Aparo nayo– sundara½ samm±sambodhi½, nibb±nameva v± gato adhigatoti sugato. Bh³ta½ taccha½ atthasa½hita½ yath±raha½ k±layuttameva v±ca½ vineyy±na½ samm± gadat²ti v± sugato, da-k±rassa ta-k±ra½ katv±, ta½ sugata½. Puññ±puññakammehi upapajjanavasena gantabb±ti gatiyo, upapattibhavavises±. T± pana niray±dibhedena pañcavidh±, sakalass±pi bhavag±mikammassa ariyamagg±dhigamena avip±k±rahabh±vakaraºena nivattitatt± pañcahipi t±hi visa½yutto hutv± muttoti gativimutto. Uddhamuddhabhavag±mino hi dev± ta½ta½kammavip±kad±nak±l±nur³pena tato tato bhavato mutt±pi muttamatt±va, na pana visaññogavasena mutt±, gatipariy±pann± ca ta½ta½bhavag±mikammassa ariyamaggena anivattitatt±, na tath± bhagav±. Bhagav± pana yath±vuttappak±rena visa½yutto hutv± muttoti. Tasm± anena bhagavato katthacipi gatiy± apariy±pannata½ dasseti. Yato ca bhagav± “dev±tidevo”ti vuccati. Tenev±ha–
“Yena dev³papatyassa, gandhabbo v± vihaªgamo;
yakkhatta½ yena gaccheyya½, manussattañca abbaje;
te mayha½ ±sav± kh²º±, viddhast± vina¼²kat±”ti. (A. ni. 4.36).

Ta½ta½gatisa½vattanak±nañhi kammakiles±na½ mah±bodhim³leyeva aggamaggena pah²natt± natthi bhagavato ta½ta½gatipariy±pannat±ti accantameva bhagav± sabbabhavayonigativiññ±ºaµµhitisatt±v±sasattanik±yehi parimuttoti. Atha v± k±ma½ sa-up±dises±yapi nibb±nadh±tuy± t±hi gat²hi vimutto, es± pana “paññ±pajjotavihatamohataman”ti etthevantogadh±ti imin± padena anup±dises±ya nibb±nadh±tuy±va thomet²ti daµµhabba½.

Ettha pana attahitasampattiparahitapaµipattivasena dv²h±k±rehi bhagavato thoman± kat± hoti. Tesu an±varaºañ±º±dhigamo, saha v±san±ya kiles±namaccantappah±na½, anup±disesanibb±nappatti ca attahitasampatti n±ma, l±bhasakk±r±dinirapekkhacittassa pana sabbadukkhaniyy±nikadhammadesan±payogato devadatt±d²supi viruddhasattesu nicca½ hitajjh±sayat±, vin²tabbasatt±na½ ñ±ºaparip±kak±l±gamanañca ±sayato parahitapaµipatti n±ma. S± pana ±sayapayogato duvidh±, parahitapaµipatti tividh± ca attahitasampatti im±ya g±th±ya yath±raha½ pak±sit± hoti. “Karuº±s²talahadayan”ti hi etena ±sayato parahitapaµipatti, samm± gadanatthena sugatasaddena payogato parahitapaµipatti. “Paññ±pajjotavihatamohatama½ gativimuttan”ti etehi, catusaccapaµivedhatthena ca sugatasaddena tividh±pi attahitasampatti, avasiµµhaµµhena pana tena, “sanar±maralokagarun”ti ca etena sabb±pi attahitasampatti, parahitapaµipatti ca pak±sit± hoti.
Atha v± hetuphalasatt³pak±ravasena t²h±k±rehi thoman± kat±. Tattha hetu n±ma mah±karuº±sam±yogo, bodhisambh±rasambharaºañca, tadubhayampi paµhamapadena yath±rutato, s±matthiyato ca pak±sita½. Phala½ pana ñ±ºappah±na-±nubh±var³pak±yasampad±vasena catubbidha½ Tattha sabbaññutañ±ºapadaµµh±na½ maggañ±ºa½, tamm³lak±ni ca dasabal±diñ±º±ni ñ±ºasampad±, sav±sanasakalasa½kiles±namaccantamanupp±dadhammat±p±dana½ pah±nasampad±, yathicchitanipph±dane ±dhipacca½ ±nubh±vasampad±, sakalalokanayan±bhisekabh³t± pana lakkhaº±nubyañjanapaµimaº¹it± attabh±vasampatti r³pak±yasampad±. T±su ñ±ºappah±nasampad± dutiyapadena, saccapaµivedhatthena ca sugatasaddena pak±sit±, ±nubh±vasampad± tatiyapadena, r³pak±yasampad± sobhanak±yagamanatthena sugatasaddena lakkhaº±nubyañjanap±rip³riy± vin± tadabh±vato. Yath±vutt± duvidh±pi parahitapaµipatti satt³pak±rasampad±, s± pana samm± gadanatthena sugatasaddena pak±sit±ti veditabb±.
