So pana manopadoso na kevala½ k±lantarabh±vinoyeva hitasukhassa antar±yakaro, atha kho taªkhaºapavattan±rahassapi hitasukhassa antar±yakaroti manopadose ±d²nava½ da¼hatara½ katv± dassetu½ “api n³”ti-±dim±h±tipi sambandho vattabbo. Paresanti ye attato aññe, tesanti attho, na pana “pare avaººa½ bh±seyyun”ti-±d²su viya paµiviruddhasatt±nanti ±ha “yesa½ kesañc²”ti. Tadevattha½ samattheti “kupito h²”ti-±din±. P±¼iya½ subh±sitadubbh±sitavacanaj±nanampi tadatthaj±naneneva siddhanti ±ha “subh±sitadubbh±sitassa atthan”ti.
Andha½tamanti andhabh±vakara½ tama½, ativiya v± tama½. Ya½ nara½ sahate abhibhavati, tassa andhatamanti sambandho. Yanti v± bhummatthe paccattavacana½, yasmi½ k±le sahate, tad± andhatama½ hot²ti attho k±raºaniddeso v±, yena k±raºena sahate, tena andhatamanti. Eva½ sati ya½ta½-sadd±na½ niccasambandhatt± “yad±”ti ajjh±haritabba½. Kiriy±par±masana½ v± eta½, “kodho sahate”ti yadeta½ kodhassa abhibhavana½ vutta½, eta½ andhatamanti. Tato ca kuddho attha½ na j±n±ti, kuddho dhamma½ na passat²ti yojetabba½. Attha½ dhammanti p±¼i-attha½, p±¼idhammañca. Cittappakopanoti cittassa pakatibh±vavijahanena pad³sako. Antaratoti abbhantarato, cittato v± kodhavasena bhaya½ j±ta½. Nti tath±sabh±va½ kodha½, kodhassa v± anatthajanan±dippak±ra½.
Sabbatth±p²ti sabbesupi paµhamadutiyatatiyanayesu. “Avaººe paµipajjitabb±k±ran”ti adhik±ro. Avaººabh±sak±namavisayatt± “tatr±”ti padassa tasmi½ avaººeti atthova dassito. Abh³tanti kattubh³ta½ vacana½, ya½ vacana½ abh³ta½ hot²ti attho. Abh³tatoti pana abh³tat±kiriy±va bh±vappadh±natt±, bh±valopatt± c±ti dasseti “abh³tabh±venev±”ti imin±. “Itipetan”ti-±di nibbeµhan±k±ranidassananti dassetu½ “kathan”ti-±di vutta½. Tatr±ti tasmi½ vacane. Yojan±ti adhipp±yapayojan±. Tuºh²ti abh±sanatthe nip±to, bh±vanapu½sako cesa. “Itipeta½ abh³tan”ti vatv± “ya½ tumheh²”ti-±din± tadattha½ vivarati. Imin±p²ti pi-saddena anekavidha½ k±raºa½ sampiº¹eti. K±raºasar³pam±ha “sabbaññuyev±”ti-±din±. Eva-saddo t²supi padesu yojetabbo, sabbaññubh±vato na asabbaññ³, sv±kkh±tatt± na durakkh±to, suppaµipannatt± na duppaµipannoti imin±pi k±raºena nibbeµhetabbanti vutta½ hoti. “Kasm± pana sabbaññ³”ti-±dipaµicodan±yapi ta½k±raºadassanena nibbeµhetabbamev±ti ±ha “tatra idañcidañca k±raºan”ti. Tatr±ti tesu sabbaññut±d²su. Idañca idañca k±raºanti anekavidhena k±raº±nuk±raºa½ dassetv± “na sabbaññ³”ti-±divacana½ nibbeµhetabbanti attho. Tatrida½ k±raºa½ sabbaññ³ eva amh±ka½ satth± avipar²tadhammadesanatt±. Sv±kkh±to eva dhammo ekantaniyy±nikatt±. Suppaµipanno eva saªgho sa½kilesarahitatt±ti. K±raº±nuk±raºadassanampettha asabbaññut±divacana-nibbeµhanameva tath±dassanassa tesampi k±raºabh±vatoti daµµhabba½. K±raºak±raºampi hi “k±raºan”tveva vuccati, patiµµh±napatiµµh±nampi “patiµµh±nan”tveva yath± “tiºehi bhatta½ siniddha½, p±s±de dhammamajjh±yat²”ti. Dutiya½ padanti “atacchan”ti pada½. Paµhamassa padass±ti “abh³tan”ti padassa. Catutthanti “na ca paneta½ amhesu sa½vijjat²”ti pada½. Tatiyass±ti “natthi ceta½ amhes³”ti padassa. Vividhamekattheyeva pavatta½ vacana½ vivacana½, tadeva vevacana½, vacananti v± attho saddena vacan²yatt± “bhagav±ti vacana½ seµµha½, bhagav±ti vacanamuttaman”ti-±d²su (d². ni. aµµha. 1.1 ma. ni. aµµha. 1.1; a. ni. 1.r³p±divaggavaººan±; p±r±. aµµha. 1.1) viya. N±n±sabh±vato vigata½ vacana½ yass±ti vevacana½ vuttanayena, pariy±yavacananti attho.
