Tena kimanubh±vitanti ±ha “it²”ti-±di. It²ti eva½ vuttanayena, tasm± siddhatt±ti v± k±raºaniddeso. Vacananti nid±navacana½ lokato, dhammato ca siddh±ya upam±ya tamattha½ ñ±petu½ “aruºugga½ viy±”ti-±dim±ha. “Upam±ya midhekacce, attha½ j±nanti paº¹it±”ti (j±. 2.19.24) hi vutta½. Aruºoti s³riyassa udayato pubbabh±ge uµµhitara½si, tassa ugga½ uggamana½ udayato udayantassa uday±v±samuggacchato s³riyassa pubbaªgama½ purecara½ bhavitu½ arahati viy±ti sambandho. Ida½ vutta½ hoti– ±gam±dhigamabyattiy± ²disassa therassa vuttanid±navacana½ bhagavato vacanassa pubbaªgama½ bhavitumarahati, nid±nabh±va½ gata½ hot²ti idamatthaj±ta½ anubh±vitanti.
Id±ni aparampi pubbe vuttassa asammoh±sammosasaªkh±tassa d²petabbassatthassa d²pakehi eva½-sadda suta-saddehi pak±setabbamattha½ pak±sento “aparo nayo”ti-±dim±ha. Tattha hi “n±nappak±rapaµivedhad²pakena sotabbappabhedapaµivedhad²paken±”ti ca imin± tehi saddehi pubbe d²pita½ asammoh±sammosasaªkh±ta½ d²petabbattham±ha asammohena n±nappak±rapaµivedhassa, asammosena ca sotabbappabhedapaµivedhassa sijjhanato. “Attano”ti-±d²hi pana pak±setabbattha½. Tena vutta½ ±cariyadhammap±lattherena “n±nappak±rapaµivedhad²paken±ti-±din± eva½-sadda suta-sadd±na½ therassa atthabyañjanesu asammoh±sammosad²panato catupaµisambhid±vasena atthayojana½ dasset²”ti (d². ni. µ². 1.1). Hetugabbhañceta½ padadvaya½, n±nappak±rapaµivedhasaªkh±tassa, sotabbappabheda-paµivedhasaªkh±tassa ca d²petabbatthassa d²pakatt±ti vutta½ hoti. Santassa vijjam±nassa bh±vo sabbh±vo, atthapaµibh±napaµisambhid±hi sampattiy± sabbh±vo tath±. “Sambhavan”tipi p±µho, sambhavana½ sambhavo, atthapaµibh±napaµisambhid±sampatt²na½ sambhavo tath±. Eva½ itaratth±pi. “Sotabbappabhedapaµivedhad²paken±”ti etena pana aya½ suta-saddo eva½-saddasannidh±nato, vakkham±n±pekkh±ya v± s±maññeneva vuttepi sotabbadhammavisesa½ ±masat²ti dasseti. Ettha ca sotabbadhammasaªkh±t±ya p±¼iy± nidassetabb±na½ bh±sitatthapayojanatth±na½, t²su ca ñ±ºesu pavattañ±ºassa n±nappak±rabh±vato tabbh±vapaµivedhad²pakena eva½-saddena atthapaµibh±napaµisambhid±sampattisabbh±vad²pana½ yutta½, sotabbadhammassa pana atth±dhigamahetuto, ta½vasena ca tadavasesahetuppabhedassa gahitatt±, niruttibh±vato ca sotabbappabhedad²pakena suta-saddena dhammaniruttipaµisambhid±sampattisabbh±vad²pana½ yuttanti veditabba½. Tadevatthañhi ñ±petu½ “asammohad²pakena, asammosad²paken±”ti ca avatv± tath± vuttanti.
Eva½ asammoh±sammosasaªkh±tassa d²petabbassatthassa d²pakehi eva½-sadda suta-saddehi pak±setabbamattha½ pak±setv± id±ni yonisomanasik±r±vikkhepasaªkh±tassa d²petabbassatthassa d²pakehipi tehi pak±setabbamattha½ pak±sento “evanti c±”ti-±dim±ha. Tattha hi “evanti…pe… bh±sam±no, sutanti ida½…pe… bh±sam±no”ti ca imin± tehi saddehi pubbe d²pita½ yonisomanasik±r±vikkhepasaªkh±ta½ d²petabbattham±ha, “ete may±”ti-±d²hi pana pak±setabbattha½ savanayogad²pakanti ca avikkhepavasena savanayogassa sijjhanato tadeva sandh±y±ha Tath± hi ±cariyadhammap±lattherena vutta½ “savanadh±raºavac²paricariy± pariyattidhamm±na½ visesena sot±vadh±raºapaµibaddh±ti te avikkhepad²pakena sutasaddena yojetv±”ti (d². ni. µ². 1.1). Manodiµµh²hi pariyattidhamm±na½ anupekkhanasuppaµivedh± visesato manasik±rapaµibaddh±, tasm± tadd²pakavacaneneva ete may± dhamm± manas±nupekkhit± diµµhiy± suppaµividdh±ti imamattha½ pak±set²ti vutta½ “evanti ca…pe… d²pet²”ti tattha dhamm±ti pariyattidhamm±. Manas±nupekkhit±ti “idha s²la½ kathita½, idha sam±dhi, idha paññ±, ettak±va ettha anusandhayo”ti-±dibhedena manas± anupekkhit±. Diµµhiy± suppaµividdh±ti nijjh±nakkhantisaªkh±t±ya, ñ±tapariññ±saªkh±t±ya v± diµµhiy± tattha vuttar³p±r³padhamme “iti r³pa½, ettaka½ r³pan”ti-±din± suµµhu vavatth±petv± paµividdh±.
