Nanu ekasmi½yeva atthe siy±, kasm± t²sup²ti ca, hotu tibbidhesu atthesu, kena kimattha½ d²pet²ti ca anuyoga½ pariharanto “tatth±”ti-±dim±ha. Tatth±ti tesu t²su atthesu. Ekattan±natta-aby±p±ra-eva½dhammat±saªkh±t±, nandiy±vattatipukkhalas²havikk²¼ita-aªkusadis±locanasaªkh±t± v± ±dh±r±dibhedavasena n±n±vidh± nay± n±n±nay±, p±¼igatiyo v± nay±, t± ca paññatti-anupaññatti ±divasena, saªkhepavitth±r±divasena, sa½kilesabh±giy±dilokiy±ditadubhayavomissak±divasena, kusal±divasena, khandh±divasena, saªgah±divasena, samayavimutt±divasena, µhapan±divasena, kusalam³l±divasena, tikapaµµh±n±divasena ca piµakattay±nur³pa½ n±n±ppak±r±ti n±n±nay±. Tehi nipuºa½ saºha½ sukhuma½ tath±. ¾sayova ajjh±sayo, te ca sassat±dibhedena, tattha ca apparajakkhat±divasena anek±, attajjh±say±dayo eva v± samuµµh±namuppattihetu etass±ti tath±, upanetabb±bh±vato atthabyañjane hi sampanna½ paripuººa½ tath±. Apica saªk±sanapak±sanavivaraºavibhajana-utt±n²karaºapaññattivasena chahi atthapadehi, akkharapadabyañjana-±k±raniruttiniddesavasena chahi byañjanapadehi ca sampanna½ samann±gata½ tath±. Atha v± viññ³na½ hadayaªgamato, savane atittijananato, byañjanarasavasena paramagambh²rabh±vato, vic±raºe atittijananato, attharasavasena ca sampanna½ s±durasa½ tath±.
P±µih±riyapadassa vacanattha½ “paµipakkhaharaºato r±g±dikiles±panayanato p±µih±riyan”ti vadanti. Bhagavato pana paµipakkh± r±g±dayo na santi, ye haritabb± bodhim³leyeva sav±sanasakalasa½kiles±na½ pah²natt±. Puthujjan±nampi ca vigat³pakkilese aµµhaguºasamann±gate citte hatapaµipakkhe satiyeva iddhividha½ pavattati, tasm± puthujjanesu pavattavoh±renapi na sakk± idha “p±µih±riyan”ti vattu½, sace pana mah±k±ruºikassa bhagavato veneyyagat±va kiles± paµipakkh± sa½s±rapaªkanimuggassa sattanik±yassa samuddharituk±mato, tasm± tesa½ veneyyagatakilesasaªkh±t±na½ paµipakkh±na½ haraºato p±µih±riyanti vutta½ assa, eva½ sati yuttameta½.
Atha v± bhagavato s±sanassa paµipakkh± titthiy±, tesa½ titthiyabh³t±na½ paµipakkh±na½ haraºato p±µih±riyantipi yujjati. K±mañcettha titthiy± haritabb± n±ssu, tesa½ pana sant±nagatadiµµhiharaºavasena diµµhippak±sane asamatthat±k±raºena ca iddhi-±desan±nus±san²saªkh±tehi t²hipi p±µih±riyehi te harit± apan²t± n±ma honti. Paµ²ti v± aya½ saddo “pacch±”ti etassa attha½ bodheti “tasmi½ paµipaviµµhamhi, añño ±gañchi br±hmaºo”ti-±d²su (su. ni. 985; c³¼ani. 4) viya, tasm± sam±hite citte vigat³paklese katakiccena pacch± haritabba½ pavattetabbanti paµih±riya½, tadeva d²ghavasena, sakatthavuttipaccayavasena v± p±µih±riya½, attano v± upaklesesu catutthajjh±namaggehi haritesu pacch± tadaññesa½ haraºa½ p±µih±riya½ vuttanayena. Iddhi-±desan±nus±saniyo hi vigat³paklesena, katakiccena ca sattahitattha½ puna pavattetabb±, hatesu ca attano upaklesesu parasatt±na½ upaklesaharaº±ni ca hont²ti tadubhayampi nibbacana½ yujjati.
