Up±rambh±nisa½s± cev±ti paresa½ v±de dos±ropan±nisa½s± ca hutv±. Bhuso ±rambhanañhi paresa½ v±de dos±ropana½ up±rambho, pariyatti½ niss±ya paravambhananti vutta½ hoti. Tath± hesa “paravajj±nupanayanalakkhaºo”ti vutto. Iti v±dappamokkh±nisa½s± c±ti iti eva½ et±ya pariyattiy± v±dappamokkh±nisa½s± attano upari parehi ±ropitassa v±dassa niggahassa attato, sakav±dato v± pamokkhapayojan± ca hutv±. Iti saddo idamatthe, tena “pariy±puºant²”ti ettha pariy±puºana½ par±masati. Vadanti niggaºhanti eten±ti v±do, doso, pamuccana½, pamucc±pana½ v± pamokkho, attano upari ±ropitassa pamokkho ±nisa½so yesa½ tath±. ¾ropitav±do hi “v±do”ti vutto yath± “devena datto datto”ti. V±doti v± upav±donind± yath±vuttanayeneva sam±so. Ida½ vutta½ hoti– parehi sakav±de dose ±ropite, nind±ya v± ±ropit±ya ta½ dosa½, ninda½ v± evañca evañca mocess±m±ti imin± ca k±raºena pariy±puºant²ti. Atha v± so so v±do iti v±do iti-saddassa saha vicch±ya ta-saddatthe pavattatt±. Itiv±dasa pamokkho yath±vuttanayena, so ±nisa½so yesa½ tath±, ta½ ta½ v±dapamocan±nisa½s± hutv±ti attho. Yassa catth±y±ti yassa ca s²l±dip³raºassa, maggaphalanibb±nabh³tassa v± anup±d±vimokkhassa atth±ya. Abhedepi bhedavoh±ro eso yath± “paµim±ya sar²ran”ti, bhedyabhedaka½ v± eta½ yath± “kathinassatth±ya ±bhata½ dussan”ti. “Tañcassa atthan”ti hi vutta½. Ca-saddo avadh±raºe, tena tadatth±ya eva pariy±puºana½ sambhavati, n±ññatth±y±ti vinicchinoti. Dhamma½ pariy±puºant²ti hi j±ti-±c±ravasena duvidh±pi kulaputt± ñ±yena dhamma½ pariy±puºant²ti attho. Tañcassa attha½ n±nubhont²ti assa dhammassa s²l±dip³raºasaªkh±ta½, maggaphalanibb±nabh³ta½ v± anup±d±vimokkhasaªkh±ta½ attha½ ete duggahitag±hino n±nubhonti na vindantiyeva.
Aparo nayo– yassa up±rambhassa, itiv±dappamokkhassa v± atth±ya ye moghapuris± dhamma½ pariy±puºanti, te parehi “ayamattho na hot²”ti vutte duggahitatt±yeva “tadatthova hot²”ti paµip±danakkham± na honti, tasm± parassa v±de up±rambha½ ±ropetu½ attano v±da½ pamocetuñca asakkont±pi ta½ attha½ n±nubhonti ca na vindantiyev±ti evampettha attho daµµhabbo. Idh±pi hi ca-saddo avadh±raºatthova. “Tesan”ti-±d²su tesa½ te dhamm± duggahitatt± up±rambham±nadabbamakkhapal±s±dihetubh±vena d²gharatta½ ahit±ya dukkh±ya sa½vattant²ti attho. Duggahit±ti hi hetugabbhavacana½. Ten±ha “duggahitatt± bhikkhave, dhamm±nan”ti (ma. ni. 1.238). Ettha ca k±raºe phalavoh±ravasena “te dhamm± ahit±ya dukkh±ya sa½vattant²’ti vutta½ yath± “ghatam±yu, dadhi balan”ti. Tath± hi kiñc±pi na te dhamm± ahit±ya dukkh±ya sa½vattanti, tath±pi vuttanayena pariy±puºant±na½ sajjh±yanak±le, viv±dak±le ca tamm³lak±na½ up±rambh±d²na½ anekesa½ akusal±na½ uppattisambhavato “te…pe… sa½vattant²”ti vuccati. Ta½ kissa het³ti ettha nti yath±vuttassatthassa ananubhavana½, tesañca dhamm±na½ ahit±ya dukkh±ya sa½vattana½ par±masati. Kiss±ti s±mivacana½ hetvatthe, tath± het³ti paccattavacanañca.
