Citt²kat±dibh±vo v± ratanaµµho. Vuttañheta½ aµµhakath±su–

“Citt²kata½ mahagghañca, atula½ dullabhadassana½;
anomasattaparibhoga½, ratana½ tena vuccat²”ti. (Khu. p±. aµµha. 6.3; ud±na. aµµha. 47; d². ni. aµµha. 2.33; su. ni. 1.226; mah±ni. aµµha. 1.226).
Citt²katabh±v±dayo ca anaññas±dh±raº± s±tisayato buddh±d²suyeva labbhant²ti. Vitth±ro ratanasuttavaººan±ya½ (khu. p±. aµµha. 6.3; su. ni. aµµha. 1.226) gahetabbo. Ayamattho pana nibbacanatthavasena na vutto, atha ken±ti ce? Loke ratanasammatassa vatthuno garuk±tabbat±di-atthavasen±ti saddavid³. S±dh³nañca ramanato, sa½s±raººav± ca taraºato, sugatinibb±nañca nayanato ratana½ tulyatthasam±savasena, alamatipapañcena. Ekasesapakappanena, puthuvacananibbacanena v± ratan±ni. Tiººa½ sam³ho, t²ºi v± sam±haµ±ni, tayo v± avayav± ass±ti taya½, ratan±nameva taya½, n±ññesanti ratanattaya½. Avayavavinimuttassa pana samud±yassa abh±vato t²ºi eva ratan±ni tath± vuccanti, na samud±yamatta½, samud±y±pekkh±ya pana ekavacana½ kata½. Vand²yate vandan±, s±va vandan±maya½ yath± “d±namaya½ s²lamayan”ti (d². ni. 3.305; itivu. 60; netti. 33). Vandan± cettha k±yav±c±cittehi tiººa½ ratan±na½ guºaninnat±, thoman± v±. Apica tass± cetan±ya sahaj±t±dopak±reko saddh±paññ±sativ²riy±disampayuttadhammo vandan±, t±ya pakatanti vandan±maya½ yath± “sovaººamaya½ r³piyamayan”ti, atthato pana yath±vuttacetan±va. Ratanattaye, ratanattayassa v± vandan±maya½ ratanattayavandan±maya½. Pujjabhavaphalanibbattanato puñña½ niruttinayena, attano k±raka½, sant±na½ v± pun±ti visodhet²ti puñña½, sakammakatt± dh±tussa k±ritavasena atthavivaraºa½ labbhati, saddanipphatti pana suddhavasenev±ti saddavid³.
Ta½ta½sampattiy± vibandhanavasena sattasant±nassa antare vemajjhe eti ±gacchat²ti antar±yo, diµµhadhammik±di-anattho. Paº±mapayojane vuttavidhin± suµµhu vihato viddhasto antar±yo ass±ti suvihatantar±yo. Vihananañcettha tadupp±dakahetupariharaºavasena tesa½ antar±y±namanuppattikaraºanti daµµhabba½. Hutv±ti pubbak±lakiriy±, tassa “attha½ pak±sayiss±m²”ti etena sambandho. Tass±ti ya½-saddena uddiµµhassa vandan±mayapuññassa. ¾nubh±ven±ti balena.
“Tejo uss±hamant± ca, pabh³ satt²ti pañcime;
‘±nubh±vo’ti vuccanti, ‘pabh±vo’ti ca te vade”ti.–

Vuttesu hi atthesu idha sattiya½ vattati. Anu punappuna½ ta½samaªgi½ bh±veti va¹¹het²ti hi anubh±vo, soyeva ±nubh±voti ud±naµµhakath±ya½ atthato pana yath±laddhasampattinimittakassa purimakammassa bal±nuppad±navasasaªkh±t± vandan±mayapuññassa sattiyeva, s± ca suvihatantar±yat±ya karaºa½, hetu v± sambhavati.

