Id±ni tath±gamana½ sambh±vento “tañcass±”ti-±dim±ha. Pubbanimittabh±vena tatha½ avitathanti sambandho. Vises±dhigam±nanti guºavises±dhigam±na½. Tadevattha½ vitth±rato dasseti “yañh²”ti-±din± Tattha yanti kiriy±par±masana½, tena “patiµµhah²”ti ettha pakatiyattha½patiµµh±nakiriya½ par±masati. Idamass±ti ida½ patiµµhahana½ assa bhagavato. Paµil±bhasadde s±miniddeso cesa, kattuniddeso v±. Pubbanimittanti tappaµil±bhasaªkh±tassa ±yati½ uppajjam±nakassa hitassa paµhama½ pavatta½ sañj±nanak±raºa½. Bhagavato hi acchariyabbhutaguºavises±dhigamane pañca mah±supin±dayo viya et±ni sañj±nananimitt±ni p±tubhavanti, yath± ta½ loke puññavant±na½ puññaphalavises±dhigamaneti.
Sabbalokuttarabh±vass±ti sabbalok±namuttamabh±vassa, sabbalok±tikkamanabh±vassa v±. Satta pad±ni sattapada½, tassa v²tih±ro visesena atiharaºa½ sattapadav²tih±ro, sattapadanikkhepoti attho. So pana samagamane dvinna½ pad±namantare muµµhiratanamattanti vutta½.
“Anekas±khañca sahassamaº¹ala½,
chatta½ mar³ dh±rayumantalikkhe;
suvaººadaº¹± v²tipatanti c±mar±,
na dissare c±marachattag±hak±”ti. (Su. ni. 693).–

Suttanip±te n±¼akasutte ±yasmat± ±nandattherena vutta½ nid±nag±th±pada½ sandh±ya “suvaººadaº¹± v²tipatanti c±mar±ti etth±”ti vutta½. Etth±ti hi etasmi½ g±th±padeti attho. Mah±pad±nasutte an±gatatt± pana c±marukkhepassa tath± vacana½ daµµhabba½. Tattha ±gat±nus±rena hi idha pubbanimittabh±va½ vadati, camaro n±ma migaviseso. Yassa v±lena r±jakakudhabh³ta½ v±lab²jani½ karonti, tassa ayanti c±mar². Tass± ukkhepo tath±, vutto soti vuttac±marukkhepo. Arahattavimuttivaravimalasetacchattapaµil±bhass±ti arahattaphalasam±pattisaªkh±tavaravimalasetacchattapaµil±bhassa. Sattamapad³par²ti ettha pada-saddo padava¼añjanav±cako, tasm± sattamassa padava¼añjanassa upar²ti attho. Sabbaññutaññ±ºameva sabbattha appaµihatac±rat±ya an±varaºanti ±ha “sabbaññut±n±varaºañ±ºapaµil±bhass±”ti. Tath± aya½ bhagav±…pe… pubbanimittabh±van±ti ettha “yañh²”ti-±di adhik±ratt±, gamyam±natt± ca na vutta½, etena ca abhij±tiya½ dhammat±vasena uppajjanakavises± sabbabodhisatt±na½ s±dh±raº±ti dasseti. P±ramit±nissand± hi te.

Por±º±ti aµµhakath±cariy±. Gavampati usabho samehi p±dehi vas³na½ ratan±na½ dh±raºato vasundarasaªkh±ta½ bh³mi½ phus² yath±, tath± manuss±na½ hatthato muccitv± muhuttaj±to so gotamo samehi p±dehi vasundhara½ phus²ti attho. Vikkam²ti agam±si. Satta pad±n²ti sattapadava¼añjanaµµh±n±ni. Accantasa½yoge ceta½ upayogavacana½, sattapadav±reh²ti v± karaºattho uttarapadalopavasena daµµhabbo. Mar³ti dev± yath±mariy±da½ maraºasabh±vato. Sam±ti vilokanasamat±ya sam± sadisiyo. Mah±puriso hi yath± eka½ disa½ vilokesi, eva½ sesadis±pi, na katthaci vilokane vinibandho tassa ahosi, sam±ti v± viloketu½ yutt±ti attho. Na hi tad± bodhisattassa vir³pab²bhacchavisamar³p±ni viloketumayutt±ni dis±su upaµµhahanti vissaµµhamañj³viññeyy±divasena aµµhaªgupeta½ gira½ abbhud²rayi pabbatamuddhaniµµhito s²ho yath± abhinad²ti attho.
