“Tath±”ti-±din± sayameva dhammat±vasena tesa½ saddakaraºa½ dasseti. Tad± k±ya½ upagacchant²ti k±y³pag±ni, na yattha katthaci µhit±ni. “Antarav²thin”ti imin± bhagavato piº¹±ya gaman±nur³pav²thi½ dasseti. Na hi bhagav± loluppac±rapiº¹ac±riko viya yattha katthaci gacchati. Ye paµhama½ gat±, ye v± tadanucchavika½ piº¹ap±ta½ d±tu½ samatth±, te bhagavatopi patta½ gaºhant²ti veditabba½. Paµim±nent²ti patissam±nas± p³jenti, bhagavanta½ v± paµim±n±penti paµim±nanta½ karonti. Voh±ramattañceta½, bhagavato pana apaµim±nan± n±ma natthi. Cittasant±n±n²ti at²te, etarahi ca pavattacittasant±n±ni. Yath± keci arahatte patiµµhahanti, tath± dhamma½ deset²ti sambandho. Keci pabbajitv±ti ca arahattasam±pann±na½ pabbajj±saªkhepagatadassanattha½ na pana gih²na½ arahattasam±pannat±paµikkhepanattha½. Ayañhi arahattappatt±na½ gih²na½ sabh±vo, y± tadaheva pabbajj± v±, k±la½ kiriy±v±ti. Tath± hi vutta½ ±yasmat± n±gasenattherena “visama½ mah±r±ja, gihiliªga½, visame liªge liªgadubbalat±ya arahatta½ patto gih² tasmi½yeva divase pabbajati v± parinibb±yati v± neso mah±r±ja, doso arahattassa, gihiliªgasseveso doso yadida½ liªgadubbalat±”ti (mi. pa. 5.2.2) sabba½ vattabba½. Ettha ca sapp±µih²rappavesanasambandheneva mah±jan±nuggahaºa½ dassita½, app±µih²rappavesanena ca pana “te sunivatth± sup±rut±”ti-±divacana½ yath±raha½ sambandhitv± mah±jan±nuggahaºa½ atthato vibh±vetabba½ hoti. Tampi hi purebhattakiccamev±ti. Upaµµh±nas±l± cettha maº¹alam±¼o. Tattha gantv± maº¹alam±¼eti idha p±µho likhito. “Gandhamaº¹alam±¼e”tipi (a. ni. aµµha. 1.53) manorathap³raºiy± dissati, taµµ²k±yañca “catujj±tiyagandhena paribhaº¹e maº¹alam±¼e”ti vutta½. Gandhakuµi½ pavisat²ti ca pavisanakiriy±sambandhat±ya, tassam²pat±ya ca vutta½, tasm± pavisitu½ gacchat²ti attho daµµhabbo, na pana anto tiµµhat²ti. Evañhi “atha kho bhagav±”ti-±divacana½ (d². ni. 1.4) s³papanna½ hoti.
