Nanu ca etasmimpi pakkhe yad± sakala½ ñ±tu½ icchita½, tad± saki½yeva sakalavisayat±ya anir³pitar³pena bhagavato ñ±ºa½ pavatteyy±ti vuttados± n±tivattiyev±ti? Na, tassa visodhitatt±. Visodhito hi so buddhavisayo acinteyyoti. Aññath± pacurajanañ±ºasam±navuttit±ya buddh±na½ bhagavant±na½ ñ±ºassa acinteyyat± na siy±, tasm± sakaladhamm±rammaºampi ta½ ekadhamm±rammaºa½ viya suvavatth±piteyeva te dhamme katv± pavattat²ti idamettha acinteyya½, “y±vataka½ neyya½, t±vataka½ ñ±ºa½. Y±vataka½ ñ±ºa½, t±vataka½ neyya½. Neyyapariyantika½ ñ±ºa½, ñ±ºapariyantika½ neyya½. Neyya½ atikkamitv± ñ±ºa½ nappavattati, ñ±ºa½ atikkamitv± neyyapatho natthi. Aññamaññapariyantaµµh±yino te dhamm±, yath± dvinna½ samuggapaµal±na½ samm± phusit±na½ heµµhima½ samuggapaµala½ uparima½ n±tivattati, uparima½ samuggapaµala½ heµµhima½ n±tivattati. Aññamaññapariyantaµµh±yino, evameva buddhassa bhagavato neyyañca ñ±ºañca aññamaññapariyantaµµh±yino…pe… te dhamm±”ti (mah±ni. 69, 156; c³¼ani. 85; paµi. ma. 3.5) evamekajjha½, visu½, saki½, kamena v± icch±nur³pa½ pavattassa tassa ñ±ºassa vasena samm± s±mañca sabbadhamm±na½ buddhatt± bhagav± samm±sambuddho n±ma j±toti.
Aya½ panettha aµµhakath±muttako nayo– µh±n±µh±n±d²ni chabbisay±ni chahi ñ±ºehi j±nat±, yath±kamm³page satte cut³pap±tadibbacakkhuñ±ºehi passat±, sav±san±nam±sav±na½ ±savakkhayañ±ºena kh²ºatt± arahat±, jh±n±didhamme sa½kilesavod±navasena s±ma½yeva avipar²t±vabodhato samm±sambuddhena, eva½ dasabalañ±ºavasena cat³h±k±rehi thomitena. Apica t²su k±lesu appaµihatañ±ºat±ya j±nat±, tiººampi kamm±na½ ñ±º±nuparivattito nisammak±rit±ya passat±, dav±d²na½ channamabh±vas±dhik±ya pah±nasampad±ya arahat±, chand±d²na½ channamah±nihetubh³t±ya aparikkhayapaµibh±nas±dhik±ya sabbaññut±ya samm±sambuddhena eva½ aµµh±ras±veºikabuddhadhammavasena (d². ni. aµµha. 3.305) cat³h±k±rehi thomiten±ti evam±din± tesa½ tesa½ ñ±ºadassanapah±nabodhanatthehi saªgahit±na½ buddhaguº±na½ vasena yojan± k±tabb±ti.
Catuves±rajja½ sandh±ya “cat³h±k±reh²”ti vutta½. “Thomiten±”ti etena imesa½ “bhagavat±”ti padassa visesanata½ dasseti. Yadipi h²napaº²tabhedena duvidh±va adhimutti p±¼iya½ vutt±, pavatti-±k±ravasena pana anekabhedabhinn±v±ti ±ha “n±n±dhimuttikat±”ti. S± pana adhimutti ajjh±sayadh±tuyeva, tadapi tath± tath± dassana½, khamana½, rocanañc±ti attha½ viññ±peti “n±najjh±sayat±”ti imin±. Tath± hi vakkhati “n±n±dhimuttikat± n±najjh±sayat± n±n±diµµhikat± n±nakkhantit± n±n±rucit±”ti. “Y±vañcidan”ti etassa “suppaµividit±”ti imin± sambandho. Tattha ca idanti padap³raºamatta½, “n±n±dhimuttikat±”ti etena v± padena sam±n±dhikaraºa½, tassattho pana p±kaµoyev±ti ±ha “y±va ca suµµhu paµividit±”ti.