Apica yath±vuttehi nibbacanehi iddhi-±desan±nus±san²saªkh±to samud±yo paµih±riya½ n±ma. Ekeka½ pana tasmi½ bhava½ “p±µih±riyan”ti vuccati visesatthajotakapaccayantarena saddaracan±visesasambhavato, paµih±riya½ v± catutthajjh±na½, maggo ca paµipakkhaharaºato, tattha j±ta½, tasmi½ v± nimittabh³te, tato v± ±gatanti p±µih±riya½. Vicitr± hi taddhitavutti. Tassa pana iddhi-±desan±nus±san²bhedena, visayabhedena ca bahuvidhassa bhagavato desan±ya labbham±natt± “vividhap±µih±riyanti vutta½. Bhagav± hi kad±ci iddhivasen±pi desana½ karoti nimmitabuddhena saha pucch±vissajjan±d²su, kad±ci ±desan±vasen±pi ±magandhabr±hmaºassa dhammadesan±d²su (su. ni. aµµha. 1.241), yebhuyyena pana anus±saniy±. Anus±san²p±µih±riyañhi buddh±na½ satata½ dhammadesan±. Iti ta½ta½desan±k±rena anekavidhap±µih±riyat± desan±ya labbhati. Ayamattho upari ek±dasamassa kevaµµasuttassa vaººan±ya (d². ni. aµµha. 1.481) ±vi bhavissati. Atha v± tassa vividhass±pi p±µih±riyassa bhagavato desan±ya sa½s³canato “vividhap±µih±riyan”ti vutta½, anekavidhap±µih±riyadassananti attho.
Dhammaniruttiy±va bhagavati dhamma½ desente sabbesa½ suºant±na½ n±n±bh±sit±na½ ta½ta½bh±s±nur³pato desan± sotapatham±gacchat²ti ±ha “sabba…pe… m±gacchantan”ti. Sotameva sotapatho, savana½ v± sota½, tassa patho tath±, sotadv±ranti attho. Sabb±k±ren±ti yath±desit±k±rena. Ko samattho viññ±tu½, asamatthoyeva, tasm±ti p±µhaseso. Pan±ti eka½satthe tena saddh±satidhitiv²riy±dibalasaªkh±tena sabbath±mena eka½seneva sotuk±mat±saªkh±takusalacchandassa janana½ dasseti. Janetv±p²ti ettha pi-saddo, api-saddo v± sambh±vanattho “buddhopi buddhabh±va½ bh±vetv±”ti-±d²su (d². ni. aµµha 1; ma. ni. aµµha. 1; sa½. ni. aµµha. 1; a. ni. aµµha 1.paµhamaganth±rambhakath±) viya, tena “sabbath±mena eka½seneva sotuk±mata½ janetv±pi n±ma eken±k±rena suta½, kimaªga½ pana aññath±”ti tath±sute dhamme sambh±vana½ karoti. Keci pana “edisesu garahattho”ti vadanti, tadayuttameva garahatthassa avijjam±natt±, vijjam±natthasseva ca upasagganip±t±na½ jotakatt±. “N±n±nayanipuºan”ti-±din± hi sabbappak±rena sotumasakkuºeyyabh±vena dhammassa idha sambh±vanameva karoti, tasm± “api dibbesu k±mesu, rati½ so n±dhigacchat²”ti-±d²suyeva (dha. pa. 187) garahatthasambhavesu garahattho veditabboti. Api-saddo ca ²disesu µh±nesu nip±toyeva, na upasaggo. Tath± hi “api-saddo ca nip±tapakkhiko k±tabbo, yattha kiriy±v±cakato pubbo na hot²”ti akkharacintak± vadanti. May±p²ti ettha pana na kevala½ may±va, atha kho aññehipi tath±r³peh²ti sampiº¹anattho gahetabbo.