Eva½ k±yagamanatthena gatasaddena tath±gatasadda½ niddisitv± id±ni ñ±ºagamanatthena niddisitu½ “atha v±”ti-±dim±ha. Tattha “yath± vipass² bhagav±”ti-±d²supi “nekkhammena k±macchanda½ pah±y±”ti-±din± yojetabba½. Nekkhammen±ti alobhapadh±nena kusalacittupp±dena. Kusal± hi dhamm± idha nekkhamma½ tesa½ sabbesampi k±macchandapaµipakkhatt±, na pabbajj±dayo eva. “Paµhamajjh±nen±”tipi vadanti keci, tadayuttameva paµhamajjh±nassa pubbabh±gapaµipad±ya eva idha icchitatt±. Pah±y±ti pajahitv±. Gatoti uttarivisesa½ ñ±ºagamanena paµipanno. Pah±y±ti v± pah±nahetu, pah±ne v± sati. Hetulakkhaºatthesu hi aya½ tv±-saddo “sakko hutv± nibbatt²”ti-±d²su (d². ni. aµµha. 2.355) viya. K±macchand±dippah±nahetukañca “gato”ti ettha vutta½ avabodhasaªkh±ta½, paµipattisaªkh±ta½ v± gamana½ k±macchand±dippah±nena ca ta½ lakkh²yati, esa nayo “pad±letv±”ti-±d²supi. Aby±p±den±ti mett±ya. ¾lokasaññ±y±ti vibh³ta½ katv± manasik±rena upaµµhit±lokasañj±nanena. Avikkhepen±ti sam±dhin±. Dhammavavatth±nen±ti kusal±didhamm±na½ y±th±vanicchayena, sappaccayan±mar³pavavatth±nen±tipi vadanti.
Eva½ k±macchand±din²varaºappah±nena “abhijjha½ loke pah±y±”ti-±din± vutt±ya paµhamajjh±nassa pubbabh±gapaµipad±ya bhagavato ñ±ºagamanavisiµµha½ tath±gatabh±va½ dassetv± id±ni saha up±yena aµµhahi sam±patt²hi, aµµh±rasahi ca mah±vipassan±hi ta½ dassetu½ “ñ±ºen±”ti-±dim±ha. N±mar³papariggahakaªkh±vitaraº±nañhi vinibandhabh³tassa mohassa d³r²karaºena ñ±tapariññ±ya½ µhitassa aniccasaññ±dayo sijjhanti, tasm± avijj±pad±lana½ vipassan±ya up±yo. Tath± jh±nasam±patt²su abhiratinimittena p±mojjena, tattha anabhiratiy± vinodit±ya jh±n±d²na½ samadhigamoti sam±pattiy± arativinodana½ up±yo. Sam±pattivipassan±nukkamena pana upari vakkham±nanayena niddisitabbepi n²varaºasabh±v±ya avijj±ya heµµh± k±macchand±divasena dassitan²varaºesupi saªgahadassanattha½ uppaµip±µiniddeso daµµhabbo.
