K±ni lakkhaŗ±d²ni sabbath±ti ettha pana avisesena–
Paresamanuggahaŗa½ lakkhaŗanti pavuccati;
upak±ro akampo ca, raso hitesit±pi ca.
Buddhatta½ paccupaµµh±na½, day± ń±ŗa½ pavuccati;
padaµµh±nanti t±santu, pacceka½ t±ni bhedato.
Sabb±pi hi p±ramiyo par±nuggahalakkhaŗ±, paresa½ upak±rakaraŗaras±, avikampanaras± v±, hitesit±paccupaµµh±n±, buddhattapaccupaµµh±n± v±, mah±karuŗ±padaµµh±n±, karuŗ³p±yakosallapadaµµh±n± v±.
Visesena pana yasm± karuŗ³p±yakosallapariggahit± attupakaraŗaparicc±gacetan± d±nap±ram². Karuŗ³p±yakosallapariggahita½ k±yavac²sucarita½ atthato akattabbavirati, kattabbakaraŗacetan±dayo ca s²lap±ram². Karuŗ³p±yakosallapariggahito ±d²navadassanapubbaŖgamo k±mabhavehi nikkhamanacittupp±do nekkhammap±ram². Karuŗ³p±yakosallapariggahito dhamm±na½ s±mańńavisesalakkhaŗ±vabodho pańń±p±ram². Karuŗ³p±yakosallapariggahito k±yacittehi parahit±rambho v²riyap±ram². Karuŗ³p±yakosallapariggahito sattasaŖkh±r±par±dhasahanasaŖkh±to adosappadh±no tad±k±rappavatto cittupp±do khantip±ram². Karuŗ³p±yakosallapariggahita½ viraticetan±dibheda½ avisa½v±dana½ saccap±ram² Karuŗ³p±yakosallapariggahito acalasam±d±n±dhiµµh±nasaŖkh±to tad±k±rappavatto cittupp±do adhiµµh±nap±ram². Karuŗ³p±yakosallapariggahito lokassa hitasukh³pasa½h±ro atthato aby±p±do mett±p±ram². Karuŗ³p±yakosallapariggahit± anunayapaµighaviddha½sanasaŖkh±t± iµµh±niµµhesu sattasaŖkh±resu samappavatti upekkh±p±ram².
Tasm± paricc±galakkhaŗa½ d±na½, deyyadhamme lobhaviddha½sanarasa½, an±sattipaccupaµµh±na½, bhavavibhavasampattipaccupaµµh±na½ v±, pariccajitabbavatthupadaµµh±na½. S²lanalakkhaŗa½ s²la½, sam±dh±nalakkhaŗa½, patiµµh±nalakkhaŗa½ v±ti vutta½ hoti. Duss²lyaviddha½sanarasa½, anavajjarasa½ v±, soceyyapaccupaµµh±na½, hirottappapadaµµh±na½. K±mato, bhavato ca nikkhamanalakkhaŗa½ nekkhamma½, tad±d²navavibh±vanarasa½, tatoyeva vimukhabh±vapaccupaµµh±na½, sa½vegapadaµµh±na½. Yath±sabh±vapaµivedhalakkhaŗ± pańń±, akkhalitapaµivedhalakkhaŗ± v± kusaliss±sakhitta-usupaµivedho viya, visayobh±sanaras± pad²po viya, asammohapaccupaµµh±n± arańńagatasudesako viya, sam±dhipadaµµh±n± catusaccapadaµµh±n± v±. Uss±halakkhaŗa½ v²riya½, upatthambhanarasa½, asa½s²danapaccupaµµh±na½, v²riy±rambhavatthupadaµµh±na½, sa½vegapadaµµh±na½ v±.