Apica im±ya g±th±ya samm±sambodhi tamm³la– tappaµipattiy±dayo aneke buddhaguº± ±cariyena pak±sit± honti. Es± hi ±cariy±na½ pakati, yadida½ yena kenaci pak±rena atthantaraviññ±pana½. Katha½? “Karuº±s²talahadayan”ti hi etena samm±sambodhiy± m³la½ dasseti Mah±karuº±sañcoditam±naso hi bhagav± sa½s±rapaªkato satt±na½ samuddharaºattha½ kat±bhin²h±ro anupubbena p±ramiyo p³retv± anuttara½ samm±sambodhimadhigatoti karuº± samm±sambodhiy± m³la½. “Paññ±pajjotavihatamohataman”ti etena samm±sambodhi½ dasseti. Sabbaññutañ±ºapadaµµh±nañhi aggamaggañ±ºa½, aggamaggañ±ºapadaµµh±nañca sabbaññutaññ±ºa½ “samm±sambodh²”ti vuccati. Samm± gamanatthena sugatasaddena samm±sambodhiy± paµipatti½ dasseti l²nuddhaccapatiµµh±n±y³hanak±masukhattakilamath±nuyogasassatucched±bhinives±di-antadvayarahit±ya karuº±paññ±pariggahit±ya majjhim±ya paµipattiy± pak±sanato, itarehi samm±sambodhiy± padh±n±ppadh±nappabheda½ payojana½ dasseti. Sa½s±ramahoghato sattasant±raºañhettha padh±na½, tadaññamappadh±na½. Tesu ca padh±nena payojanena parahitapaµipatti½ dasseti, itarena attahitasampatti½, tadubhayena ca attahitapaµipann±d²su cat³su puggalesu bhagavato catutthapuggalabh±va½ pak±seti. Tena ca anuttara½ dakkhiºeyyabh±va½, uttamañca vandan²yabh±va½, attano ca vandan±ya khettaªgatabh±va½ vibh±veti.
Apica karuº±ggahaºena lokiyesu mahaggatabh±vappatt±s±dh±raºaguºad²panato sabbalokiyaguºasampatti dassit±, paññ±ggahaºena sabbaññutaññ±ºapadaµµh±namaggañ±ºad²panato sabbalokuttaraguºasampatti. Tadubhayaggahaºasiddho hi attho “sanar±maralokagarun”ti-±din± vipañc²yat²ti. Karuº±ggahaºena ca nirupakkilesamupagamana½ dasseti, paññ±ggahaºena apagamana½. Tath± karuº±ggahaºena lokasamaññ±nur³pa½ bhagavato pavatti½ dasseti lokavoh±ravisayatt± karuº±ya, paññ±ggahaºena lokasamaññ±ya anatidh±vana½. Sabh±v±navabodhena hi dhamm±na½ sabh±va½ atidh±vitv± satt±dipar±masana½ hoti. Tath± karuº±ggahaºena mah±karuº±sam±pattivih±ra½ dasseti, paññ±ggahaºena t²su k±lesu appaµihatañ±ºa½, catusaccañ±ºa½, catupaµisambhid±ñ±ºa½, catuves±rajjañ±ºa½, karuº±ggahaºena mah±karuº±sam±pattiñ±ºassa gahitatt± ses±s±dh±raºañ±º±ni, cha abhiññ±, aµµhasu paris±su akampanañ±º±ni, dasa bal±ni, cuddasa buddhaguº±, so¼asa ñ±ºacariy±, aµµh±rasa buddhadhamm±, catucatt±r²sa ñ±ºavatth³ni, sattasattati ñ±ºavatth³n²ti evam±d²na½ anekesa½ paññ±pabhed±na½ vasena ñ±ºac±ra½ dasseti. Tath± karuº±ggahaºena caraºasampatti½, paññ±ggahaºena vijj±sampatti½. Karuº±ggahaºena att±dhipatit±, paññ±ggahaºena dhamm±dhipatit±. Karuº±ggahaºena lokan±thabh±vo, paññ±ggahaºena attan±thabh±vo. Tath± karuº±ggahaºena pubbak±r²bh±vo, paññ±ggahaºena kataññut±. Karuº±ggahaºena aparantapat±, paññ±ggahaºena anattantapat±. Karuº±ggahaºena v± buddhakaradhammasiddhi, paññ±ggahaºena buddhabh±vasiddhi. Tath± karuº±ggahaºena