Nid±navaººan± niµµhit±.

5. Eva½ abbhantaranid±nasa½vaººana½ katv± id±ni yath±nikkhittassa suttassa sa½vaººana½ karonto anupubb±virodhin² sa½vaººan± kam±natikkamanena by±kuladosappah±yin², viññ³nañca citt±r±dhin², ±gatabh±ro ca avassa½ ±vahitabboti sa½vaººakassa sampattabh±r±vahanena paº¹it±c±rasamatikkam±bh±vavibh±vin², tasm± tad±vikaraºas±dhaka½ sa½vaººanok±savic±raºa½ k±tum±ha “id±n²”ti-±di. Nikkhittass±ti desitassa, “desan± nikkhepo”ti hi eta½ atthato bhinnampi sar³pato ekameva, desan±pi hi desetabbassa s²l±di-atthassa veneyyasant±nesu nikkhipanato “nikkhepo”ti vuccati. Nanu suttameva sa½vaºº²yat²ti ±ha “s± panes±”ti-±di. Ida½ vutta½ hoti– suttanikkhepa½ vic±retv± vuccam±n± sa½vaººan± “aya½ desan± eva½samuµµh±n±”ti suttassa sammadeva nid±naparijjh±nena tabbaººan±ya suviññeyyatt± p±kaµ± hoti, tasm± tadeva s±dh±raºato paµhama½ vic±rayiss±m±ti. Y± hi s± kath± suttatthasa½vaººan±p±kaµak±rin², s± sabb±pi sa½vaººakena vattabb±. Tadatthavij±nanup±yatt± ca s± pariy±yena sa½vaººan±yev±ti. Idha pana tasmi½ vic±rite yass± aµµhuppattiy± ida½ sutta½ nikkhitta½, tass± vibh±gavasena “mama½ v± bhikkhave”ti-±din± (d². ni. 1.5), “appamattaka½ kho panetan”ti-±din± (d². ni. 1.7), “atthi bhikkhave”ti-±din± (d². ni. 1.28) ca vutt±na½ suttapades±na½ sa½vaººan± vuccam±n± ta½ta½anusandhidassanasukhat±ya suviññeyy±ti daµµhabba½. Tattha yath± anekasata-anekasahassabhed±nipi suttant±ni sa½kilesabh±giy±dis±sanapaµµh±nanayena so¼asavidhabh±va½ n±tivattanti, eva½ attajjh±say±di-sutta-nikkhepavasena catubbidhabh±vanti ±ha “catt±ro suttanikkhep±”ti. Nanu sa½saggabhedopi sambhavati, atha kasm± “catt±ro suttanikkhep±”ti vuttanti? Sa½saggabhedassa sabbattha alabbham±natt±. Attajjh±sayassa, hi aµµhuppattiy± ca parajjh±sayapucch±vasikehi saddhi½ sa½saggabhedo sambhavati. “Attajjh±sayo ca parajjh±sayo ca, attajjh±sayo ca pucch±vasiko ca, attajjh±sayo ca parajjh±sayo ca pucch±vasiko ca, aµµhuppattiko ca parajjh±sayo ca aµµhuppattiko ca pucch±vasiko ca, aµµhuppattiko ca parajjh±sayo ca pucch±vasiko c±”ti ajjh±sayapucch±nusandhisabbh±vato. Attajjh±sayaµµhuppatt²na½ pana aññamañña½ sa½saggo natthi, tasm± niravasesa½ patth±ranayena sa½saggabhedassa alabbhanato eva½ vuttanti daµµhabba½.
