C³¼as²lavaººan±

7. Ko anusandh²ti pucch± “nanu ettakeneva yath±vuttehi avaººavaººehi sambandh± desan±matthaka½ patt±”ti anuyogasambhavato kat±. Vaººena ca avaººena c±ti tadubhayapadena. Atthaniddeso viya hi saddaniddesop²ti akkharacintak±. Atha v± tath±bh±sanassa k±raºatt±, koµµh±satt± ca “padeh²”ti vutta½. Avaººena ca vaººena c±ti pana aguºaguºavasena, nind±pasa½s±vasena ca sar³padassana½. “Nivatto am³lakat±ya vissajjetabbat±bh±vato”ti (d². ni. µ². 1.7) ±cariyadhammap±lattherena vutta½. Ta½ vitth±retv± desan±ya bodhetabbapuggal±bh±vato ettak±va s± yuttar³p±ti bhagavato ajjh±sayeneva adesan±bh±vena nivatto, yath± ta½ vaººabh³miya½ tatiyav±rotipi daµµhabba½. Tath± bodhetabbapuggalasambhavena vissajjetabbat±ya adhigatabh±vato anuvattatiyeva. Itipeta½ bh³tanti ettha iti-saddo ±di-attho taduparipi anuvattakatt±, tena vakkhati “idha pan±”ti-±di. Ett±vat± aya½ vaºº±nusandh²ti dassetv± duvidhesu pana tesu vaººesu brahmadattassa vaºº±nusandh²ti dassento “so pan±”ti-±dim±ha. Upari suññat±pak±sane anusandhi½ dassessati “atthi bhikkhave”ti-±din± (d². ni. 1.28).
Eva½ pucch±vissajjan±mukhena samud±yatthata½ vatv± id±ni avayavatthata½ dasseti “tatth±”ti-±din±. Appameva parito samantato khaº¹itatt± paritta½ n±m±ti ±ha “appamattakanti parittassa n±man”ti. Matt± vuccati pam±ºa½ m²yate parim²yateti katv±. Sam±santakak±rena appamattaka½ yath± “bahuputtako”ti, eva½ oramattakepi. Eteneva “app± matt± appamatt±, s± etass±ti appamattakan”ti-±din± kapaccayassa s±tthakatampi dasseti atthato abhinnatt±. Mattakasaddassa anatthakabh±vato s²lameva s²lamattaka½. Anatthakabh±voti ca sakatthat± purimapadattheyeva pavattanato. Na hi sadd± kevala½ anatthak± bhavant²ti akkharacintak±. Nanu ca bhagavato p±ramit±nubh±vena niratthakamekakkharampi mukhavara½ n±rohati, sakalañca pariyattis±sana½ pade pade catusaccappak±sananti vutta½, katha½ tassa anatthakat± sambhavat²ti? Sacca½, tampi padantar±bhihitassa atthassa visesanavasena tadabhihita½ attha½ vadati eva, so pana attho vin±pi tena padantareneva sakk± viññ±tunti anatthakamicceva vuttanti. Nanu avocumha “anatthakabh±vo…pe… pavattanato”ti. Apica vineyyajjh±say±nur³pavasena bhagavato desan± pavattati, vineyy± ca an±dimatisa½s±re lokiyesuyeva saddesu paribh±vitacitt±, loke ca asatipi atthantar±vabodhe v±c±siliµµhat±divasena saddapayogo dissati “labbhati palabbhati, khañjati nikhañjati, ±gacchati pacc±gacchat²”ti-±din±. Tath±paricit±nañca tath±vidheneva saddapayogena atth±vagamo sukho hot²ti anatthakasaddapayogo vuttoti. Eva½ sabbattha. Hoti cettha–
“Padantaravacan²ya-ssatthassa visesan±ya;
bodhan±ya vineyy±na½, tath±natthapada½ vade”ti.
Atha v± s²lamattakanti ettha matta-saddo visesanivatti-attho “avitakkavic±ramatt± dhamm± (dha. sa. tikam±tik±) manomatt± dh±tu manodh±t³”ti (dha. sa. m³laµ². 499) ca ±d²su viya. “Appamattaka½ oramattakan”ti padadvayena s±maññato vuttoyeva hi attho “s²lamattakan”ti padena visesato vutto, tena ca s²la½ eva s²lamatta½, tadeva s²lamattakanti nibbacana½ k±tabbanti dassetu½ “s²lameva s²lamattakan”ti vutta½.
