Ko vibh±goti–
S±mańńabhedato et±, dasavidh± vibh±gato;
tidh± hutv±na pacceka½, samati½savidh± sama½.
Dasa p±ramiyo dasa upap±ramiyo dasa paramatthap±ramiyoti hi samati½sa p±ramiyo. Tattha “kat±bhin²h±rassa bodhisattassa parahitakaraŗ±bhininn±sayapayogassa kaŗhadhammavokiŗŗ± sukk± dhamm± p±ramiyo, tehi avokiŗŗ± sukk± dhamm± upap±ramiyo, akaŗh± asukk± dhamm± paramatthap±ramiyo”ti keci. “Samud±gamanak±lesu p³riyam±n± p±ramiyo, bodhisattabh³miya½ puŗŗ± upap±ramiyo, buddhabh³miya½ sabb±k±raparipuŗŗ± paramatthap±ramiyo. Bodhisattabh³miya½ v± parahitakaraŗato p±ramiyo, attahitakaraŗato upap±ramiyo, buddhabh³miya½ balaves±rajjasamadhigamena ubhayahitaparip³raŗato paramatthap±ramiyoti eva½ ±dimajjhapariyos±nesu paŗidh±n±rambhapariniµµh±nesu tesa½ vibh±go”ti apare. “Dosupasamakaruŗ±pakatik±na½ bhavasukhavimuttisukhaparamasukhappatt±na½ puńń³pacayabhedato tabbibh±go”ti ańńe.
“Lajj±satim±n±passay±na½ lokuttaradhamm±dhipat²na½ s²lasam±dhipańń±garuk±na½ t±ritataritat±rayit³na½ anubuddhapaccekabuddhasamm±sambuddh±na½ p±ram²-upap±ram²paramatthap±ram²hi bodhittayappattito yath±vuttavibh±go”ti keci. “Cittapaŗidhito y±va vac²paŗidhi, t±va pavatt± sambh±r± p±ramiyo vac²paŗidhito y±va k±yapaŗidhi, t±va pavatt± upap±ramiyo, k±yapaŗidhito pabhuti paramatthap±ramiyo”ti apare. Ańńe pana “parapuńń±numodanavasena pavatt± sambh±r± p±ramiyo, paresa½ k±r±panavasena pavatt± upap±ramiyo, saya½ karaŗavasena pavatt± paramatthap±ramiyo”ti vadanti. Tath± “bhavasukh±vaho puńńań±ŗasambh±ro p±ram², attano nibb±nasukh±vaho upap±ram², paresa½ tadubhayasukh±vaho paramatthap±ram²”ti eke.
Puttad±radhan±di-upakaraŗaparicc±go pana d±nap±ram², attano aŖgaparicc±go d±na-upap±ram², attano j²vitaparicc±go d±naparamatthap±ram². Tath± puttad±r±dikassa tividhass±pi hetu av²tikkamanavasena tisso s²lap±ramiyo, tesu eva tividhesu vatth³su ±laya½ upacchinditv± nikkhamanavasena tisso nekkhammap±ramiyo, upakaraŗa-aŖgaj²vitataŗha½ sam³hanitv± satt±na½ hit±hitavinicchayakaraŗavasena tisso pańń±p±ramiyo, yath±vuttabhed±na½ paricc±g±d²na½ v±yamanavasena tisso v²riyap±ramiyo, upakaraŗa-aŖgaj²vitantar±yakar±na½ khamanavasena tisso khantip±ramiyo, upakaraŗa-aŖgaj²vitahetu sacc±paricc±gavasena tisso saccap±ramiyo, d±n±dip±ramiyo akupp±dhiµµh±navaseneva samijjhant²ti upakaraŗ±divin±sepi acal±dhiµµh±navasena tisso adhiµµh±nap±ramiyo, upakaraŗ±divigh±takesupi sattesu mett±ya avijahanavasena tisso mett±p±ramiyo, yath±vuttavatthuttayassa upak±r±pak±resu sattasaŖkh±resu majjhattat±paµil±bhavasena tisso upekkh±p±ramiyoti evam±din± et±sa½ vibh±go veditabbo.