pan±ti ettha kiriy± p±¼ivasena vuttanayena attho veditabbo. Tattha kiriy±pakkhe y± suggahit±ti abhedepi bhedavoh±ro “c±rika½ pakkamati, c±rika½ caram±no”ti-±d²su (d². ni. 1.254, 300) viya. Tadevattha½ vivarati “s²lakkhandh±d²”ti-±din±, ±disaddena cettha sam±dhivipassan±d²na½ saªgaho. Yo hi buddhavacana½ uggaºhitv± s²lassa ±gataµµh±ne s²la½ p³retv±, sam±dhino ±gataµµh±ne sam±dhi½ gabbha½ gaºh±petv±, vipassan±ya ±gataµµh±ne vipassana½ paµµhapetv±, maggaphal±na½ ±gataµµh±ne “magga½ bh±vess±mi, phala½ sacchikariss±m²”ti uggaºh±ti, tasseva s± pariyatti nissaraºatth± n±ma hoti. Yanti ya½ pariyattisuggahaºa½. Vutta½ alagaddasutte. D²gharatta½ hit±ya sukh±ya sa½vattant²ti s²l±d²na½ ±gataµµh±ne s²l±d²ni p³rent±nampi arahatta½ patv± parisamajjhe dhamma½ desetv± dhammadesan±ya pasannehi upan²te catt±ro paccaye paribhuñjant±nampi paresa½ v±de sahadhammena up±rambha½ ±ropent±nampi sakav±dato parehi ±ropitadosa½ pariharant±nampi d²gharatta½ hit±ya sukh±ya sa½vattant²ti attho. Tath± hi na kevala½ suggahitapariyatti½ niss±ya maggabh±van±phalasacchikiriy±d²niyeva, api tu parav±daniggahasakav±dapatiµµh±pan±nipi ijjhanti. Tath± ca vutta½ parinibb±nasutt± d²su “uppanna½ parappav±da½ sahadhammena suniggahita½ niggahetv± sapp±µih±riya½ dhamma½ desessant²”ti-±di (d². ni. 2.68).
Ya½ pan±ti etth±pi vuttanayena duvidhena attho. Dukkhaparij±nena pariññ±takkhandho. Samudayappah±nena pah²nakileso. Paµividdh±rahattaphalat±ya paµividdh±kuppo. Akuppanti ca arahattaphalasseta½ n±ma. Satipi hi cattunna½ magg±na½, catunnañca phal±na½ avinassanabh±ve sattanna½ sekkh±na½ sakasakan±maparicc±gena upar³pari n±mantarappattito tesa½ maggaphal±ti “akupp±mi”ti na vuccanti. Arah± pana sabbad±pi arah±yeva n±m±ti tasseva phala½ puggalan±mavasena “akuppan”ti vutta½, imin± ca imamattha½ dasseti “kh²º±savasseva pariyatti bhaº¹±g±rikapariyatti n±m±”ti. Tassa hi apariññ±ta½, appah²na½ abh±vita½, asacchikata½ v± natthi, tasm± so buddhavacana½ pariy±puºantopi tantidh±rako paveº²p±lako va½s±nurakkhakova hutv± pariy±puº±ti, tenev±ha “paveº²p±lanatth±y±”ti-±di. Paveº² cettha dhammasantati dhammassa avicchedena pavatti. Buddhassa bhagavato va½soti ca yath±vuttapaveº²yeva.
