Atha v± “attan± ca appiccho hot²”ti attattha½, “appicchakathañca paresa½ katt± hot²”ti parattha½ s³ceti. Eva½ “attan± ca p±º±tip±t± paµivirato hoti, parañca p±º±tip±t± veramaºiy± sam±dapet²”ti-±disutt±ni (a. ni. 4.99, 265) yojetabb±ni. Apare pana “yath±sabh±va½ bh±sita½ attattha½, p³raºakassap±d²namaññatitthiy±na½ samayabh³ta½ parattha½ s³ceti, suttena v± saªgahita½ attattha½, sutt±nulomabh³ta½ parattha½, suttantanayabh³ta½ v± attattha½, vinay±bhidhammanayabh³ta½ parattha½ s³cet²”tipi vadanti. Vinay±bhidhammehi ca visesetv± suttasaddassa attho vattabbo, tasm± veneyyajjh±sayavasappavatt±ya desan±ya s±tisaya½ attahitaparahit±d²ni pak±sit±ni honti tappadh±nabh±vato, na pana ±º±dhammasabh±va-vasappavatt±y±ti idameva “atth±na½ s³canato suttan”ti vutta½. S³ca-saddassa cettha rasso. “Evañca katv± ‘ettaka½ tassa bhagavato sutt±gata½ suttapariy±pannan’ti (p±ci. 655, 1242) ca sakav±de pañca suttasat±n²’ti (aµµhas±. nid±nakath±, kath±. aµµha. nid±nakath±) ca evam±d²su suttasaddo upacaritoti gahetabbo”ti (s±rattha. µ². paµhamamah±saªg²tikath±vaººan±) ±cariyas±riputtattherena vutta½. Aññe pana yath±vuttasadiseneva nibbacanena suttasaddassa vinay±bhidhamm±nampi v±cakatta½ vadanti.
Sutte ca ±º±dhammasabh±vo veneyyajjh±sayamanuvattati, na vinay±bhidhammesu viya veneyyajjh±sayo ±º±dhammasabh±ve, tasm± veneyy±na½ ekantahitapaµil±bhasa½vattanik± suttantadesan±ti ±ha “suvutt± cettha atth±”ti-±di. “Ekantahitapaµil±bhasa½vattanik± suttantadesan±”ti idampi veneyy±na½ hitasamp±dane suttantadesan±ya tapparabh±vameva sandh±ya vutta½. Tapparabh±vo ca veneyyajjh±say±nulomato daµµhabbo. Tenev±ha “veneyyajjh±say±nulomena vuttatt±”ti. Etena ca hetun± nanu vinay±bhidhamm±pi suvutt±, atha kasm± idameva eva½ vuttanti anuyoga½ pariharati.
Anupubbasikkh±divasena k±lantarena atth±bhinipphatti½ dassetu½ “sassamiva phalan”ti vutta½. Ida½ vutta½ hoti– yath± sassa½ n±ma vapanaropan±dikkhaºeyeva phala½ na pasavati, anupubbajaggan±divasena k±lantareneva pasavati, tath± idampi savanadh±raº±dikkhaºeyeva atthe na pasavati, anupubbasikkh±divasena k±lantareneva pasavat²ti. Pasavat²ti ca phalati, abhinipph±det²ti attho. Abhinipph±danameva hi phalana½. Up±yasamaªg²naññeva atth±bhinipphatti½ dassento “dhenu viya kh²ran”ti ±ha. Ayamettha adhipp±yo– yath± dhenu n±ma k±le j±tavacch± thana½ gahetv± duhata½ up±yavant±nameva kh²ra½ pagghar±peti, na ak±le aj±tavacch±. K±lepi v± vis±º±dika½ gahetv± duhata½ anup±yavant±na½, tath± idampi nissaraº±din± savanadh±raº±d²ni kuruta½ up±yavant±nameva s²l±di-atthe pagghar±peti, na alagadd³pam±ya savanadh±raº±d²ni kuruta½ anup±yavant±nanti. Yadipi “s³dat²”ti etassa gharati siñcat²ti attho, tath±pi sakammikadh±tutt± pagghar±pet²ti k±ritavasena attho vutto yath± “tarat²”ti etassa nip±tet²ti attho”ti. “Sutt±º±”ti etassa attham±ha “suµµhu ca ne t±yat²”ti. Neti atthe.