Ko saŖgahoti ettha pana–
Yath± vibh±gato ti½sa-vidh± saŖgahato dasa;
chappak±r±va et±su, yuga¼±d²hi s±dhaye.
Yath± hi es± vibh±gato ti½savidh±pi d±nap±rami-±dibh±vato dasavidh±, eva½ d±nas²lakhantiv²riyajh±napańń±sabh±vena chabbidh±. Et±su hi nekkhammap±ram² s²lap±ramiy± saŖgahit± tass± pabbajj±bh±ve. N²varaŗavivekabh±ve pana jh±nap±ramiy±, kusaladhammabh±ve chahipi saŖgahit±, saccap±ram² s²lap±ramiy± ekades± eva vac²saccaviratisaccapakkhe. ѱŗasaccapakkhe pana pańń±p±ramiy± saŖgahit±, mett±p±ram² jh±nap±ramiy± eva, upekkh±p±ram² jh±napańń±p±ram²hi, adhiµµh±nap±ram² sabb±hipi saŖgahit±ti.
Etesańca d±n±d²na½ channa½ guŗ±na½ ańńamańńasambandh±na½ pańcadasa yuga¼±d²ni pańcadasa yuga¼±dis±dhak±ni honti. Seyyathida½? D±nas²layuga¼ena parahit±hit±na½ karaŗ±karaŗayuga¼asiddhi, d±nakhantiyuga¼ena alobh±dosayuga¼asiddhi, d±nav²riyayuga¼ena c±gasutayuga¼asiddhi, d±najh±nayuga¼ena k±madosappah±nayuga¼asiddhi, d±napańń±yuga¼ena ariyay±nadhurayuga¼asiddhi, s²lakhantidvayena payog±sayasuddhadvayasiddhi, s²lav²riyadvayena bh±van±dvayasiddhi, s²lajh±nadvayena duss²lyapariyuµµh±nappah±nadvayasiddhi, s²lapańń±dvayena d±nadvayasiddhi, khantiv²riyadvayena kham±tejadvayasiddhi, khantijh±nadukena virodh±nurodhappah±nadukasiddhi, khantipańń±dukena suńńat±khantipaµivedhadukasiddhi, v²riyajh±nadukena paggah±vikkhepadukasiddhi, v²riyapańń±dukena saraŗadukasiddhi, jh±napańń±dukena y±nadukasiddhi. D±nas²lakhantitikena lobhadosamohappah±natikasiddhi, d±nas²lav²riyatikena bhogaj²vitak±yas±r±d±natikasiddhi, d±nas²lajh±natikena puńńakiriyavatthutikasiddhi, d±nas²lapańń±tikena ±mis±bhayadhammad±natikasiddh²ti eva½ itarehipi tikehi, catukk±d²hi ca yath±sambhava½ tik±ni, catukk±d²ni ca yojetabb±ni.
Eva½ chabbidh±nampi pana im±sa½ p±ram²na½ cat³hi adhiµµh±nehi saŖgaho veditabbo. Sabbap±ram²na½ sam³hasaŖgahato hi catt±ri adhiµµh±n±ni. Seyyathida½? Sacc±dhiµµh±na½, c±g±dhiµµh±na½, upasam±dhiµµh±na½, pańń±dhiµµh±nanti. Tattha adhitiµµhati etena, ettha v± adhitiµµhati, adhiµµh±namattameva v± tanti adhiµµh±na½, saccańca ta½ adhiµµh±nańca, saccassa v± adhiµµh±na½, sacca½ v± adhiµµh±nametass±ti sacc±dhiµµh±na½. Eva½ sesesupi. Tattha avisesato t±va kat±bhin²h±rassa anukampitasabbasattassa mah±sattassa paµińń±nur³pa½ sabbap±ram²pariggahato sacc±dhiµµh±na½, tesa½ paµipakkhaparicc±gato c±g±dhiµµh±na½, sabbap±ramit±guŗehi upasamanato upasam±dhiµµh±na½. Tehi eva parahitesu up±yakosallato pańń±dhiµµh±na½.
