Paññatte ±sane nis²d²ti ettha kenida½ paññattanti anuyoge sati bhikkh³h²ti dassetu½ “buddhak±le kir±”ti-±dim±ha. Tattha buddhak±leti dharam±nassa bhagavato k±le. Visesanti yath±laddhato uttari jh±namaggaphala½. Ath±ti sa½sayatthe nip±to, yadi passat²ti attho. Vitakkayam±na½ na½ bhikkhunti sambandho, tath± tato passanahetu dassetv±, ovaditv±ti ca. Anamataggeti an±dimati. ¾k±sa½ uppatitv±ti ±k±se uggantv±. ¿disesu hi bhummattho eva yujjat²ti ud±naµµhakath±ya½ vutta½. Bh±roti taªkhaºeyeva bhagavato anucchavik±sanassa dullabhatt± garukamma½. Phalakanti nis²danatth±ya kata½ phala½. Kaµµhakanti nis²danayogya½ phalakato añña½ d±rukkhandha½. Saªka¹¹hitv±ti sa½haritv±. Tatth±ti pur±ºapaººesu, kevala½ tesu eva nis²ditumananucchavikatt± tath± vutta½, tatth±ti v± tesu p²µh±d²su. Eva½ sati saªka¹¹hitv± paññapent²ti atthavas± vibhatti½ vipariº±metv± sambandho. Papphoµetv±ti yath±µhita½ rajojall±di-sa½kiººamananur³panti tabbisodhanattha½ sañc±letv±. “Amh±ka½ ²dis± kath± aññatariss± desan±ya k±raºa½ bhavitu½ yutt±, avassa½ bhagav± ±gamissat²”ti ñatv± yath±nis²dana½ sandh±ya eva½ vutta½. Ettha ca “idh±gato samaºo v± br±hmaºo v± t±vak±lika½ gaºhitv± paribhuñjat³”ti raññ± µhapita½, tena ca ±gatak±le paribhutta½ ±sana½ rañño nis²dan±sananti veditabba½. Na hi tath± aµµhapita½ bhikkh³hi paribhuñjitu½, bhagavato ca paññapetu½ vaµµati. Tasm± t±disa½ rañño nis²dan±sana½ p±¼iya½ kathitanti dassetu½ “ta½ sandh±y±”ti-±di vutta½. Adhimuttiñ±ºanti ca satt±na½ n±n±dhimuttikat±rammaºa½ sabbaññutaññ±ºa½, balañ±ºañca, vuttov±yamattho.
“Nisajj±”ti ida½ nis²danapariyos±nad²pananti dasseti “evan”ti-±din±. “Tesa½ bhikkh³na½ ime saªkhiyadhamma½ viditv±”ti vuttatt± j±nantoyeva pucch²ti ayamattho siddhoti ±ha “j±nantoyev±”ti. Asati kath±vatthumhi tadanur³p± upar³pari vattabb± visesakath± na sam³pabr³hat²ti kath±samuµµh±panattha½ pucchana½ veditabba½. Nu-iti pucchanatthe. Asa-saddo pavattanattheti vutta½ “katam±ya nu…pe… bhavath±”ti. Etth±ti etasmi½ µh±ne sandhivasena uk±rassa ok±r±desova, na paµham±ya p±¼iy± atthato visesoti dasseti “tass±pi purimoyeva attho”ti imin±. Purimoyevatthoti ca “katam±ya nu bhavath±”ti eva½ vutto attho.
