“Yassantarato na santi kop±,
itibhav±bhavatañca v²tivatto;
ta½ vigatabhaya½ sukhi½ asoka½,
dev± n±nubhavanti dassan±y±”ti. (Ud±. 20).–

Hi aya½ ud±ne bhaddiyasutte g±th±. Soyeva ika-saddena sakatthapavattena pada½ va¹¹hetv± “antarik±y±”ti ca vutto, tasm± ud±haraºod±haritabb±namettha virodh±bh±vo veditabboti. Kimattha½ atthavisesaniyamo katoti ±ha “tasm±”ti-±di. Nanu cettha upayogavacanameva, atha kasm± sambandh²yattho vutto, sambandh²yatthe v± kasm± upayogavacana½ katanti anuyogasambhavato ta½ pariharitu½ “antar±saddena pan±”ti-±di vutta½, tena sambandh²yatthe s±mivacanappasaªge saddantarayogena laddhamida½ upayogavacananti dasseti, na kevala½ s±saneva, lokepi evamevida½ laddhanti dassento “²disesu c±”ti-±dim±ha. Visesayogat±dassanamukhena hi ayamatthopi dassito. Ekenapi antar±-saddena yuttatt± dve upayogavacan±ni k±tabb±ni. Dv²hi pana yoge k± kath±ti atthassa sijjhanato. Akkhara½ cintenti liªgavibhattiy±d²h²ti akkharacintak±, saddavid³. Akkhara-saddena cettha tamm³lak±ni pad±d²nipi gahetabb±ni. Yadipi saddato ekameva yujjanti, atthato pana so dvikkhattu½ yojetabbo ekass±pi padassa ±vuttiy±dinayena anekadh± sampajjanatoti dasseti “dutiyapadenap²”ti-±din±. Ko pana doso ayojiteti ±ha “ayojiyam±ne upayogavacana½ na p±puº±t²”ti. Dutiyapada½ na p±puº±t²ti attho saddantarayogavas± saddeyeva s±mivacanappasaªge upayogavibhattiy± icchitatt±. Sadd±dhik±ro hi vibhattipayogo.

Addh±na-saddo d²ghapariy±yoti ±ha “d²ghamaggan”ti. Kitt±vat± pana so d²gho n±ma tadatthabh³toti codanamapaneti “addh±nagamanasamayassa h²”ti-±din±. Addh±nagamanasamayassa vibhaªgeti gaºabhojanasikkh±pad±d²su addh±nagamanasamayasaddassa padabh±jan²yabh³te vibhaªge (p±ci. 217). A¹¹hayojanampi addh±namaggo, pageva taduttari. A¹¹hameva yojanassa a¹¹hayojana½, dvig±vutamatta½. Idha pana catug±vutappam±ºa½ yojanameva, tasm± “addh±namaggapaµipanno”ti vadat²ti adhipp±yo.
