piµakasampad±nen±ti k±l±masutte, (a. ni. 3.66) s±¼hasutte (a. ni. 3.67) ca ±gata½ p±¼im±ha. Tadaµµhakath±yañca “amh±ka½ piµakatantiy± saddhi½ samet²ti m± gaºhitth±”ti (a. ni. aµµha. 2.3.66) attho vutto. ¾cariyas±riputtattherena pana “p±¼isampad±navasena m± gaºhath±”ti (s±rattha. µ². paµhamamah±saªg²tikath±vaººan±) vutta½. Kud±lapiµakam±d±y±ti kud±lañca piµakañca ±d±ya. Ku vuccati pathav², tass± d±lanato vid±lanato ayomaya-upakaraºaviseso kud±la½ n±ma. Tesa½ tesa½ vatth³na½ bh±janabh±vato t±lapaººavettalat±d²hi kato bh±janaviseso piµaka½ n±ma. Ida½ pana m³lapaºº±sake kakac³pamasutte (ma. ni. 1.227).
“Tena…pe… ñeyy±”ti g±th±pada½ ulliªgetv± “ten±”ti-±din± vivarati. Sabb±d²hi sabban±mehi vuttassa v± liªgam±diyate, vuccam±nassa v±, idha pana vatticch±ya vuttassev±ti katv± “vinayo ca so piµakañc±”ti vutta½. “Yath±vutteneva nayen±”ti imin± “eva½ duvidhatthena…pe… katv±”ti ca “pariyattibh±vato, tassa tassa atthassa bh±janato c±”ti ca vutta½ sabbamatidisati. Tayop²ti ettha apisaddo, pi-saddo v± avayavasampiº¹anattho. “Ap²”ti avatv± “p²”ti vadanto hi api-saddo viya pi-saddopi visu½ nip±to atth²ti dasseti.
Kathetabb±na½ atth±na½ desak±yattena ±º±dividhin± atisajjana½ pabodhana½ desan±. S±sitabbapuggalagatena yath±par±dh±dis±sitabbabh±vena anus±sana½ vinayana½ s±sana½. Kathetabbassa sa½var±sa½var±dino atthassa kathana½ vacanapaµibaddhat±karaºa½ kath±, ida½ vutta½ hoti– desit±ra½ bhagavantamapekkhitv± desan±, s±sitabbapuggalavasena s±sana½, kathetabbassa atthassa vasena kath±ti evamimesa½ n±n±karaºa½ veditabbanti. Ettha ca kiñc±pi desan±dayo desetabb±dinirapekkh± na honti, ±º±dayo pana visesato desak±di-adh²n±ti ta½ ta½ visesayogavasena desan±d²na½ bhedo vutto. Yath± hi ±º±vidh±na½ visesato ±º±rah±dh²na½ tattha kosallayogato, eva½ voh±raparamatthavidh±n±ni ca vidh±yak±dh²n±n²ti ±º±dividhino desak±yattat± vutt±. Apar±dhajjh±say±nur³pa½ viya ca dhamm±nur³pampi s±sana½ visesato, tath± vinetabbapuggal±pekkhanti s±sitabbapuggalavasena s±sana½ vutta½. Sa½var±sa½varan±mar³p±na½ viya ca vinibbeµhetabb±ya diµµhiy± kathana½ sati v±c±vatthusmi½, n±sat²ti visesato tadadh²na½, tasm± kathetabbassa atthassa vasena kath± vutt±. Honti cettha–
“Desakassa vasenettha, desan± piµakattaya½;
s±sitabbavaseneta½, s±sananti pavuccati.
Kathetabbassa atthassa, vasen±pi kath±ti ca;
desan±s±sanakath±-bhedampeva½ pak±saye”ti.
Padattayampeta½ samodh±netv± t±sa½ bhedoti katv± bhedasaddo visu½ visu½ yojetabbo dvandapadato para½ suyyam±natt± “desan±bheda½, s±sanabheda½, kath±bhedañca yath±raha½ parid²paye”ti. Bhedanti ca n±natta½, visesa½ v±. Tesu piµakesu. Sikkh± ca pah±nañca gambh²rabh±vo ca, tañca yath±raha½ parid²paye.