Aya½ pana aµµhakath±muttako nayo– oramattakanti ettha oranti ap±rabh±go “orato bhoga½ (mah±va. 66) ora½ p±ran”ti-±d²su viya. Atha v± heµµh±-attho orasaddo ora½ ±gaman±ya ye paccay±, te orambh±giy±ni sa½yojan±n²ti-±d²su viya. S²lañhi sam±dhipaññ±yo apekkhitv± ap±rabh±ge, heµµh±bh±ge ca hoti, ubhayatth±pi “ore pavatta½ matta½ yass±”ti-±din± viggaho. S²lamattakanti etth±pi mattasaddo amahatthav±cako “bhesajjamatt±”ti-±d²su viya. Atha v± s²lepi tadekadesasseva saªgahaºattha½ amahatthav±cako ettha mattasaddo vutto. Tath± hi indriyasa½varapaccayasannissitas²l±ni idha desana½ an±ru¼h±ni. Kasm±ti ce? Yasm± t±ni p±timokkhasa½vara-±j²vap±risuddhis²l±ni viya na sabbaputhujjanesu p±kaµ±n²ti. Mattanti cettha visesanivatti-atthe napu½sakaliªga½. Pam±ºappakatthesu pana “mattan”ti v± “matt±”ti v± napu½sakitthiliªga½.
“Ida½ vutta½ hot²”ti-±din± saha yojan±ya piº¹attha½ dasseti. Yena s²lena vadeyya, eta½ s²lamattaka½ n±m±ti sambandho. “Vaººa½ vad±m²ti uss±ha½ katv±p²”ti ida½ “vaººa½ vadam±no”ti etassa vivaraºa½. Etena hi “ekapuggalo bhikkhave, loke uppajjam±no uppajjat²”ti-±d²su (a. ni. 1.170) viya m±nasaddassa s±matthiyatthata½ dasseti. “Uss±ha½ kurum±no”ti avatv± “katv±”ti ca vacana½ tv±dipaccayantapad±namiva m±nantapaccayantapad±nampi parakiriy±pekkhamev±ti dassanattha½. “Tattha siy±”ti-±din± sandh±yabh±sitamattha½ aj±nitv± n²tatthameva gahetv± suttantaravirodhita½ maññam±nassa kassaci ²dis² codan± siy±ti dasseti. Tatth±ti tasmi½ “appamattaka½ kho panetan”ti-±divacane (d². ni. 1.7). Kammaµµh±nabh±vane yuñjati s²len±ti yog², tassa.
Alaªkaraºa½ vibh³sana½ alaªk±ro, pas±dhanakiriy±. Ala½ karoti etenev±ti v± alaªk±ro, kuº¹al±dipas±dhana½. Maº¹²yate maº¹ana½, ³naµµh±nap³raºa½. Maº¹²yati eten±ti v± maº¹ana½, mukhacuºº±di-³nap³raºopakaraºa½. Idha pana sadisavoh±rena, taddhitavasena v± s²lameva tath± vutta½. Maº¹aneti maº¹anahetu, maº¹anakiriy±nimitta½ gatoti attho. Atha v± maº¹ati s²len±ti maº¹ano, maº¹anaj±tiko puriso. Bahumhi ceta½ j±ty±pekkh±ya ekavacana½. Ubb±hanatthepi hi ekavacanamicchanti keci, tadayuttameva saddasatthe an±gatatt±, atthayuttiy± ca abh±vato. Kathañhi ekavacananiddiµµhato ubb±hanakaraºa½ yutta½ siy± ekasmi½ yevatthe ubb±hitabbassa aññassatthassa abh±vato. Tasm± vipall±savasena bahvatthe ida½ ekavacana½ daµµhabba½, maº¹anas²les³ti attho. ¾cariyadhammap±lattherenapi hi ayamevidha vinicchayo (d². ni. µ². 1.7) vutto. Aggatanti uttamabh±va½.
Assa½ bhaviss±m²ti ±kaªkheyy±ti sambandho. Ass±ti bhaveyya. Parip³rak±r²ti cettha iti-saddo ±di-attho, pak±rattho v±, tena sakalampi s²lathomanasutta½ dasseti.
Kik²va aº¹anti etth±pi tadatthena iti-saddena–
“Kik²va aº¹a½ camar²va v±ladhi½,
piya½va putta½ nayana½va ekaka½;
tatheva s²la½ anurakkham±n±,
supesal± hotha sad± sag±rav±”ti. (Visuddhi. 1.19).–

G±tha½ saªgaºh±ti. “Pupphagandho”ti vatv± tadekadesena dassetu½ “na candanan”ti-±di vutta½. Candana½ tagara½ mallik±ti hi ta½sahacaraºato tesa½ gandhova vutto. Pupphagandhoti ca pupphañca tadavaseso gandho c±ti attho. Tagaramallik±hi v± avasiµµho “pupphagandho”ti vutto. Satañca gandhoti ettha s²lameva sadisavoh±rena v± taddhitavasena v± gandho. S²lanibandhano v± thutighoso vuttanayena “gandho”ti adhippeto. S²lañhi kittiy± nimitta½. Yath±ha “s²lavato kaly±ºo kittisaddo abbhuggacchat²”ti (d². ni. 2.150; 3.316; a. ni. 5.213; mah±va. 785; ud±. 76). Sappuriso pav±yati pak±rehi gandhati tassa gandh³pagarukkhapaµibh±gatt±.

Vassik²ti sumanapuppha½, “vassikan”tipi p±µho, tadatthova. Gandh± eva gandhaj±t±, gandhappak±r± v±. Yv±yanti yadida½, uttamo gandho v±t²ti sambandho.