Mahantasaddo uttamattho, bahvattho ca idh±dhippetoti ±ha “mahat±”ti-±di. Guºamahatten±ti appicchat±diguºamahantabh±vena. Saªkhy±mahatten±ti gaºanamahantabh±vena. Tadevattha½ samattheti “so h²”ti-±din±. So bhikkhusaªghoti idha ±gato tad± pariv±rabh³to bhikkhusaªgho. Mah±ti uttamo. V±kyepi hi tamicchanti payogavas±. Appicchat±ti nillobhat± saddo cettha s±vaseso, attho pana niravaseso. Na hi “appalobhat±ti abhitthavitumarahat²”ti aµµhakath±su vutta½. Majjhim±gamaµ²k±k±ro pana ±cariyadhammap±latthero evam±ha “appasaddassa parittapariy±ya½ manasi katv± ‘byañjana½ s±vasesa½ viy±’ti (mah±ni. aµµha. 85) aµµhakath±ya½ vutta½. Appasaddo panettha ‘abh±vattho’ tipi sakk± viññ±tu½ ‘app±b±dhatañcasañj±n±m²’ti-±d²su (ma. ni. 1.225) viy±”ti. Saªkhy±yapi mah±ti gaºan±yapi bahu ahosi, “bhikkhusaªgho”ti pad±vatthikantavacanavasena sa½vaººetabbapadassa chedanamiva hot²ti tadapar±masitv± “tena bhikkhusaªghen±”ti puna v±ky±vatthikantavacanavasena sa½vaººetabbapadena sadis²karaºa½. Es± hi sa½vaººanak±na½ pakati, yadida½ vibhattiy±napekkh±vasena yath±raha½ sa½vaººetabbapadattha½ sa½vaººetv± puna tattha vijjam±navibhattivasena parivattetv± nikkhipananti. Diµµhis²las±maññena sa½hatatt± saªghoti imamattha½ vibh±vento ±ha “diµµhis²las±maññasaªgh±tena samaºagaºen±”ti. Ettha pana “y±ya½ diµµhi ariy± niyy±nik± niyy±ti takkarassa samm± dukkhakkhay±ya, tath±r³p±ya diµµhiy± diµµhis±maññagato viharat²”ti (d². ni. 3.324, 356; ma. ni. 1.492; 3.54; pari. 274) eva½ vutt±ya diµµhiy±. “Y±ni t±ni s²l±ni akhaº¹±ni acchidd±ni asabal±ni akamm±s±ni bhujiss±ni viññuppasatth±ni apar±maµµh±ni sam±dhisa½vattanik±ni, tath±r³pesu s²lesu s²las±maññagato viharat²”ti (d². ni. 3.323; ma. ni. 1.492; 3.54; a. ni. 6.11; pari. 274) eva½ vutt±nañca s²l±na½ s±maññena saªgh±to saªghaµito sametoti diµµhis²las±maññasaªgh±to, samaºagaºo, diµµhis²las±maññena sa½hatoti vutta½ hoti. “Diµµhis²las±maññasaªgh±µasaªkh±ten±” tipi p±µho. Tath± saªkh±tena katiten±ti attho. Tath± hi diµµhis²l±d²na½ niyatasabh±vatt± sot±pann±pi aññamañña½ diµµhis²las±maññena sa½hat±, pageva sakad±g±mi-±dayo, tath± ca vutta½ “niyato sambodhipar±yaºo”ti, (sa½. ni. 2.41; 5.198, 1004) “aµµh±nameta½ bhikkhave, anavak±so, ya½ diµµhisampanno puggalo sañciccap±ºa½ j²vit± voropeyya, neta½ µh±na½ vijjat²”ti ca ±di. Ariyapuggalassa hi yattha katthaci d³re µhit±pi attano guºas±maggiy± sa½hatat±yeva, “tath±r³p±ya diµµhiy± diµµhis±maññagato viharati, (ma. ni. 1.492) tath±r³pesu s²lesu s²las±maññagato viharat²”ti (ma. ni. 1.492) vacanato pana puthujjan±nampi diµµhis²las±maññena sa½hatabh±vo labbhatiyeva. Saddhi½-saddo ekatoti atthe nip±to. Pañca…pe… matt±n²ti pañca-saddena mattasadda½ saªkhipitv± b±hiratthasam±so vutto. Etesanti bhikkhusat±na½. Puna pañca matt± pam±º±ti by±so, nik±ralopo cettha napu½sakaliªgatt±.