“K± ca pan±”ti ettha ca-saddo byatireke “yo ca buddhañca dhammañca, saªghañca saraºa½ gato”ti-±d²su viya. Byatireko ca n±ma pubbe vuttatth±pekkhako vises±tirekattho, so ca ta½ pubbe yath±pucchit±ya kath±ya vakkham±na½ vippakatabh±vasaªkh±ta½ byatirekattha½ joteti. Pana-saddo vacan±laªk±ro T±diso pana attho saddasatthatova suviññeyyoti katv± tadaññesameva attha½ dassetu½ “antar±kath±ti kammaµµh±na…pe… kath±”ti-±dim±ha. Kammaµµh±namanasik±ra-uddesaparipucch±dayo samaºakaraº²yabh³t±ti antar±saddena apekkhite karaº²yavisese sambandh±p±d±nabh±vena vattabbe tesameva vattabbar³patt± “kammaµµh±namanasik±ra-uddesaparipucch±d²nan”ti vutta½. Y±ya hi kath±ya te bhikkh³ sannisinn±, s± eva antar±kath± vippakat± visesena puna pucch²yati, na tadaññe kammaµµh±namanasik±ra-uddesaparipucch±dayoti. Antar±saddassa aññattham±ha “aññ±, ek±”ti ca. Pariy±yavacanañheta½ padadvaya½. Yasm± aññatthe aya½ antar±saddo “bh³mantara½, samayantaran”ti-±d²su viya. Tasm± “kammaµµh±namanasik±ra-uddesaparipucch±d²nan”ti nissakkatthe s±mivacana½ daµµhabba½. Vemajjhe v± antar±saddo, s± pana tesa½ vemajjhabh³tatt± aññ±yeva, tehi ca asammissatt± visu½ ek±yev±ti adhipp±ya½ dassetu½ “aññ±, ek±”ti ca vutta½. Pak±rena karaºa½ pakato, tato vigat±, vigata½ v± pakata½ yass±ti vippakat±, apariniµµhit±. Sikhanti pariyos±na½. Aya½ pana tadabhisambandhavasena uttari kathetukamyat±pucch±, ta½ sandh±y±ha “n±han”ti-±di. Kath±bhaªgatthanti kath±ya bhañjanattha½. Atthato ±pannatt± sabbaññupav±raºa½ pav±reti. Aniyy±nikatt± saggamokkhamagg±na½ tiracch±nabh³t± kath± tiracch±nakath±. Tiracch±nabh³t±ti ca tirokaraºabh³t±, vibandhanabh³t±ti attho. ¾di-saddena cettha coramah±mattasen±bhayakath±dika½ anekavihita½ niratthakakatha½ saªgaºh±ti. Aya½ kath± ev±ti antogadh±vadh±raºata½ aññatth±pohana½ v± sandh±ya ceta½ vutta½. Ath±ti tass± avippakatak±leyeva. “Ta½ no”ti-±din± atthato ±pannam±ha. Esa nayo ²disesu. Nanu ca tehi bhikkh³hi s± kath± “iti ha me”ti-±din± yath±dhipp±ya½ niµµh±pit±yev±ti? Na niµµh±pit± bhagavato upasaªkamanena upacchinnatt±. Yadi hi bhagav± tasmi½ khaºe na upasaªkameyya, bhiyyopi tappaµibaddh±yeva tath± pavatteyyu½, bhagavato upasaªkamanena pana na pavattesu½, tenev±ha “aya½ no…pe… anuppatto”ti.