parasant±raºa½, paññ±ggahaºena attasant±raºa½. Tath± karuº±ggahaºena sabbasattesu anuggahacittat±, paññ±ggahaºena sabbadhammesu virattacittat± dassit± hoti sabbesañca buddhaguº±na½ karuº± ±di tannid±nabh±vato, paññ± pariyos±na½ tato uttari karaº²y±bh±vato. Iti ±dipariyos±nadassanena sabbe buddhaguº± dassit± honti. Tath± karuº±ggahaºena s²lakkhandhapubbaªgamo sam±dhikkhandho dassito hoti. Karuº±nid±nañhi s²la½ tato p±º±tip±t±diviratippavattito, s± ca jh±nattayasampayogin²ti, paññ±vacanena paññ±kkhandho. S²lañca sabbabuddhaguº±na½ ±di, sam±dhi majjhe, paññ± pariyos±nanti evampi ±dimajjhapariyos±nakaly±º± sabbe buddhaguº± dassit± honti nayato dassitatt±. Eso eva hi niravasesato buddhaguº±na½ dassanup±yo, yadida½ nayagg±haºa½, aññath± ko n±ma samattho bhagavato guºe anupada½ niravasesato dassetu½. Tenev±ha–
“Buddhopi buddhassa bhaºeyya vaººa½,
kappampi ce aññamabh±sam±no;
kh²yetha kappo cirad²ghamantare,
vaººo na kh²yetha tath±gatass±”ti.
Teneva ca ±yasmat± s±riputtattheren±pi buddhaguºaparicchedana½ pati bhagavat± anuyuttena “no heta½ bhante”ti paµikkhipitv± “api ca me bhante dhammanvayo vidito”ti sampas±dan²yasutte vutta½.
Eva½ saªkhepena sakalasabbaññuguºehi bhagavato thoman±pubbaªgama½ paº±ma½ katv± id±ni saddhammass±pi thoman±pubbaªgama½ paº±ma½ karonto “buddhop²”ti-±dim±ha. Tatth±ya½ saha padasambandhena saªkhepattho– yath±vuttavividhaguºagaºasamann±gato buddhopi ya½ ariyamaggasaªkh±ta½ dhamma½, saha pubbabh±gapaµipattidhammena v± ariyamaggabh³ta½ dhamma½ bh±vetv± ceva ya½ phalanibb±nasaªkh±ta½ dhamma½, pariyattidhammapaµipattidhammehi v± saha phalanibb±nabh³ta½ dhamma½ sacchikatv± ca samm±sambodhisaªkh±ta½ buddhabh±vamupagato, v²tamalamanuttara½ ta½ dhammampi vandeti.
Tattha buddhasaddassa t±va “bujjhit± sacc±n²ti buddho. Bodhet± paj±y±ti buddho”ti-±din± niddesanayena attho veditabbo. Atha v± aggamaggañ±º±dhigamena sav±san±ya sammohanidd±ya accantavigamanato, aparimitaguºagaº±laªkatasabbaññutaññ±ºappattiy± vikasitabh±vato ca buddhav±ti buddho j±garaºavikasanatthavasena. Atha v± kassacipi ñeyyadhammassa anavabuddhassa abh±vena ñeyyavisesassa kammabh±v±gahaºato kammavacanicch±y±bh±vena avagamanatthavasena kattuniddesova labbhati, tasm± buddhav±ti buddhotipi vattabbo. Padesaggahaºe hi asati gahetabbassa nippadesat±va viññ±yati yath± “dikkhito na dad±t²”ti. Evañca katv± kammavises±napekkh± kattari eva buddhasaddasiddhi veditabb±, atthato pana p±ramit±paribh±vito sayambhuñ±ºena saha v±san±ya vihataviddhastaniravasesakilesomah±karuº±sabbaññutaññ±º±di-aparimeyyaguºagaº±dh±ro khandhasant±no buddho, yath±ha–
“Buddhoti yo so bhagav± sayambh³ an±cariyako pubbe ananussutesu dhammesu s±ma½ sacc±ni abhisambujjhi, tattha ca sabbaññuta½ patto, balesu ca vas²bh±van”ti (mah±ni. 192; c³¼ani. 97; paµi. ma. 161).