“Y± ca ayan”ti-±din± dh±tusa½yuttap±¼i½ dassento tadeva sa½yutta½ manasi karitv± tesa½ avaººavaººabh±sanena saddhi½ ghaµetv± ther±namaya½ saªkhiyadhammo udap±d²ti dasseti. Ato assa bhagavato dh±tusa½yuttadesan±nayena t±sa½ suppaµividitabh±va½ samatthanavasena dassetu½ “aya½ h²”ti-±dim±h±ti attho daµµhabbo. Suppaµividitabh±vasamatthanañhi “aya½ h²”ti-±divacana½. Tattha y± aya½ n±n±dhimuttikat±…pe… rucit±ti sambandho. Dh±tusoti ajjh±sayadh±tuy±. Sa½sandant²ti sambandhenti viss±senti. Sament²ti samm±, saha v± bhavanti. “H²n±dhimuttik±”ti-±di tath±bh±vavibh±vana½. At²tampi addh±nanti at²tasmi½ k±le, accantasa½yoge v± eta½ upayogavacana½. N±n±dhimuttikat±-padassa n±najjh±sayat±ti atthavacana½. N±n±diµµhi…pe… rucit±ti tassa sar³padassana½. Sassat±diladdhivasena n±n±diµµhikat±. P±p±c±rakaly±º±c±r±dipakativasena n±nakkhantit±. P±picch±-appicch±divasena n±n±rucit±. N±¼iy±ti tumbena, ±¼hakena v±. Tul±y±ti m±nena. N±n±dhimuttikat±ñ±ºanti cettha sabbaññutaññ±ºameva adhippeta½, na dasabalañ±ºanti ±ha “sabbaññutaññ±ºen±”ti. Eva½ ±cariyadhammap±lattherena (d². ni. µ². 1.3) vutta½, abhidhammaµµhakath±ya½, dasabalasuttaµµhakath±su (ma. ni. aµµha. 1.149; a. ni. aµµha. 3.10.21; vibha. aµµha. 831) ca evam±gata½.
Parav±d² pan±ha “dasabalañ±ºa½ n±ma p±µiyekka½ natthi, sabbaññutaññ±ºassev±ya½ pabhedo”ti, ta½ tath± na daµµhabba½. Aññameva hi dasabalañ±ºa½, añña½ sabbaññutaññ±ºa½. Dasabalañ±ºañhi sakakiccameva j±n±ti, sabbaññutaññ±ºa½ pana tampi tato avasesampi j±n±ti. Dasabalañ±ºesu hi paµhama½ k±raº±k±raºameva j±n±ti, dutiya½ kammantaravip±kantarameva, tatiya½ kammaparicchedameva, catuttha½ dh±tun±nattak±raºameva, pañcama½ satt±namajjh±say±dhimuttimeva, chaµµha½ indriy±na½ tikkhamudubh±vameva, sattama½ jh±n±d²hi saddhi½ tesa½ sa½kiles±dimeva, aµµhama½ pubbenivutthakkhandhasantatimeva, navama½ satt±na½ cutipaµisandhimeva, dasama½ saccaparicchedameva, sabbaññutaññ±ºa½ pana etehi j±nitabbañca tato uttariñca j±n±ti, etesa½ pana kicca½ na sabba½ karoti. Tañhi jh±na½ hutv± appetu½ na sakkoti, iddhi hutv± vikubbitu½ na sakkoti, maggo hutv± kilese khepetu½ na sakkoti. Apica parav±d² eva½ pucchitabbo “dasabalañ±ºa½ n±ma eta½ savitakkasavic±ra½ avitakkavic±ramatta½ avitakka-avic±ra½, k±m±vacara½ r³p±vacara½ ar³p±vacara½, lokiya½ lokuttaran”ti. J±nanto paµip±µiy± satta ñ±º±ni “savitakkasavic±r±n²”ti vakkhati, tato par±ni dve “avitakka-avic±r±n²”ti vakkhati, ±savakkhayañ±ºa½ “siy± savitakkasavic±ra½, siy± avitakkavic±ramatta½, siy± avitakka-avic±ran”ti vakkhati, tath± paµip±µiy± satta k±m±vacar±ni, tato para½ dve r³p±vacar±ni, avas±ne eka½ “lokuttaran’ti vakkhati, sabbaññutaññ±ºa½ pana savitakkasavic±rameva, k±m±vacarameva, lokiyamev±ti. Iti aññadeva dasabalañ±ºa½, añña½ sabbaññutaññ±ºanti, tasm± pañcamabalañ±ºasaªkh±tena n±n±dhimuttikat±ñ±ºena ca sabbaññutaññ±ºena ca vidit±ti attho veditabbo. Ca-k±ropi hi potthakesu dissati. ti yath±vutt± n±n±dhimuttikat±. “Dvepi n±m±”ti-±din± yath±vuttasuttassattha½ saªkhepena dassetv± “imesu c±p²”ti-±din± tassa saªkhiyadhammassa tadabhisambandhata½ ±vi karoti. Iti ha meti ettha eva½saddatthe iti-saddo, ha-k±ro nip±tamatta½, ±gamo v±. Sandhivasena ik±ralopo, ak±r±deso v±ti dasseti “eva½ ime”ti imin±.
4. “Viditv±”ti ettha pakatiyatthabh³t± vij±nanakiriy± s±maññena abhedavat²pi sam±n± ta½ta½karaºayogyat±ya anekappabhed±ti dassetu½ “bhagav± h²”ti-±di vutta½. Vatth³n²ti gharavatth³ni. “Sabbaññutaññ±ºena disv± aññ±s²”ti ca voh±ravacanamattameta½. Na hi tena dassanato añña½ j±nana½ n±ma natthi. Tadida½ ñ±ºa½ ±vajjanapaµibaddha½ ±kaªkh±paµibaddha½ manasik±rapaµibaddha½ cittupp±dapaµibaddha½ hutv± pavattati. Ki½ n±ma karonto bhagav± tena ñ±ºena ±vajjan±dipaµibaddhena aññ±s²ti sot³namatthassa suviññ±panattha½ parammukh± viya codana½ samuµµh±peti “ki½ karonto aññ±s²”ti imin±, pacchimay±makicca½ karonto ta½ ñ±ºa½ ±vajjan±dipaµibaddha½ hutv± tena tath± aññ±s²ti vutta½ hoti. S±maññasmi½ sati visesavacana½ s±tthaka½ siy±ti anuyogen±ha “kiccañcan±metan”ti-±di. Arahattamaggena samuggh±ta½ kata½ tassa samuµµh±pakakilesasamuggh±µanena, yato “natthi aby±vaµamano”ti aµµh±rasasu buddhadhammesu vuccati. Niratthako cittasamud±c±ro natth²ti hettha attho. Evampi vutt±nuyogo tadavatthoyev±ti codanamapaneti “ta½ pañcavidhan”ti-±din±. Tattha purimakiccadvaya½ divasabh±gavasena, itarattaya½ rattibh±gavasena gahetabba½ tath±yeva vakkham±natt±.
