M±ravijayasabbaññutaññ±ºapaµil±bh±d²hi bhagavanta½ ass±set²ti assattho. ¾pubbañhi s±sasadda½ anusiµµhitosanesu icchanti, ya½ tu loke “caladalo, kuñjar±sano” tipi vadanti. Accuggatabh±vena, ajeyyabh³mis²sagatabh±vena, sakalasabbaññuguºapaµil±bhaµµh±naviru¼habh±vena ca dum±na½ r±j±ti dumar±j±, assattho ca so dumar±j± c±ti assatthadumar±j± ta½. Dvinna½ ³ruj±ºusandh²na½, ³rum³lakaµisandhissa ca vasena tayo sandhayo, saºµh±navasena v± tayo koº± yass±ti tisandhi, sveva pallaªko ³rubaddh±sana½ parisamantato aªkana½ ±sananti atthena ra-k±rassa la-k±ra½, dvibh±vañca katv±, t²hi v± sandh²hi lakkhito pallaªko tisandhipallaªko, ta½. ¾bhujitv±ti ±bandhitv±, ubho p±de samañchite katv±ti vutta½ hoti. Vitth±ro s±maññaphalasuttavaººan±ya½ (d². ni. aµµha. 1.216) ±gamissati. Att±, mitto, majjhatto, ver²ti cat³supi samappavattanavasena caturaªgasamann±gata½ mett±kammaµµh±na½. “Caturaªgasamann±gatan”ti ida½ pana “v²riy±dhiµµh±nan”ti eten±pi yojetabba½. Tampi hi–
K±ma½ taco ca nh±ru ca aµµhi ca avasissatu, upasussatu sar²re ma½salohita½, ya½ ta½ purisath±mena purisav²riyena purisaparakkamena pattabba½, na ta½ ap±puºitv± v²riyassa saºµh±na½ bhavissat²”ti (ma. ni. 2.184; sa½. ni. 1.266; a. ni. 3.51; a. ni. 8.13; mah±ni. 17, 196)–

Vuttanayena caturaªgasamann±gatameva.

Cuddasa hatth± vitthatappam±ºabh±vena yass±ti cuddasahattho. Parisamantato aªk²yate lakkh²yate paricchedavasen±ti pallaªko ra-k±rassa la-k±ra½, tassa ca dvitta½ katv±. Apica “ida½ kilesaviddha½sanaµµh±nan”ti aµµhakath±su vacanato palla½ kilesaviddha½sana½ karoti etth±ti pallaªko niggahit±gamavasena, aluttasam±savasena v±, cuddasahattho ca so pallaªko ca, sveva uttamaµµhena patthan²yaµµhena ca varoti cuddasahatthapallaªkavaro, tattha gato pavatto nisinno tath±. Cuddasahatthat± cettha vitth±ravasena gahetabb±. T±niyeva hi tiº±ni aparimitapuññ±nubh±vato cuddasahatthavitthatapallaªkabh±vena pavatt±ni, na ca t±ni aµµhamuµµhippam±º±ni cuddasahattha-accuggat±ni sambhavanti Tatoyeva ca idha “tiºasanthara½ santharitv±”ti vutta½, dhammapadaµµhakath±d²su ca “tiº±ni santharitv±…pe… puratthim±bhimukho nis²ditv±”ti (dha. sa. aµµha. 1.s±riputtheravaººan±; dha. sa. aµµha. 1.nid±nakath±). Aññattha ca “tiº±sane cuddasahatthasammate”ti. Keci pana “accuggatabh±veneva cuddasahattho”ti yath± tath± parikappan±vasena vadanti, ta½ na gahetabba½ yath±vuttena k±raºena, s±dhakena ca viruddhatt±. K±mañca manorathap³raºiy± caturaªguttaravaººan±ya “tikkhattu½ bodhi½ padakkhiºa½ katv± bodhimaº¹a½ ±ruyha cuddasahatthubbedhe µh±ne tiºasanthara½ santharitv± caturaªgav²riya½ adhiµµh±ya nisinnak±lato”ti (a. ni. aµµha. 2.4.33) p±µho dissati, tath±pi tattha ubbedhasaddo vitth±rav±cakoti veditabbo, yath± “tiriya½ so¼asubbedho, uddham±hu sahassadh±”ti (j±. 1.3.40) mah±pan±daj±take. Tath± hi tadaµµhakath±ya½ vutta½ “tiriya½ so¼asubbedhoti vitth±rato so¼asakaº¹ap±tavitth±ro ahos²”ti (j±taka aµµha. 2-302 piµµhe). Aññath± hi ±k±seyeva ukkhipitv± tiºasantharaºa½ kata½, na acalapadeseti attho ±pajjeyya santharaºakiriy±dh±rabh±vato tassa, so cattho anadhippeto aññattha an±gatatt±ti.