Ettha pana “pasannamatino”ti etena attano pas±dasampatti½ dasseti. “Ratanattayavandan±mayan”ti etena ratanattayassa khettabh±vasampatti½, tato ca tassa puññassa attano pas±dasampattiy±, ratanattayassa ca khettabh±vasampattiy±ti dv²hi aªgehi atthasa½vaººan±ya upagh±taka-upaddav±na½ vihanane samatthata½ d²peti. Caturaªgasampattiy± d±nacetan± viya hi dvayaªgasampattiy± paº±macetan±pi antar±yavihananena diµµhadhammik±ti.
Eva½ ratanattayassa nipaccak±rakaraºe payojana½ dassetv± id±ni yass± dhammadesan±ya attha½ sa½vaººetuk±mo, tadapi sa½vaººetabbadhammabh±vena dassetv± guº±bhitthavanavisesena abhitthavetu½ “d²ghass±”ti-±dim±ha. Ayañhi ±cariyassa pakati, yadida½ ta½ta½sa½vaººan±su ±dito tassa tassa sa½vaººetabbadhammassa visesaguºakittanena thoman±. Tath± hi tesu tesu papañcas³dan²s±ratthapak±san²manorathap³raº²-aµµhas±lin²±d²su yath±kkama½ “parav±damathanassa, ñ±ºappabhedajananassa, dhammakathikapuªgav±na½ vicittapaµibh±najananassa,
Tassa gambh²rañ±ºehi, og±¼hassa abhiºhaso;
n±n±nayavicittassa, abhidhammassa ±dito”ti. ¾din±–

Thoman± kat±. Tattha d²ghass±ti d²ghan±makassa. D²ghasuttaªkitass±ti d²ghehi abhi-±yatavacanappabandhavantehi suttehi lakkhitassa, anena “d²gho”ti aya½ imassa ±gamassa atth±nugat± samaññ±ti dasseti. Nanu ca sutt±niyeva ±gamo, katha½ so tehi aªk²yat²ti? Saccameta½ paramatthato, paññattito pana sutt±ni up±d±ya ±gamabh±vassa paññattatt± avayavehi suttehi avayav²bh³to ±gamo aªk²yati. Yatheva hi atthabyañjanasamud±ye “suttan”ti voh±ro, eva½ suttasamud±ye ±gamavoh±roti. Paµiccasamupp±d±dinipuºatthabh±vato nipuºassa. ¾gacchanti attatthaparatth±dayo ettha, etena, etasm±ti v± ±gamo, uttamaµµhena, patthan²yaµµhena ca so varoti ±gamavaro. Apica ±gamasammatehi b±hirakapaveditehi bh±ratapur±ºakath±naras²hapur±ºakath±d²hi varotipi ±gamavaro, tassa. Buddh±namanubuddh± buddh±nubuddh±, buddh±na½ saccapaµivedha½ anugamma paµividdhasacc± aggas±vak±dayo ariy±, tehi atthasa½vaººan±vasena, guºasa½vaººan±vasena ca sa½vaººitoti tath±. Atha v± buddh± ca anubuddh± ca, tehi sa½vaººito yath±vuttanayen±ti tath±, tassa. Samm±sambuddheneva hi tiººampi piµak±na½ atthasa½vaººan±kkamo bh±sito, tato para½ saªg±yan±divasena s±vakeh²ti ±cariy± vadanti. Vuttañca majjhim±gamaµµhakath±ya up±lisuttavaººan±ya½ “veyy±karaºass±ti vitth±retv± atthad²pakassa. Bhagavat± hi aby±kata½ tantipada½ n±ma natthi, sabbesa½yeva attho kathito”ti (ma. ni. aµµha. 3.76). Saddh±vahaguºass±ti buddh±d²su pas±d±vahaguºassa. Nanu ca sabbampi buddhavacana½ tepiµaka½ saddh±vahaguºameva, atha kasm± ayamaññas±dh±raºaguºena thomitoti? S±tisayato imassa tagguºasampannatt±. Ayañhi ±gamo brahmaj±l±d²su s²ladiµµh±d²na½ anavasesaniddes±divasena, mah±pad±n±d²su (d². ni. 2.3) purimabuddh±nampi guºaniddes±divasena, p±thikasutt±d²su (d². ni. 3.1.4) titthiye madditv± appaµivattiyas²han±danadan±divasena, anuttariyasutt±d²su visesato buddhaguºavibh±vanena ratanattaye s±tisaya½ saddha½ ±vahat²ti.