Suttasabh±ganti suttasadisa½. Tabbh±va½ dasseti “yath± h²”ti-±din±. Tacchak±na½ suttanti va¹¹hak²na½ k±¼asutta½. Pam±ºa½ hoti tadanus±rena tacchanato. Ida½ vutta½ hoti– yath± k±¼asutta½ pas±retv± saññ±ºe kate gahetabba½, vissajjetabbañca paññ±yati, tasm± ta½ tacchak±na½ pam±ºa½ hoti, eva½ viv±desu uppannesu sutte ±n²tamatte “ida½ gahetabba½, ida½ vissajjetabban”ti p±kaµatt± viv±do v³pasammati, tasm± eta½ viññ³na½ pam±ºanti. Id±ni aññath±pi suttasabh±gata½ vibh±vento “yath± c±”ti-±dim±ha. Sutten±ti pupph±vutena yena kenaci thirasuttena. Saªgahit±n²ti suµµhu, sama½ v± gahit±ni, ±vut±n²ti attho. Na vikiriyant²ti ito cito ca vippakiºº±bh±vam±ha, na viddha½s²yant²ti chejjabhejj±bh±va½. Ayametth±dhipp±yo– yath± thirasuttena saªgahit±ni pupph±ni v±tena na vikiriyanti na viddha½s²yanti, eva½ suttena saªgahit± atth± micch±v±dena na vikiriyanti na viddha½s²yant²ti. Veneyyajjh±sayavasappavatt±ya ca desan±ya attatthaparatth±d²na½ s±tisayappak±sanato ±º±dhammasabh±vehi vinay±bhidhammehi visesetv± imasseva suttasabh±gat± vutt±. “Ten±”ti-±d²su vuttanay±nus±rena sambandho ceva attho ca yath±raha½ vattabbo. Ettha ca “suttantapiµakan”ti heµµh± vuttepi antasaddassa avacana½ tassa visu½ atth±bh±vadassanattha½ tabbh±vavuttito. Sahayogassa hi saddassa avacanena sesat± tassa tuly±dhikaraºata½, anatthakata½ v± ñ±peti.
Yanti esa nip±to k±raºe, yen±ti attho. Ettha abhidhamme vu¹¹himanto dhamm± yena vutt±, tena abhidhammo n±ma akkh±toti pacceka½ yojetabba½. Abhi-saddassa atthavasen±ya½ pabhedoti tassa tadatthappavattat±dassanena tamattha½ s±dhento “ayañh²”ti-±dim±ha. Abhi-saddo kamanakiriy±ya vu¹¹hibh±vasaªkh±tamatirekattha½ d²pet²ti vutta½ “abhikkamant²ti-±d²su vu¹¹hiya½ ±gato”ti. Abhiññ±t±ti a¹¹hacand±din± kenaci saññ±ºena ñ±t±, paññ±t± p±kaµ±ti vutta½ hoti. A¹¹hacand±dibh±vo hi rattiy± upalakkhaºavasena paññ±ºa½ hoti “yasm± a¹¹ho, tasm± aµµham². Yasm± ³no, tasm± c±tuddas². Yasm± puººo, tasm± pannaras²”ti. Abhilakkhit±ti etth±pi ayamevattho veditabbo, ida½ pana m³lapaºº±sake bhayabheravasutte (ma. ni. 1.34) abhilakkhitasaddapariy±yo abhiññ±tasaddoti ±ha “abhiññ±t± abhilakkhit±ti-±d²su lakkhaºe”ti. Yajjeva½ lakkhitasaddasseva lakkhaºatthad²panato abhi-saddo anatthakova siy±ti? Neva½ daµµhabba½ tass±pi tadatthajotanato. V±cakasaddasannidh±ne hi upasagganip±t± tadatthajotakamatt±ti lakkhitasaddena v±cakabh±vena pak±sitassa lakkhaºatthasseva jotakabh±vena pak±sanato abhi-saddopi lakkhaºe pavattat²ti vuttoti daµµhabba½. R±j±bhir±j±ti parehi r±j³hi p³jitumaraho r±j±. P³jiteti p³j±rahe. Ida½ pana suttanip±te selasutte (su. ni. 553 ±dayo).
