Virodhipaccayasannip±te visadisuppatti ruppana½. Cetan±padh±natt± saªkh±rakkhandhadhamm±na½ cetan±vaseneta½ vutta½ “saªkh±r±na½ abhisaªkharaºalakkhaºan”ti. Tath± hi suttantabh±janiye saªkh±rakkhandhavibhaªge “cakkhusamphassaj± cetan±”ti-±din± (vibha. 12) cetan±va vibhatt±. Abhisaªkh±ralakkhaº± ca cetan±. Yath±ha “tattha katamo puññ±bhisaªkh±ro, kusal± cetan±”ti-±di (vibha. 226) sampayuttadhamm±na½ ±rammaºe µhapana½ abhiniropana½. ¾rammaº±namanubandhana½ anumajjana½. Savipph±rikat± pharaºa½. Adhimuccana½ saddahana½ adhimokkho. Assaddhiyeti assaddhiyahetu. Nimittatthe ceta½ bhumma½. Esa nayo kosajj±d²supi. K±yacittapari¼±h³pasamo v³pasamalakkhaºa½. L²nuddhaccarahite adhicitte vattam±ne paggahaniggahasampaha½sanesu aby±vaµat±ya ajjhupekkhana½ paµisaªkh±na½ pakkhap±tupacchedato.
Mus±v±d±d²na½ visa½v±dan±dikiccat±ya l³kh±na½ aparigg±hak±na½ paµipakkhabh±vato parigg±hakasabh±v± samm±v±c± siniddhabh±vato sampayuttadhamme, samm±v±c±paccayasubh±sita½ sot±rañca puggala½ pariggaºh±t²ti s± pariggahalakkhaº±. K±yikakiriy± kiñci kattabba½ samuµµh±peti, sayañca samuµµh±na½ ghaµana½ hot²ti samm±kammantasaªkh±t± virati samuµµh±nalakkhaº±ti daµµhabb±, sampayuttadhamm±na½ v± ukkhipana½ samuµµh±na½ k±yikakiriy±ya bh±rukkhipana½ viya. J²vam±nassa sattassa, sampayuttadhamm±na½ v± j²vitindriyavuttiy±, ±j²vasseva v± suddhi vod±na½.
“Saªkh±r±”ti idha cetan± adhippet±, na pana “saªkh±r± saªkh±rakkhandho”ti-±d²su (dha. sa. 583, 985; vibha. 1, 20, 52) viya samapaññ±sacetasik±ti vutta½ “saªkh±r±na½ cetan±lakkhaºan”ti. Avijj±paccay± hi puññ±bhisaªkh±r±dik±va cetan±. ¾rammaº±bhimukhabh±vo namana½. ¾yatana½ pavattana½. Sa¼±yatanavasena hi cittacetasik±na½ pavatti. Taºh±ya hetulakkhaºati ettha vaµµassa janakahetubh±vo taºh±ya hetulakkhaºa½, maggassa pana vakkham±nassa nibb±nasamp±pakattanti ayametesa½ viseso. ¾rammaºassa gahaºalakkhaºa½. Puna uppattiy± ±y³hanalakkhaºa½. Sattaj²vato suññat±lakkhaºa½. Padahana½ uss±hana½. Ijjhana½ sampatti. Vaµµato nissaraºa½ niyy±na½. Avipar²tabh±vo tathalakkhaºa½. Aññamaññ±nativattana½ ekaraso, an³n±dhikabh±vova. Yuganaddh± n±ma samathavipassan± aññamaññopak±rat±ya yuga¼avasena bandhitabbato. “Saddh±paññ± paggah±vikkhep±”tipi vadanti. Cittavisuddhi n±ma sam±dhi. Diµµhivisuddhi n±ma paññ±. Khayoti kilesakkhayo maggo, tasmi½ pavattassa