±gato. Apica yasm± loke vidhayuttagatapak±rasadd± sam±natth± dissanti, tasm± yath± vidh± vipassi-±dayo bhagavanto nikhilasabbaññuguºasamaªgit±ya, ayampi bhagav± tath± vidhoti tath±gato, yath± yutt± ca te bhagavanto vuttanayena, ayampi bhagav± tath± yuttoti tath±gato. Aparo nayo-yasm± sacca½ taccha½ tathanti ñ±ºasseta½ adhivacana½, tasm± tathena ñ±ºena ±gatoti tath±gatoti.
“Pah±ya k±m±dimale yath± gat±,
sam±dhiñ±ºehi vipassi-±dayo;
mahesino sakyamun² jutindharo,
tath± gato tena tath±gato mato.
Tathañca dh±t±yatan±dilakkhaºa½,
sabh±vas±maññavibh±gabhedato;
sayambhuñ±ºena jino sam±gato,
tath±gato vuccati sakyapuªgavo.
Tath±ni sacc±ni samantacakkhun±,
tath± idappaccayat± ca sabbaso;
anaññaneyyena yato vibh±vit±,
y±th±vato tena jino tath±gato.
Anekabhed±supi lokadh±t³su,
jinassa r³p±yatan±digocare;
vicittabhede tathameva dassana½,
tath±gato tena samantalocano.
Yato ca dhamma½ tathameva bh±sati,
karoti v±c±yanulomamattano;
guºehi loka½ abhibhuyyir²yati,
tath±gato tenapi lokan±yako.
Yath±bhin²h±ramato yath±ruci,
pavattav±c±tanucittabh±vato;
yath±vidh± yena pur± mahesino,
tath±vidho tena jino tath±gato.
Yath± ca yutt± sugat± pur±tan±,
tath±va yutto tathañ±ºato ca so;
sam±gato tena samantalocano,
tath±gato vuccati sakyapuªgavo”ti. (Itivu. aµµha. 38 thoka½ visadisa½).–

Saªgahag±th±.

“Katamañca ta½ bhikkhave”ti aya½ kassa pucch±ti ±ha “yen±”ti-±di. Eva½ s±maññato yath±vuttassa s²lamattakassa pucch±bh±va½ dassetv± id±ni pucch±visesabh±vañ±panattha½ mah±niddese (mah±ni. 150) ±gat± sabb±va pucch± atthuddh±ravasena dasseti “tattha pucch± n±m±”ti-±din±. Tattha tatth±ti “ta½ katamanti pucchat²”ti ettha yadeta½ s±maññato pucch±vacana½ vutta½, tasmi½.
Pakatiy±ti attano dhammat±ya, sayamev±ti vutta½ hoti. Lakkhaºanti yo koci ñ±tumicchito sabh±vo. Aññ±tanti dassan±divisesayuttena, itarena v± yena kenacipi ñ±ºena aññ±ta½. Avatth±vises±ni hi ñ±ºadassanatulanat²raº±ni. Adiµµhanti dassanabh³tena ñ±ºena paccakkhamiva adiµµha½. Atulitanti “ettakametan”ti tulanabh³tena atulita½. At²ritanti “evamevidan”ti t²raºabh³tena akatañ±ºakiriy±sam±pana½. Avibh³tanti ñ±ºassa ap±kaµabh³ta½. Avibh±vitanti ñ±ºena ap±kaµakata½. Tass±ti yath±vuttalakkhaºassa. Adiµµha½ jot²yati pak±s²yati et±y±ti adiµµhajotan±. Sa½sandanatth±y±ti s±kacch±vasena vinicchayakaraºatth±ya. Sa½sandanañhi s±kacch±vasena vinicchayakaraºa½. Diµµha½ sa½sand²yati et±y±ti diµµhasa½sandan±. “Sa½sayapakkhando”ti-±d²su da¼hatara½niviµµh± vicikicch± sa½sayo. N±tisa½sappanamatibhedamatta½ vimati. Tatopi appatara½ “eva½ nu kho, na nu kho”ti-±din± dvidh± viya pavatta½ dve¼haka½. Dvidh± elati kampati cittameten±ti hi dve¼haka½ hapaccaya½, sakatthavuttikapaccayañca katv±, tena j±to, ta½ v± j±ta½ yass±ti dve¼hakaj±to. Vimati chijjati et±y±ti vimaticchedan±. Anattalakkhaºasutt±d²su (sa½. ni. 3.59) ±gata½ khandhapañcakapaµisa½yutta½ puccha½ sandh±y±ha “sabba½ vattabban”ti. Anumatiy± pucch± anumatipucch±. “Ta½ ki½ maññatha bhikkhave”ti-±dipucch±ya hi “k± tumh±ka½ anumat²”ti anumati pucchit± hoti. Kathetukamyat±ti kathetuk±mat±ya. “Aññ±ºat± ±pajjat²”ti-±d²su (p±r±. 295) viya hi ettha ya-k±ralopo, karaºatthe v± paccattavacana½, kathetukamyat±ya v± pucch± kathetukamyat±pucch±tipi vaµµati. Atthato pana sabb±pi tath± pavattavacana½, tadupp±dako v± cittupp±doti veditabba½.