Abhidhammeti “supinantena sukkavisaµµhiy± an±pattibh±vepi akusalacetan± upalabbhat²”ti-±din± (s±rattha. µ². paµhamamah±saªg²tikath±vaººan±) vinayapaññattiy± saªkaravirahite dhamme. Pubb±paravirodh±bh±vena yath±vuttadhamm±nameva aññamaññasaªkaravirahato aññamaññasaªkaravirahite dhammetipi vadanti. “P±º±tip±to akusalan”ti (ma. ni. 2.192) evam±d²su v± maraº±dhipp±yassa j²vitindriyupacchedakapayogasamuµµh±pik± cetan± akusalo, na p±ºasaªkh±taj²vitindriyassa upacchedasaªkh±to atip±to. Tath± “adinnassa parasantakassa ±d±nasaªkh±t± viññatti aby±kato dhammo, ta½viññattisamuµµh±pik± theyyacetan± akusalo dhammo”ti evam±din±pi aññamaññasaªkaravirahite dhammeti attho veditabbo. Abhivinayeti ettha pana “j±tar³parajata½ na paµiggahetabban”ti vadanto vinaye vineti n±ma. Ettha ca “eva½ paµiggaºhato p±cittiya½, eva½ pana dukkaµan”ti vadanto abhivinaye vineti n±m±ti vadanti. Tasm± j±tar³parajata½ parasantaka½ theyyacittena gaºhantassa yath±vatthu½ p±r±jikathullaccayadukkaµesu aññatara½, bhaº¹±g±rikas²sena gaºhantassa p±cittiya½, attano atth±ya gaºhantassa nissaggiya½ p±cittiya½, kevala½ lolat±ya gaºhantassa an±m±sadukkaµa½, r³piyacha¹¹akasammatassa an±patt²ti eva½ aññamaññasaªkaravirahite vinayepi paµibalo vinetunti attho daµµhabbo. Eva½ pana paricchinnata½ sar³pato saªkhepeneva dassento “aññamañña…pe… hot²”ti ±ha.
Abhikkanten±ti ettha kantiy± adhikatta½ abhi-saddo d²pet²ti vutta½ “adhike”ti. Nanu ca “abhikkamant²”ti ettha abhi-saddo kamanakiriy±ya vu¹¹hibh±va½ atirekatta½ d²peti, “abhiññ±t± abhilakkhit±”ti ettha ñ±ºalakkhaºakiriy±na½ sup±kaµata½ visesa½, “abhikkanten±”ti ettha kantiy± adhikatta½ visiµµhabh±va½ d²pet²ti ida½ t±va yutta½ kiriy±visesakatt± upasaggassa. “P±dayo kiriy±yoge upasagg±”ti hi saddasatthe vutta½. “Abhir±j±, abhivinaye”ti pana p³jitaparicchinnesu r±javinayesu abhi-saddo vattat²ti kathameta½ yujjeyya. Na hi asatvav±c² saddo satvav±cako sambhavat²ti? Natthi atra doso p³janaparicchedanakiriy±nampi d²panato, t±hi ca kiriy±hi yuttesu r±javinayesupi pavattatt±. Abhip³jito r±j±ti hi atthena kiriy±k±rakasambandha½ nimitta½ katv± kammas±dhanabh³ta½ r±jadabba½ abhi-saddo padh±nato vadati, p³janakiriya½ pana appadh±nato. Tath± abhiparicchinno vinayoti atthena kiriy±k±rakasambandha½ nimitta½ katv± kammas±dhanabh³ta½ vinayadabba½ abhi-saddo padh±nato vadati, paricchindanakiriya½ pana appadh±nato. Tasm± atim±l±d²su ati-saddo viya abhi-saddo ettha saha s±dhanena kiriya½ vadat²ti abhir±ja-abhivinayasadd± sopasagg±va siddh±. Eva½ abhidhammasaddepi abhisaddo saha s±dhanena vu¹¹hiy±dikiriya½ vadat²ti ayamattho dassitoti veditabba½.