samm±diµµhisaªkh±tassa ñ±ºassa samucchedanalakkhaºa½. Kiles±namanupp±dapariyos±nat±ya anupp±do, phala½. Kilesav³pasamo passaddhi. Chandass±ti kattuk±mat±chandassa. Patiµµh±bh±vo m³lalakkhaºa½. ¾rammaºapaµip±dakat±ya sampayutta-dhamm±namuppattihetut± samuµµh±panalakkhaºa½. Visay±disannip±tena gahetabb±k±ro samodh±na½. Y± “saªgat²”ti vuccati “tiººa½ saªgati phasso”ti-±d²su. Sama½, samm± v± odahanti sampiº¹it± bhavanti sampayuttadhamm± anen±tipi samodh±na½, phasso, tabbh±vo samodh±nalakkhaºa½. Samosaranti sannipatanti etth±ti samosaraºa½, vedan±. T±ya hi vin± appavattam±n± sampayuttadhamm± vedan±nubhavananimitta½ samosaµ± viya hont²ti eva½ vutta½, tabbh±vo samosaraºalakkhaºa½. P±s±d±d²su gop±nas²na½ k³µa½ viya sampayuttadhamm±na½ p±mokkhabh±vo pamukhalakkhaºa½. Satiy± sabbatthakatt± sampayutt±na½ adhipatibh±vo ±dhipateyyalakkhaºa½. Tato sampayuttadhammato, tesa½ v± sampayuttadhamm±na½ uttari padh±na½ tatuttari, tabbh±vo tatuttariyalakkhaºa½. Paññuttar± hi kusal± dhamm±. Vimutt²ti phala½ kilesehi vimuccitth±ti katv±. Ta½ pana s²l±diguºas±rassa paramukka½sabh±vena s±ra½. Tato uttari dhammass±bh±vato pariyos±na½. Ayañca lakkhaºavibh±go chadh±tupañcajh±naªg±divasena ta½ta½suttapad±nus±rena por±ºaµµhakath±yam±gatanayena vuttoti daµµhabba½. Tath± hi pubbe vuttopi koci dhammo pariy±yantarappak±sanattha½ puna dassito. Tato eva ca “chandam³lak± dhamm± manasik±rasamuµµh±n± phassasamodh±n± vedan±samosaraº±”ti “paññuttar± kusal± dhamm±”ti, “vimuttis±ramida½ brahmacariyan”ti, “nibb±nogadhañhi ±vuso brahmacariya½ nibb±napariyos±nan”ti [sa½. ni. 3.512 (atthato sam±na½)] ca suttapad±na½ vasena chandassa m³lalakkhaºan”ti-±di vutta½. Tesa½ tesa½ dhamm±na½ tatha½ avitatha½ lakkhaºa½ ±gatoti attha½ dasseti “evan”ti-±din±. Ta½ pana gamana½ idha ñ±ºagamanamev±ti vutta½ “ñ±ºagatiy±”ti. Satipi gatasaddassa avabodhanatthabh±ve ñ±ºagamanattheneveso siddhoti na vutto. ¾-saddassa cettha gatasadd±nuvattimattameva. Ten±ha “patto anuppatto”ti.
Avipar²tasabh±vatt± “tathadhamm± n±ma catt±ri ariyasacc±n²”ti vutta½. Avipar²tasabh±vato tath±ni. Amus±sabh±vato avitath±ni. Aññ±k±rarahitato anaññath±ni. Saccasa½yutt±d²su ±gata½ paripuººasaccacatukkakatha½ sandh±ya “iti vitth±ro”ti ±ha. “Tasm±”ti vatv± tadapar±masitabbameva dasseti “tath±na½ abhisambuddhatt±”ti imin±. Esa nayo ²disesu.