Sam±pattivih±rapavesananibandhanena n²varaº±ni kav±µasadis±n²ti ±ha “n²varaºakav±µa½ uggh±µetv±”ti. “Ratti½ anuvitakketv± anuvic±retv± div± kammante payojet²”ti majjhim±gamavare m³lapaºº±sake vammikasutte (ma. ni. 1.249) vuttaµµh±ne viya vitakkavic±r± v³pasam± [dh³m±yan± (d². ni. µ². 1.7)] adhippet±ti sandh±ya “vitakkavic±radh³ma½ v³pasametv±”ti vutta½, vitakkavic±rasaªkh±ta½ dh³ma½ v³pasametv±ti attho. “Vitakkavic±ra”micceva adhun± p±µho, so na por±ºo ±cariyadhammap±lattherena, ±cariyas±riputtattherena ca yath±vuttap±µhasseva uddhatatt±. Vir±jetv±ti jigucchitv±, samatikkamitv± v±. Tadubhayattho hesa “p²tiy± ca vir±g±”ti-±d²su (d². ni. 1.7; ma. ni. 3.155; p±r±. 11; vibha. 625) viya. K±ma½ paµhamajjh±n³pac±re eva dukkha½, catutthajjh±n³pac±re eva ca sukha½ pah²yati, atisayappah±na½ pana sandh±y±ha “catutthajjh±nena sukhadukkha½ pah±y±”ti.
R³pasaññ±ti saññ±s²sena r³p±vacarajjh±n±ni ceva tad±rammaº±ni ca vutt±ni. R³p±vacarajjh±nampi hi “r³pan”ti vuccati uttarapadalopena “r³p² r³p±ni passat²”ti-±d²su (dha. sa. 248) tassa ±rammaºampi kasiºar³pa½ purimapadalopena “bahiddh± r³p±ni passati suvaººadubbaºº±n²”ti-±d²su (dha. sa. 223 ±dayo) tasm± idha r³pe r³pajjh±ne ta½sahagat± saññ± r³pasaññ±ti eva½ saññ±s²sena r³p±vacarajjh±n±ni vutt±ni, r³pa½ saññ± ass±ti r³pasañña½, r³pasaññ±samann±gatanti vutta½ hoti. Eva½ pathav²kasiº±dibhedassa tad±rammaºassa ceta½ adhivacananti veditabba½. Paµighasaññ±ti cakkh±d²na½ vatth³na½, r³p±d²na½ ±rammaº±nañca paµigh±tena paµihananena visayivisayasamodh±nena samuppann± dvipañcaviññ±ºasahagat± saññ±. N±nattasaññ±ti aµµha k±m±vacarakusalasaññ±, dv±dasa akusalasaññ±, ek±dasa k±m±vacarakusalavip±kasaññ±, dve akusalavip±kasaññ±, ek±dasa k±m±vacarakiriyasaññ±ti et±sa½ catucatt±l²sasaññ±nameta½ adhivacana½. Et± hi yasm± r³pasadd±dibhede n±natte n±n±sabh±ve gocare pavattanti, yasm± ca n±natt± n±n±sabh±v± aññamañña½ asadis±, tasm± “n±nattasaññ±”ti vuccanti.
Aniccassa aniccanti v± anupassan± anicc±nupassan±, tebh³makadhamm±na½ aniccata½ gahetv± pavatt±ya vipassan±yeta½ n±ma½. Niccasaññanti saªkhatadhamme “nicc± sassat±”ti pavattamicch±sañña½, saññ±s²sena cettha diµµhicitt±nampi gahaºa½ daµµhabba½. Esa nayo ito paresupi. Nibbid±nupassan±y±ti saªkh±resu nibbindan±k±rena pavatt±ya anupassan±ya. Nandinti sapp²tikataºha½. Vir±g±nupassan±y±ti saªkh±resu virajjan±k±rena pavatt±ya anupassan±ya. Nirodh±nupassan±y±ti saªkh±r±na½ nirodhassa anupassan±ya, “te saªkh±r± nirujjhantiyeva, ±yati½ samudayavasena na uppajjant²”ti eva½ v± anupassan± nirodh±nupassan±. Tenev±ha “nirodh±nupassan±ya nirodheti, no samudet²”ti. Muñcitukamyat± hi aya½ balappatt±ti. Paµinissajjan±k±rena pavatt± anupassan± paµinissagg±nupassan±. Paµisaªkh±santiµµhan± hi aya½. ¾d±nanti nicc±divasena gahaºa½. Santatisam³hakicc±rammaº±na½ vasena ekattaggahaºa½ ghanasaññ±. ¾y³hana½ abhisaªkharaºa½. Avatth±vises±patti vipariº±mo. Dhuvasaññanti thirabh±vaggahaºasañña½. Nimittanti sam³h±dighanavasena sakiccaparicchedat±ya saªkh±r±na½ saviggahata½. Paºidhinti r±g±dipaºidhi½. S± panatthato taºh±vasena saªkh±resu ninnat±.