Atha v± aµµhuppattiy± attajjh±sayenapi siy± sa½saggabhedo, tadantogadhatt± pana sa½saggavasena vutt±na½ sesanikkhep±na½ m³lanikkhepeyeva sandh±ya “catt±ro suttanikkhep±”ti vutta½. Imasmi½ pana atthavikappe yath±raha½ ekakadukatikacatukavasena s±sanapaµµh±nanayena suttanikkhep± vattabb±ti nayamatta½ dasset²ti veditabba½. Tatr±ya½ vacanattho– nikkhipana½ kathana½ nikkhepo, suttassa nikkhepo suttanikkhepo, suttadesan±ti attho. Nikkhip²yat²ti v± nikkhepo, suttameva nikkhepo suttanikkhepo. Attano ajjh±sayo attajjh±sayo, so assa atthi k±raºavasen±ti attajjh±sayo, attano ajjh±sayo v± etassa yath±vuttanayen±ti attajjh±sayo. Parajjh±sayepi eseva nayo. Pucch±ya vaso pucch±vaso, so etassa atthi yath±vuttanayen±ti pucch±vasiko. Araº²yato avagantabbato attho vuccati suttadesan±ya vatthu, tassa uppatti atthuppatti, s± eva aµµhuppatti ttha-k±rassa µµha-k±ra½ katv±, s± etassa atthi vuttanayen±ti aµµhuppattiko. Apica nikkhip²yati suttameten±ti nikkhepo, attajjh±say±disuttadesan±k±raºameva. Etasmi½ pana atthavikappe attano ajjh±sayo attajjh±sayo. Paresa½ ajjh±sayo parajjh±sayo. Pucch²yat²ti pucch±, pucchitabbo attho. Tass± pucch±ya vasena pavatta½ dhammapaµigg±hak±na½ vacana½ pucch±vasika½. Tadeva nikkhepasadd±pekkh±ya pulliªgavasena vutta½ “pucch±vasiko”ti. Vuttanayena aµµhuppattiyeva aµµhuppattikoti eva½ attho daµµhabbo.
Ettha ca paresa½ indriyaparip±k±dik±raºa½ nirapekkhitv± attano ajjh±sayeneva dhammatantiµhapanattha½ pavattitadesanatt± attajjh±sayassa visu½ nikkhepabh±vo yutto. Teneva vakkhati “attano ajjh±sayeneva kathet²”ti (d². ni. aµµha. 1.5). Parajjh±sayapucch±vasik±na½ pana paresa½ ajjh±sayapucch±na½ desan±nimittabh³t±na½ uppattiya½ pavattatt± katha½ aµµhuppattike anavarodho siy±, pucch±vasikaµµhuppattik±na½ v± parajjh±say±nurodhena pavattitadesanatt± katha½ parajjh±saye anavarodho siy±ti na codetabbameta½. Paresañhi abhin²h±raparipucch±divinimuttasseva suttadesan±k±raºupp±dassa aµµhuppattivasena gahitatt± parajjh±sayapucch±vasik±na½ visu½ gahaºa½. Tath± hi dhammad±y±dasutt±d²na½ (ma. ni. 1.29) ±misupp±d±didesan±nimitta½ “aµµhuppatt²”ti vuccati. Paresa½ puccha½ vin± ajjh±sayameva nimitta½ katv± desito parajjh±sayo. Pucch±vasena desito pucch±vasikoti p±kaµov±yamattho.
Anajjhiµµhoti pucch±din± anajjhesito ay±cito, attano ajjh±sayeneva katheti dhammatantiµhapanatthanti adhipp±yo. H±roti ±va¼i yath± “mutt±h±ro”ti, sveva h±rako, sammappadh±nasuttant±na½ h±rako tath±. Anupubbena hi sa½yuttake niddiµµh±na½ sammappadh±napaµisa½yutt±na½ suttant±na½ ±va¼i “sammappadh±nasuttantah±rako”ti vuccati, tath± iddhip±dah±rak±di. Iddhip±da-indriyabalabojjhaªgamaggaªgasuttantah±rakoti pubbapadesu parapadalopo, dvandagabbhasam±so v± eso, peyy±laniddeso v±. Tesanti yath±vuttasutt±na½.
Paripakk±ti pariºat±. Vimuttiparip±can²y±ti arahattaphala½ parip±cent± saddhindriy±dayo dhamm±. Khayeti khayanattha½, khayak±raºabh³t±ya v± dhammadesan±ya. Ajjh±sayanti adhimutti½. Khantinti diµµhinijjh±nakkhanti½. Mananti citta½. Abhin²h±ranti paºidh±na½. Bujjhanabh±vanti bujjhanasabh±va½, bujjhan±k±ra½ v±. Avekkhitv±ti paccavekkhitv±, apekkhitv± v±.
Catt±ro vaºº±ti catt±ri kul±ni, catt±ro v± r³p±dipam±º± satt±. Mah±r±j±noti catt±ro mah±r±j±no dev±. Vuccanti ki½, pañcup±d±nakkhandh± kinti attho.