Eva½ saccavasena catutthak±raºa½ dassetv± id±ni paccayapaccayuppannabh±vena avipar²tasabh±vatt± tathabh³t±na½ paµiccasamupp±daªg±na½ vasen±pi dassento “apic±”ti-±dim±ha. Tattha j±tipaccayasambh³tasamud±gataµµhoti j±tipaccay± sambh³ta½ hutv± sahitassa attano paccay±nur³passa uddha½ uddha½ ±gatasabh±vo, anupavattaµµhoti attho. Atha v± sambh³taµµho ca samud±gataµµho ca sambh³tasamud±gataµµho pubbapade uttarapadalopavasena. Sam±h±radvandepi hi pulliªgamicchanti neruttik±. Na cettha j±tito jar±maraºa½ na hoti, na ca j±ti½ vin± aññato hot²ti j±tipaccayasambh³taµµho. Itthameva j±tito samud±gacchat²ti j±ti paccayasamud±gataµµho. Ida½ vutta½ hoti– y± y± j±ti yath± yath± paccayo hoti, tadanur³pa½ p±tubh³tasabh±voti. Paccayapakkhe pana avijj±ya saªkh±r±na½ paccayaµµhoti ettha na avijj± saªkh±r±na½ paccayo na hoti, na ca avijja½ vin± saªkh±r± uppajjanti. Y± y± avijj± yesa½ yesa½ saªkh±r±na½ yath± yath± paccayo hoti, aya½ avijj± saªkh±r±na½ paccayaµµho paccayasabh±voti attho. Tath±na½ dhamm±nanti paccay±k±radhamm±na½. “Sugato”ti-±d²su (p±r±. 1) viya gamusaddassa buddhiyatthata½ sandh±ya “abhisambuddhatt±”ti vutta½, na ñ±ºagamanattha½. Gatibuddhiyatth± hi sadd± aññamaññapariy±y±. Tasm± “abhisambuddhattho hettha gatasaddo”ti adhik±ro, gamyam±natt± v± na payutto.
Ya½ r³p±rammaºa½ n±ma atthi, ta½ bhagav± j±n±ti passat²ti sambandho. Sadevake…pe… paj±y±ti ±dh±ro “atth²”ti padeti puna aparim±º±su lokadh±t³sa³ti ta½niv±sasatt±pekkh±ya, ±p±thagaman±pekkh±ya v± vutta½. Tena bhagavat± vibhajjam±na½ ta½ r³p±yatana½ tathameva hot²ti yojetabba½. Tath±vitathabh±ve k±raºam±ha “eva½ j±nat± passat±”ti. Sabb±k±rato ñ±tatt± passitatt±ti hi hetvantogadhameta½ padadvaya½. Iµµh±niµµh±divasen±ti ettha ±di-saddena majjhatta½ saªgaºh±ti. Tath± at²t±n±gatapaccuppannaparitta-ajjhattabahiddh±tadubhay±dibhedampi. Labbham±nakapadavasen±ti “r³p±yatana½ diµµha½ sadd±yatana½ suta½ gandh±yatana½ ras±yatana½ phoµµhabb±yatana½ muta½ sabba½ r³pa½ manas± viññ±tan”ti (dha. sa. 966) vacanato diµµhapadañca viññ±tapadañca r³p±rammaºe labbhati. R³p±rammaºa½ iµµha½ aniµµha½ majjhatta½ paritta½ at²ta½ an±gata½ paccuppanna½ ajjhatta½ bahiddh± diµµha½ viññ±ta½ r³pa½ r³p±yatana½ r³padh±tu vaººanibh± sanidassana½ sappaµigha½ n²la½ p²takanti evam±d²hi anekehi n±mehi. “Iµµh±niµµh±divasen±”ti-±din± hi anekan±mabh±va½ sar³pato nidasseti. Terasahi v±reh²ti dhammasaªgaºiya½ r³pakaº¹e (dha. sa. 615) ±gate terasa niddesav±re sandh±y±ha. Ekekasmi½ v±re cettha catunna½ catunna½ vavatth±pananay±na½ vasena “dvipaññ±s±ya nayeh²”ti vutta½. Tathamev±ti yath±vuttena j±nanena appaµivattiyadesanat±ya, yath±vuttena ca passanena avipar²tadassit±ya saccameva. Tamattha½ caturaªguttare k±¼ak±r±masuttena (a. ni. 4.24) s±dhento “vuttañcetan”ti-±dim±ha. Ca-saddo cettha da¼h²karaºajotako, tena yath±vuttassatthassa da¼h²karaºa½ joteti, sampiº¹anattho v± aµµh±napayutto, na kevala½ may± eva, atha