Savanadh±raºavac²paricariy± ca pariyattidhamm±na½ visesena sot±vadh±raºapaµibaddh±, tasm± tadd²pakavacaneneva bah³ may± dhamm± sut± dh±t± vacas± paricit±ti imamattha½ pak±set²ti vutta½ “sutanti ida½…pe… d²pet²”ti. Tattha sut±ti sotadv±r±nus±rena viññ±t±. Dh±t±ti suvaººabh±jane pakkhittas²havas± viya manasi suppatiµµhitabh±vas±dhanena upadh±rit±. Vacas± paricit±ti paguºat±samp±danena v±c±ya paricit± sajjh±yit±. Id±ni pak±setabbatthadvayad²pakena yath±vuttasaddadvayena vibh±vetabbamattha½ vibh±vento “tadubhayenap²”ti-±dim±ha. Tattha tadubhayen±ti purimanaye, pacchimanaye ca yath±vuttassa pak±setabbassatthassa pak±sakena tena dubbidhena saddena. Atthabyañjanap±rip³ri½ d²pentoti ±darajananassa k±raºavacana½. Tadeva k±raºa½ byatirekena vivarati, yuttiy± v± da¼ha½ karoti “atthabyañjanaparipuººañh²”ti-±din±. Asuºantoti cettha lakkhaºe, hetumhi v± anta-saddo. Mahat± hit±ti mahantato hitasm±. Parib±hiroti sabbato bh±gena b±hiro.
Etena pana vibh±vetabbatthad²pakena saddadvayena anubh±vetabbatthamanubh±vento “eva½ me sutanti imin±”ti-±dim±ha. Pubbe visu½ visu½ atthe yojit±yeva ete sadd± idha ekassev±nubh±vatthassa anubh±vakabh±vena gahit±ti ñ±petu½ “sakalen±”ti vutta½. K±mañca me-saddo imasmi½ µh±ne pubbena yojito, tadapekkh±na½ pana eva½-sadda suta-sadd±na½ sahacaraºato, avin±bh±vato ca tath± vuttanti daµµhabba½. Tath±gatappaveditanti tath±gatena pak±rato vidita½, bh±sita½ v±. Attano adahantoti attani “mamedan”ti aµµhapento. Bhummatthe ceta½ s±mivacana½. Asappurisabh³minti asappurisavisaya½, so ca atthato apakataññut±saªkh±t± “idhekacco p±pabhikkhu tath±gatappavedita½ dhammavinaya½ pariy±puºitv± attano dahat²”ti (p±r±. 195) eva½ mah±corad²pakena bhagavat± vutt± anariyavoh±r±vatth±, tath± c±ha “tath±gata…pe… adahanto”ti. Hutv±ti cettha seso. Tath± s±vakatta½ paµij±nantoti sappurisabh³mi-okkamanasar³pakathana½. Nanu ca ±nandattherassa “mameta½ vacanan”ti adhim±nassa, mah±kassapatther±d²nañca tad±saªk±ya abh±vato asappurisabh³misamatikkam±divacana½ niratthaka½ siy±ti? Nayidameva½ “eva½ me sutan”ti vadantena ayampi attho anubh±vitoti atthasseva dassanato. Tena hi anubh±vetabbamattha½yeva tath± dasseti, na pana ±nandattherassa adhim±nassa, mah±kassapatther±d²nañca tad±saªk±ya sambhavanti niµµhamettha gantabba½. Keci pana “devat±na½ parivitakk±pekkha½ tath±vacana½, tasm± edis² codan± anavak±s±”ti vadanti. Tasmi½ kira samaye ekacc±na½ devat±na½ eva½ cetaso parivitakko udap±di “bhagav± ca parinibbuto, ayañc±yasm± ±nando desan±kusalo, id±ni dhamma½ deseti, sakyakulappasuto tath±gatassa bh±t±, c³¼apituputto ca, ki½ nu kho so saya½ sacchikata½ dhamma½ deseti, ud±hu bhagavatoyeva vacana½ yath±sutan”ti, tesameva cetoparivitakkamaññ±ya tadabhipariharaºattha½ asappurisabh³misamatikkaman±di-attho anubh±vitoti. S±yeva yath±vutt± anariyavoh±r±vatth± asaddhammo, tadavatth±nokkamanasaªkh±t± ca s±vakattapaµij±nan± saddhammo. Eva½ sati pariy±yantarena purimatthameva dasset²ti gahetabba½. Apica kuhanalapan±divasena pavatto akusalar±si asaddhammo, tabbirahitabh±vo ca saddhammo. “Kevalan”ti-±din±pi vuttassevatthassa pariy±yantarena dassana½, yath±vutt±ya anariyavoh±r±vatth±ya parimoceti. S±vakatta½ paµij±nanena satth±ra½ apadisat²ti attho. Apica satthukapp±dikiriyato att±na½ parimoceti takkiriy±saªk±ya sambhavato. “Satthu bhagavatoyeva vacana½ may±sutan”ti satth±ra½ apadisat²ti atthantaramanubh±vana½ hoti. “Jinavacanan”ti-±dipi pariy±yantaradassana½, atthantaramanubh±vanameva v±. Appet²ti nidasseti. Diµµhadhammikasampar±yikaparamatthesu yath±raha½ satte net²ti netti, dhammoyeva netti tath±. Vuttanayena cettha ubhayath± adhipp±yo veditabbo.