Etth±ha– kasm± panettha pariy±yavacana½ vutta½, nanu ekekapadavaseneva adhippeto attho siddho, eva½ siddhe sati kimete tena pariy±yavacanena. Tadetañhi ganthag±rav±di-anekadosakara½, yadi ca ta½ vattabba½ siy±, tadeva vutta½ assa, na tadaññanti? Vuccate– desan±k±le, hi ±yatiñca kassaci kathañci tadatthapaµivedhanattha½ pariy±yavacana½ vutta½. Desan±paµigg±hakesu hi yo tesa½ pariy±yavacan±na½ ya½ pubbe saªketa½ karoti “idamimassatthassa vacanan”ti, tassa teneva tadatthapaµivedho hoti. Apica tasmi½ khaºe vikkhittacitt±na½ aññavihit±na½ vipariy±y±na½ aññena pariy±yena tadatth±vabodhanatthampi pariy±yavacana½ vutta½. Yañhi ye na suºanti, tapparih±yanavasena tesa½ sabbath± paripuººassa yath±vuttassa atthassa anavabodho siy±, pariy±yavacane pana vutte tabbasena paripuººamatth±vabodho hoti. Atha v± mandabuddh²na½ punappuna½ tadatthalakkhaºena asammohanattha½ pariy±yavacana½ vutta½. Mandabuddh²nañhi ekeneva padena ekatthassa sallakkhaºena sammoho hoti, anekena pariy±yena pana ekatthassa sallakkhaºena tath±sammoho na hoti anekappavattinimittena ekattheyeva pavattasaddena yath±dhippetassa atthassa nicchitatt±.
Aparo nayo– “anekepi atth± sam±nabyañjan± hont²”ti y± atthantaraparikappan± siy±, tass± parivajjanatthampi pariy±yavacana½ vuttanti veditabba½. Anekesampi hi atth±na½ ekapadavacan²yat±vasena sam±nabyañjanatt± yath±vuttassa padassa “ayamattho nu kho adhippeto, ud±hu ayamatthov±”ti pavatta½ sot³namatthantaraparikappana½ vevacana½ aññamañña½ bhedakavasena parivajjeti. Vuttañca–
“Nekatthavuttiy± saddo, na visesatthañ±pako;
pariy±yena yutto tu, pariy±yo ca bhedako”ti.