Visesato pana “y±cak±na½ jan±na½ avisa½v±detv± dass±m²”ti paµij±nanato, paµińńa½ avisa½v±detv± d±nato, d±na½ avisa½v±detv± anumodanato macchariy±dipaµipakkhaparicc±gato, deyyapaµigg±hakad±nadeyyadhammakkhayesu lobhadosamohabhayav³pasamanato, yath±raha½ yath±k±la½ yath±vidh±nańca d±nato, pańńuttarato ca kusaladhamm±na½ caturadhiµµh±napadaµµh±na½ d±na½. Tath± sa½varasam±d±nassa av²tikkamanato, duss²lyaparicc±gato, duccaritav³pasamanato, pańńuttarato ca caturadhiµµh±napadaµµh±na½ s²la½. Yath±paµińńa½ khamanato, kat±par±dhavikappaparicc±gato, kodhapariyuµµh±nav³pasamanato, pańńuttarato ca caturadhiµµh±napadaµµh±n±khanti. Paµińń±nur³pa½ parahitakaraŗato, visayaparicc±gato, akusalav³pasamanato, pańńuttarato ca caturadhiµµh±napadaµµh±na½ v²riya½. Paµińń±nur³pa½ lokahit±nucintanato, n²varaŗaparicc±gato, cittav³pasamanato, pańńuttarato ca caturadhiµµh±napadaµµh±na½ jh±na½. Yath±paµińńa½ parahit³p±yakosallato, anup±yakiriyaparicc±gato, mohajapari¼±hav³pasamanato, sabbańńut±paµil±bhato ca caturadhiµµh±napadaµµh±n± pańń±.
Tattha ńeyyapaµińń±nuvidh±nehi sacc±dhiµµh±na½, vatthuk±makilesak±maparicc±gehi c±g±dhiµµh±na½, dosadukkhav³pasamehi upasam±dhiµµh±na½, anubodhapaµivedhehi pańń±dhiµµh±na½. Tividhasaccapariggahita½ dosattayavirodhi sacc±dhiµµh±na½, tividhac±gapariggahita½ dosattayavirodhi c±g±dhiµµh±na½, tividhav³pasamapariggahita½ dosattayavirodhi upasam±dhiµµh±na½, tividhań±ŗapariggahita½ dosattayavirodhi pańń±dhiµµh±na½. Sacc±dhiµµh±napariggahit±ni c±g³pasamapańń±dhiµµh±n±ni avisa½v±danato, paµińń±nuvidh±nato ca. C±g±dhiµµh±napariggahit±ni sacc³pasamapańń±dhiµµh±n±ni paµipakkhaparicc±gato, sabbaparicc±gaphalatt± ca. Upasam±dhiµµh±napariggahit±ni saccac±gapańń±dhiµµh±n±ni kilesapari¼±h³pasamanato, kammapari¼±h³pasamanato ca. Pańń±dhiµµh±napariggahit±ni saccac±g³pasam±dhiµµh±n±ni ń±ŗapubbaŖgamato, ń±ŗ±nuparivattanato c±ti eva½ sabb±pi p±ramiyo saccappabh±vit± c±gaparibyańjit± upasamopabr³hit± pańń±parisuddh±. Saccańhi et±sa½ janakahetu, c±go paµigg±hakahetu, upasamo paribuddhihetu pańń± p±risuddhihetu. Tath± ±dimhi sacc±dhiµµh±na½ saccapaµińńatt±, majjhe c±g±dhiµµh±na½ katapaŗidh±nassa parahit±ya attaparicc±gato, ante upasam±dhiµµh±na½ sabb³pasamapariyos±natt±. ¾dimajjhapariyos±nesu pańń±dhiµµh±na½ tasmi½ sati sambhavato, asati asambhavato, yath±paµińńańca sambhavato.
Tattha mah±puris± satata½ attahitaparahitakarehi garupiyabh±vakarehi saccac±g±dhiµµh±nehi gihibh³t± ±misad±nena pare anuggaŗhanti. Tath± attahitaparahitakarehi, garupiyabh±vakarehi, upasamapańń±dhiµµh±nehi ca pabbajitabh³t± dhammad±nena pare anuggaŗhanti.