Apisaddo sambh±vane, tena eva½ guºavisesayutto sopi n±ma bhagav± ²disa½ dhamma½ bh±vetv±, sacchikatv± ca buddhabh±vamupagato, k± n±ma kath± aññesa½ s±vak±dibh±vamupagamaneti dhamme sambh±vana½ d²peti. Buddhabh±vanti samm±sambodhi½. Yena hi nimittabh³tena sabbaññutaññ±ºapadaµµh±nena aggamaggañ±ºena, aggamaggañ±ºapadaµµh±nena ca sabbaññutaññ±ºena bhagavati “buddho”ti n±ma½, tad±rammaºañca ñ±ºa½ pavattati, tamevidha “bh±vo”ti vuccati. Bhavanti buddhisadd± eten±ti hi bh±vo. Tath± hi vadanti–
“Yena yena nimittena, buddhi saddo ca vattate;
ta½ta½nimittaka½ bh±vapaccayehi ud²ritan”ti.
Bh±vetv±ti upp±detv±, va¹¹hetv± v±. Sacchikatv±ti paccakkha½ katv±. Ceva-saddo ca-saddo ca tadubhayattha samuccaye. Tena hi saddadvayena na kevala½ bhagav± dhammassa bh±van±mattena buddhabh±vamupagato, n±pi sacchikiriy±mattena, atha kho tadubhayenev±ti samuccinoti. Upagatoti patto, adhigatoti attho. Etassa “buddhabh±van”ti padena sambandho. V²tamalanti ettha virahavasena eti pavattat²ti v²to, malato v²to, v²ta½ v± mala½ yass±ti v²tamalo, ta½ v²tamala½. “Gatamalan”tipi p±µho dissati, eva½ sati sa-upasaggo viya anupasaggopi gatasaddo virahatthav±cako veditabbo dh±t³namanekatthatt±. Gacchati apagacchat²ti hi gato, dhammo Gata½ v± mala½, purimanayena sam±so. Anuttaranti uttaravirahita½. Yath±nusiµµha½ paµipajjam±ne ap±yato, sa½s±rato ca apatam±ne katv± dh±ret²ti dhammo, navavidho lokuttaradhammo. Tappak±sanatt±, sacchikiriy±sammasanapariy±yassa ca labbham±natt± pariyattidhammopi idha saªgahito Tath± hi “abhidhammanayasamudda½ adhigacchi, t²ºi piµak±ni sammas²”ti ca aµµhakath±ya½ vutta½, tath± “ya½ dhamma½ bh±vetv± sacchikatv±”ti ca vuttatt± bh±van±sacchikiriy±yogyat±ya buddhakaradhammabh³t±hi p±ramit±hi saha pubbabh±ga-adhis²lasikkh±dayopi idha saªgahit±ti veditabb±. T±pi hi vigatapaµipakkhat±ya v²tamal±, anaññas±dh±raºat±ya anuttar± ca. Katha½ pana t± bh±vetv±, sacchikatv± ca bhagav± buddhabh±vamupagatoti? Vuccate– satt±nañhi sa½s±ravaµµadukkhanissaraº±ya [nissaraºatth±ya (paºº±sa µ².) nissaraºe (katthaci)] katamah±bhin²h±ro mah±karuº±dhiv±sanapesalajjh±sayo paññ±visesapariyod±tanimmal±na½ d±nadamasaññam±d²na½ uttamadhamm±na½ kapp±na½ satasahass±dhik±ni catt±ri asaªkhyeyy±ni sakkacca½ nirantara½ niravasesa½ bh±van±sacchikiriy±hi kamm±d²su adhigatavas²bh±vo acchariy±cinteyyamah±nubh±vo adhis²l±dhicitt±na½ paramukka½sap±ramippatto bhagav± paccay±k±re catuv²satikoµisatasahassamukhena mah±vajirañ±ºa½ pesetv± anuttara½ samm±sambodhisaªkh±ta½ buddhabh±vamupagatoti.