S±ma½ bhavat²ti sayambh³, an±cariyako. Na maya½ ida½ sacchikatanti ettha pana “na attano ñ±ºeneva attan± sacchikatan”ti pakaraºato attho viññ±yati. S±maññavacanass±pi hi sampayogavippayogasahacaraºavirodhasaddantarasannidh±naliªga-ocityak±ladesapakaraº±divasena visesatthaggahaºa½ sambhavati. Eva½ sabbattha. Parimocentoti “puna capara½ bhikkhave, idhekacco p±pabhikkhu tath±gatappavedita½ dhammavinaya½ pariy±puºitv± attano dahat²”ti (p±r±. 195) vuttadosato parimoc±panahetu. Hetvatthe hi anta-saddo “asambudha½ buddhanisevitan”ti-±d²su (vi. aµµha. 1.ganth±rambhakath±) viya. Imassa suttassa sa½vaººan±ppak±ravic±raºena attano ñ±ºassa paccakkhata½ sandh±ya “id±ni vattabban”ti vutta½. Es± hi sa½vaººan±k±r±na½ pakati, yadida½ sa½vaººetabbadhamme sabbattha “ayamimassa attho, evamidha sa½vaººayiss±m²”ti puretarameva sa½vaººan±ppak±ravic±raº±.
Etadaggapadassattho vuttova. “Bahussut±nan”ti-±d²su pana aññepi ther± bahussut±, satimanto, gatimanto, dhitimanto, upaµµh±k± ca atthi, aya½ pan±yasm± buddhavacana½ gaºhanto dasabalassa s±sane bhaº¹±g±rikapariyattiya½ µhatv± gaºhi, tasm± bahussut±na½ aggo n±ma j±to. Imassa ca therassa buddhavacana½ uggahetv± dh±raºasati aññehi therehi balavatar± ahosi, tasm± satimant±na½ aggo n±ma j±to. Ayamev±yasm± ekapade µhatv± saµµhipadasahass±ni gaºhanto satth±r± kathitaniy±mena sabbapad±ni j±n±ti, tasm± gatimant±na½ aggo n±ma j±to Tasseva c±yasmato buddhavacana½ uggaºhanav²riya½, sajjh±yanav²riyañca aññehi asadisa½ ahosi, tasm± dhitimant±na½ aggo n±ma j±to. Tath±gata½ upaµµhahanto cesa na aññesa½ upaµµh±kabhikkh³na½ upaµµhahan±k±rena upaµµhahati. Aññepi hi tath±gata½ upaµµhahi½su, na ca pana buddh±na½ mana½ gahetv± upaµµhahitu½ sakkonti, aya½ pana thero upaµµh±kaµµh±na½ laddhadivasato paµµh±ya ±raddhav²riyo hutv± tath±gatassa mana½ gahetv± upaµµhahi, tasm± upaµµh±k±na½ aggo n±ma j±to. Atthakusaloti bh±sitatthe, payojanatthe ca cheko. Dhammoti p±¼idhammo, n±n±vidho v± hetu. Byañjananti akkhara½ atthassa byañjanato. Padena hi byañjitopi attho akkharam³lakatt± padassa “akkharena byañjito”ti vuccati. Atthassa viyañjanato v± v±kyampi idha byañjana½ n±ma. V±kyena hi attho paripuººa½ byañj²yati, yato “byañjanehi vivarat²”ti ±yasmat± mah±kacc±yanattherena vutta½. Nirutt²ti nibbacana½, pañcavidh± v± niruttinay±. Tesampi hi saddaracan±visesena atth±dhigamahetuto idha gahaºa½ yujjati. Pubb±para½ n±ma pubb±par±nusandhi, suttassa v± pubbabh±gena aparabh±gassa sa½sandana½. Bhagavat± ca pañcavidha-etadaggaµµh±nena dhammasen±patin± ca pañcavidhakosallena pasaµµhabh±v±nur³panti sambandho. Dh±raºabalanti dh±raºasaªkh±ta½ bala½, dh±raºe v± bala½, ubhayatth±pi dh±retu½ s±matthiyanti vutta½ hoti. Dassento hutv±, dassanahet³tipi attho. Tañca kho atthato v± byañjanato v± an³namanadhikanti avadh±raºaphalam±ha. Na aññath± daµµhabbanti pana nivattetabbattha½. Na aññath±ti ca bhagavato sammukh± sut±k±rato na aññath±, na pana bhagavat± desit±k±rato. Acinteyy±nubh±v± hi bhagavato desan±, evañca katv± “sabbappak±rena ko samattho viññ±tun”ti heµµh± vuttavacana½ samatthita½ hoti, itarath± bhagavat± desit±k±reneva sotu½ samatthatt± tadeta½ na vattabba½ siy±. Yath±vuttena pana atthena dh±raºabaladassanañca na virujjhati sut±k±r±virujjhanavasena dh±raºassa adhippetatt±, aññath± bhagavat± desit±k±reneva dh±ritu½ samatthanato heµµh± vuttavacanena virujjheyya. Na hettha dvinna½ atth±na½ atthantarat±parih±ro yutto tesa½ dvinnampi atth±na½ sutabh±vad²panena ekavisayatt±, itarath± thero bhagavato desan±ya sabbath± paµiggahaºe pacchimatthavasena samattho, purimatthavasena ca asamatthoti ±pajjeyy±ti.