Aparo nayo– anaññass±pi pariy±yavacanassa vacane anek±hi t±hi t±hi n±mapaññatt²hi tesa½ tesa½ atth±na½ paññ±panatthampi pariy±yavacana½ vattabba½ hoti. Tath± hi pariy±yavacane vutte “imassatthassa idamidampi n±man”ti sot³na½ anekadh± n±mapaññattivij±nana½. Tato ca ta½ta½paññattikosalla½ hoti seyyath±pi nighaºµusatthe paricayata½. Apica dhammakathik±na½ tanti-atthupanibandhanapar±vabodhan±na½ sukhasiddhiy±pi pariy±yavacana½. Tabbacanena hi dhammadesak±na½ tanti-atthassa attano citte upanibandhanena µhapanena paresa½ sot³namavabodhana½ sukhasiddha½ hoti. Atha v± samm±sambuddhassa attano dhammaniruttipaµisambhid±sampattiy± vibh±vanattha½, veneyy±nañca tattha b²jav±panattha½ pariy±yavacana½ bhagav± niddisati. Tadasampattikassa hi tath±vacana½ na sambhavati. Tena ca pariy±yavacanena yath±sutena tassa½ dhammaniruttipaµisambhid±sampattiya½ tapparicaraºena, tadaññasucaritasamupabr³hanena ca puññasaªkh±tassa b²jassa vapana½ sambhavati. Ko hi ²dis±ya sampattiy± viññ±yam±n±ya tadeta½ n±bhipattheyy±ti, ki½ v± bahun±. Yass± dhammadh±tuy± suppaµividdhatt± samm±sambuddho yath± sabbasmi½ atthe appaµihatañ±ºac±ro, tath± sabbasmi½ saddavoh±reti ekampi attha½ anekehi pariy±yehi bodheti, natthi tattha dandh±yitatta½ vitth±ritatta½, n±pi dhammadesan±ya h±ni, ±veºiko c±ya½ buddhadhammo. Sabbaññutaññ±ºassa hi suppaµividitabh±vena paµisambhid±ñ±ºehi viya tenapi ñ±ºena atthe, dhamme, niruttiy± ca appaµihatavuttit±ya buddhal²¼±ya ekampi attha½ anekehi pariy±yehi bodheti, na pana tasmi½ saddavoh±re, tath±bodhane v± mandabh±vo samm±bodhanassa s±dhanatt±, na ca tena atthassa vitth±rabh±vo ekassevatthassa desetabbassa subbij±nanak±raºatt±, n±pi tabbacanena dhammadesan±h±ni tassa desan±sampattibh±vato. Tasm± s±tthaka½ pariy±yavacana½, na c±pi ta½ ganthag±rav±di-anekadosakaranti daµµhabba½. Ya½ paneta½ vutta½ “yadi ca ta½ vattabba½ siy±, tadeva vutta½ assa, na tadaññan”ti, tampi na yutta½ payojanantarasambhavato. Tadeva hi avatv± tadaññassa vacanena desan±kkhaºe sam±hitacitt±nampi sammadeva paµiggaºhant±na½ ta½ta½padantogadhapavattinimittam±rabbha tadatth±dhigamo hoti, itarath± tasmi½yeva pade punappuna½ vutte tesa½ tadatth±nadhigatat± siy±ti. Honti cettha–
“Yena kenaci atthassa, bodh±ya aññasaddato;
vikkhittakaman±nampi, pariy±yakath± kat±.
Mand±nañca am³¼hattha½, atthantaranisedhay±;
ta½ta½n±maniru¼hattha½, pariy±yakath± kat±.
Desak±na½ sukarattha½, tanti-atth±vabodhane;
dhammaniruttibodhattha½, pariy±yakath± kat±.
Veneyy±na½ tattha b²jav±panatthañca attano;
dhammadh±tuy± l²¼±ya, pariy±yakath± kat±.
Tadeva tu avatv±na, tadaññehi pabodhana½;
samm±paµiggaºhant±na½, atth±dhigam±ya katan”ti.
Ida½ pana nibbeµhana½ ²diseyeva, na sabbattha k±tabbanti dassento “idañc±”ti-±dim±ha. Tattha avaººeyev±ti k±raºapatir³pa½ vatv±, avatv± v± dosapatiµµh±panavasena nind±ya eva. Na sabbatth±ti na kevala½ akkosanakhu½sanavambhan±d²su sabbattha nibbeµhana½ k±tabbanti attho. Tadevattha½ “yadi h²”ti-±din± p±kaµa½ karoti. “S±saªkan²yo hot²”ti vutta½ tath±nibbeµhetabbat±ya k±raºameva “tasm±”ti paµiniddisati. “Oµµhos²”ti-±di “na sabbatth±”ti etassa vivaraºa½. J±tin±magottakammasippa-±b±dha liªga kilesa ±patti akkosanasaªkh±tehi dasahi akkosavatth³hi. Adhiv±sanameva khanti, na diµµhinijjh±nakkhaman±dayoti adhiv±sanakhanti.
