Eva½ aµµhakath±nayena paññattisar³pa½ niddh±retv± id±ni aµµhakath±muttaken±pi nayena vuttesu chasu paññattibhedesu “evan”ti-±d²na½ paññatt²na½ sar³pa½ niddh±rento “tath±”ti-±dim±ha. Up±d±paññatti ±dayo hi por±ºaµµhakath±to mutt± saªgahak±reneva ±cariyena vutt±. Vitth±ro abhidhammaµµhakath±ya gahetabbo. Ta½ tanti ta½ ta½ dhammaj±ta½, sotapatham±gate dhamme up±d±ya tesa½ upadh±rit±k±ranidassan±vadh±raºassa pacc±masanavasena evanti ca sasantatipariy±panne khandhe up±d±ya meti ca vattabbatt±ti attho. R³pavedan±dibhedehi dhamme up±d±ya niss±ya k±raºa½ katv± paññatti up±d±paññatti yath± “t±ni t±ni aªg±ni up±d±ya ratho geha½, te te r³paras±dayo up±d±ya ghaµo paµo, candimas³riyaparivatt±dayo up±d±ya k±lo dis±”ti-±di. Paññapetabbaµµhena ces± paññatti n±ma, na paññ±panaµµhena. Y± pana tassa atthassa paññ±pan±, aya½ avijjam±napaññattiyeva. Diµµh±d²ni upanidh±ya vattabbatoti diµµhamutaviññ±te upanidh±ya upatthambha½ katv± apekkhitv± vattabbatt±. Diµµh±disabh±vavirahite sadd±yatane vattam±nopi hi sutavoh±ro “dutiya½ tatiyan”ti-±diko viya paµham±d²ni diµµhamutaviññ±te apekkhitv± pavatto “upanidh±paññat²”ti vuccate. S± panes± anekavidh± tadaññapekkh³panidh± hatthagat³panidh± sampayutt³panidh±sam±ropit³panidh± avid³ragat³panidh± paµibh±g³panidh± tabbahul³panidh±tabbisiµµh³panidh±”ti-±din±. T±su aya½ “dutiya½ tatiyan”ti-±dik± viya paµham±d²na½ diµµh±d²na½ aññamaññamapekkhitv± vuttatt± tadaññapekkh³panidh±paññatti n±ma.
Eva½ paññattiy±pi atth±dhigaman²yat±saªkh±ta½ dassetabbattha½ dassetv± id±ni saddas±matthiyena d²petabbamattha½ niddh±retv± d²pento “ettha c±”ti-±dim±ha. Etth±ti etasmi½ vacanattaye. Ca-saddo upany±so atthantara½ ±rabhituk±mena yojitatt±. “Sutan”ti vutte asuta½ na hot²ti pak±sitoyamattho, tasm± tath± suta-saddena pak±sit± attan± paµividdhasuttassa pak±ravises± “evan”ti therena pacc±maµµh±ti tena eva½-saddena asammoho d²pito n±ma, ten±ha “evanti vacanena asammoha½ d²pet²”ti. Asammohanti ca yath±sute sutte asammoha½. Tadeva yuttiy±, byatirekena ca samatthehi “na h²”ti-±din± vakkham±nañca sutta½ n±nappak±ra½ duppaµividdhañca. Eva½ n±nappak±re duppaµividdhe sutte katha½ samm³¼ho n±nappak±rapaµivedhasamattho bhavissati. Im±ya yuttiy±, imin± ca byatirekena therassa tattha asamm³¼habh±vasaªkh±to d²petabbo attho viññ±yat²ti vutta½ hoti. Evam²disesu yath±raha½. Bhagavato sammukh± sut±k±rassa y±th±vato upari therena dassiyam±natt± “suttassa asammosa½ d²pet²”ti vutta½. K±lantaren±ti sutak±lato aparena k±lena. Yassa…pe… paµij±n±ti, therassa pana suvaººabh±jane pakkhittas²havas± viya anassam±na½ asammuµµha½ tiµµhati, tasm± so eva½ paµij±n±t²ti vutta½ hoti. Eva½ d²pitena pana atthena ki½ pak±sitanti ±ha “iccass±”ti-±di. Tattha iccass±ti iti assa, tasm± asammohassa, asammosassa ca d²pitatt± assa therassapaññ±siddh²ti-±din± sambandho. Asammohen±ti sammoh±bh±vena. Paññ±vajjitasam±dhi-±didhammaj±tena ta½sampayutt±ya paññ±ya siddhi sahaj±t±disattiy± sijjhanato. Sammohapaµipakkhena v± paññ±saªkh±tena dhammaj±tena. Savanak±lasambh³t±ya hi paññ±ya taduttarik±lapaññ±siddhi upanissay±dikoµiy± sijjhanato. Itaratth±pi yath±raha½ nayo netabbo.
