Dhamma½ saªg±yituk±moti suttant±bhidhammasaªg²ti½ kattuk±mo “dhammo ca vinayo ca desito paññatto”ti-±d²su (d². ni. 2.216) viya p±risesanayena dhammasaddassa suttant±bhidhammesveva pavattanato. Ayamattho upari ±vi bhavissati.
Saªgha½ ñ±pes²ti ettha heµµh± vuttanayena attho veditabbo. Katara½ ±vuso piµakanti vinay±vasesesu dv²su piµakesu katara½ piµaka½. Vinay±bhidhamm±nampi khuddakasaªg²tipariy±pannatt± tamantarena vutta½ “suttantapiµake catasso saªg²tiyo”ti. Saªg²tiyoti ca saªg±yanak±le d²gh±divasena visu½ visu½ niyametv± saªgayham±natt± nik±y±va vuccanti. Ten±ha “d²ghasaªg²tin”ti-±di. Sutt±neva sampiº¹etv± vaggakaraºavasena tayo vagg±, n±ññ±n²ti dassetu½ “catutti½sa sutt±ni tayo vagg±”ti vutta½. Tasm± catuttisa½ sutt±ni tayo vagg± honti, sutt±ni v± catutti½sa, tesa½ vaggakaraºavasena tayo vagg±, tesu t²su vagges³ti yojetabba½. “Brahmaj±lasutta½ n±ma atthi, ta½ paµhama½ saªg±y±m±”ti vutte kasm±ti codan±sambhavato “tividhas²l±laªkatan”ti-±dim±ha. Hetugabbh±ni hi et±ni. C³¼amajjhimamah±s²lavasena tividhass±pi s²lassa pak±sanatt± tena alaªkata½ vibh³sita½ tath± n±n±vidhe micch±j²vabh³te kuhanalapan±dayo viddha½set²ti n±n±vidhamicch±j²vakuhanalapan±dividdha½sana½. Tattha kuhan±ti kuh±yan±, paccayapaµisevanas±mantajappana-iriy±pathasannissitasaªkh±tena tividhena vatthun± vimh±pan±ti attho. Lapan±ti vih±ra½ ±gate manusse disv± “kimatth±ya bhonto ±gat±, ki½ bhikkh³ nimantetu½. Yadi eva½ gacchatha, aha½ pacchato bhikkh³ gahetv± ±gacch±m²”ti evam±din± bh±san±. ¾disaddena pupphad±n±dayo, nemittikat±dayo ca saªgaºh±ti. Apicettha micch±j²vasaddena kuhanalapan±hi sesa½ anesana½ gaºh±ti. ¾disaddena pana tadavasesa½ mahicchat±dika½ dussilyanti daµµhabba½. Dv±saµµhi diµµhiyo eva paliveµhanaµµhena j±lasarikkhat±ya j±la½, tassa viniveµhana½ apaliveµhakaraºa½ tath±.