6. Eva½ avaººabh³miy± sa½vaººana½ katv± id±ni vaººabh³miy±pi sa½vaººana½ k±tum±ha “evan”ti-±di. Tattha avaººabh³miyanti avaººappak±sanaµµh±ne. T±dilakkhaºanti ettha “pañcah±k±rehi t±d² iµµh±niµµhe t±d², catt±v²ti t±d², tiºº±v²ti t±d², mutt±v²ti t±d², ta½niddes± t±d²”ti (mah±ni. 38) niddesanayena pañcasu atthesu idha paµhamenatthena t±d². Tatr±ya½ niddeso–

Katha½ arah± iµµh±niµµhe t±d², arah± l±bhepi t±d², al±bhepi t±d², yasepi, ayasepi, pasa½s±yapi, nind±yapi, sukhepi dukkhepi t±d², ekañce b±ha½ gandhena limpeyyu½, ekañce b±ha½ v±siy± taccheyyu½, amusmi½ natthi r±go, amusmi½ natthi paµigho anunayapaµighavippah²no uggh±µiniggh±µiv²tivatto, anurodhavirodhasamatikkanto, eva½ arah± iµµh±niµµhe t±d²ti (mah±ni. 38).

Vacanattho pana tamiva dissat²ti t±d², iµµhamiva aniµµhampi passat²ti attho. Tassa lakkhaºa½ t±dilakkhaºa½, iµµh±niµµhesu samapekkhanasabh±vo. Atha v± tamiva dissate t±d², so eva sabh±vo, tadeva lakkhaºa½ t±dilakkhaºanti. Vaººabh³miya½ t±dilakkhaºa½ dassetunti sambandho. Para-saddo aññattheti ±ha “ye kec²”ti-±di. ¾nandanti bhusa½ pamodanti ta½samaªgino satt± eten±ti ±nandasaddassa karaºatthata½ dasseti. Sobhanamano sumano, citta½, sobhana½ v± mano yass±ti sumano, ta½samaªg²puggalo. Nanu ca cittav±cakabh±ve sati cetasikasukhassa bh±vatthat± yutt±, puggalav±cakabh±ve pana cittameva bh±vattho siy±, na cetasikasukha½, sumanasaddassa dabbanimitta½ pati pavattatt± yath± “daº¹itta½ sikhittan”ti-±d²ti? Saccameta½ dabbe apekkhite, idha pana tadanapekkhitv± tena dabbena yutta½ m³lanimittabh³ta½ cetasikasukhameva apekkhitv± sumanasaddo pavatto, tasm± etth±pi cetasikasukhameva bh±vattho sambhavati, ten±ha “cetasikasukhasseta½ adhivacanan”ti. Etena hi vacanena tadaññacetasik±nampi cittapaµibaddhatt±, cittakiriyatt± ca yath±sambhava½ somanassabh±vo ±pajjat²ti codana½ n±pajjateva ru¼hisaddatt± tassa yath± “paªkajan”ti pariharati. Ubbilayat²ti ubbila½, bhindati purim±vatth±ya visesa½ ±pajjat²ti attho. Tadeva ubbil±vita½ paccayantar±gam±divasena. Uddha½ palavat²ti v± ubbil±vita½ ak±r±na½ ik±ra½, ±k±rañca katv±, cittameva “cetaso”ti vuttatt±. Taddhite pana siddhe ta½ abyatiritta½ tasmi½ pade vacan²yassa s±maññabh±vato, tassa v± saddassa n±mapadatt±, tasm± kass±ti sambandh²vises±nuyoge “cetaso”ti vuttanti dassetu½ “kass±”ti-±di vutta½. Esa nayo ²disesu. Y±ya uppann±ya k±yacitta½ v±tap³ritabhast± viya uddhum±yan±k±rappatta½ hoti tass± gehasit±ya odagyap²tiy± eta½ adhivacananti sar³pa½ dasseti “uddhacc±vah±y±”ti-±din±. Uddhacc±vah±y±ti uddhatabh±v±vah±ya. Uppil±peti citta½ uppil±vita½ karot²ti ubbil±pan±, s± eva p²ti, tass±. Khandhavasena dhammavisesatta½ ±ha “idh±p²”ti-±din±. Avaººabh³mimapekkh±ya api-saddo “ayampi p±r±jiko”ti-±d²su (p±r±. 1.89, 91, 167, 171, 195, 197) viya, idha ca kiñc±pi tesa½ bhikkh³na½ ubbil±vitameva natthi, atha kho ±yati½ kulaputt±na½ edisesupi µh±nesu akusaluppatti½ paµisedhento dhammanetti½ µhapet²ti. Dv²hi padehi saªkh±rakkhandho, ekena vedan±kkhandho vuttoti etth±pi “tesa½ vasena ses±na½ sampayuttadhamm±na½ karaºa½ paµikkhittamev±”ti ca aµµhakath±ya½ vuttanayena sakk± viññ±tunti na vutta½. “Pi-saddo sambh±vanattho”ti-±din± vuttanayena cettha attho yath±sambhava½ veditabbo.