Kasm±ti ±ha “aµµhuppattiya½ h²”ti-±di. Vaºº±vaººeti nimitte bhumma½, vaººasaddena cettha “acchariya½ ±vuso”ti-±din± (d². ni. 1.4) bhikkhusaªghena vuttopi vaººo saªgahito. Tampi hi aµµhuppatti½ katv± “atthi bhikkhave aññe dhamm±”ti-±din± (d². ni. 1.28) upari desana½ ±rabhissati. Tadeva vivarati “±cariyo”ti-±din±. “Mama½ v± bhikkhave, pare vaººa½ bh±seyyun”ti imiss± desan±ya brahmadattena vutta½ vaººa½ aµµhuppatti½ katv± desitatt± ±ha “antev±s² vaººan”ti. Id±ni p±¼iy± sambandha½ dassetu½ “it²”ti-±di vutta½. Desan±kusaloti “imiss± aµµhuppattiy± aya½ desan± sambhavat²”ti desan±ya kusalo, etena pakaraº±nuguºa½ bhagavato thomanamak±si. Es± hi sa½vaººanak±na½ pakati, yadida½ tattha tattha pakaraº±dhigataguºena bhagavato thoman±. -saddo cettha upam±nasamuccayasa½sayavacanavossaggapadap³raºasadisavikapp±d²su bah³svatthesu dissati. Tath± hesa “paº¹itov±pi tena so”ti-±d²su upam±ne dissati, sadisabh±veti attho. “Ta½ v±pi dh²r± muni½ pavedayant²”ti-±d²su (su. ni.213) samuccaye. “Ke v± ime kassa v±”ti-±d²su (p±r±. 296) sa½saye. “Aya½ v± (ayañca) (d². ni. 1.181) imesa½ samaºabr±hmaº±na½ sabbab±lo sabbam³¼ho”ti-±d²su (d². ni. 1.181) vacanavossagge. “Na v±ya½ kum±rako mattamaññ±s²”ti-±d²su (sa½. ni. 2.154) padap³raºe. “Madhu½ v± maññati b±lo, y±va p±pa½ na paccat²”ti-±d²su (dha. pa. 69) sadise. “Ye hi keci bhikkhave, samaº± v± br±hmaº± v±”ti-±d²su (ma. ni. 1.170; sa½. ni. 5.1092) vikappe. Idh±pi vikappeyeva. Mama v± dhammassa v± saªghassa v±ti vividh± visu½ vikappanassa jotakatt±ti ±ha “v±-saddo vikappanattho”ti. Para-saddo pana attheva aññattho “ahañceva kho pana dhamma½ deseyya½, pare ca me na ±j±neyyun”ti-±d²su (d². ni. 2.64; ma. ni. 1.281; 2.337; mah±va. 7, 8) atthi adhikattho “indriyaparopariyattan”ti-±d²su (vibha. 814; a. ni. 10.21; ma. ni. 1.148; paµi. ma. 1.68; 1.111) atthi pacch±bh±gattho “parato ±gamissat²”ti-±d²su. Atthi paccan²kattho “uppanna½ parappav±da½ sahadhammena suniggahita½ niggahetv±”ti-±d²su (d². ni. 2.168; sa½. ni. 5.822; a. ni. 8.70; ud±. 51) idh±pi paccan²katthoti dasseti “paµiviruddh± satt±”ti imin±. S±sanassa paccan²kabh³t± paccatthik± satt±ti attho. Ta-saddo pareti vuttamattha½ avaººabh±sanakiriy±visiµµha½ par±masat²ti vutta½ “ye avaººa½ vadanti, tes³”ti.