“Yo paro na hoti, so att±”ti vutt±ya niyakajjhattasaªkh±t±ya santatiy± pavattanako tividhopi me-saddo, tasm± kiñc±pi niyakajjhattasantativasena ekasmi½ yevatthe me-saddo dissati, tath±pi karaºasampad±nas±miniddesavasena vijjam±navibhattibheda½ sandh±ya vutta½ “t²su atthesu dissat²”ti, t²su vibhattiyatthesu attan± saññuttavibhattito dissat²ti attho G±th±bhig²tanti g±th±ya abhig²ta½ abhimukha½ g±yita½. Abhojaneyyanti bhojana½ k±tumanarahar³pa½. Abhig²tapadassa kattupekkhatt± may±ti attho. Eva½ sesesupi yath±raha½. Sutasaddassa kammabh±vas±dhanavasena dv±dhipp±yikapadatt± yath±yoga½ “may± sutan”ti ca “mama sutan”ti ca atthadvaye yujjati.
Kiñc±pi upasaggo kiriya½ viseseti, jotakamattabh±vato pana satipi tasmi½ sutasaddoyeva ta½ ta½ attha½ vadat²ti anupasaggassa sutasaddassa atthuddh±re sa-upasaggassa gahaºa½ na virujjhat²ti ±ha “sa-upasaggo ca anupasaggo c±”ti. Ass±ti sutasaddassa. Upasaggavasenapi dh±tusaddo visesatthav±cako yath± “anubhavati par±bhavat²”ti vutta½ “gacchantoti attho”ti. Tath± anupasaggopi dh±tusaddo sa-upasaggo viya visesatthav±cakoti ±ha “vissutadhammass±ti attho”ti. Evam²disesu. Sotaviññeyyanti sotadv±ranissitena viññ±ºena viññ±tabba½, sasambh±rakath± v± es±, sotadv±rena viññ±tabbanti attho. Sotadv±r±nus±raviññ±tadharoti sotadv±r±nus±rena manoviññ±ºena viññ±tadhammadharo. Na hi sotadv±ranissitaviññ±ºamattena dhammo viññ±yati, atha kho tadanus±ramanoviññ±ºeneva, sutadharoti ca tath± viññ±tadhammadharo vutto, tasm± tadatthoyeva sambhavat²ti eva½ vutta½. Kammabh±vas±dhan±ni sutasadde sambhavant²ti dassetu½ “idha pan±”ti-±dim±ha. Pubb±parapadasambandhavasena atthassa upapannat±, anupapannat± ca viññ±yati, tasm± sutasaddasseva vasena ayamattho “upapanno, anupapanno”ti v± na viññ±tabboti codan±ya pubb±parapadasambandhavasena etadatthassa upapannata½ dassetu½ “me-saddassa h²”ti-±di vutta½. May±ti atthe sat²ti kattutthe karaºaniddesavasena may±ti atthe vattabbe sati, yad± me-saddassa kattuvasena karaºaniddeso, tad±ti vutta½ hoti. Mam±ti atthe sat²ti sambandh²yatthe s±miniddesavasena mam±ti atthe vattabbe sati, yad± sambandhavasena s±mi niddeso, tad±ti vutta½ hoti.