kho bhagavat±p²ti. Anuvicaritanti paricarita½. J±n±mi abbhaññ±sinti paccuppann±t²tak±lesu ñ±ºappavattidassanena an±gatepi ñ±ºappavatti dassit±yeva nayato dassitatt±. Vidita-saddo pana an±maµµhak±laviseso k±lattayas±dh±raºatt± “diµµha½ sutta½ mutan”ti-±d²su (d². ni. 3.187; ma. ni. 1.7; sa½. ni. 2.208; a. ni. 4.23; paµi. ma. 1.121) viya, p±kaµa½ katv± ñ±tanti attho, imin± ceta½ dasseti “aññe j±nantiyeva, may± pana p±kaµa½ katv± viditan”ti. Bhagavat± hi imehi padehi sabbaññubh³mi n±ma kathit±. Na upaµµh±s²ti ta½ chadv±rikam±rammaºa½ taºh±ya v± diµµhiy± v± tath±gato attattaniyavasena na upaµµh±si na upagacchati, imin± pana padena kh²º±savabh³mi kathit±. Yath± r³p±rammaº±dayo dhamm± ya½sabh±v±, ya½pak±r± ca, tath± te dhamme ta½sabh±ve ta½pak±re gamati passati j±n±t²ti tath±gatoti imamattha½ sandh±ya “tathadass²-atthe”ti vutta½. Anekatth± hi dh±tusadd±. Keci pana niruttinayena, pisodar±digaºapakkhepena (p±r±. aµµha. 1; visuddhi. 1.142) v± dass²-saddalopa½, ±gata-saddassa c±gama½ katv± “tath±gato”ti padasiddhimettha vaººenti, tadayuttameva vijjam±napada½ cha¹¹etv± avijjam±napadassa gahaºato. Vuttañca buddhava½saµµhakath±ya½
“Tath±k±rena yo dhamme, j±n±ti anupassati;
tathadass²ti sambuddho, tasm± vutto tath±gato”ti. (Bu. va½. aµµha. ratanacaªkamanakaº¹avaººan±).
Ettha “anupassat²”ti ±gatasaddattha½ vatv± tadida½ ñ±ºapassanamev±ti dassetu½ “j±n±t²”ti, sadd±dhigatamattha½ pana vibh±vetu½ “tathadass²”ti ca vutta½.
Ya½ rattinti yassa rattiya½, accantasa½yoge v± eta½ upayogavacana½ rattekadesabh³tassa abhisambujjhanakkhaºassa accantasa½yogatt±, sakal±pi v± es± ratti abhisambodh±ya padahanak±latt± pariy±yena accantasa½yogabh³t±ti daµµhabba½. Pathav²pukkhalaniruttarabh³mis²sagatatt± na par±jito aññehi etth±ti apar±jito, sveva pallaªkoti apar±jitapallaªko, tasmi½. Tiººa½m±r±nanti kiles±bhisaªkh±radevaputtam±r±na½, idañca nippariy±yato vutta½, pariy±yato pana heµµh± vuttanayena pañcannampi m±r±na½ maddana½ veditabba½. Matthakanti s±matthiyasaªkh±ta½ s²sa½. Etthantareti ubhinna½ ratt²namantare. “Paµhamabodhiy±p²”ti-±din± pañcacatt±l²savassaparim±ºak±lameva antogadhabhedena niyametv± viseseti. T±su pana v²sativassaparicchinn± paµhamabodh²ti vinayagaºµhipade vutta½, tañca tadaµµhakath±yameva “bhagavato hi paµhamabodhiya½ v²sativassantare nibaddhupaµµh±ko n±ma natth²”ti (p±r±. aµµha. 1.16) kathitatt± paµhamabodhi n±ma v²sativass±n²ti gahetv± vutta½. ¾cariyadhammap±lattherena pana “pañcacatt±l²s±ya vassesu ±dito pannarasa vass±ni paµhamabodh²”ti vutta½, evañca sati majjhe pannarasa vass±ni majjhimabodhi, ante pannarasa vass±ni pacchimabodh²ti tiººa½ bodh²na½ samappam±ºat± siy±, tampi yutta½. Pannarasatikena hi pañcacatt±l²savass±ni parip³renti. Aµµhakath±ya½ pana pannarasavassappam±º±ya paµhamabodhiy± v²sativassesuyeva antogadhatt± “paµhamabodhiya½ v²sativassantare”ti vuttanti evampi sakk± viññ±tu½. “Ya½ suttan”ti-±din± sambandho.