Sammadaññ± vimutt±nanti samm± aññ±ya j±nitv±, aggamaggena v± vimutt±na½. Magga½ na vindat²ti k±raºa½ na labhati, na j±n±ti v±.
“S²le patiµµh±y±”ti g±th±ya paµisandhipaññ±ya sapañño ±t±p² v²riyav± p±rih±rikapaññ±ya nipakonarasaªkh±to bhikkhu s²le patiµµh±ya citta½ tappadh±nena vutta½ sam±dhi½ bh±vaya½ bh±vayanto bh±van±hetu tath± pañña½ vipassanañca ima½ antojaµ±bahijaµ±saªkh±ta½ jaµa½ vijaµaye vijaµeyya vijaµitu½ samattheyy±ti saªkhepattho.
Pathavi½ niss±y±ti pathavi½ rasaggahaºavasena niss±ya, s²lasmi½ pana parip³raºavasena niss±ya patiµµh±na½ daµµhabba½.
Appakamahantat±ya p±r±p±r±di viya upanidh±paññattibh±vato aññamañña½ upanidh±ya ±h±ti vissajjetu½ “upari guºe upanidh±y±”ti vutta½. S²lañh²ti ettha hi-saddo k±raºattho, tenida½ k±raºa½ dasseti “yasm± s²la½ kiñc±pi patiµµh±bh±vena sam±dhissa bah³pak±ra½, pabh±v±diguºavisese panassa upanidh±ya kalampi bh±ga½ na upeti, tath± sam±dhi ca paññ±y±”ti. Tenev±ha “tasm±”ti-±di. Na p±puº±t²ti guºasamabh±vena na samp±puº±ti, na samet²ti vutta½ hoti. Uparimanti sam±dhipañña½. Upanidh±y±ti upatthambha½ katv±. Tañhi t±dis±ya paññattiy± upatthambhana½ hoti. Heµµhimanti s²lasam±dhidvaya½.
“Kathan”ti-±di vitth±ravacana½. Kaº¹ambam³likap±µih±riyakathanañcettha yath±kathañcipi s²lassa sam±dhimap±puºat±siddhiyevidh±dhippet±ti p±kaµatarap±µih±riyabh±vena, nidassananayena c±ti daµµhabba½. “Abhi…pe… titthiyamaddanan”ti ida½ pana tassa yamakap±µih±riyassa sup±kaµabh±vadassanattha½, aññehi bodhim³le ñ±tisam±gam±d²su ca katap±µih±riyehi visesadassanatthañca vutta½. Sambodhito hi aµµhamepi divase devat±na½ “buddho v± no v±”ti uppannakaªkh±vidhamanattha½ ±k±se ratanacaªkama½ m±petv± caªkamanto p±µih±riya½ ak±si, tato dutiyasa½vacchare kulanagaragato kapilavatthupure nigrodh±r±me ñ±t²na½ sam±gamepi tesa½ m±namadappah±nattha½ yamakap±µih±riya½ ak±si. Tattha abhisambodhitoti abhisambujjhanak±lato. S±vatthinagaradv±reti s±vatthinagarassa dakkhiºadv±re. Kaº¹ambarukkham³leti kaº¹ena n±ma pasenadirañño uyy±nap±lena ropitatt± kaº¹amban±makassa rukkhassa m³le. Yamakap±µih±riyakaraºatth±ya bhagavato citte uppanne “tadanucchavika½ µh±na½ icchitabban”ti ratanamaº¹ap±di sakkena devaraññ± ±ºattena vissakammun± katanti vadanti keci. Bhagavat± nimmitanti apare. Aµµhakath±su pana anek±su “sakkena dev±namindena ±º±pitena vissakammadevaputtena maº¹apo kato, caªkamo pana bhagavat± nimmito”ti vutta½. Dibbasetacchatte devat±hi dh±riyam±neti attho viññ±yati aññesamasambhavato. “Dv±dasayojan±ya paris±y±”ti ida½ cat³su dis±su pacceka½ dv±dasayojana½ manussaparisa½ sandh±ya vutta½. Tad± kira dasasahassilokadh±tuto cakkav±¼agabbha½ parip³retv± devabrahm±nopi sannipati½su. Yo koci evar³pa½ p±µih±riya½ k±tu½ samattho ce, so ±gacchat³ti codan±sadisatt± vutta½ “att±d±naparid²panan”ti. Att±d±nañhi anuyogo paµipakkhassa attassa ±d±na½ gahaºanti katv±. Titthiyamaddananti “p±µih±riya½ kariss±m±”ti kuh±yanavasena pubbe uµµhit±na½ titthiy±na½ maddana½, tañca tath± k±tu½ asamatthat±samp±danameva. Tadeta½ padadvaya½ “yamakap±µih±riyan”ti etena sambandhitabba½. R±jagahaseµµhino candanaghaµikuppattito paµµh±ya sabbameva cettha vattabba½.