Navappabhedanti ettha katha½ paneta½ navappabheda½ hoti. Tath± hi navahi aªgehi vavatthitehi aññamaññasaªkararahitehi bhavitabba½, tath± ca sati asuttasabh±v±neva geyyaªg±d²ni siyu½, atha suttasabh±v±neva geyyaªg±d²ni, eva½ sati suttanti visu½ suttaªgameva na siy±, eva½ sante aµµhaªga½ s±sananti ±pajjati. Apica “sag±thaka½ sutta½ geyya½, nigg±thaka½ sutta½ veyy±karaºan”ti (d². ni. aµµha., p±r±. aµµha. paµhamamah±saªg²tikath±) aµµhakath±ya½ vutta½. Suttañca n±ma sag±thaka½ v± siy±, nigg±thaka½ v±, tasm± aªgadvayeneva tadubhaya½ saªgahitanti tadubhayavinimutta½ sutta½ ud±n±divisesasaññ±rahita½ natthi, ya½ suttaªga½ siy±, ath±pi kathañci visu½ suttaªga½ siy±, maªgalasutt±d²na½ (khu. p±. 1; su. ni. 261) suttaªgasaªgaho na siy± g±th±bh±vato dhammapad±d²na½ viya. Geyyaªgasaªgaho v± siy± sag±thakatt± sag±th±vaggassa viya. Tath± ubhatovibhaªg±d²su sag±thakappades±nanti? Vuccate–
Suttanti s±maññavidhi, visesavidhayo pare;
sanimitt± niru¼hatt±, sahat±ññena n±ññato. (D². ni. µ². 1.paµhamamah±saªg²tikath±).
Yath±vuttassa dosassa, natthi etth±vag±haºa½;
tasm± asaªkara½yeva, navaªga½ satthus±sana½. (S±rattha. µ². 1.paµhamamah±saªg²tikath±).

Sabbass±pi hi buddhavacanassa suttanti aya½ s±maññavidhi. Tath± hi “ettaka½ tassa bhagavato sutt±gata½ suttapariy±panna½, (p±ci. aµµha. 655, 1242) s±vatthiy± suttavibhaªge, (c³¼ava. 456) sakav±de pañca suttasat±n²”ti-±di (dha. sa. aµµha. nid±nakath±) vacanato vinay±bhidhammapariyatti visesesupi suttavoh±ro dissati. Teneva ca ±yasm± mah±kacc±yano nettiya½ ±ha “navavidhasuttantapariyeµµh²”ti (netti. saªgahav±ravaººan±) tattha hi sutt±divasena navaªgassa s±sanassa pariyeµµhi pariyesan± atthavic±raº± “navavidha suttantapariyeµµh²”ti vutt±. Tadekadesesu pana pare geyy±dayo sanimitt± visesavidhayo tena tena nimittena patiµµhit±. Tath± hi geyyassa sag±thakatta½ tabbh±vanimitta½. Lokepi hi sasiloka½ sag±thaka½ cuººiyagantha½ “geyyan”ti vadanti, g±th±virahe pana sati puccha½ katv± vissajjanabh±vo veyy±karaºassa tabbh±vanimitta½. Pucch±vissajjanañhi “by±karaºan”ti vuccati, by±karaºameva veyy±karaºa½. Eva½ sante sag±thak±d²nampi puccha½ katv± vissajjanavasena pavatt±na½ veyy±karaºabh±vo ±pajjat²ti? N±pajjati geyy±disaññ±na½ anok±sabh±vato. Sa-ok±savidhito hi anok±savidhi balav±. Apica “g±th±virahe sat²”ti visesitatt±. Yath±dhippetassa hi atthassa anadhippetato byavacchedaka½ visesana½. Tath± hi dhammapad±d²su kevalag±th±bandhesu, sag±thakattepi somanassañ±ºamayikag±th±paµisaññuttesu, “vutta½ hetan”ti-±divacana sambandhesu, abbhutadhammapaµisa½yuttesu ca suttavisesesu yath±kkama½ g±th±-ud±na-itivuttaka abbhutadhammasaññ± patiµµhit±. Ettha hi satipi saññ±ntaranimittayoge anok±sasaññ±na½ balavabh±veneva g±th±disaññ± patiµµhit±, tath± satipi g±th±bandhabh±ve bhagavato at²t±su j±t²su cariy±nubh±vappak±sakesu j±takasaññ± patiµµhit±, satipi pañh±vissajjanabh±ve sag±thakatte ca kesuci suttantesu vedassa labh±panato vedallasaññ± patiµµhit±, eva½ tena tena sag±thakatt±din± nimittena tesu tesu suttavisesesu geyy±disaññ± patiµµhit±ti visesavidhayo suttaªgato pare geyy±dayo, ya½ panettha geyyaªg±dinimittarahita½, ta½ suttaªgameva visesasaññ±parih±rena s±maññasaññ±ya pavattanato. Nanu ca eva½ santepi sag±thaka½ sutta½ geyya½, nigg±thaka½ sutta½ veyy±karaºanti tadubhayavinimuttassa suttassa abh±vato visu½ suttaªgameva na siy±ti codan± tadavatth± ev±ti? Na tadavatth± sodhitatt±. Sodhitañhi pubbe g±th±virahe sati pucch±vissajjanabh±vo veyy±karaºassa tabbh±vanimittanti.

