Aññattha viya bhummavacanena ca karaºavacanena ca niddesamakatv± idha upayogavacanena niddesapayojana½ niddh±retuk±mo parammukhena codana½ samuµµhapeti “kasm± panetth±”ti-±din±. Etth±ti eka½ samayan”ti imasmi½ pade, karaºavacanena niddeso kato yath±ti sambandho. Bhavanti etth±ti bhumma½, ok±so, tattha pavatta½ vacana½ vibhatti bhummavacana½. Karoti kiriyamabhinipph±debhi eten±ti karaºa½, kiriy±nipphattik±raºa½. Upayujjitabbo kiriy±y±ti upayogo, kamma½, tattha vacana½ tath±. “Tatth±”ti-±din± yath±vuttacodana½ pariharati. Tatth±ti tesu abhidhammatadaññasuttapadavinayesu. Tath±ti bhummavacanakaraºavacanehi atthasambhavato c±ti yojetabba½, adhikaraºabh±venabh±valakkhaºatth±na½, hetukaraºatth±nañca sambhavatoti attho. Idh±ti idhasmi½ suttapade. Aññath±ti upayogavacanena. Atthasambhavatoti accantasa½yogatthassa sambhavato.
“Tattha h²”ti-±di tabbivaraºa½. Itoti “eka½ samayan”ti suttapadato. Adhikaraºatthoti ±dh±rattho. Bhavana½ bh±vo, kiriy±, kiriy±ya kiriyantaralakkhaºa½ bh±venabh±valakkhaºa½, tadevattho tath±. Kena samayatthena ida½ atthadvaya½ sambhavat²ti anuyoge sati tadatthadvayasambhav±nur³pena samayatthena, ta½ da¼ha½ karonto “adhikaraºañh²”ti-±dim±ha. Padatthatoyeva hi yath±vuttamatthadvaya½ siddha½, vibhatti pana jotakamatt±. Tattha k±lasaªkh±to, k±lasaddassa v± attho yass±ti k±lattho. Sam³hasaªkh±to, ‘sam³hasaddassa v± attho yass±ti sam³hattho, ko so? Samayo. Ida½ vutta½ hoti– k±lattho, sam³hattho ca samayo tattha abhidhamme vutt±na½ phass±didhamm±na½ adhikaraºa½ ±dh±roti, yasmi½ k±le, dhammapuñje v± k±m±vacara½ kusala½ citta½ uppanna½ hoti, tasmi½yeva k±le, dhammapuñje v± phass±dayopi hont²ti ayañhi tattha attho. Nanu c±ya½ up±d±paññattimatto k±lo, voh±ramatto ca sam³ho, so katha½ adhikaraºa½ siy± tattha vuttadhamm±nanti? N±ya½ doso. Yath± hi k±lo saya½ paramatthato avijjam±nopi sabh±vadhammaparicchinnatt± ±dh±rabh±vena paññ±to, sabh±vadhammaparicchinno ca taªkhaºappavatt±na½ tato pubbe, parato ca abh±vato “pubbaºhej±to, s±yanhe ±gacchat²”ti-±d²su, sam³ho ca avayavavinimutto visu½ avijjam±nopi kappan±mattasiddhatt± avayav±na½ ±dh±rabh±vena paññ±p²yati “rukkhe s±kh±, yavar±siya½ pattasambh³to”ti-±d²su, evamidh±pi sabh±vadhammaparicchinnatt±, kappan±mattasiddhatt± ca tadubhaya½ tattha vuttadhamm±na½ adhikaraºabh±vena paññ±p²yat²ti.
“Khaºasamav±yahetusaªkh±tass±”ti-±di bh±venabh±valakkhaºatthasambhavadassana½. Tattha khaºo n±ma aµµhakkhaºavinimutto navamo buddhupp±dakkhaºo, y±ni v± panet±ni “catt±rim±ni bhikkhave, cakk±ni, yehi samann±gat±na½ devamuss±na½ catucakka½ pavattat²”ti (a. ni. 4.31) ettha patir³padesav±so sappuris³panissayo attasamm±paº²dhi pubbekatapuññat±ti catt±ri cakk±ni vutt±ni, t±ni ekajjha½ katv± ok±saµµhena “khaºo”ti veditabb±ni. T±ni hi kusaluppattiy± ok±sabh³t±ni. Samav±yo n±ma “cakkhuñca paµicca r³pe ca uppajjati cakkhuviññ±ºan”ti-±din± (ma. ni. 1.204; 3.421, 425, 426; sa½. ni. 2.43, 44; sa½. ni. 3.60; kath±. 