Tumha½yevassa tena antar±yoti etth±pi “antar±yo”ti ida½ “ubbil±vitattassa akaraº²yat±k±raºavacana”ti-±din± heµµh± avaººapakkhe amhehi vuttanay±nus±rena attho daµµhabbo. Ettha ca “±nandino ubbil±vit±”ti d²pita½ p²timeva gahetv± “tena ubbil±vitatten±”ti vacana½ somanassarahit±ya p²tiy± abh±vato tabbacaneneva “suman±”ti d²pita½ somanassampi siddhamev±ti katv± vutta½. Atha v± somanassassa antar±yakarat± p±kaµ±, na tath± p²tiy±ti eva½ vuttanti daµµhabba½. Kasm± panetanti yath±vutta½ attha½ avibh±gato manasi katv± codeti. ¾cariyo “saccan”ti tamattha½ paµij±nitv± “ta½ pan±”ti-±din± vibhajjaby±karaºavasena pariharati.
Tattha etanti ±nand±d²namakaraº²yat±vacana½, nanu bhagavat± vaººitanti sambandho. Buddhoti kittayantass±ti “buddho”ti vacana½ guº±nussaraºavasena kathentassa s±dhujanassa. Kasiºen±ti kasiºat±ya sakalabh±vena. Jambud²pass±ti cetassa avayavabh±vena sambandh²vacana½. Apare pana “jambud²pass±ti karaºavacanatthe s±mivacana”ti vadanti, tesa½ matena kasiºajambud²pasadd±na½ sam±n±dhikaraºabh±vo daµµhabbo, karaºavacanañca nissakkatthe. Pageva ekadesato pan±ti api-saddo sambh±vane. ¾di-saddena cettha–
“M± soci ud±yi, ±nando av²tar±go k±la½ kareyya, tena cittappas±dena sattakkhattu½ devarajja½ k±reyya, sattakkhattu½ imasmi½yeva jambud²pe mah±rajja½ k±reyya, apica ud±yi ±nando diµµheva dhamme parinibb±yissat²”ti-±disutta½ (a. ni. 3.81)–

Saªgahita½. Nti suttantare vutta½ p²tisomanassa½. Nekkhammassitanti k±mato nikkhamane kusaladhamme nissita½. Idh±ti imasmi½ sutte. Gehassitanti gehav±s²na½ samud±ciººato gehasaªkh±te k±maguºe nissita½. Kasm± tadevidh±dhippetanti ±ha “idañh²”ti-±di. “¾yasmato channassa uppannasadisan”ti vuttamattha½ p±kaµa½ k±tu½, samatthetu½ v± “tenev±”ti-±di vutta½. Visesa½ nibbattetu½ n±sakkhi bhagavati, dhamme ca pavattagehassitapemat±ya. Parinibb±nak±leti parinibb±n±sannak±le bhagavat± paññattena tajjitoti v± sambandho. Parinibb±nak±leti v± bhagavato parinibbutak±le saªghena tajjito nibbattet²ti v± sambandho. Brahmadaº¹en±ti “bhikkh³hi itthann±mo neva vattabbo, na ovaditabbo, n±nus±sitabbo”ti (c³¼ava. 445) katena brahmadaº¹ena. Tajjitoti sa½vejito. Tasm±ti yasm± gehassitap²tisomanassa½ jh±n±d²na½ antar±yakara½, tasm±. Vuttañheta½ bhagavat± sakkapañhasutte “somanassa½p±ha½ dev±naminda, duvidhena vad±mi sevitabbampi asevitabbamp²”ti (d². ni. 2.359).