“Upaµµh±k±nuggahaºattha½, sar²raph±sukatthañc±”ti etena anekakappasamupacitapuññasambh±rajanita½ bhagavato mukhavara½ duggandh±didosa½ n±ma natthi, tadubhayatthameva pana mukhadhovan±d²ni karot²ti dasseti. Sabbopi hi buddh±na½ k±yo b±hirabbhantarehi malehi anupakkiliµµho sudhotamaºi viya hoti. Vivitt±saneti phalasam±patt²namanur³pe vivek±nubr³han±sane. V²tin±metv±ti phalasam±patt²hi v²tin±mana½ vutta½, tampi na vivekaninnat±ya, paresañca diµµh±nugati ±pajjanattha½. Surattadupaµµa½ antarav±saka½ vih±raniv±sanaparivattanavasena niv±setv± vijjulat±sadisa½ k±yabandhana½ bandhitv± meghavaººa½ sugatac²vara½ p±rupitv± selamayapatta½ ±d±y±ti adhipp±yo. Tath±yeva hi tattha tattha vutto. “Kad±ci ekako”ti-±di tesa½ tesa½ vineyy±na½ vinayan±nuk³la½ bhagavato upasaªkamanadassana½. G±ma½ v± nigama½ v±ti ettha -saddo vikappanattho, tena nagarampi vikappeti. Yath±ruci vattam±nehi anekehi p±µih±riyehi pavisat²ti sambandho.
“Seyyathidan”ti-±din± pacchimapakkha½ vitth±reti. Seyyathidanti ca ta½ katamanti atthe nip±to, ida½ v± sapp±µih²rapavisana½ katamantipi vaµµati. Mudugatav±t±ti mudubh³t±, mudubh±vena v± gat± v±t±. Udakaphusit±n²ti udakabind³ni. Muñcant±ti osiñcant±. Reºu½ v³pasametv±ti raja½ sannis²d±petv± upari vit±na½ hutv± tiµµhanti caº¹a-v±t±tapa-himap±t±di-haraºena vit±nakiccanipph±dakatt±, tato tato himavant±d²su pupph³pagarukkhato upasa½haritv±ti atthassa viññ±yam±natt± tath± na vutta½. Samabh±gakaraºamattena onamanti, unnamanti ca, tatoyeva p±danikkhepasamaye sam±va bh³mi hoti. Nidassanamattañceta½ sakkharakathalakaºµakasaªkukalal±di-apagamanass±pi sambhavato, tañca suppatiµµhitap±dat±lakkhaºassa nissandaphala½, na iddhinimm±na½. Padumapupph±ni v±ti ettha -saddo vikappanattho, tena “yadi yath±vuttanayena sam± bh³mi hoti, eva½ sati t±ni na paµiggaºhanti, tath± pana asatiyeva paµiggaºhant²”ti bhagavato yath±ruci pavattana½ dasseti. Sabbad±va bhagavato gamana½ paµhama½ dakkhiºap±duddharaºasaªkh±t±nubyañjanapaµimaº¹itanti ±ha “µhapitamatte dakkhiºap±de”ti. Buddh±na½ sabbadakkhiºat±ya tath± vuttanti ±cariyadhammap±latthero,(d². ni. µ². 1.4) ±cariyas±riputtatthero (a. ni. aµµha. 1.53) ca vadati, sabbesa½ uttamat±ya eva½ vuttanti attho. Eva½ sati uttamapuris±na½ tath±pakatit±y±ti ±pajjati. Ýhapitamatte nikkhamitv± dh±vant²ti sambandho. Idañca y±vadeva vineyyajanavinayanattha½ satthu p±µih±riyanti tesa½ dassanaµµh±na½ sandh±ya vutta½. “Chabbaººarasmiyo”ti vatv±pi “suvaººarasapiñjar±ni viy±”ti vacana½ bhagavato sar²re p²t±bh±ya yebhuyyat±y±ti daµµhabba½. “Rasa-saddo cettha udakapariy±yo, piñjara-saddo hemavaººapariy±yo, suvaººajaladh±r± viya suvaººavaºº±n²ti attho”ti (s±rattha. µ². 1.buddh±ciººakath±.22) s±ratthad²paniya½ vutta½. P±s±dak³µ±g±r±d²ni tesu tesu g±manigam±d²su sa½vijjam±n±ni alaªkarontiyo hutv±.