465, 467) niddiµµh± cakkhuviññ±º±dis±dh±raºaphalanipph±dakattena saºµhit± cakkhur³p±dipaccayas±magg². Cakkhur³p±d²nañhi cakkhuviññ±º±di s±dh±raºaphala½. Hetu n±ma yonisomanasik±r±dijanakahetu. Yath±vuttassa khaºasaªkh±tassa, samav±yasaªkh±tassa, hetusaªkh±tassa ca samayassa satt±saªkh±tena bh±vena tesa½ phass±d²na½ dhamm±na½ satt±saªkh±to bh±vo lakkh²yati viññ±yat²ti attho. Ida½ vutta½ hoti– yath± “g±v²su duyham±n±su gato, duddh±su ±gato”ti ettha dohanakiriy±ya gamanakiriy± lakkh²yati, evamidh±pi yath±vuttassa samayassa satt±kiriy±ya cittassa upp±dakiriy±, phass±d²na½ bhavanakiriy± ca lakkh²yat²ti. Nanu cettha satt±kiriy± avijjam±n±va, katha½ t±ya lakkh²yat²ti? Sacca½, tath±pi “yasmi½ samaye”ti ca vutte sat²ti ayamattho viññ±yam±no evahoti aññakiriy±sambandh±bh±ve padatthassa satt±virah±bh±vato, tasm± atthato gamyam±n±ya t±ya satt±kiriy±ya lakkh²yat²ti. Ayañhi tattha attho– yasmi½ yath±vutte khaºe, paccayasamav±ye, hetumhi v± sati k±m±vacara½ kusala½ citta½ uppanna½ hoti, tasmi½yeva khaºe, paccayasamav±ye, hetumhi v± sati phass±dayopi hont²ti. Aya½ pana attho abhidhammeyeva (aµµhas±. k±m±vacarakusalapadabh±jan²ye) nidassanavasena vutto, yath±rahamesa nayo aññesupi suttapades³ti. Tasm±ti adhikaraºatthassa, bh±venabh±valakkhaºatthassa ca sambhavato. Tadatthajotanatthanti tadubhayatthassa samayasaddatthabh±vena vijjam±nasseva bhummavacanavasena d²panattha½. Vibhattiyo hi pad²po viya vatthuno vijjam±nasseva atthassa jotak±ti, ayamattho saddasatthesu p±kaµoyeva.
Hetu-attho, karaºattho ca sambhavat²ti “annena vasati, vijj±ya vasat²”ti-±d²su viya hetu-attho, “pharasun± chindati, kud±lena khaºat²”ti-±d²su viya karaºattho ca sambhavati. Katha½ pana sambhavat²ti ±ha “yo hi so”ti-±di. Vinaye (p±r±. 20) ±gatasikkh±padapaññattiy±canavatthuvasena thera½ mariy±da½ katv± “s±riputt±d²hipi duviññeyyo”ti vutta½. Tena samayena hetubh³tena karaºabh³ten±ti ettha pana ta½ta½vatthuv²tikkamova sikkh±padapaññattiy± hetu ceva karaºañca. Tath± hi yad± bhagav± sikkh±padapaññattiy± paµhamameva tesa½ tesa½ tattha tattha sikkh±padapaññattihetubh³ta½ ta½ ta½ v²tikkama½ apekkham±no viharati tad± ta½ ta½ v²tikkama½ apekkhitv± tadattha½ vasat²ti siddho vatthuv²tikkamassa sikkh±padapaññattihetubh±vo “annenavasat²”ti-±d²su annamapekkhitv± tadattha½ vasat²ti-±din± k±raºena ann±d²na½ hetubh±vo viya. Sikkh±padapaññattik±le pana teneva pubbasiddhena v²tikkamena sikkh±pada½ paññapeti, tasm± sikkh±padapaññattiy± s±dhakatamatt± karaºabh±vopi v²tikkamasseva siddho “asin± chindat²”ti-±d²su asin± chindanakiriya½ s±dhet²ti-±din± k±raºena asi-±d²na½ karaºabh±vo viya. Eva½ santepi v²tikkama½ apekkham±no teneva saddhi½ tannissitampi k±la½ apekkhitv± viharat²ti k±lass±pi idha hetubh±vo vutto, sikkh±pada½ paññapento ca ta½ ta½ v²tikkamak±la½ anatikkamitv± teneva k±lena sikkh±pada½ paññapet²ti v²tikkamanissayassa k±lass±pi karaºabh±vo vutto, tasm± imin± pariy±yena k±lass±pi hetubh±vo, karaºabh±vo ca labbhat²ti vutta½ “tena samayena hetubh³tena karaºabh³ten±”ti, nippariy±yena pana v²tikkamoyeva hetubh³to, karaºabh³to ca. So hi v²tikkamakkhaºe hetu hutv± pacch± sikkh±padapaññ±panakkhaºe karaºampi hot²ti. Sikkh±pad±ni paññ±payantoti v²tikkama½ pucchitv± bhikkhusaªgha½ sannip±t±petv± otiººavatthu½ ta½ puggala½ paµipucchitv±, vigarahitv± ca ta½ ta½ vatthu-otiººak±la½ anatikkamitv± teneva k±lena karaºabh³tena sikkh±pad±ni paññapento. Sikkh±padapaññattihetuñca apekkham±noti tatiyap±r±jik±d²su (p±r±. 162) viya sikkh±padapaññattiy± hetubh³ta½ ta½ ta½ vatthuv²tikkamasamaya½ apekkham±no tena samayena hetubh³tena bhagav± tattha tattha vih±s²ti attho.