Atha khoti eva½ gandhakuµi½ pavisitu½ gamanak±le. Upaµµh±neti sam²papadese. “P±de pakkh±letv± p±dap²µhe µhatv± bhikkhusaªgha½ ovadat²”ti ettha p±de pakkh±lentova p±dap²µhe tiµµhanto ovadat²ti veditabba½. Etadattha½yeva hi bhikkh³na½ bhattakiccapariyos±na½ ±gamayam±no nis²di. Dullabh± sampatt²ti satipi manussattapaµil±bhe patir³padesav±sa-indriy±vekallasaddh±paµil±bh±dayo sampattisaªkh±t± guº± dullabh±ti attho. Potthakesu pana “dullabh± saddh±sampatt²”ti p±µho dissati, so ayuttova. Tatth±ti tasmi½ p±dap²µhe µhatv± ovadanak±le, tesu v± bhikkh³su, rattiy± vasana½ µh±na½ rattiµµh±na½, tath± div±µh±na½. “Kec²”ti-±di tabbivaraºa½. C±tumah±r±jikabhavananti c±tumah±r±jikadevaloke suññavim±n±ni sandh±ya vutta½. Esa nayo t±vati½sabhavan±d²supi. Tato bhagav± gandhakuµi½ pavisitv± pacch±bhatta½ tayo bh±ge katv± paµhamabh±ge sace ±kaªkhati, dakkhiºena passena s²haseyya½ kappeti, sace n±kaªkhati, buddh±ciººa½ phalasam±patti½ sam±pajjati, atha yath±k±lapariccheda½ tato vuµµhahitv± dutiyabh±ge pacchimay±massa tatiyakoµµh±se viya loka½ voloketi veneyy±na½ ñ±ºaparip±ka½ passitu½, ten±ha “sace ±kaªkhat²”ti-±di. S²haseyyanti-±d²namattho heµµh± vuttova. Yañhi apubba½ pada½ anutt±na½, tadeva vaººayiss±ma. Samm± ass±sitabboti g±h±panavasena upatthambhitabboti samass±sito. T±diso k±yo yass±ti tath±. Dhammassavanattha½ sannipatati. Tass± paris±ya citt±c±ra½ ñatv± katabh±va½ sandh±y±ha “sampattaparis±ya-anur³pena p±µih±riyen±”ti. Yattha dhamma½ saha bh±santi, s± dhammasabh± n±ma. K±layuttanti “imiss± vel±ya imassa eva½ vattabban”ti ta½ta½k±l±nur³pa½. Samayayuttanti tasseva vevacana½, aµµhuppatti-anur³pa½ v± samayayutta½. Atha v± samayayuttanti hetud±haraºehi yutta½. K±lena s±padesañhi bhagav± dhamma½ deseti. K±la½ viditv± parisa½ uyyojeti, na y±va samandhak±r± dhamma½ deset²ti adhipp±yo. “Samaya½ viditv± parisa½ uyyojes²”tipi katthaci pariy±yavacanap±µho dissati, so pacch± pam±dalikhito.
Gatt±n²ti k±yoyeva anek±vayavatt± vutto. “Utu½ gaºh±pet²”ti imin± utugaºh±panatthameva osiñcana½, na pana malavikkh±lanatthanti dasseti. Na hi bhagavato k±ye rajojalla½ upalimpat²ti. Catujj±tikena gandhena paribh±vit± kuµ² gandhakuµ². Tass± pariveºa½ tath±. Phalasam±patt²hi muhutta½ paµisall²no. Tato tatoti attano attano rattiµµh±nadiv±µh±nato, upagantv±, sam²pe v± µh±na½ upaµµh±na½, bhajana½ sevananti attho. Tatth±ti tasmi½ nis²danaµµh±ne, purimay±me v±, tesu v± bhikkh³su.
Pañh±kathan±divasena adhipp±ya½ samp±dento “dasasahassilokadh±t³”ti eva½ avatv± tass± anek±vayavasaªgahaºattha½ “sakaladasasahassilokadh±t³”ti vutta½. Purebhattapacch±bhattapurimay±mesu manussaparis±b±hullato ok±sa½ alabhitv± id±ni majjhimay±meyeva ok±sa½ labham±n±, bhagavat± v± katok±sat±ya ok±sa½ labham±n±ti adhipp±yo. K²disa½ pana pucchant²ti ±ha “yath±bhisaªkhata½ antamaso caturakkharamp²”ti. Yath±bhisaªkhatanti abhisaªkhat±nur³pa½, tadanatikkamma v±, etena yath± tath± attano paµibh±n±nur³pa½ pucchant²ti dasseti.