“Ayañh²”ti-±din± tadevattha½ k±raºato samattheti. R±gasahitatt± hi s± antar±yakar±ti. Ettha pana “idañhi r±gasañhita½ p²tisomanassan”ti vattabba½ siy±, tath±pi p²tiggahaºena somanassampi gahitameva hoti somanassarahit±ya p²tiy± abh±vatoti heµµh± vuttanayena p²tiyeva gahit±. Apica sevitabb±sevitabbavibh±gassa sutte vacanato somanassassa p±kaµo antar±yakarabh±vo, na tath± p²tiy±ti s±yeva r±gasahitatthena visesetv± vutt±. Avaººabh³miy± saddhi½ sambandhitv± p±kaµa½ k±tu½ “lobho c±”ti-±di vutta½. Kodhasadisov±ti avaººabh³miya½ vuttakodhasadiso eva. “Luddho”ti-±dig±th±na½ “kuddho”ti-±dig±th±su vuttanayena attho daµµhabbo.
“Mama½ v± bhikkhave pare vaººa½ bh±seyyu½, dhammassa v± vaººa½ bh±seyyu½, saªghassa v± vaººa½ bh±seyyu½, tatra ce tumhe assatha ±nandino suman± ubbil±vit± api nu tumhe paresa½ subh±sitadubbh±sita½ ±j±neyy±th±ti? No heta½ bhante”ti aya½ tatiyav±ro n±ma avaººabh³miya½ vuttanayavasena tatiyav±raµµh±ne n²haritabbatt±, so desan±k±le tena v±rena bodhetabbapuggal±bh±vato desan±ya an±gatopi tadatthasambhavato atthato ±gatoyeva. Yath± ta½ vitth±ravasena kath±vatthuppakaraºanti dassetu½ “tatiyav±ro pan±”ti-±di vutta½, etena sa½vaººan±k±le tath±bujjhanakasatt±na½ vasena so v±ro ±netv± sa½vaººetabboti dasseti. “Yatheva h²”ti-±din± tadevatthasambhava½ vibh±veti. Kuddho attha½ na j±n±ti yathev±ti sambandho.
Paµipajjitabb±k±radassanav±reti yath±vutta½ tatiyav±ra½ up±d±ya vattabbe catutthav±re. “Tumh±ka½ satth±”ti vacanato pabhuti y±va “imin±pi k±raºena tacchan”ti vacana½, t±va yojan±. “So hi bhagav±”ti-±di tabbivaraºa½. Tattha itip²ti imin±pi k±raºena. Vitth±ro visuddhimagge (visuddhi. 123 ±dayo) “an±patti upasampannassa bh³ta½ ±rocet²”ti (p±ci. 77) vuttepi sabh±g±nameva ±rocana½ yuttanti ±ha “sabh±g±na½ bhikkh³na½yeva paµij±nitabban”ti. Teyeva hi tassa atthak±m±, saddheyyavacanattañca maññanti, tato ca “s±sanassa amoghat± d²pit± hot²”ti vuttatthasamatthana½ siy±. “Evañh²”ti-±di k±raºavacana½. P±picchat± ceva parivajjit±, kattubh³t± v± s±, hot²ti sambandho. Amoghat±ti niyy±nikabh±vena atucchat±. Vuttanayen±ti “tatra tumheh²ti tasmi½ vaººe tumheh²”ti-±din± ceva “dutiya½ pada½ paµhamassa padassa, catutthañca tatiyassa vevacanan”ti-±din± ca vuttanayena.