Eva½ sa½vaººetabbadhammassa abhitthavanampi katv± id±ni sa½vaººan±ya sampati vakkham±n±ya ±gamanavisuddhi½ dassetu½ “atthappak±sanatthan”ti-±dim±ha. Im±ya hi g±th±ya saªg²tittayam±ru¼had²gh±gamaµµhakath±tova s²ha¼abh±s±matta½ vin± aya½ vakkham±nasa½vaººan± ±gat±, n±ññato, tadeva k±raºa½ katv± vattabb±, n±ññanti attano sa½vaººan±ya ±gamanavisuddhi½ dasseti. Aparo nayo– paramanipuºagambh²ra½ buddhavisayam±gamavara½ attano baleneva vaººayiss±m²ti aññehi vattumpi asakkuºeyyatt± sa½vaººan±nissaya½ dassetum±ha “atthappak±sanatthan”ti-±di. Im±ya hi pubb±cariy±nubh±va½ niss±yeva tassa attha½ vaººayiss±m²ti attano sa½vaººan±nissaya½ dasseti. Tattha “atthappak±sanatthan”ti p±µhattho, sabh±vattho, ñeyyattho, p±µh±nur³pattho, tadanur³pattho, s±vasesattho, nivarasesattho, n²tattho, neyyatthoti-±din± anekappak±rassa atthassa pak±sanatth±ya, pak±san±ya v±. G±th±bandhasampattiy± dvibh±vo. Attho kath²yati et±y±ti atthakath±, s±yeva aµµhakath± ttha-k±rassa µµha-k±ra½ katv± yath± “dukkhassa p²¼anaµµho”ti (paµi. ma. 1.17; 2.8), ayañca sasaññogavidhi ariy±j±tibh±vato. Akkharacintak±pi hi “tath±na½µµha yugan”ti lakkhaºa½ vatv± idamevud±haranti.
Y±ya’tthamabhivaººenti, byañjanatthapad±nuga½;
nid±navatthusambandha½, es± aµµhakath± mat±.
¾ditoti-±dimhi paµhamasaªg²tiya½. Cha¼abhiññat±ya paramena cittavas²bh±vena samann±gatatt±, jh±n±d²su pañcavasit± sabbh±vato ca vasino, ther± mah±kassap±dayo, tesa½ satehi pañcahi. Y± saªg²t±ti y± aµµhakath± attha½ pak±setu½ yuttaµµh±ne “ayametassa attho, ayametassa attho”ti saªgahetv± vutt±. Anusaªg²t± ca pacch±p²ti na kevala½ paµhamasaªg²tiyameva, atha kho pacch± dutiyatatiyasaªg²t²supi. Na ca pañcahi vasisatehi ±dito saªg²t±yeva, api tu yasatther±d²hi anusaªg²t± c±ti saha samuccayena attho veditabbo. Samuccayadvayañhi pacceka½ kiriy±k±la½ samuccinoti.