Pacch±bhattak±lassa t²su bh±gesu paµhamabh±ge s²haseyy±kappana½ ekanta½ na hot²ti ±ha “purebhattato paµµh±ya nisajj±ya p²¼itassa sar²rass±”ti. Teneva hi pubbe “sace ±kaªkhat²”ti tad± s²haseyy±kappanassa anibaddhat± vibh±vit±. Kil±subh±vo kilamatho. Sar²rassa kil±subh±vamocanattha½ caªkamena v²tin±meti s²haseyya½ kappet²ti sambandho. Buddhacakkhun±ti ±say±nusaya-indriyaparopariyattañ±ºasaªkh±tena pañcamachaµµhabalabh³tena buddhacakkhun±. Tena hi lokavolokanab±hullat±ya ta½ “buddhacakkh³”ti vuccati, idañca pacchimay±me bhagavato bahula½ ±ciººavasena vutta½. Appekad± avasiµµhabalañ±ºehi, sabbaññutaññ±ºeneva ca bhagav± tamattha½ s±dheti.
“Pacchimay±makicca½ karonto aññ±s²”ti pubbe vuttamattha½ samatthento “tasmi½ pana divase”ti-±dim±ha. Buddh±na½ bhagavant±na½ yattha katthaci vasant±na½ ida½ pañcavidha½ kicca½ avijahitameva hoti sabbak±la½ suppatiµµhitasatisampajaññatt±, tasm± tadahepi tadavijahanabh±vadassanattha½ idha pañcavidhakiccapayojananti daµµhabba½. Caªkamanti tattha caªkaman±nur³paµµh±na½. Caªkamam±no aññ±s²ti yojetabba½. Pubbe vutte atthadvaye pacchimatthaññeva gahetv± “sabbaññutaññ±ºa½ ±rabbh±”ti vutta½. Purimattho hi pakaraº±dhigatatt± suviññeyyoti.
“Atha kho bhagav± tesa½ bhikkh³na½ ima½ saªkhiyadhamma½ viditv± yena maº¹alam±¼o, tenupasaªkam²”ti aya½ s±vasesap±µho, tasm± eta½ viditv±, eva½ cintetv± ca upasaªkam²ti attho veditabboti dassetu½ “ñatv± ca panass±”ti-±di vutta½. Tattha assa etadahos²ti assa bhagavato eta½ parivitakkana½, eso v± cetaso parivitakko ahosi, liªgavipall±soya½ “etadaggan”ti-±d²su (a. ni. 1.188 ±dayo) viya. Sabbaññutaññ±ºakicca½ na sabbath± p±kaµa½. Nirantaranti anupubb±rocanavasena nibbivara½, yath±bh±sitassa v± ±rocanavasena nibbisesa½. Bh±vanapu½sakañceta½. Ta½ aµµhuppatti½ katv±ti ta½ yath±rocita½ vacana½ imassa suttassa uppattik±raºa½ katv±, imassa v± suttassa desan±ya uppanna½ k±raºa½ katv±tipi attho. Attha-saddo cettha k±raºe, tena imassa suttassa aµµhuppattika½ nikkhepa½ dasseti. Dv±saµµhiy± µh±nes³ti dv±saµµhidiµµhigataµµh±nesu. Appaµivattiyanti samaºena v± br±hmaºena v± devena v± m±rena v± brahmun± v± kenaci v± lokasmi½ anivattiya½. S²han±da½ nadantoti seµµhan±dasaªkh±ta½ abh²tan±da½ nadanto. Ya½ pana lokiy± vadanti–
“Uttarasmi½ pade byagghapuªgavosabhakuñjar±;
s²hasadd³lan±g±dy±, pume seµµhatthagocar±”ti.