Khamanalakkhaŗ± khanti, iµµh±niµµhasahanaras±, adhiv±sanapaccupaµµh±n±, avirodhapaccupaµµh±n± v±, yath±bh³tadassanapadaµµh±n±. Avisa½v±danalakkhaŗa½ sacca½, y±th±vavibh±vanarasa½, s±dhut±paccupaµµh±na½, soraccapadaµµh±na½. Bodhisambh±resu adhiµµh±nalakkhaŗa½ adhiµµh±na½, tesa½ paµipakkh±bhibhavanarasa½, tattha acalat±paccupaµµh±na½, bodhisambh±rapadaµµh±na½. Hit±k±rappavattilakkhaŗ± mett±, hit³pasa½h±raras±, ±gh±tavinayanaras± v±, sommabh±vapaccupaµµh±n±, satt±na½ man±pabh±vadassanapadaµµh±n±. Majjhatt±k±rappavattilakkhaŗ± upekkh±, samabh±vadassanaras±, paµigh±nunayav³pasamapaccupaµµh±n±, kammassakat±paccavekkhaŗapadaµµh±n±. Ettha ca karuŗ³p±yakosallapariggahitat± d±n±d²na½ paricc±g±dilakkhaŗassa visesanabh±vena vattabb±, yato t±ni p±ram²saŖkhya½ labhanti. Na hi samm±sambodhiy±dipatthanamańńatra akaruŗ³p±yakosallapariggahit±ni vaµµag±m²ni d±n±d²ni p±ram²saŖkhya½ labhant²ti.
Ko paccayoti–
Abhin²h±ro ca t±sa½, day± ń±ŗańca paccayo;
uss±hummaŖgavatth±na½, hit±c±r±dayo tath±.
Abhin²h±ro t±va p±ram²na½ sabb±sampi paccayo. Yo hi aya½ “manussatta½ liŖgasampatt²”ti-±di (bu. va½. 2.59) aµµhadhammasamodh±nasamp±dito “tiŗŗo t±reyya½ mutto moceyya½, buddho bodheyya½ suddho sodheyya½, danto dameyya½, santo sameyya½, assattho ass±seyya½, parinibbuto parinibb±peyyan”ti-±din± pavatto abhin²h±ro, so avisesena sabbap±ram²na½ paccayo. Tappavattiy± hi uddha½ p±ram²na½ pavicayupaµµh±nasam±d±n±dhiµµh±nanipphattiyo mah±puris±na½ sambhavanti, abhin²h±ro ca n±mesa atthato bhesamaµµhaŖg±na½ samodh±nena tath±pavatto cittupp±do, “aho vat±ha½ anuttara½ samm±sambodhi½ abhisambujjheyya½, sabbasatt±na½ hitasukha½ nipph±deyyan”ti-±dipatthan±saŖkh±to acinteyya½ buddhabh³mi½, aparim±ŗa½ lokahitańca ±rabbha pavattiy± sabbabuddhak±rakadhammam³labh³to paramabhaddako paramakaly±ŗo aparimeyyappabh±vo puńńavisesoti daµµhabbo.
Tassa ca uppattiy± saheva mah±puriso mah±bodhiy±napaµipatti½ otiŗŗo n±ma hoti, niyatabh±vasamadhigamanato, tato ca anivattanasabh±vato “bodhisatto”ti samańńa½ labhati, sabbabh±gena samm±sambodhiya½ samm±sattam±nasat±, bodhisambh±re sikkh±samatthat± cassa santiµµhati. Yath±vutt±bhin²h±rasamijjhanena hi mah±puris± sabbańńutańń±ŗ±dhigamanapubbaliŖgena sayambhuń±ŗena sammadeva sabbap±ramiyo vicinitv± sam±d±ya anukkamena parip³renti, yath± ta½ katamah±bhin²h±ro sumedhapaŗ¹ito. Yath±ha–
“Handa buddhakare dhamme, vicin±mi ito cito;
uddha½ adho dasa dis±, y±vat± dhammadh±tuy±;
vicinanto tad± dakkhi½, paµhama½ d±nap±ramin”ti. (Bu. va½. 2.115, 116).–

Vitth±ro. Lakkhaŗ±dito panesa sammadeva samm±sambodhipaŗidh±nalakkhaŗo, “aho vat±ha½ anuttara½ samm±sambodhi½ abhisambujjheyya½, sabbasatt±na½ hitasukha½ nipph±deyyan”ti-±dipatthan±raso, bodhisambh±rahetubh±vapaccupaµµh±no, mah±karuŗ±padaµµh±no, upanissayasampattipadaµµh±no v±.