Hotu abhi-saddo yath±vuttesu atthesu, tappayogena pana dhammasaddena d²pit± vu¹¹himant±dayo dhamm± ettha vutt± na bhaveyyu½, katha½ ayamattho yujjeyy±ti anuyoge sati ta½ pariharanto “ettha c±”ti-±dim±ha. Tattha etth±ti etasmi½ abhidhamme. Upany±se ca-saddo. Bh±vet²ti cittassa va¹¹hana½ vutta½, pharitv±ti ±rammaºassa va¹¹hana½, tasm± t±hi bh±van±pharaºavu¹¹h²hi vu¹¹himantopi dhamm± vutt±ti attho ¾rammaº±d²h²ti ±rammaºasampayuttakammadv±rapaµipad±d²hi. Ekantato lokuttaradhamm±naññeva p³j±rahatt± “sekkh± dhamm±”ti-±din± teyeva p³jit±ti dassit±. “P³j±rah±”ti etena katt±dis±dhana½, at²t±dik±la½, sakkuºeyyattha½ v± nivatteti. P³jitabb±yeva hi dhamm± k±lavisesaniyamarahit± p³j±rah± ettha vutt±ti adhipp±yo dassito. Sabh±vaparicchinnatt±ti phusan±disabh±vena paricchinnatt±. K±m±vacarehi mahantabh±vato mahaggat± dhamm± adhik±, tatopi uttaravirahato anuttar± dhamm±ti dasseti “mahaggat±”ti-±din±. Ten±ti “vu¹¹himanto”ti-±din± vacanena karaºabh³tena, hetubh³tena v±.
Ya½ panetth±ti etesu vinay±d²su t²su aññamaññavisiµµhesu ya½ avisiµµha½ sam±na½, ta½ piµakanti attho. Vinay±dayo hi tayo sadd± aññamaññ±s±dh±raºatt± visiµµh± n±ma, piµakasaddo pana tehi t²hipi s±dh±raºatt± “avisiµµho”ti vuccati. Pariyattibbh±janatthatoti pariy±puºitabbatthapatiµµh±natthehi karaºabh³tehi, visesanabh³tehi v±. Apica pariyattibbh±janatthato pariyattibh±janatthanti ±h³ti attho daµµhabbo. Paccattatthe hi to-saddo iti-saddena niddisitabbatt±. Itin± niddisitabbehito– saddamicchanti neruttik± yath± “aniccato dukkhato anattato vipassant²”ti (paµµh±. 1.1.406, 408, 411) etena pariy±puºitabbato, ta½tadatth±na½ bh±janato ca piµaka½ n±m±ti dasseti. Anipphannap±µipadikapadañheta½. Saddavid³ pana “piµa saddasaªgh±µes³”ti vatv± idha vuttameva payogamud±haranti, tasm± tesa½ matena piµ²yati sadd²yati pariy±puº²yat²ti piµaka½, piµ²yati v± saªgh±µ²yati ta½tadattho etth±ti piµakanti nibbacana½ k±tabba½. “Ten±”ti-±din± sam±sa½ dasseti.