Atha por±ºaµµhakath±ya vijjam±n±ya kimet±ya adhun± puna kat±ya sa½vaººan±y±ti punaruttiy±, niratthakat±ya ca dosa½ samanussaritv± ta½ pariharanto “s²ha¼ad²pan”ti-±dim±ha. Ta½ pariharaºeneva hi imiss± sa½vaººan±ya nimitta½ dasseti. Tattha s²ha½ l±ti gaºh±t²ti s²ha¼o la-k±rassa ¼a-k±ra½ katv± yath± “garu¼o”ti. Tasmi½ va½se ±dipuriso s²hakum±ro, tabba½saj±t± pana tambapaººid²pe khattiy±, sabbepi ca jan± taddhitavasena, sadisavoh±rena v± s²ha¼±, tesa½ niv±sad²popi taddhitavasena, µh±n²n±mena v± “s²ha¼o”ti veditabbo. Jalamajjhe dippati, dvidh± v± ±po ettha sandat²ti dipo, soyeva d²po, bhed±pekkh±ya tesa½ d²poti tath±. Panasaddo arucisa½s³cane, tena k±mañca s± saªg²tittayam±ru¼h±, tath±pi puna eva½bh³t±ti aruciyabh±va½ sa½s³ceti. Tadatthasambandhat±ya pana purimag±th±ya “k±mañca saªg²t± anusaªg²t± c±”ti s±nuggahatthayojan± sambhavati. Aññatth±pi hi tath± dissat²ti. ¾bhat±ti jambud²pato ±n²t±. Ath±ti saªg²tik±lato pacch±, eva½ sati ±bhatapadena sambandho. Ath±ti v± mah±mahindattheren±bhatak±lato pacch±, eva½ sati µhapitapadena sambandho. S± hi dhammasaªg±hakattherehi paµhama½ t²ºi piµak±ni saªg±yitv± tassa atthasa½vaººan±nur³peneva v±can±magga½ ±ropitatt± tisso saªg²tiyo ±ru¼h±yeva, tato pacch± ca mah±mahindattherena tambapaººid²pam±bhat±, pacch± pana tambapaººiyehi mah±therehi nik±yantaraladdhisaªkarapariharaºattha½ s²ha¼abh±s±ya µhapit±ti. ¾cariyadhammap±latthero pana pacchimasambandhameva duddasatt± pak±seti. Tath± “d²pav±s²namatth±y±”ti idampi “µhapit±”ti ca “apanetv± ±ropento”ti ca etehi padehi sambajjhitabba½. Ekapadampi hi ±vuttiy±dinayehi anekatthasambandhamupagacchati. Purimasambandhena cettha s²ha¼ad²pav±s²namatth±ya nik±yantaraladdhisaªkarapariharaºena s²ha¼abh±s±ya µhapit±ti tambapaººiyattherehi µhapanapayojana½ dasseti. Pacchimasambandhena pana im±ya sa½vaººan±ya jambud²pav±s²na½, aññad²pav±s²nañca atth±ya s²ha¼abh±s±panayanassa, tantinay±nucchavikabh±s±ropanassa ca payojananti. Mah±-issariyatt± mahindoti r±jakum±rak±le n±ma½, pacch± pana guºamahantat±ya mah±mahindoti vuccati. S²ha¼abh±s± n±ma anekakkharehi ekatthass±pi voharaºato paresa½ voharitu½ atidukkar± kañcukasadis± s²ha¼±na½ samud±ciºº± bh±s±.