Rajatakkhandha½ piµµhito katv± viy±ti sambandho. Atthanti pacchimapabbata½. M±rabalanti m±ra½, m±rabalañca, m±rassa v± s±matthiya½. Pubbeniv±santi pubbe nivutthakkhandha½. Dibbacakkhunti dibbacakkhuñ±ºa½. “Kiccha½ vat±ya½ loko ±panno”ti-±din± (d². ni. 2.57; sa½. ni. 2.4) jar±maraºamukhena paccay±k±re ñ±ºa½ ot±retv±. ¾n±p±nacatutthajjh±nanti etth±pi “sabbabuddh±na½ ±ciººan”ti vibhattivipariº±ma½ katv± yojetabba½. Tampi hi buddh±nam±ciººamev±ti vadanti. P±daka½ katv±ti k±raºa½, patiµµh±na½ v± katv±. “Vipassana½ va¹¹hetv±ti chatti½sakoµisatasahassamukhena ±savakkhayañ±ºasaªkh±tamah±vajirañ±ºagabbha½ gaºh±panavasena vipassana½ bh±vetv±. Sabbaññutaññ±º±dhigam±ya anupadadhammavipassan±vasena anek±k±ravok±re saªkh±re sammasato chatti½sakoµisatasahassamukhena pavatta½ vipassan±ñ±ºampi hi “mah±vajirañ±ºan”ti vuccati, catuv²satikoµisatasahassasaªkhy±ya devasika½ va¼añjanakasam±patt²na½ purecar±nucarañ±ºampi. Idha pana maggañ±ºameva, visesato ca aggamaggañ±ºa½, tasm± tasseva vipassan±gabbhabh±vo veditabboti. Sabbabuddhaguºeti sabbaññut±diniravasesabuddhaguºe. Tass± p±daka½ katv± sam±dhi nivattoti vutta½ “idamassa paññ±kiccan”ti. Ass±ti bhagavato.
“Tattha yath± hatthe”ti-±din± upam±ya p±kaµ²karaºa½. Hattheti hatthapasate, karapuµe v±. P±tiyanti sar±vake. Ghaµeti udakaharaºaghaµe. Dvatti½sadoºagaºhanappam±ºa½ kuº¹a½ kolambo. Tato mahatar± c±µi. Tatopi mahat² mah±kumbh². Soº¹² kusobbho. Nad²bh±go kandaro. Cakkav±¼ap±desu samuddo cakkav±¼amah±samuddo. Sinerup±dake mah±samuddeti s²dantarasamudda½ sandh±y±ha. “P±tiyan”ti-±din±pi tadevattha½ pak±rantarena vibh±veti. Paritta½ hoti yath±ti sambandho. Yass± p±¼iy± atthavibh±vanatth±ya y± sa½vaººan± vutt±, tadeva tass± guºabh±vena dassetu½ “ten±h±”ti-±di vutta½. Eva½ sabbattha.
“Duve puthujjan±”ti-±di puthujjanesu labbham±navibh±gadassanatthameva vutta½, na pana m³lapariy±yasa½vaººan±d²su (ma. ni. aµµha. 1.2) viya puthujjanavisesaniddh±raºattha½ niravasesaputhujjanasseva idha adhippetatt±. Sabbopi hi puthujjano bhagavato upariguºe vibh±vetu½ na sakkoti, tiµµhatu t±va puthujjano, ariyas±vakapaccekabuddh±nampi avisay± eva buddhaguº±. Tath± hi vakkhati “sot±panno”ti-±di (d². ni. aµµha. 1.7). Gottasambandhat±ya ±diccassa s³riyadevaputtassa bandh³ti ±diccabandhu, tena vutta½ niddese
“¾dicco vuccati s³riyo. S³riyo gotamo gottena, bhagav±pi gotamo gottena, bhagav± s³riyassa gottañ±tako gottabandhu, tasm± buddho ±diccabandh³”ti (mah±ni. 150; c³¼ani. 99).
Saddavid³ pana “buddhass±diccabandhun±”ti p±µhamicchanti. ¾diccassa bandhun± gottena sam±no gottasaªkh±to bandhu yassa, buddho ca so ±diccabandhu c±ti katv±. Yasm± pana khandhakath±dikosallen±pi upakkiles±nupakkiles±na½ j±nanahetubh³ta½ b±husacca½ hoti, yath±ha–
“Kitt±vat± nu kho bhante bahussuto hot²ti? Yato kho bhikkhu khandhakusalo hoti. Dh±tu…pe… ±yatana…pe… paµiccasamupp±dakusalo hoti, ett±vat± kho bhikkhu bahussuto hot²”ti.

Tasm± “yassa khandhadh±tu-±yatan±d²s³”ti-±di vutta½. ¾di-saddena cettha y±va paµiccasamupp±d± saªgaºh±ti. Tattha v±cuggatakaraºa½ uggaho. Atthassa paripucchana½ paripucch±. Aµµhakath±vasena atthassa sotadv±rapaµibaddhat±karaºa½ savana½. Byañjanatth±na½ sunikkhepasunayanena dhammassa pariharaºa½ dh±raºa½. Eva½ sutadh±taparicit±na½ vitakkana½ manas±nupekkhana½ paccavekkhaºa½.