Eva½ pak±sitena pana atthena ki½ vibh±vitanti ±ha “tatth±”ti-±di. Tatth±ti tesu dubbidhesu dhammesu. Byañjan±na½ paµivijjhitabbo ±k±ro n±tigambh²ro, yath±sutadh±raºameva tattha karaº²ya½, tasm± tattha satiy± by±p±ro adhiko, paññ± pana guº²bh³t±ti vutta½ “paññ±pubbaªgam±y±”ti-±di. Paññ±ya pubbaªgam± paññ±pubbaªgam±ti hi nibbacana½, pubbaªgamat± cettha padh±nabh±vo “manopubbaªgam± dhamm±”ti-±d²su (dha. pa. 1) viya. Apica yath± cakkhuviññ±º±d²su ±vajjan±dayo pubbaªgam± sam±n±pi tad±rammaºassa avij±nanato appadh±nabh³t±, eva½ pubbaªgam±yapi appadh±natte sati paññ±pubbaªgam± etiss±ti nibbacanampi yujjati. Pubbaªgamat± cettha purec±ribh±vo. Iti sahaj±tapubbaªgamo purej±tapubbaªgamoti duvidhopi pubbaªgamo idha sambhavati, yath± cettha, eva½ sati “pubbaªgam±y±”ti etth±pi yath±sambhavamesa nayo veditabbo. Eva½ vibh±vitena samatthat±vacanena kimanubh±vitanti ±ha “tadubhayasamatthat±yogen±”ti-±di. Tattha atthabyañjanasampannass±ti atthabyañjanena paripuººassa, saªk±san±d²hi v± chahi atthapadehi, akkhar±d²hi ca chahi byañjanapadehi samann±gatassa, atthabyañjanasaªkh±tena v± rasena s±durasassa. Pariyattidhammoyeva navalokuttararatanasannidh±nato sattavidhassa, dasavidhassa v± ratanassa sannidh±no koso viy±ti dhammakoso, tath± dhammabhaº¹±g±ro, tattha niyuttoti dhammabhaº¹±g±riko. Atha v± n±n±r±jabhaº¹arakkhako bhaº¹±g±riko viy±ti bhaº¹±g±riko, dhammassa anurakkhako bhaº¹±g±rikoti tameva sadisat±k±raºadassanena visesetv± “dhammabhaº¹±g±riko”ti vutto. Yath±ha–
“Bahussuto dhammadharo, sabbap±µh² ca s±sane;
±nando n±ma n±mena, dhamm±rakkho tava½ mune”ti. (Apa. 1.542).
Aññath±pi d²petabbamattha½ d²peti “aparo nayo”ti-±din±, eva½ saddena vuccam±n±na½ ±k±ranidassan±vadh±raºatth±na½ avipar²tasaddhammavisayatt± tabbisayehi tehi atthehi yoniso manasik±rassa d²pana½ yuttanti vutta½ “yoni…pe… d²pet²”ti. “Ayoniso”ti-±din± byatirekena ñ±pakahetudassana½. Tattha katthaci hi-saddo dissati, so k±raºe, kasm±ti attho, imin± vacaneneva yoniso manasikaroto n±nappak±rapaµivedhasambhavato aggi viya dh³mena k±riyena k±raºabh³to so viññ±yat²ti tadanvayampi atth±pattiy± dasseti. Esa nayo sabbattha yath±raha½. “Brahmaj±la½ ±vuso kattha bh±sitan”ti-±di pucch±vasena adhun± pakaraºappattassa vakkham±nassa suttassa “sutan”ti padena vuccam±na½ bhagavato sammukh± savana½ sam±dh±namantarena na sambhavat²ti katv± vutta½ “avikkhepa½ d²pet²”ti. “Vikkhittacittass±”ti-±din± byatirekak±raºena ñ±pakahetu½ dassetv± tadeva samattheti “tath± h²”ti-±din±. Sabbasampattiy±ti sabbena atthabyañjanadesakapayojan±din± sampattiy±. Ki½ imin± pak±sitanti ±ha “yoniso manasik±rena cetth±”ti-±di. Etth±ti etasmi½ dhammadvaye. “Na hi vikkhittacitto”ti-±din± k±raºabh³tena avikkhepena, sappuris³panissayena ca phalabh³tassa saddhammassavanassa siddhiy± eva samatthana½ vutta½, avikkhepena pana sappuris³panissayassa siddhiy± samatthana½ na vutta½. Kasm±ti ce? Vikkhittacitt±na½ sappurise payirup±san±bh±vassa atthato siddhatt±. Atthavaseneva hi so p±kaµoti na vutto.
Etth±ha– yath± yoniso manasik±rena phalabh³tena attasamm±paºidhipubbekatapuññat±na½ k±raºabh³t±na½ siddhi vutt± tadavin±bh±vato, eva½ avikkhepena phalabh³tena saddhammassavanasappuris³panissay±na½ k±raºabh³t±na½ siddhi vattabb± siy± assutavato, sappuris³panissayavirahitassa ca tadabh±vato. Eva½ santepi “na hi vikkhittacitto”ti-±disamatthanavacanena avikkhepena, sappuris³panissayena ca k±raºabh³tena saddhammassavanasseva phalabh³tassa siddhi vutt±, kasm± paneva½ vutt±ti? Vuccate– adhipp±yantarasambhavato hi tath± siddhi vutt±. Aya½ panetth±dhipp±yo– saddhammassavanasappuris³panissay± na ekantena avikkhepassa k±raºa½ b±hirak±raºatt±, avikkhepo pana sappuris³panissayo viya saddhammassavanassa ekantak±raºa½ ajjhattikak±raºatt±, tasm± ekantak±raºe honte kimatthiy± anekantak±raºa½ pati phalabh±vaparikappan±ti tath±yevetassa siddhi vutt±ti. Ettha ca paµhama½ phalena k±raºassa siddhidassana½ nad²p³rena viya upari vuµµhisabbh±vassa, dutiya½ k±raºena phalassa siddhidassana½ ekantavassin± viya meghavuµµh±nena vuµµhipavattiy±.