Yañca vutta½ “g±th±bh±vato maªgalasutt±d²na½ (khu. p±. 1; su. ni. 261) suttaªgasaªgaho na siy±”ti, tampi na, niru¼hatt±. Niru¼ho hi maªgalasutt±d²na½ suttabh±vo. Na hi t±ni dhammapadabuddhava½s±dayo viya g±th±bh±vena saññit±ni, atha kho suttabh±veneva. Teneva hi akath±ya½ “suttan±makan”ti n±maggahaºa½ kata½. Yañca pana vutta½ “sag±thakatt± geyyaªgasaªgaho v± siy±”ti, tampi natthi. Kasm±ti ce? Yasm± sahat±ññena, tasm±. Sahabh±vo hi n±ma attato aññena hoti. Saha g±th±h²ti ca sag±thaka½, na ca maªgalasutt±d²su g±th±vinimutto koci suttapadeso atthi, yo “saha g±th±h²”ti vucceyya, nanu ca g±th±samud±yo tadekades±hi g±th±hi añño hoti, yassa vasena “saha g±th±h²”ti sakk± vattunti? Ta½ na. Na hi avayavavinimutto samud±yo n±ma koci atthi, yo tadekadesehi saha bhaveyya. Katthaci pana “d²ghasuttaªkitass±”ti-±d²su samud±yekades±na½ vibh±gavacana½ voh±ramatta½ pati pariy±yavacanameva, ayañca nippariy±yena pabhedavibh±gadassanakath±ti Yampi vutta½ “ubhatovibhaªg±d²su sag±thakappades±na½ geyyaªgasaªgaho siy±”ti, tampi na, aññato. Aññ±yeva hi t± g±th± j±tak±dipariy±pannatt±. T±dis±yeva hi k±raº±nur³pena tattha desit±, ato na t±hi ubhatovibhaªg±d²na½ geyyaªgabh±voti. Eva½ sutt±dinavaªg±na½ aññamaññasaªkar±bh±vo veditabboti.
Id±ni et±ni navaªg±ni vibhajitv± dassento “tatth±”ti-±dim±ha. Niddeso n±ma suttanip±te
“K±ma½ k±mayam±nassa, tassa ce ta½ samijjhati;
addh± p²timano hoti, laddh± macco yadicchat²”ti-±din±. (Su. ni. 772).–

¾gatassa aµµhakavaggassa;

“Kenassu nivuto loko, (icc±yasm± ajito);
kenassu na pak±sati;
kiss±bhilepana½ br³si,
ki½su tassa mahabbhayan”ti-±din±. (Su. ni. 1038).–

¾gatassa p±r±yanavaggassa;

“Sabbesu bh³tesu nidh±ya daº¹a½,
aviheµhaya½ aññatarampi tesa½;
na puttamiccheyya kuto sah±ya½,
eko care khaggavis±ºakappo”ti-±din±. (Su. ni. 35).–

¾gatassa khaggavis±ºasuttassa ca atthavibh±gavasena satthukappena ±yasmat± dhammasen±patis±riputtattherena kato niddeso, yo “mah±niddeso, c³¼aniddeso”ti vuccati. Evamidha niddesassa suttaªgasaªgaho bhadantabuddhadhos±cariyena dassito, tath± aññatth±pi vinayaµµhakath±d²su ±cariyadhammap±lattheren±pi nettippakaraºaµµhakath±ya½. Apare pana niddesassa g±th±veyy±karaºaªgesu dv²su saªgaha½ vadanti. Vuttañheta½ niddesaµµhakath±ya½ upasenattherena–