Eva½ pabheda½ dassetv± vacanatthampi dasseti “duvidho”ti-±din±. Puth³nanti anekavidh±na½ kiles±d²na½. Puthujjanantogadhatt±ti bah³na½ jan±na½ abbhantare samavarodhabh±vato puthujjanoti sambandho. Puthuc±ya½ janoti puthu eva visu½yeva aya½ saªkhya½ gato. It²ti tasm± puthujjanoti sambandho. Eva½ g±th±bandhena saªkhepato dassitamattha½ “so h²”ti-±din± vivarati. “N±nappak±r±nan”ti imin± puthu-saddo idha bahvatthoti dasseti.
¾di-saddena saªgahitamattha½, tadatthassa ca s±dhaka½ ambasecanagarusin±nanayena niddesap±¼iy± dassento “yath±h±”ti-±dim±ha. Avihat± sakk±yadiµµhiyo, puthu bahuk± t± etesanti puthu-avihatasakk±yadiµµhik±, etena avihatatt± puthu sakk±yadiµµhiyo janenti, puth³hi v± sakk±yadiµµh²hi janit±ti attha½ dasseti. Avihatatthameva v± janasaddo vadati, tasm± puthu sakk±yadiµµhiyo janenti na vihananti, jan± v± avihat± puthu sakk±yadiµµhiyo etesanti attha½ dasset²tipi vaµµati, visesanaparanip±tanañcettha daµµhabba½ yath± “agy±hito”ti. “Puthu satth±r±na½ mukhullokik±”ti etena puthu bahavo jan± satth±ro etesanti nibbacana½ dassita½. Puthu sabbagat²hi avuµµhit±ti ettha pana kammakilesehi janetabb±, j±yanti v± satt± etth±ti jan±, gatiyo, puthu sabb± eva jan± gatiyo etesanti vacanattho. “Puthu n±n±bhisaªkh±re abhisaªkharont²”ti etena ca j±yanti etehi satt±ti jan±, puññ±bhisaªkh±r±dayo, puthu n±n±vidh± jan± saªkh±r± etesa½ vijjanti, puthu v± n±n±bhisaªkh±re janenti abhisaªkharont²ti attham±ha. Tato para½ pana “puthu n±n±-oghehi vuyhant²”ti-±di-atthattaya½ janenti etehi satt±ti jan±, k±mogh±dayo, r±gasant±p±dayo, r±gapari¼±h±dayo ca, sabbepi v± kilesapari¼±h±. Puthu n±nappak±r± te etesa½ vijjanti, tehi v± janenti vuyhanti, sant±penti, pari¹ahanti c±ti nibbacana½ dassetu½ vutta½. “Ratt± giddh±”ti-±di pariy±yavacana½.
Api ca ratt±ti vattha½ viya raªgaj±tena cittassa vipariº±makarena chandar±gena ratt±. Giddh±ti abhikaªkhanasabh±vena abhigijjhanena giddh±. Gathit±ti ganthit± viya dummocan²yabh±vena tattha paµibaddh±. Mucchit±ti kiles±visanavasena visaññ²bh³t± viya anaññakiccamoha½ sam±pann±. Ajjhosann±ti anaññ±s±dh±raºe viya katv± gilitv± pariniµµhapetv± µhit±. Lagg±ti g±vo kaºµake viya ±satt±, mah±palipe v± patanena n±sikaggapalipannapuriso viya uddharitumasakkuºeyyabh±vena nimugg±. Laggit±ti makkaµ±lepena viya makkaµo pañcanna½ indriy±na½ vasena ±saªgit±, palibuddh±ti sambaddh±, upaddut± v±ti ayamattho aªguttaraµ²k±ya½ (a. ni. aµµha. 1.51) vutto. Etena j±yat²ti jano, “r±go gedho”ti evam±diko, puthu n±n±vidho jano r±g±diko etesa½, puth³su v± pañcasu k±maguºesu jan± ratt± giddh±…pe… palibuddh±ti attha½ dasseti.
“¾vut±”ti-±dipi pariy±yavacanameva. Apica “±vut±ti ±varit±. Nivut±ti niv±rit±. Ophut±ti paliguºµhit±, pariyonaddh± v±. Pihit±ti pidahit±. Paµicchann±ti ch±dit±. Paµikujjit±ti heµµh±mukhaj±t±”ti tattheva (a. ni. aµµha. 1.51) vutta½. Ettha ca janenti eteh²ti jan±, n²varaº±, puthu n±n±vidh± jan± n²varaº± etesa½, puth³hi v± n²varaºehi jan± ±vut±…pe… paµikujjit±ti nibbacana½ dasseti. Puth³su n²cadhammasam±c±resu j±yati, puth³na½ v± abbhantare jano antogadho, puthu v± bahuko janoti attha½ dasseti “puth³nan”ti-±din±, etena ca tatiyap±da½ vivarati, samattheti v±. “Puthuv±”ti-±din± pana catutthap±da½. Puthu visa½saµµho eva jano puthujjanoti ayañhettha vacanattho.