Eva½ hotu por±ºaµµhakath±ya, adhun± kariyam±n± pana aµµhakath± katha½ kar²yat²ti anuyoge sati imiss± aµµhakath±ya karaºappak±ra½ dassetum±ha “apanetv±n±”ti-±di. Tattha tato m³laµµhakath±to s²ha¼abh±sa½ apanetv± potthake an±ropitabh±vena niraªkaritv±ti sambandho, etena aya½ vakkham±n± aµµhakath± saªg²tittayam±ropit±ya m³laµµhakath±ya s²ha¼abh±s±panayanamattamaññatra atthato sa½sandati ceva sameti ca yath± “gaªgodakena yamunodakan”ti dasseti. “Manorama” micc±d²ni “bh±san”ti etassa sabh±vaniruttibh±vad²pak±ni visesan±ni. Sabh±vaniruttibh±vena hi paº¹it±na½ mana½ ramayat²ti manoram±. Tanoti atthamet±ya, tan²yati v± atthavasena vivar²yati, vaµµato v± satte t±reti n±n±tthavisaya½ v± kaªkha½ taranti et±y±ti tanti, p±¼i. Tass± nayasaªkh±t±ya gatiy± chavi½ ch±ya½ anugat±ti tantinay±nucchavik±. Asabh±vaniruttibh±santarasa½kiººadosavirahitat±ya vigatados±, t±disa½ sabh±vaniruttibh³ta½–
“S± m±gadh² m³labh±s±, nar± y±y±’dikappik±;
brahm±no cassut±l±p±, sambuddh± c±pi bh±sare”ti.–

Vutta½ p±¼igatibh±sa½ potthake likhanavasena ±ropentoti attho, imin± saddados±bh±vam±ha.

Samaya½ avilomentoti siddhantamavirodhento, imin± pana atthados±bh±vam±ha. Aviruddhatt± eva hi te therav±d±pi idha pak±sayissanti. Kesa½ pana samayanti ±ha “ther±nan”ti-±di, etena r±hul±cariy±d²na½ jetavanav±s²-abhayagiriv±s²nik±y±na½ samaya½ nivatteti. Thirehi s²lasutajh±navimuttisaªkh±tehi guºehi samann±gat±ti ther±. Yath±ha “catt±rome bhikkhave therakaraº± dhamm±. Katame catt±ro? Idha bhikkhave bhikkhu s²lav± hot²”ti-±di (a. ni. 4.22). Apica saccadhamm±d²hi thirakaraºehi samann±gatatt± ther±. Yath±ha dhammar±j± dhammapade–
“Yamhi saccañca dhammo ca, ahi½s± sa½yamo damo;
sa ve vantamalo dh²ro, ‘thero’iti pavuccat²”ti. (Dha. pa. 260).

Tesa½. Mah±kassapatther±d²hi ±gat± ±cariyaparampar± therava½so, tappariy±pann± hutv± ±gam±dhigamasampannatt± paññ±pajjotena tassa samujjalanato ta½ pak±rena d²penti, tasmi½ v± pad²pasadis±ti therava½sapadip±. Vividhena ±k±rena nicch²yat²ti vinicchayo, gaºµhiµµh±nesu kh²lamaddan±k±rena pavatt± vimaticchedan²kath±, suµµhu nipuºo saºho vinicchayo etesanti sunipuºavinicchay±. Atha v± vinicchinot²ti vinicchayo, yath±vuttavisaya½ ñ±ºa½, suµµhu nipuºo cheko vinicchayo etesanti sunipuºavinicchay±. Mah±meghavane µhito vih±ro mah±vih±ro, yo satthu mah±bodhin± virocati, tasmi½ vasanas²l± mah±vih±rav±sino t±dis±na½ samaya½ avilomentoti attho, etena mah±kassap±ditheraparampar±gato, tatoyeva aviparito saºhasukhumo vinicchayoti mah±vih±rav±s²na½ samayassa pam±ºabh³tata½ puggal±dhiµµh±navasena dasseti.

Hitv± punappunabhatamatthanti ekattha vutampi puna aññattha ±bhatamattha½ punaruttibh±vato, ganthagarukabh±vato ca cajitv± tassa ±gamavarassa attha½ pak±sayiss±m²ti attho.