Suppiyoti tassa n±mameva, na guº±di. Na kevala½ bhikkhusaªghena saddhi½ bhagav±yeva, atha kho suppiyopi paribb±jako brahmadattena m±ºavena saddhinti puggala½ sampiº¹eti, tañca kho maggapaµipannasabh±gat±ya eva, na s²l±c±r±disabh±gat±y±ti vutta½ “pi-k±ro”ti-±di. Sukhucc±raºavasena pubb±parapad±na½ sambandhamattakarabh±va½ sandh±ya “padasandhikaro”ti vutta½, na pana sarabyañjan±disandhibh±va½, ten±ha “byañjanasiliµµhat±vasena vutto”ti, etena padap³raºamattanti dasseti. Apica avadh±raºatthopi kho-saddo yutto “assosi kho verañjo br±hmaºo”ti-±d²su (p±r±. 1) viya, tena addh±namaggapaµipanno ahosiyeva, n±ssa maggapaµipattiy± koci antar±yo ahos²ti ayamattho d²pito hoti. Sañjayass±ti r±jagahav±sino sañjayan±massa paribb±jakassa, yassa santike paµhama½ upatissakolit±pi pabbaji½su channaparibb±jakova na acelakaparibb±jako. “Yad±, tad±”ti ca etena samak±lameva addh±namaggapaµipannata½ dasseti. At²tak±lattho p±¼iya½ hotisaddo yogavibh±gena, ta½k±l±pekkh±ya v± eva½ vutta½, tad± hot²ti attho.
Anteti sam²pe. Vasat²ti vattapaµivatt±dikaraºavasena sabbiriy±pathas±dh±raºavacana½, avacarat²ti vutta½ hoti, tenev±ha “sam²pac±ro santik±vacaro sisso”ti. Codit± devad³teh²ti daharakum±ro jar±jiººasatto gil±no kammak±raº±, kammak±raºik± v± matasattoti imehi pañcahi devad³tehi codit± ovadit± sa½vega½ upp±dit± sam±n±pi. Te hi dev± viya d³t±, visuddhidev±na½ v± d³t±ti devad³t±. H²nak±y³pag±ti ap±yak±yamupagat±. Narasaªkh±t± te m±ºav±ti sambandho. S±maññavasena cettha satto “m±ºavo”ti vutto, itare pana visesavasena. Pakaraº±dhigato hesa atthuddh±roti. Katakammeh²ti katacorakammehi. Taruºoti so¼asavassato paµµh±ya pattav²sativasso, ud±naµµhakath±yañhi “satt± j±tadivasato paµµh±ya y±va pañcadasavassak±, t±va ‘kum±rak±, b±l±’ti ca vuccanti. Tato para½ v²sativass±ni ‘yuv±no”’ti (ud±. aµµha. 44) vutta½. Taruºo, m±ºavo, yuv±ti ca atthato eka½, lokiy± pana “dv±dasavassato paµµh±ya y±va jaramappatto, t±va taruºo”tipi vadanti.
Tesu v± dv²su janes³ti niddh±raºe bhumma½. Yo v± “eka½ samayan”ti pubbe adhigato k±lo, tassa paµiniddeso tatr±ti yañhi samaya½ bhagav± antar± r±jagahañca n±¼andañca addh±namaggapaµipanno, tasmi½yeva samaye suppiyopi ta½ addh±namagga½ paµipanno avaººa½ bh±sati, brahmadatto ca vaººa½ bh±sat²ti. Nip±tamattanti ettha mattasaddena visesatth±bh±vato padap³raºatta½ dasseti. Madhupiº¹ikapariy±yoti madhupiº¹ikadesan± n±ma iti na½ suttanta½ dh±rehi, r±jaññ±ti p±y±sir±jaññan±maka½ r±j±nam±lapati. Pariy±yati parivattat²ti pariy±yo, v±ro. Pariy±yeti desetabbamattha½ paµip±det²ti pariy±yo, desan±. Pariy±yati attano phala½ paµiggahetv± pavattat²ti pariy±yo, k±raºa½. Anekasaddeneva anekavidhen±ti attho viññ±yati adhipp±yamatten±ti ±ha “anekavidhen±”ti. K±raºañcettha k±raºapatir³pakameva, na eka½sak±raºa½ avaººak±raºassa abh³tatt±, tasm± k±raºen±ti k±raºapatir³paken±ti attho. Tath± hi vakkhati “ak±raºameva ‘k±raºan’ti vatv±”ti (d². ni. aµµha. 1.1). J±tivasenida½ bahvatthe ekavacananti dasseti “bah³h²”ti-±din±.