Abhinivesanti att±nudiµµhi½. Anicc±divasena sabbadhammat²raºa½ adhipaññ±dhammavipassan±. S±r±d±n±bhinivisenti as±re s±raggahaºavipall±sa½. Issarakutt±divasena loko samuppannoti abhiniveso sammoh±bhiniveso n±ma. Keci pana “ahosi½ nu kho ahamat²tamaddh±nan’ti-±din± pavattasa½say±patti sammoh±bhiniveso”ti vadanti. Saªkh±resu leºat±ºabh±vaggahaºa½ ±lay±bhiniveso. “¾layarat± ±layasamudit±”ti (d². ni. 2.64; ma. ni. 1.281; 2.337; mah±va. 7, 8) vacanato ±layo vuccati taºh±, s±yeva cakkh±d²su, r³p±d²su ca abhinivesavasena pavattiy± ±lay±bhinivesoti keci. “Eva½vidh± saªkh±r± paµinissajj²yant²’ti pavattañ±ºa½ paµisaªkh±nupassan±. Vaµµato vigatatt± vivaµµa½, nibb±na½, tattha ±rammaºakaraºasaªkh±tena anupassanena pavattiy± vivaµµ±nupassan±, gotrabhu. Sa½yog±bhinivesanti sa½yujjanavasena saªkh±resu abhinivisana½. Diµµhekaµµheti diµµhiy± sahaj±tekaµµhe, pah±nekaµµhe ca. O¼±riketi uparimaggavajjhe kilese apekkhitv± vutta½, aññath± dassanapah±tabb± ca dutiyamaggavajjhehipi o¼±rik±ti tesampi tabbacan²yat± siy±. Aºusahagateti aºubh³te. Tabbh±vavuttiko hi ettha sahagatasaddo. Ida½ pana heµµhimamaggavajjhe apekkhitv± vutta½ Sabbakileseti avasiµµhasabbakilese. Na hi paµham±dimaggehi pah²n± kiles± puna pah²yanti. Sabbasaddo cettha sappadesavisayo “sabbe tasanti daº¹ass±”ti-±d²su viya (dha. pa. 129).
Kakkha¼atta½ kaµhinabh±vo. Paggharaºa½ dravabh±vo. Lokiyav±yun± bhastassa viya yena ta½ta½kal±passa uddhum±yana½, thambhabh±vo v±, ta½ vitthambhana½. Vijjam±nepi kal±pantarabh³t±na½ kal±pantarabh³tehi phuµµhabh±ve ta½ta½bh³tavivittat± r³papariyanto ±k±soti yesa½ yo paricchedo, tehi so asamphuµµhova, aññath± bh³t±na½ paricchedabh±vo na siy± by±pitabh±v±pattito. Yasmi½ kal±pe bh³t±na½ paricchedo, tehi tattha asamphuµµhabh±vo asamphuµµhalakkhaºa½, ten±ha bhagav± ±k±sadh±tuniddese “asamphuµµho cat³hi mah±bh³teh²”ti (dha. sa. 637).