Nanu ca yadi paveº²p±lanatth±ya buddhavacanassa pariy±puºana½ bhaº¹±g±rikapariyatti, atha kasm± “kh²º±savo”ti visesetv± vutta½. Ekaccassa hi puthujjanass±pi aya½ nayo labbhati. Tath± hi ekacco puthujjano bhikkhu ch±takabhay±din± ganthadhuresu ekasmi½ µh±ne vasitumasakkontesu saya½ bhikkh±c±rena atikilamam±no “atimadhura½ buddhavacana½ m± nassatu, tanti½ dh±ress±mi, va½sa½ µhapess±mi, paveºi½ p±less±m²”ti pariy±puº±ti. Tasm± tass±pi pariyatti bhaº¹±g±rikapariyatti n±ma kasm± na hot²ti? Vuccate– eva½ santepi hi puthujjanassa pariyatti bhaº¹±g±rikapariyatti n±ma na hoti. Kiñc±pi hi puthujjano “paveºi½ p±less±m²”ti ajjh±sayena pariy±puº±ti, attano pana bhavakant±rato avitiººatt± tassa s± pariyatti nissaraºatth±yeva n±ma hoti, tasm± puthujjanassa pariyatti alagaddupam± v± hoti, nissaraºatth± v±. Sattanna½ sekkh±na½ nissaraºatth±va. Kh²º±sav±na½ bhaº¹±g±rikapariyattiyev±ti veditabba½. Kh²º±savo hi bhaº¹±g±rika sadisatt± “bhaº¹±g±riko”ti vuccati. Yath± hi bhaº¹±g±riko alaªk±rabhaº¹a½ paµis±metv± pas±dhanak±le tadupiya½ alaªk±rabhaº¹a½ rañño upan±metv± ta½ alaªkaroti, eva½ kh²º±savopi dhammaratanabhaº¹a½ sampaµicchitv± mokkh±dhigam±ya bhabbar³pe sahetuke satte passitv± tadanur³pa½ dhammadesana½ va¹¹hetv± maggaªgabojjhaªg±disaªkh±tena lokuttarena alaªk±rena alaªkarot²ti.
Eva½ tisso pariyattiyo vibhajitv± id±ni t²supi piµakesu yath±raha½ sampattivipattiyo niddh±retv± vibhajanto “vinaye pan±”ti-±dim±ha. “S²lasampada½ niss±ya tisso vijj± p±puº±t²”ti-±d²su yasm± s²la½ visujjham±na½ satisampajaññabalena, kammassakat±ñ±ºabalena ca sa½kilesamalato visujjhati, p±rip³riñca gacchati, tasm± s²lasampad± sijjham±n± upanissayasampattibh±vena satibala½, ñ±ºabalañca paccupaµµhapet²ti tass± vijjattay³panissayat± veditabb± sabh±gahetusamp±danato. Satibalena hi pubbeniv±savijj±siddhi. Sampajaññabalena sabbakiccesu sudiµµhak±rit±paricayena cut³pap±tañ±º±nubaddh±ya dutiyavijj±ya siddhi. V²tikkam±bh±vena sa½kilesappah±nasabbh±vato vivaµµ³panissayat±vasena ajjh±sayasuddhiy± tatiyavijj±siddhi. Puretarasiddh±na½ sam±dhipaññ±na½ p±rip³ri½ vin± s²lassa ±savakkhayañ±º³panissayat± sukkhavipassakakh²º±savehi d²petabb±. “Sam±hito yath±bh³ta½ paj±n±t²”ti (sa½. ni. 3.5; 5.1071; netti. 40; mi. pa. 14) vacanato sam±dhisampad± cha¼abhiññat±ya upanissayo. “Yog± ve j±yate bh³r²”ti (dha. pa. 282) vacanato pubbayogena garuv±sadesabh±s±kosalla-uggahaºaparipucch±d²hi ca paribh±vit± paññ±sampad± paµisambhid±ppabhedassa upanissayo. Ettha ca “s²lasampada½ niss±y±”ti vuttatt± yassa sam±dhivijambhanabh³t± anavases± cha abhiññ± na ijjhanti, tassa ukkaµµhaparicchedavasena na sam±dhisampad± atth²ti satipi vijj±na½ abhiññekadesabh±ve s²lasampad±samud±gat± eva tisso vijj± gahit±, yath± ca paññ±sampad±samud±gat± catasso paµisambhid± upanissayasampannassa maggeneva ijjhanti maggakkhaºeyeva t±sa½ paµiladdhatt±. Eva½ s²lasampad±samud±gat± tisso vijj±, sam±dhisampad±samud±gat± ca cha abhiññ± upanissayasampannassa maggeneva ijjhant²ti magg±dhigameneva t±sa½ adhigamo veditabbo. Paccekabuddh±na½, samm±sambuddh±nañca paccekabodhisamm±sambodhisamadhigamasadis± hi imesa½ ariy±na½ ime vises±dhigam±ti.