“Avaººavirahitassa asam±navaººasamann±gatassap²”ti vakkham±nak±raºassa ak±raºabh±vahetudassanattha½ vutta½, dosavirahitassapi asadisaguºasamann±gatass±p²ti attho. Buddhassa bhagavato avaººa½ dosa½ nindanti sambandho. “Ya½ loke”ti-±din± arasar³panibbhoga-akiriyav±da-ucchedav±dajegucch²venayikatapass²-apagabbhabh±v±na½ k±raºapatir³paka½ dasseti. Tasm±ti hi eta½ “arasar³po…pe… apagabbho”ti imehi padehi sambandhitabba½. Ida½ vutta½ hoti– lokasammato abhiv±danapaccuµµh±na-añjal²kammas±m²cikamma-±san±bhinimantanasaªkh±to s±magg²raso samaºassa gotamassa natthi, tasm± so s±magg²rasasaªkh±tena rasena asampannasabh±vo, tena s±magg²rasasaªkh±tena paribhogena asamann±gato. Tassa akattabbat±v±do, ucchijjitabbat±v±do ca, ta½ sabba½ g³tha½ viya maº¹anaj±tiyo puriso jegucch². Tassa vin±sako sova tadakaraºato vinetabbo. Tadakaraºena vayovu¹¹he t±peti tad±c±ravirahitat±ya v± kapaºapuriso. Tadakaraºena devalokagabbhato apagato, tadakaraºato v± so h²nagabbho c±ti eva½ tadeva abhiv±dan±di-akaraºa½ arasar³pat±d²na½ k±raºapatir³paka½ daµµhabba½. “Natthi…pe… viseso”ti etassa pana “sundarik±ya n±ma paribb±jik±ya maraº±navabodho, sa½s±rassa ±dikoµiy± apaññ±yanapaµiññ±, µhapan²yapucch±ya aby±katavatthuby±karaºan”ti evam±d²ni k±raºapatir³pak±ni niddh±ritabb±ni, tath± “takkapariy±hata½ samaºo…pe… sayampaµibh±nan”ti etassa “an±cariyakena s±ma½ paµivedhena tattha tattha tath± tath± dhammadesan±, katthaci paresa½ paµipucch±kathana½, mah±moggall±n±d²hi ±rocitanayeneva by±karaºan”ti evam±d²ni, “samaºo…pe… na aggapuggalo”ti etesa½ pana “sabbadhamm±na½ kameneva anavabodho, lokantassa aj±nana½, attan± icchitatapac±r±bh±vo”ti evam±d²ni. Jh±navimokkh±di heµµh± vuttanayena uttarimanussadhammo. Ariya½ visuddha½, uttama½ v± ñ±ºasaªkh±ta½ dassana½, ala½ kilesaviddha½sanasamattha½ ariyañ±ºadassana½ ettha, etass±ti v± alamariyañ±ºadassano. Sveva viseso tath±. Ariyañ±ºadassanameva v± visesa½ vuttanayena ala½ pariyatta½ yassa, yasminti v± alamariyañ±ºadassanaviseso, uttarimanussadhammova. Takkapariy±hatanti kappan±mattena samantato ±harita½, vitakkena v± parighaµita½. V²ma½s±nucaritanti v²ma½san±ya punappuna½ parimajjita½. Sayampaµibh±nanti sayameva attano vibh³ta½, t±disa½ dhammanti sambandho. Ak±raºanti ayutta½ anupapatti½. K±raºapade ceta½ visesana½. Na hi arasar³pat±dayo dos± bhagavati sa½vijjanti, dhammasaªghesu ca durakkh±taduppaµipann±dayo ak±raºanti v± yuttik±raºarahita½ attan± paµiññ±matta½. Pakatikammapadañceta½. Imasmiñca atthe k±raºa½ vatv±ti ettha k±raºa½ iv±ti iva-saddattho r³pakanayena yojetabbo patir³pakak±raºassa adhippetatt±. Tath± tath±ti j±tivu¹¹h±namanabhiv±dan±din± tena tena ±k±rena. Vaººasaddassa guºapasa½s±su pavattanato yath±kkama½ “avaººa½ dosa½ nindan”ti vutta½.