“Sikkh±pad±ni paññ±payanto, sikkh±padapaññattihetuñca apekkham±no”ti ida½ yath±kkama½ karaºabh±vassa, hetubh±vassa ca samatthanavacana½, tasm± tadanur³pa½ “tenasamayena karaºabh³tena hetubh³ten±”ti eva½ vattabbepi paµhama½ “hetubh³ten±”ti uppaµip±µivacana½ tattha hetubh±vassa s±tisayamadhippetatt± vuttanti veditabba½. “Bhagav± hi verañj±ya½ viharanto dhammasen±patittherassa sikkh±padapaññattiy±canahetubh³ta½ parivitakkasamaya½ apekkham±no tena samayena hetubh³tena vih±s²”ti t²supi kira gaºµhipadesu vutta½. “Ki½ panettha yutticint±ya, ±cariyassa idha kamavacanicch± natth²ti evameta½ gahetabba½– aññ±supi hi aµµhakath±su ayameva anukkamo vutto, na ca t±su ‘tena samayena verañj±ya½ viharat²’ti vinayap±¼ipade hetu-atthasseva s±tisaya½ adhippetabh±vad²panattha½ vutto avisayatt±, sikkh±pad±ni paññ±payanto hetubh³tena, karaºabh³tena ca samayena vih±si, sikkh±padapaññattihetuñca apekkham±no hetubh³tena samayena vih±s²ti evamettha yath±l±bha½ sambandhabh±vato eva½ vutto”tipi vadanti. Tasm±ti yath±vuttassa duvidhass±pi atthassa sambhavato. Tadatthajotanatthanti vuttanayena karaºavacanena tadubhayatthassa jotanattha½. Tatth±ti tasmi½ vinaye. Ettha ca sikkh±padapaññattiy± eva v²tikkamasamayassa s±dhakatamatt± tassa karaºabh±ve “sikkh±pad±ni paññ±payanto”ti ajjh±haritapadena sambandho, hetubh±ve pana tadapekkhanamattatt± “viharat²”ti padenev±ti daµµhabba½. Tath±yeva hi vutta½ “tena samayena hetubh³tena, karaºabh³tena ca sikkh±pad±ni paññ±payanto, sikkh±padapaññattihetuñca apekkham±no bhagav± tattha tattha vih±s²”ti. Karaºañhi kiriyattha½, na hetu viya kiriy±k±raºa½. Hetu pana kiriy±k±raºa½, na karaºa½ viya kiriyatthoti.
“Idha pan±”ti-±din± upayogavacanassa accantasa½yogatthasambhavadassana½, accantameva dabbaguºakiriy±hi sa½yogo accantasa½yogo, nirantarameva tehi sa½yuttabh±voti vutta½ hoti. Soyevattho tath±. Eva½j±tiketi eva½sabh±ve. Katha½ sambhavat²ti ±ha “yañh²”ti-±di. Accantamev±ti ±rabbhato paµµh±ya y±va desan±niµµh±na½, t±va eka½sameva, nirantaramev±ti attho. Karuº±vih±ren±ti parahitapaµipattisaªkh±tena karuº±vih±rena. Tath± hi karuº±nid±natt± desan±ya idha parahitapaµipatti “karuº±vih±ro”ti vutt±, na pana karuº±sam±pattivih±ro. Na hi desan±k±le desetabbadhammavisayassa desan±ñ±ºassa sattavisay±ya mah±karuº±ya sahuppatti sambhavati bhinnavisayatt±, tasm± karuº±ya pavatto vih±roti katv± parahitapaµipattivih±ro idha “karuº±vih±ro”ti veditabbo. Tasm±ti accantasa½yogatthasambhavato. Tadatthajotanatthanti vuttanayena upayogavibhattiy± tadatthassa jotanattha½ upayoganiddeso kato yath± “m±sa½ sajjh±yati, divasa½ bhuñjat²”ti. Ten±ti yena k±raºena abhidhamme, ito aññesu ca suttapadesu bhummavacanassa adhikaraºattho, bh±venabh±valakkhaºattho ca, vinaye karaºavacanassa hetu-attho, karaºattho ca idha upayogavacanassa accantasa½yogattho sambhavati, ten±ti attho. Etanti yath± vuttassatthassa saªgahag±th±pada½ aññatr±ti abhidhamme ito aññesu suttapadesu, vinaye ca. Samayoti samayasaddo. Saddeyeva hi vibhattipar± bhavati-atthe asambhavato. Soti sveva samayasaddo.
Eva½ attano mati½ dassetv± id±ni por±º±cariyamati½ dassetu½ “por±º± pan±”ti-±di vutta½. Por±º±ti ca purim± aµµhakath±cariy±. “Tasmi½ samaye”ti v±…pe… “eka½ samayan”ti v± esa bhedoti sambandho. Abhil±pamattabhedoti vacanamattena bhedo viseso, na pana atthena, ten±ha “sabbattha bhummamevattho”ti, sabbesupi atthato ±dh±ro eva atthoti vutta½ hoti Imin± ca vacanena suttavinayesu vibhattivipariº±mo kato, bhummatthe v± upayogakaraºavibhattiyo siddh±ti dasseti. “Tasm±”ti-±din± tesa½ matidassane guºam±ha.