Dutiyag±th±ya pariyattibheda½ pariy±puºanassa pak±ra½, visesañca vibh±vaye. Yahi½ vinay±dike piµake. Ya½ sampatti½, vipattiñca yath± bhikkhu p±puº±ti, tath± tampi sabba½ tahi½ vibh±vayeti sambandho. Atha v± ya½ pariyattibheda½ sampatti½, vipattiñca yahi½ yath± bhikkhu p±puº±ti, tath± tampi sabba½ tahi½ vibh±vayeti yojetabba½. Yath±ti ca yehi up±rambh±dihetupariy±puºan±dippak±rehi, up±rambhanissaraºadhammakosarakkhaºahetupariy±puºana½ suppaµipattiduppaµipatt²ti etehi pak±reh²ti vutta½ hoti. Santesupi ca aññesu tath± p±puºantesu jeµµhaseµµh±sannasad±sannihitabh±vato, yath±nusiµµha½ samm±paµipajjanena dhamm±dhiµµh±nabh±vato ca bhikkh³ti vutta½.
Tatr±ti t±su g±th±su. Ayanti adhun± vakkham±n± kath±. Parid²pan±ti samantato pak±san±, kiñcimattampi asesetv± vibhajan±ti vutta½ hoti. Vibh±van±ti eva½ parid²pan±yapi sati g³¼ha½ paµicchannamakatv± sot³na½ suviññeyyabh±vena ±vibh±van±. Saªkhepena parid²pan±, vitth±rena vibh±van±tipi vadanti. Apica eta½ padadvaya½ heµµh± vutt±nur³pato kathita½, atthato pana ekameva. Tasm± parid²pan± paµhamag±th±ya, vibh±van± dutiyag±th±y±ti yojetabba½. Ca-saddena ubhayattha½ aññamañña½ samucceti. Kasm±, vuccant²ti ±ha “ettha h²”ti-±di. ti k±raºe nip±to “akkharavipattiya½ h²”ti-±d²su viya. Yasm±, kasm±ti v± attho. ¾ºa½ paºetu½ [µhapetu½ (s±rattha. µ². 1.paµhamamah±saªg²tikath±vaººan±)] arahat²ti ±º±raho, samm±sambuddhatt±, mah±k±ruºikat±ya ca avipar²tahitopadesakabh±vena pam±ºavacanatt± ±º±rahena bhagavat±ti attho. Voh±raparamatthadhamm±nampi tattha sabbh±vato “±º±b±hullato”ti vutta½, tena yebhuyyanaya½ dasseti. Ito paresupi eseva nayo. Visesena satt±na½ mana½ avaharat²ti voh±ro, paññatti, tasmi½ kusalo, tena.
Pacuro bahulo apar±dho doso v²tikkamo yesa½ te pacur±par±dh±, seyyasakatther±dayo. Yath±par±dhanti dos±nur³pa½. “Anekajjh±say±”ti-±d²su ±sayova ajjh±sayo, so atthato diµµhi, ñ±ºañca, pabhedato pana catubbidho hoti. Vuttañca–
“Sassatucchedadiµµh² ca, khanti cev±nulomik±;
yath±bh³tañca ya½ ñ±ºa½, eta½ ±sayasadditan”ti.