Tattha antimabhave bodhisattassa caturadhiµµh±naparip³raŗa½. Paripuŗŗacaturadhiµµh±nassa hi carimakabhav³papatt²ti eke. Tatr±pi hi gabbh±vakkanti-abhinikkhamanesu pańń±dhiµµh±nasamud±gamena sato sampaj±no sacc±dhiµµh±nap±rip³riy± sampatij±to uttar±bhimukho sattapadav²tih±rena gantv± sabb± dis± oloketv± sacc±nuparivattin± vacas± “aggohamasmi lokassa, jeµµhohamasmi lokassa, seµµhohamasmi lokass±”ti (d². ni. 2.31; ma. ni. 3.207) tikkhattu½ s²han±da½ nadi, upasam±dhiµµh±nasamud±gamena jiŗŗ±turamatapabbajitadass±vino catudhammappadesakovidassa yobban±rogyaj²vitasampattimad±na½ upasamo, c±g±dhiµµh±nasamud±gamena mahato ń±tiparivaµµassa, hatthagatassa ca cakkavattirajjassa anapekkhaparicc±goti.
Dutiye µh±ne abhisambodhiya½ caturadhiµµh±naparip³raŗanti keci. Tattha hi yath±paµińńa½ sacc±dhiµµh±nasamud±gamena catunna½ ariyasacc±na½ abhisamayo. Tato hi sacc±dhiµµh±na½ paripuŗŗa½. C±g±dhiµµh±nasamud±gamena sabbakilesupakkilesaparicc±go. Tato hi c±g±dhiµµh±na½ paripuŗŗa½. Upasam±dhiµµh±nasamud±gamena param³pasamasampatti. Tato hi upasam±dhiµµh±na½ paripuŗŗa½. Pańń±dhiµµh±nasamud±gamena an±varaŗań±ŗapaµil±bho. Tato hi pańń±dhiµµh±na½ paripuŗŗanti, ta½ asiddha½ abhisambodhiy±pi paramatthabh±vato.
Tatiye µh±ne dhammacakkappavattane caturadhiµµh±na½ paripuŗŗanti ańńe. Tattha hi sacc±dhiµµh±nasamud±gatassa dv±dasahi ±k±rehi ariyasaccadesan±ya sacc±dhiµµh±na½ paripuŗŗa½, c±g±dhiµµh±nasamud±gatassa saddhammamah±y±gakaraŗena c±g±dhiµµh±na½ paripuŗŗa½, upasam±dhiµµh±nasamud±gatassa saya½ upasantassa paresa½ upasamanena upasam±dhiµµh±na½ paripuŗŗa½, pańń±dhiµµh±nasamud±gatassa vineyy±na½ ±say±diparij±nanena pańń±dhiµµh±na½ paripuŗŗanti, tadapi asiddha½ apariyositatt± buddhakiccassa.
Catutthe µh±ne parinibb±ne caturadhiµµh±na½ paripuŗŗanti apare. Tatra hi parinibbutatt± paramatthasaccasampattiy± sacc±dhiµµh±naparip³raŗa½, sabb³padhipaµinissaggena c±g±dhiµµh±naparip³raŗa½, sabbasaŖkh±r³pasamena upasam±dhiµµh±naparip³raŗa½, pańń±payojanaparinibb±nena pańń±dhiµµh±naparip³raŗanti.
Tatra mah±purisassa visesena mett±khette abhij±tiya½ sacc±dhiµµh±nasamud±gatassa sacc±dhiµµh±naparip³raŗamabhibyatta½, visesena karuŗ±khette abhisambodhiya½ pańń±dhiµµh±nasamud±gatassa pańń±dhiµµh±naparip³raŗamabhibyatta½, visesena mudit±khette dhammacakkappavattane c±g±dhiµµh±nasamud±gatassa c±g±dhiµµh±naparip³raŗamabhibyatta½, visesena upekkh±khette parinibb±ne upasam±dhiµµh±nasamud±gatassa upasam±dhiµµh±naparip³raŗamabhibyattanti daµµhabba½.