Aparampi anubh±vetabbamatthamanubh±veti “apic±”ti-±din±. Tattha upp±ditabh±vatanti desan±vasena pavattitabh±va½. Purimavacana½ vivarantoti bhagavat± desitavasena purimatara½ sa½vijjam±na½ bhagavat± vacanameva utt±ni½ karonto, ida½ vacananti sambandho. Cat³hi ves±rajjañ±ºehi vis±radassa, vis±radahetubh³tacatuves±rajjañ±ºasampannassa v±. Dasañ±ºabaladharassa. Samm±sambuddhabh±vasaªkh±te uttamaµµh±ne µhitassa, usabhassa idanti v± atthena ±sabhasaªkh±te akampanasabh±vabh³te µh±ne µhitassa. “Evameva kho bhikkhave, yad± tath±gato loke uppajjati…pe… so dhamma½ deset²”ti-±din± (a. ni. 4.33) s²hopamasutt±d²su ±gatena anekanayena s²han±danadino. Sabbasattesu, sabbasatt±na½ v± uttamassa. Na cettha niddh±raºalakkhaº±bh±vato niddh±raºavasena sam±so. Sabbattha hi sakkataganthesu, s±sanaganthesu ca evameva vutta½. Dhammena satt±namissarassa. Dhammasseva issarassa tadupp±danavasen±tipi vadanti. Sesapadadvaya½ tassevatthassa pariy±yantarad²pana½. Dhammena lokassa pad²pamiva bh³tassa, tadupp±dakabh±vena v± dhammasaªkh±tapad²pasampannassa. “Dhammak±yoti bhikkhave, tath±gatasseta½ adhivacanan”ti (d². ni. 3.118) hi vutta½. Dhammena lokapaµisaraºabh³tassa, dhammasaªkh±tena v± paµisaraºena sampannassa. “Ya½n³n±ha½…pe… tameva dhamma½ sakkatv± garu½ katv± m±netv± p³jetv± upaniss±ya vihareyyan”ti (a. ni. 4.21; sa½. ni. 1.173) hi vutta½. Saddhindriy±disaddhammasaªkh±tassa varacakkassa pavattino, saddhamm±nametassa v± ±º±cakkavarassa pavattino samm±sambuddhassa tassa bhagavato ida½ vacana½ sammukh±va may± paµiggahitanti yojetabba½. Byañjaneti padasamud±yabh³te v±kye. Kaªkh± v± vimati v±ti ettha da¼hatara½ niviµµh± vicikicch± kaªkh±. N±tisa½sappana½ matibhedamatta½ vimati. Sammukh± paµiggahitamida½ may±ti tath± akattabbabh±vak±raºavacana½. Attan± upp±ditabh±va½ appaµij±nanto purimavacana½ vivarantoti pana assaddhiyavin±sanassa, saddh±sampadamupp±danassa ca k±raºavacana½. “Tenetan”ti-±din± yath±vuttamevattha½ ud±navasena dasseti.
“Eva½ me sutan”ti eva½ vadanto gotamagottassa samm±sambuddhassa s±vako, gotamagottasambandho v± s±vako ±yasm± ±nando bhagavat± bh±sitabh±vassa, sammukh± paµiggahitabh±vassa ca s³canato, tath±s³caneneva ca khalitadunnirutt±digahaºados±bh±vassa sijjhanato s±sane assaddha½ vin±sayati, saddha½ va¹¹het²ti attho. Ettha ca pañcam±dayo tisso atthayojan± ±k±r±di-atthesu aggahitavisesameva eva½-sadda½ gahetv± dassit±, tato par± tisso ±k±ratthameva eva½-sadda½ gahetv± vibh±vit±, pacchim± pana tisso yath±kkama½ ±k±rattha½, nidassanattha½, avadh±raºatthañca eva½-sadda½ gahetv± yojit±ti daµµhabba½. Honti cettha–