Tattha sabbadiµµh²na½ sassatucchedadiµµh²hi saªgahitatt± sabbepi diµµhigatik± satt± im± eva dve diµµhiyo sannissit±. Yath±ha “dvayanissito kho pan±ya½ kacc±na loko yebhuyyena atthitañca natthitañc±”ti, (sa½. ni. 2.15) atthit±ti hi sassatagg±ho adhippeto, natthit±ti ucchedagg±ho. Aya½ t±va vaµµanissit±na½ puthujjan±na½ ±sayo. Vivaµµanissit±na½ pana suddhasatt±na½ anulomik± khanti, yath±bh³tañ±ºanti duvidho ±sayo. Tattha ca anulomik± khanti vipassan±ñ±ºa½. Yath±bh³tañ±ºa½ pana kammasakat±ñ±ºa½. Catubbidho peso ±sayanti satt± ettha nivasanti, citta½ v± ±gamma seti etth±ti ±sayo mig±sayo viya. Yath± migo gocar±ya gantv±pi pacc±gantv± tattheva vanagahane sayat²ti ta½ tassa “±sayo”ti vuccati, tath± citta½ aññath±pi pavattitv± yattha pacc±gamma seti, tassa so “±sayo”ti. K±mar±g±dayo satta anusay±. M³sikavisa½ viya k±raºal±bhe uppajjam±n±rah± an±gat±, at²t±, paccuppann± ca ta½sabh±vatt± tath± vuccanti. Na hi dhamm±na½ k±labhedena sabh±vabhedoti. Cariy±ti r±gacariy±dik± cha m³lacariy±, antarabhedena anekavidh±, sa½saggavasena pana tesaµµhi honti. Atha v± cariy±ti sucaritaduccaritavasena duvidha½ carita½. Tañhi vibhaªge caritaniddese niddiµµha½.
“Adhimutti n±ma ‘ajjeva pabbajiss±mi, ajjeva arahatta½ gaºhiss±m²’ti-±din± tanninnabh±vena pavattam±na½ sanniµµh±nan”ti (s±rattha. µ². paµhamamah±saªg²tikath±vaººan±) gaºµhipadesu vutta½. ¾cariyadhammap±lattherena pana “adhimutti n±ma satt±na½ pubbacariyavasena abhiruci, s± duvidh± h²napaº²tabheden±’ti (d². ni. µ². paµhamamah±saªg²tikath±vaººan±) vutta½. Tath± hi y±ya h²n±dhimuttik± satt± h²n±dhimuttikeyeva satte sevanti, paº²t±dhimuttik± paº²t±dhimuttikeyeva Sace hi ±cariyupajjh±y± s²lavanto na honti, saddhivih±rik± s²lavanto, te attano ±cariyupajjh±yepi na upasaªkamanti, attan± sadise s±ruppabhikkh³yeva upasaªkamanti. Sace ±cariyupajjh±y± s±ruppabhikkh³, itare as±rupp±, tepi na ±cariyupajjh±ye upasaªkamanti, attan± sadise as±ruppabhikkh³yeva upasaªkamanti. Dh±tusa½yuttavasena (sa½. ni. 2.85 ±dayo) cesa attho d²petabbo. Evamaya½ h²n±dhimuttik±d²na½ aññamañño pasevan±diniyamit± abhiruci ajjh±sayadh±tu “adhimutt²”ti veditabb±. Anek± ajjh±say±dayo te yesa½ atthi, anek± v± ajjh±say±dayo yesanti tath± yath± “bahukattuko, bahunadiko”ti. Yath±nulomanti ajjh±say±d²na½ anuloma½ anatikkamma, ye ye v± ajjh±say±dayo anulom±, tehi teh²ti attho. ¾say±d²na½ anulomassa v± anur³pantipi vadanti. Ghanavinibbhog±bh±vato diµµhim±nataºh±vasena “aha½ mama santakan”ti eva½ pavattasaññino. Yath±dhammanti “natthettha att±, attaniya½ v±, kevala½ dhammamattamevetan”ti evam±din± dhammasabh±v±nur³panti attho.
Sa½varaºa½ sa½varo, k±yav±c±hi av²tikkamo. Mahanto sa½varo asa½varo. Vu¹¹hi-attho hi aya½ a-k±ro yath± “asekkh± dhamm±”ti (dha. sa. tikam±tik± 21) ta½yogat±ya ca khuddako sa½varo p±rises±dinayena sa½varo, tasm± khuddako, mahanto ca sa½varoti attho. Ten±ha “sa½var± sa½varo”ti-±di. Diµµhiviniveµhan±ti diµµhiy± vimocana½, atthato pana tassa ujuvipaccanik± samm±diµµhi-±dayo dhamm±. Tath± c±ha “dv±saµµhidiµµhipaµipakkhabh³t±”ti. N±massa, r³passa, n±mar³passa ca paricchindana½ n±mar³paparicchedo, so pana “r±g±dipaµipakkhabh³to”ti vacanato tath±pavattameva ñ±ºa½.