Ta½ yebhuyyavasen±ti daµµhabba½. S²han±dasadisa½ v± n±da½ nadanto. Ayamattho s²han±dasuttena (a. ni. 6.64; 10.21) d²petabbo. Yath± v± kesaro migar±j± sahanato, hananato, ca “s²ho”ti vuccati, eva½ tath±gatopi lokadhamm±na½ sahanato, parappav±d±na½ hananato ca “s²ho”ti vuccati. Tasm± s²hassa tath±gatassa n±da½ nadantotipi attho daµµhabbo. Yath± hi s²ho s²habalena samann±gato sabbattha vis±rado vigatalomaha½so s²han±da½ nadati, eva½ tath±gatas²hopi tath±gatabalehi samann±gato aµµhasu paris±su vis±rado vigatalomaha½so “ime diµµhiµµh±n±”ti-±din± nayena n±n±vidhadesan±vil±sasampanna½ s²han±da½ nadati Ya½ sandh±ya vutta½ “s²hoti kho bhikkhave, tath±gatasseta½ adhivacana½ arahato samm±sambuddhassa. Ya½ kho bhikkhave, tath±gato paris±ya dhamma½ deseti, idamassa hoti s²han±dasmin”ti (a. ni. 10.21). “Ime diµµhiµµh±n±”ti-±dik± hi idha vakkham±nadesan±yeva s²han±do. Tesa½ “vedan±paccay± taºh±”ti-±din± vakkham±nanayena paccay±k±rassa samodh±nampi veditabba½. Sineru½…pe… viya c±ti upam±dvayena brahmaj±ladesan±ya anaññas±dh±raºatt± sudukkarata½ dasseti. Suvaººak³µen±ti suvaººamayapaharaºopakaraºavisesena. Ratananik³µena viya ag±ra½ arahattanik³µena brahmaj±lasuttanta½ niµµhapento, nik³µen±ti ca niµµh±nagatena accuggatak³µen±ti attho. Idañca arahattaphalapariyos±natt± sabbaguº±na½ tadeva sabbesa½ uttaritaranti vutta½. Purimo pana me-saddo desan±pekkhoti parinibbutass±pi me s± desan± aparabh±ge pañcavassasahass±n²ti attho yutto. Savana-uggahaºadh±raºav±can±divasena paricaya½ karonte, tath± ca paµipanne nibb±na½ samp±pik± bhavissat²ti adhipp±yo.

Yadaggena yen±ti karaºaniddeso, tadaggena ten± tipi daµµhabba½. Etanti “yena ten±”ti eta½ padadvaya½. Tatth±ti hi tasmi½ maº¹alam±¼eti attho. Yen±ti v± bhummatthe karaºavacana½. Ten±ti pana upayogatthe. Tasm± tatth±ti ta½ maº¹alam±¼antipi vadanti. Upasaªkam²ti ca upasaªkamantoti attho paccuppannak±lassa adhippetatt±, tadupasaªkamanassa pana at²tabh±vassa s³canato “upasaªkam²”ti takk±l±pekkhanavasena at²tapayogo vutto. Evañhi “upasaªkamitv±”ti vacana½ s³papanna½ hoti. Itarath± dvinnampi vacan±na½ at²tak±likatt± tath±vattabbameva na siy±. Upasaªkamanassa ca gamana½, upagamanañc±ti dvidh± attho, idha pana gamanameva. Sampattuk±mat±ya hi ya½ kiñci µh±na½ gacchanto ta½ ta½ pades±tikkamanavasena “ta½ µh±na½ upasaªkami upasaªkamanto”ti vattabbata½ labhati, ten±ha “tattha gato”ti, tena upagamanattha½ nivatteti. Yañhi µh±na½ pattumicchanto gacchati, ta½ pattat±yeva “upagamanan”ti vuccati. Yamettha na sa½vaººita½ “upasaªkamitv±”ti pada½, ta½ upasaªkamanapariyos±nad²pana½. Atha v± gatoti upagato. Anupasaggopi hi saddo sa-upasaggo viya atthantara½ vadati sa-upasaggopi anupasaggo viy±ti. Ato “upasaªkamitv±”ti padassa eva½ upagato tato ±sannatara½ bhikkh³na½ sam²pasaªkh±ta½ pañha½ v± kathetu½, dhamma½ v± desetu½ sakkuºeyyaµµh±na½ upagantv±ti attho veditabbo. Apica yen±ti hetumhi karaºavacana½. Yena k±raºena bhagavat± so maº¹alam±¼o upasaªkamitabbo, tena k±raºena upasaªkam²ti attho. K±raºa½ pana “ime bhikkh³”ti-±din± aµµhakath±ya½ vuttameva.