Antar± ca bhante r±jagaha½ antar± ca n±¼andanti ettha antar±saddo vivare “apic±ya½ bhikkhave tapod±dvinna½ mah±niray±na½ antarik±ya ±gacchat²”ti-±d²su (p±r±. 231) viya. Tasm± r±jagahassa ca n±¼andassa ca vivareti attho daµµhabbo. Antar±saddena pana yuttatt± upayogavacana½ kata½. ¿disesu µh±nesu akkharacintak± “antar± g±mañca nadiñca y±t²”ti eva½ ekameva antar±sadda½ payujjanti, so dutiyapadenapi yojetabbo hoti. Ayojiyam±ne hi upayogavacana½ na p±puº±ti s±mivacanassa pasaªge antar±saddayogena upayogavacanassa icchitatt±. Tattha rañño k²¼anattha½ paµibh±nacittavicitra-ag±ramaka½su, ta½ “r±j±g±rakan”ti vuccati, tasmi½. Ambalaµµhik±ti rañño uyy±na½. Tassa kira dv±rasam²pe taruºo ambarukkho atthi, ta½ “ambalaµµhik±”ti vadanti, tassa sam²pe pavattatt± uyy±nampi “ambalaµµhik±” tveva saªkhya½ gata½ yath± “varuºanagaran”ti, tasm± ambalaµµhik±ya½ n±ma uyy±ne r±j±g±raketi attho. Aviññ±yam±nassa hi viññ±panattha½ eta½ ±dh±radvaya½ vutta½ r±j±g±rametass±ti v± r±j±g±raka½, uyy±na½, r±j±g±ravati ambalaµµhik±ya½ n±ma uyy±neti attho. Bhinnaliªgampi hi visesanapadamatth²”ti keci vadanti, eva½ sati r±j±g±ra½ ±dh±ro na siy±. “R±j±g±raketi eva½n±make uyy±ne abhiraman±raha½ kira r±j±g±rampi. Tattha, yassa vaseneta½ eva½ n±ma½ labhat²”ti (vajira. µ². paµhamamah±saªg²tikath±vaººan±) vajirabuddhitthero. Eva½ sati “ambalaµµhik±yan”ti ±sannataruºambarukkhena visesetv± “r±j±g±rake”ti uyy±nameva n±mavasena vuttanti attho ±pajjati, tath± ca vuttadosova siy±. Suppiyañca paribb±jakanti suppiya½ n±ma sañcayassa antev±si½ channaparibb±jakañca. Brahmadattañca m±ºavanti ettha taruºo “m±ºavo”ti vutto “ambaµµho m±ºavo, aªgako m±ºavo”ti-±d²su (d². ni. 1.259, 211) viya, tasm± brahmadatta½ n±ma taruºapurisañca ±rabbh±ti attho. Vaºº±vaººeti pasa½s±ya ceva garah±ya ca. Atha v± guºo vaººo, aguºo avaººo, tesa½ bh±sana½ uttarapadalopena tath± vutta½ yath± “r³pabhavo r³pan”ti.
“Tato paran”ti-±dimhi aya½ vacanakkamo– s±maññaphala½ pan±vuso ±nanda kattha bh±sitanti? R±jagahe bhante j²vakambavaneti. Kena saddhinti? Aj±tasattun± vedehiputtena saddhinti. Atha kho ±yasm± mah±kassapo ±yasmanta½ ±nanda½ s±maññaphalassa nid±nampi pucchi, puggalampi pucch²ti. Ettha hi “ka½ ±rabbh±”ti avatv± “kena saddhin”ti vattabba½. Kasm±ti ce? Na bhagavat± eva eta½ sutta½ bh±sita½, raññ±pi “yath± nu kho im±ni puthusipp±yatan±n²”ti-±din± (d². ni. 1.163) kiñci kiñci vuttamatthi, tasm± evameva vattabbanti. Imin±va nayena sabbattha “ka½ ±rabbh±”ti v± “kena saddhin”ti v± yath±raha½ vatv± saªg²timak±s²ti daµµhabba½. Tantinti suttavaggasamud±yavasena vavatthita½ p±¼i½. Evañca katv± “tivaggasaªgaha½ catutti½sasuttapaµimaº¹itan”ti vacana½ upapanna½ hoti. Pariharath±ti uggahaºav±can±divasena dh±retha. Tato anantara½ saªg±yitv±ti sambandho.
“Dhammasaªgaho c±”ti-±din± sam±so. Eva½ sa½vaººita½ por±ºakeh²ti attho. Etena “mah±dhammahadayena, mah±dh±tukath±ya v± saddhi½ sattappakaraºa½ abhidhammapiµaka½ n±m±”ti vutta½ vitaº¹av±dimata½ paµikkhipitv± “kath±vatthun±va saddhin”ti vutta½ sam±nav±dimata½ dasseti. Saºhañ±ºassa, saºhañ±ºavant±na½ v± visayabh±vato sukhumañ±ºagocara½.