“T²sup²”ti-±din± apara¹¹ha½ vivarati. T²supi t±sa½ vacanasambhavato “visesen±”ti vutta½. Tadeta½ sabbattha yojetabba½. Tatra “y±ya½ adhis²lasikkh±, aya½ imasmi½ atthe adhippet± sikkh±”ti vacanato ±ha “vinayapiµake adhis²lasikkh±”ti. Suttantap±¼iya½ “vivicceva k±meh²”ti-±din± (d². ni. 1.226; sa½. ni. 1.152; a. ni. 4.123) sam±dhidesan±b±hullato “suttanta piµake adhicittasikkh±”ti vutta½. N±mar³paparicchedassa adhipaññ±padaµµh±nato, adhipaññ±ya ca atth±ya tadavasesan±mar³padhammakathanato ±ha “abhidhammapiµake adhipaññ±sikkh±”ti.
Kiles±nanti sa½klesadhamm±na½, kammakiles±na½ v±, ubhay±pekkhañceta½ “yo k±yavac²dv±rehi kiles±na½ v²tikkamo, tassa pah±na½, tassa paµipakkhatt±”ti ca. “V²tikkamo”ti aya½ “paµipakkhan”ti bh±vayoge sambandho, “s²lass±”ti pana bh±vapaccaye. Eva½ sabbattha. Anusayavasena sant±ne anuvattant± kiles± k±raºal±bhe pariyuµµhit±pi s²labhedabhayavasena v²tikkamitu½ na labhant²ti ±ha “v²tikkamapaµipakkhatt± s²lass±”ti. Ok±s±d±navasena kiles±na½ citte kusalappavatti½ pariy±diyitv± uµµh±na½ pariyuµµh±na½, tassa pah±na½, cittasant±ne uppattivasena kiles±na½ pariyuµµh±nassa pah±nanti vutta½ hoti. “Kiles±nan”ti hi adhik±ro, ta½ pana pariyuµµh±nappah±na½ cittasam±dahanavasena bhavat²ti ±ha “pariyuµµh±napaµipakkhatt± sam±dhiss±”ti. Appah²nabh±vena sant±ne anu anu sayanak± anur³pak±raºal±bhe uppajjan±rah± th±magat± k±mar±g±dayo satta kiles± anusay±, tesa½ pah±na½, te pana sabbaso ariyamaggapaññ±ya pah²yant²ti ±ha “anusayapaµipakkhatt± paññ±y±”ti.
D²p±lokena viya tamassa d±n±dipuññakiriyavatthugatena tena tena kusalaªgena tassa tassa akusalassa pah±na½ tadaªgappah±na½. Idha pana adhis²lasikkh±ya vuttaµµh±natt± tena tena sus²lyaªgena tassa tassa duss²lyaªgassa pah±na½ “tadaªgappah±nan”ti gahetabba½. Upac±rappan±bhedena sam±dhin± pavattiniv±raºena ghaµappah±rena viya jalatale sev±lassa tesa½ tesa½ n²varaº±didhamm±na½ vikkhambhanavasena pah±na½ vikkhambhanappah±na½. Catunna½ ariyamagg±na½ bh±vitatt± ta½ ta½ maggavato sant±ne samudayapakkhikassa kilesagaºassa accantamappavattisaªkh±ta samucchindanavasena pah±na½ samucchedappah±na½. Duµµhu carita½, sa½kilesehi v± d³sita½ carita½ duccarita½. Tadeva yattha uppanna½, ta½ sant±na½ samm± kilisati vib±dhati, upat±peti c±ti sa½kileso, tassa pah±na½. K±yavac²duccaritavasena pavattasa½kilesassa tadaªgavasena pah±na½ vutta½ s²lassa duccaritapaµipakkhatt±. Sikkhattay±nus±rena hi attho veditabbo. Tasat²ti taºh±, s±va vuttanayena sa½kileso, tassa vikkhambhanavasena pah±na½ vutta½ sam±dhissa k±macchandapaµipakkhatt±. Diµµhiyeva yath±vuttanayena sa½kileso, tassa samucchedavasena pah±na½ vutta½ paññ±ya att±divinimuttasabh±va dhammappak±sanato.