T±sa½yeva ca tattha pabhedavacanatoti ettha “t±sa½yev±”ti avadh±raºa½ p±puºitabb±na½ cha¼abhiññ±catupaµisambhid±na½ vinaye pabhedavacan±bh±va½ sandh±ya vutta½. Verañjakaº¹e (p±r±. 12) hi tisso vijj±va vibhatt±ti. Casaddena samuccinanañca t±sa½ ettha ekadesavacana½ sandh±ya vutta½ abhiññ±paµisambhid±nampi ekades±na½ tattha vuttatt±. Dutiye “t±sa½yev±”ti avadh±raºa½ catasso paµisambhid± apekkhitv± kata½, na tisso vijj±. T± hi chasu abhiññ±su antogadhatt± sutte vibhatt±yev±ti. Ca-saddena ca paµisambhid±namekadesavacana½ samuccinoti. Tatiye “t±sañc±”ti ca-saddena ses±nampi tattha atthibh±va½ d²peti. Abhidhamme hi tisso vijj±, cha abhiññ±, catasso ca paµisambhid± vutt±yeva. Paµisambhid±na½ pana aññattha pabhedavacan±bh±va½, tattheva ca samm± vibhattabh±va½ d²petuk±mo heµµh± vuttanayena avadh±raºamakatv± “tatthev±”ti parivattetv± avadh±raºa½ µhapeti. “Abhidhamme pana tisso vijj±, cha abhiññ±, catasso ca paµisambhid± aññe ca sammappadh±n±dayo guºavises± vibhatt±. Kiñc±pi vibhatt±, visesato pana paññ±j±tikatt± catassova paµisambhid± p±puº±t²ti dassanattha½ ‘t±sañca tatthev±’ti avadh±raºavipall±so kato”ti vajirabuddhitthero. “Evan”ti-±di nigamana½.
Sukho samphasso etesanti sukhasamphass±ni, anuññ±t±niyeva t±dis±ni attharaºap±vuraº±d²ni, tesa½ phassas±maññato sukho v± samphasso tath±, anuññ±to so yesanti anuññ±tasukhasamphass±ni, t±dis±ni attharaºap±vuraº±d²ni tesa½ phassena sam±nat±ya. Up±dinnakaphasso itthiphasso, methunadhammoyeva. Vutta½ ariµµhena n±ma gaddhab±dhipubbena bhikkhun± (ma. ni. 234; p±ci. 417). So hi bahussuto dhammakathiko kammakilesavip±ka-upav±da-±º±v²tikkamavasena pañcavidhesu antar±yikesu ±º±v²tikkamantar±yika½ na j±n±ti, sesantar±yikeyeva j±n±ti, tasm± so rahogato eva½ cintesi “ime ag±rik± pañca k±maguºe paribhuñjant± sot±pann±pi sakad±g±minopi an±g±minopi honti, bhikkh³pi man±pik±ni cakkhuviññeyy±ni r³p±ni passanti …pe… k±yaviññeyye phoµµhabbe phusanti, muduk±ni attharaºap±vuraº±ni paribhuñjanti, eta½ sabbampi vaµµati, kasm± itth²na½yeva r³pasaddagandharasaphoµµhabb± na vaµµanti, etepi vaµµantiyev±”ti anavajjena paccayaparibhogarasena s±vajja½ k±maguºaparibhogarasa½ sa½sanditv± sachandar±gaparibhogañca nicchandar±gaparibhogañca eka½ katv± thullav±kehi saddhi½ atisukhumasutta½ ghaµento viya, s±sapena saddhi½ sineruno sadisata½ upasa½haranto viya ca p±paka½ diµµhigata½ upp±detv± “ki½ bhagavat± mah±samudda½ bandhantena viya mahat± uss±hena paµhamap±r±jika½ paññatta½, natthi ettha doso”ti sabbaññutaññ±ºena saddhi½ paµivirujjhanto ves±rajjañ±ºa½ paµib±hanto ariyamagge kh±ºukaºµak±d²ni pakkhipanto “methunadhamme doso natth²”ti jinacakke pah±ramad±si, ten±ha “tath±han”ti-±di.