Eva½ karaºappak±rampi dassetv± “d²pav±s²namatth±y±”ti vuttappayojanato aññampi sa½vaººan±ya payojana½ dassetu½ “sujanassa c±”ti-±dim±ha. Tattha sujanassa c±ti ca-saddo samuccayattho, tena na kevala½ jambud²pav±s²nameva atth±ya, atha kho s±dhujanatosanatthañc±ti samuccinoti. Teneva ca tambapaººid²pav±s²nampi atth±y±ti ayamattho siddho hoti uggahaº±disukarat±ya tesampi bah³pak±ratt±. Ciraµµhitatthañc±ti etth±pi ca-saddo na kevala½ tadubhayatthameva, api tu tividhass±pi s±sanadhammassa, pariyattidhammassa v± pañcavassasahassaparim±ºa½ cirak±la½ µhitatthañc±ti samuccayatthameva dasseti. Pariyattidhammassa hi µhitiy± paµipattidhammapaµivedhadhamm±nampi µhiti hoti tasseva tesa½ m³labh±vato. Pariyattidhammo pana sunikkhittena padabyañjanena, tadatthena ca cira½ samm± patiµµh±ti, sa½vaººan±ya ca padabyañjana½ avipar²ta½ sunikkhitta½, tadatthopi avipar²to sunikkhitto hoti, tasm± sa½vaººan±ya avipar²tassa padabyañjanassa, tadatthassa ca sunikkhittassa up±yabh±vamup±d±ya vutta½ “ciraµµhitatthañca dhammass±”ti. Vuttañheta½ bhagavat±–
“Dveme bhikkhave dhamm± saddhammassa µhitiy± asammos±ya anantaradh±n±ya sa½vattanti. Katame dve? Sunikkhittañca padabyañjana½, attho ca sun²to, ime kho…pe… sa½vattant²”ti-±di (a. ni. 2.21).
Eva½ payojanampi dassetv± vakkham±n±ya sa½vaººan±ya mahattaparicc±gena ganthagarukabh±va½ pariharitum±ha “s²lakath±”ti-±di. Tath± hi vutta½ “na ta½ vicarayiss±m²”ti. Aparo nayo– yadaµµhakatha½ kattuk±mo, tadekadesabh±vena visuddhimaggo gahetabboti kathik±na½ upadesa½ karonto tattha vic±ritadhamme uddesavasena dassetum±ha “s²lakath±”ti-±di. Tattha s²lakath±ti c±rittav±ritt±divasena s²lavitth±rakath±. Dhutadhamm±ti piº¹ap±tikaªg±dayo terasa kilesadhunanakadhamm±. Kammaµµh±n±n²ti bh±van±saªkh±tassa yogakammassa pavattiµµh±natt± kammaµµh±nan±m±ni dhammaj±t±ni. T±ni pana p±¼iyam±gat±ni aµµhati½ seva na gahetabb±ni, atha kho aµµhakath±yam±gat±nipi dveti ñ±petu½ “sabb±nip²”ti vutta½. Cari y±vidh±nasahitoti r±gacarit±d²na½ sabh±v±dividh±nena saha pavatto, ida½ pana “jh±nasam±pattivitth±ro”ti imassa visesana½. Ettha ca r³p±vacarajjh±n±ni jh±na½, ar³p±vacarajjh±n±ni sam±patti. Tadubhayampi v± paµiladdhamatta½ jh±na½, sam±pajjanavas²bh±vappatta½ sam±patti. Apica tadapi ubhaya½ jh±nameva, phalasam±pattinirodhasam±pattiyo pana sam±patti, t±sa½ vitth±roti attho.
Lokiyalokuttarabhed±na½ channampi abhiññ±na½ gahaºattha½ “sabb± ca abhiññ±yo”ti vutta½. ѱºavibhaªg±d²su (vibha. 751) ±gatanayena ekavidh±din± bhedena paññ±ya saªkalayitv± sampiº¹etv±, gaºetv± v± vinicchayana½ paññ±saªkalanavinicchayo. Ariy±n²ti buddh±d²hi ariyehi paµivijjhitabbatt±, ariyabh±vas±dhakatt± v± ariy±ni uttarapadalopena. Avitathabh±vena v± araº²yatt±, avagantabbatt± ariy±ni, “sacc±n²”timassa visesana½.