Id±ni nid±nassa, nid±navaººan±ya v± pariniµµhitabh±va½ dassento tassa bhagavato vacanass±nuk³labh±vampi samatthetu½ “ett±vat±”ti-±dim±ha. Ett±vat±ti hi ettakena “eva½ me sutan”ti-±divacanakkamena ya½ nid±na½ bh±sitanti v± ettakena “tattha evanti nip±tapadan”ti-±divacanakkamena atthavaººan± samatt±ti v± dvidh± attho daµµhabbo. “Kamala…pe… salil±y±”ti-±din± pana tassa nid±nassa bhagavato vacanass±nuk³labh±va½ d²peti. Tattha kamalakuvalayujjalavimalas±dhurasasalil±y±ti kamalasaªkh±tehi padumapuº¹ar²kasetuppalarattuppalehi ceva kuvalayasaªkh±tena n²luppalena ca ujjalavimalas±dhurasasalilavatiy±. Nimmalasil±talaracanavil±sasobhitaratanasop±nanti nimmalena sil±talena racan±ya vil±sena l²l±ya sobhitaratanasop±navanta½, nimmalasil±talena v± racanavil±sena, susaªkhatakiriy±sobhena ca sobhitaratanasop±na½, vil±sasobhitasaddehi v± ativiya sobhitabh±vo vutto. Vippakiººamutt±talasadisav±luk±cuººapaº¹arabh³mibh±ganti vividhena pakiºº±ya mutt±ya talasadis±na½ v±luk±na½ cuººehi paº¹aravaººabh³mibh±gavanta½. Suvibhattabhittivicitravedik±parikkhittass±ti suµµhu vibhatt±hi bhitt²hi vicitrassa, vedik±hi parikkhittassa ca. Uccatarena nakkhattapatha½ ±k±sa½ phusituk±mat±ya viya, vijambhitasaddena cetassa sambandho. Vijambhitasamussayass±ti vikk²¼anasam³havantassa. Dantamayasaºhamuduphalakakañcanalat±vinaddhamaºigaºappabh±samudayujjalasobhanti dantamaye ativiya siniddhaphalake kañcanamay±hi lat±hi vinaddh±na½ maº²na½ gaºappabh±samud±yena samujjalasobh±sampanna½. Suvaººavalayanupur±disaªghaµµanasaddasammissitakathitahasita- madhurassaragehajanavicaritass±ti suvaººamayaniyurap±dakaµak±d²na½ aññamañña½ saªghaµµanena janitasaddehi sammissitakathitasarahasitasarasaªkh±tena madhurassarena sampann±na½ gehaniv±s²na½ naran±r²na½ vicaritaµµh±nabh³tassa. U¼±rissariyavibhavasobhitass±ti u¼±rat±sampannajana-issariyasampannajanavibhavasampannajanehi, tanniv±s²na½ v± naran±r²na½ uttam±dhipaccabhogehi sobhitassa. Suvaººarajatamaºimutt±pav±¼±dijutivissaravijjotitasuppatiµµhitavis±la dv±rab±hanti suvaººarajatan±n±maºimutt±pav±¼±d²na½ jut²hi pabhassaravijjotitasuppatiµµhitavitthatadv±rab±ha½.
Tividhas²l±didassanavasena buddhassa guº±nubh±va½ samm± s³cet²ti buddhaguº±nubh±vasa½s³caka½, tassa. K±lo ca deso ca desako ca vatthu ca paris± ca, t±sa½ apadesena nidassanena paµimaº¹ita½ tath±.
Kimattha½ panettha dhammavinayasaªgahe kariyam±ne nid±navacana½ vutta½, nanu bhagavat± bh±sitavacanasseva saªgaho k±tabboti? Vuccate– desan±ya µhiti-asammosasaddheyyabh±vasamp±danattha½. K±ladesadesakavatthuparis±padesehi upanibandhitv± µhapit± hi desan± ciraµµhitik± hoti, asammosadhamm±, saddheyy± ca desak±lavatthuhetunimittehi upanibandho viya voh±ravinicchayo, teneva c±yasmat± mah±kassapena “brahmaj±la½ ±vuso ±nanda kattha bh±sitan”ti-±din± (c³¼ava. 439) des±dipucch±su kat±su t±sa½ vissajjana½ karontena dhammabhaº¹±g±rikena ±yasmat± ±nandattherena nid±na½ bh±sitanti tadevidh±pi vutta½ “k±ladesadesakavatthuparis±padesapaµimaº¹ita½ nid±nan”ti.