C³¼aniddesamah±niddesavasena duvidhopi niddeso. J±tak±dike khuddakanik±yapariy±panne, yebhuyyena ca dhammaniddesabh³te t±dise abhidhammapiµakeva saªgaºhitu½ yutta½, na pana d²ghanik±y±dippak±re suttantapiµake, n±pi paññattiniddesabh³te vinayapiµaketi d²ghabh±ºak± j±tak±d²na½ abhidhammapiµake saªgaha½ vadanti. Cariy±piµakabuddhava½s±nañcettha aggahaºa½ j±takagatikatt±, nettipeµakopades±d²nañca niddesapaµisambhid±maggagatikatt±. Majjhimabh±ºak± pana aµµhuppattivasena desit±na½ j±tak±d²na½ yath±nulomadesan±bh±vato t±dise suttantapiµake saªgaho yutto, na pana sabh±vadhammaniddesabh³te yath±dhammas±sane abhidhammapiµake, n±pi paññattiniddesabh³te yath±par±dhas±sane vinayapiµaketi j±tak±d²na½ suttantapiµakapariy±pannata½ vadanti. Yuttamettha vic±retv± gahetabba½.
Eva½ nimittapayojanak±ladesak±rakakaraºappak±rehi paµhama½ saªg²ti½ dassetv± id±ni tattha vavatth±pitesu dhammavinayesu n±nappak±rakosallattha½ ekavidh±dibheda½ dassetu½ “evametan”ti-±dim±ha. Tattha “evan”ti imin± etasaddena par±masitabba½ yath±vuttasaªg²tippak±ra½ nidasseti. “Yañh²”ti-±di vitth±ro. Anuttara½ samm±sambodhinti an±varaºañ±ºapadaµµh±na½ maggañ±ºa½, maggañ±ºapadaµµh±nañca an±varaºañ±ºa½. Etthantareti abhisambujjhanassa, parinibb±yanassa ca vivare. Tadeta½ pañcacatt±l²sa vass±n²ti k±lavasena niyameti. Paccavekkhantena v±ti ud±n±divasena pavattadhamma½ sandh±y±ha. Ya½ vacana½ vutta½, sabba½ tanti sambandho. Ki½ panetanti ±ha “vimuttirasamev±”ti, na tadaññarasanti vutta½ hoti. Vimuccitth±ti vimutti, rasitabba½ ass±detabbanti rasa½, vimuttisaªkh±ta½ rasametass±ti vimuttirasa½, arahattaphalass±danti attho. Aya½ ±cariyas±riputtattherassa mati (s±rattha. µ². paµhamamah±saªg²tikath±vaººan±). ¾cariyadhammap±latthero pana ta½ keciv±da½ katv± imamattham±ha “vimuccati vimuccitth±ti vimutti, yath±raha½ maggo phalañca. Rasanti guºo, sampattikicca½ v± vuttanayena sam±so. Vimutt±nisa½sa½, vimuttisampattika½ v± maggaphalanipph±danato, vimuttikicca½ v± kiles±namaccantavimuttisamp±danatoti attho”ti (d². ni. µ². 1.paµhamamah±saªg²tikath±vaººan±). Aªguttaraµµhakath±ya½ pana “attharasass±d²su attharaso n±ma catt±ri s±maññaphal±ni, dhammaraso n±ma catt±ro magg±, vimuttiraso n±ma amatanibb±nan”ti (a. ni. aµµha. 1.1.335) vutta½.