Het±dipaccayadhamm±na½ hetupaccay±dibh±vena paccayuppannadhamm±namupak±rakat± paccay±k±ro, tassa desan± tath±, paµiccasamupp±dakath±ti attho. S± pana nik±yantaraladdhisaªkararahitat±ya suµµhu parisuddh±, ghanavinibbhogassa ca sudukkarat±ya nipuº±, ekatt±dinayasahit± ca tattha vic±rit±ti ±ha “suparisuddhanipuºanay±”ti. Padattayampi heta½ paccay±k±radesan±ya visesana½. Paµisambhid±d²su ±gatanaya½ avissajjitv±va vic±ritatt± avimutto tantimaggo yass±ti avimuttatanti magg±. Maggoti cettha p±¼isaªkh±to up±yo ta½tadatth±na½ avabodhassa, saccapaµivedhassa v± up±yabh±vato. Pabandho v± d²ghabh±vena pakatimaggasadisatt±, ida½ pana “vipassan±, bh±van±”ti padadvayassa visesana½.
Iti pana sabbanti ettha iti-saddo parisam±pane yath±-uddiµµha-uddesassa pariniµµhitatt±, ettaka½ sabbanti attho. Pan±ti vacan±laªk±ramatta½ visu½ atth±bh±vato. Padatthasa½kiººassa, vattabbassa ca avuttassa avasesassa abh±vato suviññeyyabh±vena suparisuddha½, “sabban”ti imin± sambandho, bh±vanapu½saka½ v± eta½ “vuttan”ti imin± sambajjhanato. Bhiyyoti atireka½, ativitth±ranti attho, etena padatthamattameva vic±rayiss±m²ti dasseti. Eta½ sabba½ idha aµµhakath±ya na vic±rayiss±mi punaruttibh±vato, ganthagarukabh±vato c±ti adhipp±yo. Vicarayiss±m²ti ca g±th±bh±vato na vuddhibh±voti daµµhabba½.
Evampi esa visuddhimaggo ±gam±namattha½ na pak±seyya, atha sabbopeso idha vic±ritabboyev±ti codan±ya tath± avic±raºassa ekantak±raºa½ niddh±retv± ta½ pariharanto “majjhe visuddhimaggo”ti-±dim±ha. Tattha majjheti khuddakato aññesa½ catunnampi ±gam±na½ abbhantare. Hi-saddo k±raºe, tena yath±vutta½ k±raºa½ joteti. Tatth±ti tesu cat³su ±gamesu. Yath±bh±sitanti bhagavat± ya½ ya½ desita½, desit±nur³pa½ v±. Api ca sa½vaººakehi sa½vaººan±vasena ya½ ya½ bh±sita½, bh±sit±nur³pantipi attho. Iccev±ti ettha iti-saddena yath±vutta½ k±raºa½ nidasseti, imin±va k±raºena, idameva v± k±raºa½ manasi sannidh±y±ti attho. Katoti etth±pi “visuddhimaggo es±”ti pada½ kammabh±vena sambajjhati ±vuttiy±dinayen±ti daµµhabba½. Tamp²ti ta½ visuddhimaggampi ñ±ºena gahetv±na. Et±y±ti sumaªgalavil±siniy± n±ma et±ya aµµhakath±ya. Ettha ca “majjhe µhatv±”ti etena majjhattabh±vad²panena visesato catunnampi ±gam±na½ s±dh±raºaµµhakath± visuddhimaggo, na sumaªgalavil±sin²-±dayo viya as±dh±raºaµµhakath±ti dasseti. Avisesato pana vinay±bhidhamm±nampi yath±raha½ s±dh±raºaµµhakath± hotiyeva, tehi sammissat±ya ca tadavasesassa khuddak±gamassa visesato s±dh±raº± sam±n±pi ta½ µhapetv± catunnameva ±gam±na½ s±dh±raº±tveva vutt±ti.

Iti so¼asag±th±vaººan±.

Ganth±rambhakath±vaººan± niµµhit±.