Nanu tesa½ ±gh±to natthi guºamahattatt±, atha kasm± eva½ vuttanti codan±lesa½ dassetv± tadapaneti “kiñc±p²”ti-±din±. Kiñc±pi natthi, atha kho tath±p²ti attho. ¿disesup²ti ettha pi-saddo sambh±vanattho, tena ratanattayanimittampi akusalacitta½ na upp±detabba½, pageva vaµµ±misalok±misanimittanti sambh±veti. Pariyattidhammoyeva saddhammanayanaµµhena nett²ti dhammanetti. ¾hanat²ti ±bhuso ghaµµeti, hi½sati v±, vib±dhati, upat±peti c±ti attho. Katthaci “etth±”ti p±µho dissati, so pacch±likhito por±ºap±µh±nugat±ya µ²k±ya virodhatt±, atthayuttiy± ca abh±vato. Yadipi domanass±dayo ca ±hananti, kopeyeva pan±ya½ niru¼hoti dasseti “kopasseta½ adhivacanan”ti imin±. Avayavatthañhi dassetv± tattha pariy±yena attha½ dassento evam±ha. Adhivacananti ca adhikicca pavatta½ vacana½, pasiddha½ v± vacana½, n±manti attho. Evamitaresupi. Ettha ca sabh±vadhammato aññassa kattu-abh±vajotanattha½ “±hanat²”ti kattutthe ±gh±tasadda½ dasseti. ¾hanati etena, ±hananamatta½ v± ±gh±toti karaºabh±vatth±pi sambhavantiyeva. “Appat²t±”ti etassattho “atuµµh± asomanassik±”ti vutto, ida½ pana p±kaµapariy±yena apaccayasaddassa nibbacanadassana½, tammukhena pana na pacceti ten±ti appaccayoti k±tabba½. Abhir±dhayat²ti s±dhayati. Etth±ti etesu t²su padesu. Dv²h²ti ±gh±ta-anabhiraddhipadehi. Eken±ti apaccayapadena. Ettakesu gahitesu ta½sampayutt± aggahit± siyu½, na ca sakk± tepi aggahitu½ ekupp±d±disabh±vatt±ti codana½ visodhetu½ “tesan”ti-±di vutta½, tesanti yath±vutt±na½ saªkh±rakkhandhavedan±kkhandhekades±na½. Ses±nanti saññ±viññ±º±vasiµµhasaªkh±rakkhandhekades±na½. Karaºanti upp±dana½. ¾gh±t±d²nañhi pavattiy± paccayasamav±yana½ idha “karaºan”ti vutta½, ta½ pana atthato upp±danameva. Tadanupp±danañhi sandh±ya p±¼iya½ “na karaº²y±”ti vutta½. Paµikkhittameva yath±raha½ ekupp±danirodh±rammaºavatthubh±vato.
Tatth±ti tasmi½ manopadose. “Tesu avaººabh±sakes³”ti imin± ±dh±ratthe bhumma½ dasseti. Nimittatthe, bh±valakkhaºe v± eta½ bhummanti ±ha “tasmi½ v± avaººe”ti. Na hi aguºo, nind± v± kopadomanass±na½ ±dh±ro sambhavati tabbh±sak±yattatt± tesa½. Assath±ti sattamiy± r³pa½ ce-saddayogena parikappanavisayatt±ti dasseti “bhaveyy±th±”ti imin±. “Bhaveyy±tha ce, yadi bhaveyy±th±’ti ca vadanto ‘yath±kkama½ pubb±parayogino ete sadd±’ti ñ±pet²”ti vadanti. “Kupit± kopena anattaman± domanassen±”ti imin± “eva½ paµhamena nayen±”ti-±din± vuttavacana½ atthantar±bh±vadassanena samattheti. “Tumh±kan”ti imin± sam±nattho “tumhan”ti eko saddo “amh±kan”ti imin± sam±nattho “amhan”ti saddo viya yath± “tasm± hi amha½ dahar± na m²yare”ti (j±. 1.93) ±ha “tumh±ka½yev±”ti. Atthavas± liªgavipariy±yoti katv± “t±ya ca anattamanat±y±”ti vutta½. “Antar±yo”ti vutte samaºadhammavises±nanti atthassa pakaraºato viññ±yam±natt±, viññ±yam±natthassa ca saddassa payoge k±mac±ratt± “paµhamajjh±n±d²na½ antar±yo”ti vutta½. Ettha ca “antar±yo”ti ida½ manopadosassa akaraº²yat±ya k±raºavacana½. Yasm± tumh±kameva tena kop±din± paµhamajjh±n±d²namantar±yo bhaveyya, tasm± te kop±dipariy±yena vutt± ±gh±t±dayo na karaº²y±ti adhipp±yo, tena “n±ha½ sabbaññ³”ti issarabh±vena tumhe tato niv±remi, atha kho imin±va k±raºen±ti dasseti. Ta½ pana k±raºavacana½ yasm± ±d²navavibh±vana½ hoti, tasm± “±d²nava½ dassento”ti heµµh± vuttanti daµµhabba½.