Kiñc±pi avisesena sabbampi buddhavacana½ kilesavinayanena vinayo, yath±nusiµµha½ paµipajjam±ne ap±yapatan±dito dh±raºena dhammo ca hoti, tath±pi idh±dhippeteyeva dhammavinaye vatticch±vasena sar³pato niddh±retu½ “tattha vinayapiµakan”ti-±dim±ha. Avasesa½ buddhavacana½ dhammo khandh±divasena sabh±vadhammadesan±b±hullato. Atha v± yadipi vinayo ca dhammoyeva pariyattiy±dibh±vato, tath±pi vinayasaddasannidh±ne bhinn±dhikaraºabh±vena payutto dhammasaddo vinayatanti vipar²ta½ tantimeva d²peti yath± “puññañ±ºasambh±r±, gobal²baddan”ti. Payogavasena ta½ dassentena “tenev±h±”ti-±di vutta½. Yena vinaya…pe… dhammo, teneva tesa½ tath±bh±va½ saªg²tikkhandhake (c³¼ava. 347) ±h±ti attho.
“Anekaj±tisa½s±ran”ti aya½ g±th± bhagavat± attano sabbaññutaññ±ºapadaµµh±na½ arahattappatti½ paccavekkhantena ek³nav²satimassa paccavekkhaºañ±ºassa anantara½ bh±sit±, tasm± “paµhamabuddhavacanan”ti vutt±. Ida½ kira sabbabuddhehi avijahita½ ud±na½. Ayamassa saªkhepattho– aha½ imassa attabh±vasaªkh±tassa gehassa k±raka½ taºh±va¹¹haki½ gavesanto yena ñ±ºena ta½ daµµhu½ sakk±, tassa bodhiñ±ºassatth±ya d²paªkarap±dam³le kat±bhin²h±ro ettaka½ k±la½ anekaj±tisa½s±ra½ anekaj±tisatasahassasaªkhya½ sa½s±ravaµµa½ anibbisa½ anibbisanto ta½ ñ±ºa½ avindanto alabhantoyeva sandh±vissa½ sa½sari½. Yasm± jar±by±dhimaraºamissat±ya j±ti n±mes± punappuna½ upagantu½ dukkh±, na ca s± tasmi½ adiµµhe nivattati, tasm± ta½ gavesanto sandh±vissanti attho. Id±ni bho attabh±vasaªkh±tassa gehassa k±raka taºh±va¹¹haki tva½ may± sabbaññutaññ±ºa½ paµivijjhantena diµµho asi. Puna ima½ attabh±vasaªkh±ta½ mama geha½ na k±hasi na karissasi. Tava sabb± avasesakilesa ph±suk± may± bhagg± bhañjit± Imassa tay± katassa attabh±vasaªkh±tassa gehassa k³µa½ avijj±saªkh±ta½ kaººikamaº¹ala½ visaªkhata½ viddha½sita½. Id±ni mama citta½ visaªkh±ra½ nibb±na½ ±rammaºakaraºavasena gata½ anupaviµµha½. Ahañca taºh±na½ khaya saªkh±ta½ arahattamagga½, arahattaphala½ v± ajjhag± adhigato pattosm²ti. Gaºµhipadesu pana visaªkh±ragata½ cittameva taºh±na½ khayasaªkh±ta½ arahattamagga½, arahattaphala½ v± ajjhag± adhigatanti attho vutto.
“Sandh±vissan”ti ettha ca “g±th±yamat²tatthe imissan”ti neruttik±. “Ta½k±lavacanicch±yamat²tepi bhavissant²”ti keci. Punappunanti abhiºhatthe nip±to. P±tabb± rakkhitabb±ti ph±su pa-k±rassa pha-k±ra½ katv±, phusitabb±ti v± ph±su, s±yeva ph±suk±. Ajjhag±ti ca “ajjataniyam±ttami½ v± a½ v±”ti vadanti. Yadi pana cittameva katt±, tad± parokkh±yeva. Antojappanavasena kira bhagav± “anekaj±tisa½s±ran”ti g±th±dvayam±ha, tasm± es± manas± pavattitadhamm±nam±di. “Yad± have p±tubhavanti dhamm±”ti aya½ pana v±c±ya pavattitadhamm±nanti vadanti.