Apica satthusampattipak±sanattha½ nid±navacana½. Tath±gatassa hi bhagavato pubba-racan±-num±n±gama-takk±bh±vato samm±sambuddhattasiddhi. Samm±sambuddhabh±vena hissa puretara½ racan±ya, “evampi n±ma bhaveyy±”ti anum±nassa, ±gamantara½ niss±ya parivitakkassa ca abh±vo sabbattha appaµihatañ±ºac±rat±ya ekappam±ºatt± ñeyyadhammesu. Tath± ±cariyamuµµhidhammamacchariyas±sanas±vak±nurodhabh±vato kh²º±savattasiddhi. Kh²º±savat±ya hi ±cariyamuµµhi-±d²namabh±vo, visuddh± ca par±nuggahappavatti. Iti desakasa½kilesabh³t±na½ diµµhis²lasampattid³sak±na½ avijj±taºh±na½ abh±vasa½s³cakehi ñ±ºappah±nasampad±bhibyañjanakehi ca sambuddhavisuddhabh±vehi purimaves±rajjadvayasiddhi. Tatoyeva ca antar±yikaniyy±nikesu sammoh±bh±vasiddhito pacchimaves±rajjadvayasiddh²ti bhagavato catuves±rajjasamann±gamo, attahitaparahitapaµipatti ca nid±navacanena pak±sit± hoti sampattaparis±ya ajjh±say±nur³pa½ µh±nuppattikapaµibh±nena dhammadesan±d²panato, “j±nat± passat±”ti-±divacanato ca, tena vutta½ “satthusampattipak±sanattha½ nid±navacanan”ti.
Apica s±sanasampattipak±sanattha½ nid±navacana½. ѱºakaruº±pariggahitasabbakiriyassa hi bhagavato natthi niratthik± pavatti, attahitatth± v±, tasm± paresa½yeva hit±ya pavattasabbakiriyassa samm±sambuddhassa sakalampi k±yavac²manokamma½ yath±pavatta½ vuccam±na½ diµµhadhammikasampar±yikaparamatthehi yath±raha½ satt±na½ anus±sanaµµhena s±sana½, na kabbaracan±. Tayida½ satthu carita½ k±ladesadesakavatthuparis±padesehi saddhi½ tattha tattha nid±navacanehi yath±sambhava½ pak±s²yati. Atha v± satthuno pam±ºabh±vappak±sanena s±sanassa pam±ºabh±vappak±sanattha½ nid±navacana½, tañcassa pam±ºabh±vadassana½ “bhagav±”ti imin± tath±gatassa guºavisiµµhasabbasattuttamabh±vad²panena ceva “j±nat± passat±”ti-±din± ±say±nusayañ±º±dipayogad²panena ca vibh±vita½ hoti, idamettha nid±navacanapayojanassa mukhamattanidassana½. Ko hi samattho buddh±nubuddhena dhammabhaº¹±g±rikena bh±sitassa nid±nassa payojan±ni niravasesato vibh±vitunti. Honti cettha–
“Desan±ciraµµhitattha½, asammos±ya bh±sita½;
saddh±ya c±pi nid±na½, vedehena yasassin±.
Satthusampattiy± ceva, s±sanasampad±ya ca;
tassa pam±ºabh±vassa, dassanatthampi bh±sitan”ti.
Iti sumaªgalavil±siniy± d²ghanik±yaµµhakath±ya paramasukhumagambh²raduranubodhatthaparid²pan±ya suvimalavipulapaññ±veyyattiyajanan±ya ajjavamaddavasoraccasaddh±satidhitibuddhikhantiv²riy±didhammasamaªgin± s±µµhakathe piµakattaye asaªg±sa½h²ravis±radañ±ºac±rin± anekappabhedasakasamayasamayantaragahanajjhog±hin± mah±gaºin± mah±veyy±karaºena ñ±º±bhiva½sadhammasen±patin±matherena mah±dhammar±j±dhir±jagarun± kat±ya s±dhuvil±siniy± n±ma l²natthapak±saniy± abbhantaranid±navaººan±ya l²natthapak±san±.