Tassa pana abhin²h±rassa catt±ro paccay±, catt±ro het³, catt±ri ca bal±ni veditabb±ni. Tattha katame catt±ro paccay± mah±bhin²h±r±ya? Idha mah±puriso passati tath±gata½ mahat± buddh±nubh±vena acchariyabbhuta½ p±µih±riya½ karonta½, tassa ta½ niss±ya ta½ ±rammaŗa½ katv± mah±bodhiya½ citta½ santiµµhati “mah±nubh±v± vat±ya½ dhammadh±tu, yass± suppaµividdhatt± bhagav± eva½ acchariyabbhutadhammo, acinteyy±nubh±vo c±”ti, so tameva mah±nubh±vadassana½ niss±ya ta½ paccaya½ katv± sambodhiya½ adhimuccanto tattha citta½ µhapeti, aya½ paµhamo paccayo mah±bhin²h±r±ya.
Na heva kho passati tath±gatassa yath±vutta½ mah±nubh±vata½, apica kho suŗ±ti “ediso ca ediso ca bhagav±”ti, so ta½ niss±ya ta½ paccaya½ katv± sambodhiya½ adhimuccanto tattha citta½ µhapeti, aya½ dutiyo paccayo mah±bhin²h±r±ya.
Na heva kho passati tath±gatassa yath±vutta½ mah±nubh±vata½, n±pi ta½ parato suŗ±ti, apica kho tath±gatassa dhamma½ desentassa “dasabalasamann±gato bhikkhave, tath±gato”ti-±din± (sa½. ni. 2.21) buddh±nubh±vapaµisa½yutta½ dhamma½ suŗ±ti, so ta½ niss±ya…pe… aya½ tatiyo paccayo mah±bhin²h±r±ya.
Na heva kho passati tath±gatassa yath±vutta½ mah±nubh±vata½, n±pi ta½ parato suŗ±ti, n±pi tath±gatassa dhamma½ suŗ±ti, apica kho u¼±rajjh±sayo kaly±ŗ±dhimuttiko “ahameta½ buddhava½sa½ buddhatanti½ buddhapaveŗi½ buddadhammata½ parip±less±m²”ti y±vadeva dhammańńeva sakkaronto garu½ karonto m±nento p³jento dhamma½ apacayam±no ta½ niss±ya…pe… µhapeti, aya½ catuttho paccayo mah±bhin²h±r±y±ti.
Katame catt±ro het³ mah±bhin²h±r±ya? Idha mah±puriso pakatiy± upanissayasampanno hoti purimakesu buddhesu kat±dhik±ro, aya½ paµhamo hetu mah±bhin²h±r±ya. Puna capara½ mah±puriso pakatiy±pi karuŗ±jjh±sayo hoti karuŗ±dhimutto satt±na½ dukkha½ apanetuk±mo, apica attano k±yańca j²vitańca pariccaji, aya½ dutiyo hetu mah±bhin²h±r±ya. Puna capara½ mah±puriso sakalatopi vaµµadukkhato sattahit±ya dukkaracariyato sucirampi k±la½ ghaµento v±yamanto anibbinno hoti anutr±s², y±va icchitatthanipphatti, aya½ tatiyo hetu mah±bhin²h±r±ya. Puna capara½ mah±puriso kaly±ŗamittasannissito hoti, yo ahitato na½ niv±reti, hite patiµµh±peti, aya½ catuttho hetu mah±bhin²h±r±ya.