“So panesa vinayapiµaka½…pe… abhidhammapiµakanti t²su piµakesu suttantapiµakapariy±panno, d²ghanik±yo…pe… khuddakanik±yoti pañcasu nik±yesu khuddakamah±nik±yapariy±panno, sutta½…pe… vedallanti navasu satthus±sanaªgesu yath±sambhava½ g±thaªgaveyy±karaºaªgadvayasaªgahito”ti (mah±ni. aµµha. ganth±rambhakath±).
Ettha t±va katthaci pucch±vissajjanasabbh±vato niddesekadesassa veyy±karaºaªgasaªgaho yujjatu, ag±th±bh±vato g±thaªgasaªgaho katha½ yujjeyy±ti v²ma½sitabbameta½. Dhamm±pad±d²na½ viya hi kevala½ g±th±bandhabh±vo g±thaªgassa tabbh±vanimitta½. Dhammapad±d²su hi kevala½ g±th±bandhesu g±th±samaññ± patiµµhit±, niddese ca na koci kevalo g±th±bandappadeso upalabbhati. Samm±sambuddhena bh±sit±na½yeva hi aµµhakavagg±disaªgahit±na½ g±th±na½ niddesamatta½ dhammasen±patin± kata½. Atthavibhajanattha½ ±n²t±pi hi t± aµµhakavagg±disaªgahit± niddisitabb± m³lag±th±yo suttanip±tapariy±pannatt± aññ±yev±ti na niddesasaªkhya½ gacchanti ubhatovibhaªg±d²su ±gat±pi ta½ voh±ramalabham±n± j±tak±dipariy±pann± g±th±yo viya, tasm± k±raºantaramettha gavesitabba½, yuttatara½ v± gahetabba½.
N±lakasutta½ n±ma dhammacakkappavattita divasato sattame divase n±lakattherassa “moneyya½ te upaññissan”ti-±din± (su. ni. 706) bhagavat± bh±sita½ moneyya paµipad±parid²paka½ sutta½. Tuvaµµakasutta½ n±ma mah±samayasuttantadesan±ya sannipatitesu devesu “k± nu kho arahattappattiy± paµipatt²”ti uppannacitt±na½ ekacc±na½ devat±na½ tamattha½ pak±setu½ nimmitabuddhena att±na½ pucch±petv± “m³la½ papañcasaªkh±y±”ti-±din± (su. ni. 922) bhagavat± bh±sita½ sutta½. Evamidha suttanip±te ±gat±na½ maªgalasutt±d²na½ suttaªgasaªgaho dassito, tattheva ±gat±na½ asuttan±mik±na½ suddhikag±th±na½ g±thaªgasaªgahañca dassayissati, eva½ sati suttanip±taµµhakath±rambhe–
“G±th±satasam±kiººo, geyyaby±karaºaªkito;
kasm± suttanip±toti, saªkhamesa gatoti ce”ti. (Su. ni. aµµha. 1.ganth±rambhakath±).–

Sakalass±pi suttanip±tassa geyyaveyy±karaºaªgasaªgaho kasm± coditoti? N±ya½ virodho. Kevalañhi tattha codakena sag±thakatta½, katthaci pucch±vissajjanattañca gahetv± codan±matta½ kata½, aññath± suttanip±te nigg±thakassa suttasseva abh±vato veyy±karaºaªgasaªgaho na codetabbo siy±, tasm± codakassa vacanameta½ appam±ºanti idha, aññ±su ca vinayaµµhakath±d²su vuttanayeneva tassa suttaªgag±thaªgasaªgaho dassitoti. Suttanti cuººiyasutta½. Visesen±ti r±sibh±vena µhita½ sandh±y±ha. Sag±th±vaggo geyyanti sambandho.

“Aµµhahi aªgehi asaªgahita½ n±ma paµisambhid±d²”ti t²supi kira gaºµhipadesu vutta½. Apare pana paµisambhid±maggassa geyyaveyy±karaºaªgadvayasaªgaha½ vadanti. Vuttañheta½ tadaµµhakath±ya½ “navasu satthus±sanaªgesu yath±sambhava½ geyyaveyy±karaºaªgadvayasaªgahitan”ti (paµi. ma. aµµha. 1.ganth±rambhakath±), etth±pi geyyaªgasaªgahitabh±vo vuttanayena v²ma½sitabbo. No suttan±mik±ti asuttan±mik± saªg²tik±le suttasamaññ±ya apaññ±t±. “Suddhikag±th± n±ma vatthug±th±”ti t²supi kira gaºµhipadesu vutta½, vatthug±th±ti ca p±r±yanavaggassa nid±nam±ropentena ±yasmat± ±nandattherena saªg²tik±le vutt± chappaññ±sa g±th±yo, n±lakasuttassa nid±nam±ropentena teneva tad± vutt± v²satimatt± g±th±yo ca vuccanti. Suttanip±taµµhakath±ya½ (su. ni. aµµha. 2.685) pana “parinibbute bhagavati saªg²ti½ karonten±yasmat± mah±kassapena tameva moneyyapaµipada½ puµµho ±yasm± ±nando yena, yad± ca sam±dapito n±lakatthero bhagavanta½ pucchi, ta½ sabba½ p±kaµa½ katv± dassetuk±mo ‘±nandaj±te’ti-±dik± (su. ni. 684) v²sati vatthug±th±yo vatv± vissajjesi, ta½ sabbampi ‘n±lakasuttan”ti vuccat²”ti ±gatatt± n±lakasuttassa vatthug±th±yo n±lakasuttaggahaºeneva gahit±ti p±r±yanavaggassa vatthug±th±yo idha suddhikag±th±ti gahetabba½. Tattheva ca p±r±yanavagge ajitam±ºavak±d²na½ so¼asanna½ br±hmaº±na½ pucch±g±th±, bhagavato vissajjanag±th± ca p±¼iya½ suttan±mena avatv± ‘ajitam±ºavakapucch±, tissametteyyam±ºavakapucch±”ti-±din± (su. ni. 1038) ±gatatt±, cuººiyaganthe hi asammissatt± ca “no suttan±mik± suddhikag±th± n±m±”ti vattu½ vaµµati.