“Aparo nayo”ti-±din± aññath±pi d²petabbattham±ha, yasm± na hot²ti sambandho. Evanti…pe… n±n±k±raniddesoti heµµh± vutta½, so ca ±k±roti sotadv±r±nus±raviññ±ºav²thisaªkh±tassa cittasant±nassa n±n±k±rena ±rammaºe pavattiy± n±natthabyañjanaggahaºasaªkh±to so bhagavato vacanassa atthabyañjanappabhedaparicchedavasena sakalas±sanasampatti-og±han±k±ro. Eva½ bhaddakoti niravasesaparahitap±rip³ribh±vak±raºatt± eva½ yath±vuttena n±natthabyañjanaggahaºena sundaro seµµho, sam±sapada½ v± eta½ eva½ ²diso bhaddo yass±ti katv±. Na paºihito appaºihito, samm± appaºi hito att± yass±ti tath±, tassa. Pacchimacakkadvayasampattinti attasamm±paºidhipubbekatapuññat±saªkh±taguºadvayasampatti½. Guºasseva hi apar±paravuttiy± pavattanaµµhena cakkabh±vo. Caranti v± etena satt± sampattibhava½, sampattibhaves³ti v± cakka½. Ya½ sandh±ya vutta½ “catt±rim±ni bhikkhave, cakk±ni, yehi samann±gat±na½ devamanuss±na½ catucakka½ vattat²”ti-±di (a. ni. 4.31) pacchimabh±vo cettha desan±kkamavaseneva. Purimacakkadvayasampattinti patir³padesav±sasappuris³panissayasaªkh±taguºadvayasampatti½. Sesa½ vuttanayameva. Tasm±ti purimak±raºa½ purimassev±ti idha k±raºam±ha “na h²”ti-±din±.
Tena ki½ pak±sitanti ±ha “iccass±”ti-±di. Iti im±ya catucakkasampattiy± k±raºabh³t±ya. Assa therassa. Pacchimacakkadvayasiddhiy±ti pacchimacakkadvayassa atthibh±vena siddhiy± ¾sayasuddh²ti vipassan±ñ±ºasaªkh±t±ya anulomikakhantiy±, kammassakat±ñ±ºa-maggañ±ºasaªkh±tassa yath±bh³tañ±ºassa c±ti duvidhass±pi ±sayassa asuddhihetubh³t±na½ kiles±na½ d³r²bh±vena suddhi. Tadeva hi dvaya½ vivaµµanissit±na½ suddhasatt±na½ ±sayo. Samm±paºihitatto hi pubbe ca katapuñño suddh±sayo hoti. Tath± hi vutta½ “samm±paºihita½ citta½, seyyaso na½ tato kare”ti, (dha. pa. 43) “katapuññosi tva½ ±nanda, padh±namanuyuñja khippa½ hohisi an±savo”ti (d². ni. 2.207) ca. Keci pana “kattukamyat±chando ±sayo”ti vadanti, tadayuttameva “t±ya ca ±sayasuddhiy± adhigamabyattisiddh²”ti vacanena virodhato. Evampi maggañ±ºasaªkh±tassa ±sayassa suddhi na yutt± t±ya adhigamabyattisiddhiy± avattabbatoti? No na yutto purimassa maggassa, pacchim±na½ magg±na½, phal±nañca k±raºabh±vato. Payogasuddh²ti yonisomanasik±rapubbaªgamassa dhammassavanapayogassa visadabh±vena suddhi, sabbassa v± k±yavac²payogassa niddosabh±vena suddhi. Patir³padesav±s², hi sappurisasev² ca yath±vuttavisuddhapayogo hoti. Tath±visuddhena yonisomanasik±rapubbaªgamena dhammassavanapayogena, vippaµis±r±bh±v±vahena ca k±yavac²payogena avikkhittacitto pariyattiya½ vis±rado hoti, tath±bh³to ca thero, tena viññ±yati purimacakkadvayasiddhiy± therassa payogasuddhi siddh±v±ti. Tena ki½ vibh±vitanti ±ha “t±ya c±”ti-±di. Adhigamabyattisiddh²ti paµivedhasaªkh±te adhigame chekabh±vasiddhi. Adhigametabbato hi paµivijjhitabbato paµivedho “adhigamo”ti aµµhakath±su vutto, ±gamoti ca pariyatti ±gacchanti attatthaparatth±dayo etena, ±bhuso v± gamitabbo ñ±tabboti katv±.