Tatr±ya½ mah±purisassa upanissayasampad±– ekantenevassa yath± ajjh±sayo sambodhininno hoti sambodhipoŗo sambodhipabbh±ro, tath± satt±na½ hitacariy±ya, yato anena purimabuddh±na½ santike sambodhiy± paŗidh±na½ kata½ hoti manas±, v±c±ya ca “ahampi ediso samm±sambuddho hutv± sammadeva satt±na½ hitasukha½ nipph±deyyan”ti. Eva½ sampann³panissayassa panassa im±ni upanissayasampattiy± liŖg±ni sambhavanti, yehi samann±gatassa s±vakabodhisattehi, paccekabodhisattehi ca mah±viseso mahanta½ n±n±karaŗa½ pańń±yati indriyato, paµipattito, kosallato ca. Idha hi upanissayasampanno mah±puriso yath± visadindriyo hoti visadań±ŗo, na tath± itare. Parahit±ya paµipanno hoti, no attahit±ya. Tath± hi so yath± bahujanahit±ya bahujanasukh±ya lok±nukamp±ya atth±ya hit±ya sukh±ya devamanuss±na½ paµipajji, na tath± itare, tattha ca kosalla½ ±vahati µh±nuppattikapaµibh±nena, µh±n±µh±nakusalat±ya ca.
Tath± mah±puriso pakatiy± d±najjh±sayo hoti d±n±bhirato, sati deyyadhamme detiyeva, na d±nato saŖkoca½ ±pajjati, satata½ samita½ sa½vibh±gas²lo hoti, pamuditova deti ±daraj±to, na ud±s²nacitto, mahantampi d±na½ datv± neva d±nena santuµµho hoti, pageva appa½. Paresańca uss±ha½ janento d±ne vaŗŗa½ bh±sati, d±napaµisa½yutta½ dhammakatha½ karoti, ańńe ca paresa½ dente disv± attamano hoti, bhayaµµh±nesu ca paresa½ abhaya½ det²ti evam±d²ni d±najjh±sayassa mah±purisassa d±nap±ramiy± liŖg±ni.
Tath± p±ŗ±tip±t±d²hi p±padhammehi hir²yati ottappati, satt±na½ aviheµhanaj±tiko hoti, sorato sukhas²lo asaµho am±y±v² ujuj±tiko subbaco sovacassakaraŗ²yehi dhammehi samann±gato muduj±tiko athaddho anatim±n², parasantaka½ n±diyati antamaso tiŗasal±kamup±d±ya, attano hatthe nikkhitta½ iŗa½ v± gahetv± para½ na visa½v±deti, parasmi½ v± attano santake by±m³¼he, vissarite v± ta½ sańń±petv± paµip±deti yath± ta½ na parahatthagata½ hoti, aloluppo hoti, parapariggahitesu p±paka½ cittampi na upp±deti, itthibyasan±d²ni d³rato parivajjeti, saccav±d² saccasandho bhinn±na½ sandh±t± sahit±na½ anuppad±t± piyav±d² mihitapubbaŖgamo pubbabh±s² atthav±d² dhammav±d² anabhijjh±lu aby±pannacitto avipar²tadassano kammassakat±ń±ŗena, sacc±nulomikań±ŗena ca, katańń³ kataved² vu¹¹h±pac±y² suvisuddh±j²vo dhammak±mo, paresampi dhamme sam±dapet± sabbena sabba½ akiccato satte niv±ret± kiccesu patiµµhapet± attan± ca tattha kicce yoga½ ±pajjit±, katv± v± pana saya½ akattabba½ s²ghańńeva tato paµivirato hot²ti evam±d²ni s²lajjh±sayassa mah±purisassa s²lap±ramiy± liŖg±ni.
Tath± mandakileso hoti mandan²varaŗo pavivekajjh±sayo avikkhepabahulo, na tassa p±pak± vitakk± cittamanv±ssavanti, vivekagatassa cassa appakasireneva citta½ sam±dhiyati, amittapakkhepi tuvaµa½ mettacittat± santiµµhati, pageva itarasmi½, satim± ca hoti cirakatampi cirabh±sitampi susarit± anussarit±, medh±v² ca hoti dhammojapańń±ya samann±gato, nipako ca hoti t±su t±su itikattabbat±su, ±raddhav²riyo ca hoti satt±na½ hitakiriy±su, khantibalasamann±gato ca hoti sabbasaho, acal±dhiµµh±no ca hoti da¼hasam±d±no, ajjhupekkhako ca hoti upekkh±µh±n²yesu dhammes³ti evam±d²ni mah±purisassa nekkhammajjh±say±d²na½ vasena nekkhammap±ramiy±d²na½ liŖg±ni veditabb±ni.