Dutiyadivaseti therena arahattapattadivasato dutiyadivase. Pañcamiyanti tith²pekkh±ya vutta½, “dutiyadivase”ti imin± tuly±dhikaraºa½. Bhinnaliªgampi hi tulyatthapada½ dissati yath± “guºo pam±ºa½, v²sati citt±ni” icc±di. K±¼apakkhass±ti s±vaºam±sak±¼apakkhassa. Paµhamañhi m±sa½ khaº¹aphullapaµisaªkharaºamaka½su, paµhamam±sabh±vo ca majjhimappadesavoh±rena. Tattha hi purimapuººamito y±va apar± puººam², t±va eko m±soti voharanti. Tato t²ºi divas±ni r±j± maº¹apamak±si, tato dutiyadivase thero arahatta½ sacch±k±si, tatiyadivase pana sannipatitv± ther± saªg²timaka½su, tasm± ±sa¼him±sak±¼apakkhap±µipadato y±va s±vaºam±sak±¼apakkhapañcam² t±va pañcadivas±dhiko ekam±so hoti. Sam±noti uppajjam±no. Haµµhatuµµhacittoti ativiya somanassacitto, p±mojjena v± haµµhacitto p²tiy± tuµµhacitto. Eka½santi ekasmi½ a½se, v±ma½seti attho. Tath± hi vaªg²sasuttavaººan±ya½ vutta½–
“Eka½sa½ c²varanti ettha puna saºµh±panavasena eva½ vutta½, eka½santi ca v±ma½sa½ p±rupitv± µhitasseta½ adhivacana½. Yato yath± v±ma½sa½ p±rupitv± µhita½ hoti, tath± c²vara½ katv±ti evamassattho veditabbo”ti (su. ni. aµµha. 2.345).
Bandha…pe… viy±ti vaºµato pavuttasuparipakkat±laphalamiva. Paº¹u…pe… viy±ti sitap²tapabh±yuttapaº¹uromajakambale µhapito j±tim± maºi viya, j±tivacanena cettha kuttima½ nivatteti. Samuggatapuººacando viy±ti juºhapakkhapannarasuposathe samuggato so¼asakal±paripuººo cando viya. B±l±…pe… viy±ti taruºas³riyapabh±samphassena phullitasuvaººavaººapar±gagabbha½ satapattapaddha½ viya. “Piñjarasaddo hi hemavaººapariy±yo”ti (s±rattha. µ². 1.22) s±ratthad²paniya½ vutto. Pariyod±ten±ti pabhassarena. Sappabhen±ti vaººappabh±ya, s²lappabh±ya ca samann±gatena. Sassiriken±ti sar²rasobhagg±disaªkh±t±ya siriy± ativiya sirimat±. Mukhavaren±ti yath±vuttasobh±samalaªkatatt± uttamamukhena. K±ma½ “ahamasmi arahatta½ patto”ti n±rocesi, tath±r³p±ya pana uttamal²¼±ya gamanato passant± sabbepi tamattha½ j±nanti, tasm± ±rocento viya hot²ti ±ha “attano arahattappatti½ ±rocayam±no viya agam±s²”ti.
Kimattha½ pan±ya½ evam±rocayam±no viya agam±s²ti? Vuccate– so hi “attupan±yika½ akatv± aññaby±karaºa½ bhagavat± sa½vaººitan”ti manasi karitv± “sekkhat±ya dhammavinayasaªg²tiy± gahetumayuttampi bahussutatt± gaºhiss±m±”ti nisinn±na½ ther±na½ arahattappattivij±nanena somanassupp±danattha½, “appamatto hoh²”ti bhagavat± dinna-ov±dassa ca saphalat±d²panattha½ evam±rocayam±no viya agam±s²ti. ¾yasmato mah±kassapassa etadahosi samasamaµµhapan±din± yath±vuttak±raºena satthukappatt±. Dhareyy±ti vijjam±no bhaveyya. “Sobhati vata te ±vuso ±nanda arahattasamadhigamat±”ti-±din± s±dhuk±ramad±si. Ayamidha d²ghabh±ºak±na½ v±do. Khuddakabh±ºakesu ca suttanip±takhuddakap±µhabh±ºak±na½ v±dotipi yujjati tadaµµhakath±supi tath± vuttatt±.
Majjhima½ nik±ya½ bhaºanti s²len±ti majjhimabh±ºak±, tappaguº± ±cariy±. Yath±vu¹¹hanti vu¹¹hapaµip±µi½, tadanatikkamitv± v±. Tatth±ti tasmi½ bhikkhusaªghe. ¾nandassa etam±sananti sambandho. Tasmi½ samayeti tasmi½ eva½kathanasamaye. Thero cintesi “kuhi½ gato”ti pucchant±na½ att±na½ dassente ativiya p±kaµabh±vena bhavissam±natt±, ayampi majjhimabh±ºakesveva ekacc±na½ v±do, tasm± itipi eke vadant²ti sambandho. ¾k±sena ±gantv± attano ±saneyeva att±na½ dasses²tipi tesameva ekacce vadanti. Pulliªgavisaye hi “eke”ti vutte sabbattha “ekacce”ti attho veditabbo. T²supi cettha v±desu tesa½ tesa½ bh±ºak±na½ tena ten±k±rena ±gatamatta½ µhapetv± visu½ visu½ vacane añña½ visesak±raºa½ natthi. Sattam±sa½ kat±ya hi dhammavinayasaªg²tiy± kad±ci pakatiy±va, kad±ci pathaviya½ nimujjitv±, kad±ci ±k±sena ±gatatt± ta½ tad±gamanamup±d±ya tath± tath± vadanti. Apica saªg²tiy± ±didivaseyeva paµhama½ pakatiy± ±gantv± tato para½ ±k±samabbhuggantv± parisa½ pattak±le tato otaritv± bhikkhupanti½ ap²¼ento pathaviya½ nimujjitv± ±sane att±na½ dasses²tipi vadanti. Yath± v± tath± v± ±gacchatu, ±gaman±k±ramatta½ na pam±ºa½, ±gantv± gatak±le ±yasmato mah±kassapassa s±dhuk±rad±nameva pam±ºa½ satth±r± d±tabbas±dhuk±rad±neneva arahattappattiy± aññesampi ñ±pitatt±, bhagavati dharam±ne paµiggahetabb±ya ca pasa½s±ya therassa paµiggahitatt±. Tasm± tamattha½ dassento “yath± v±”ti-±dim±ha. Sabbatth±p²ti sabbesupi t²su v±desu.
Bhikkh³ ±mantes²ti bhikkh³ ±lap²ti ayamettha attho, aññatra pana ñ±panepi dissati yath± “±mantay±mi vo bhikkhave, (d². ni. 2.218) paµiveday±mi vo bhikkhave”ti (a. ni. 7.72) pakkosanepi dissati yath± “ehi tva½ bhikkhu mama vacanena s±riputta½ ±manteh²”ti (a. ni. 9.11) ±lapanepi dissati yath± “tatra kho bhagav± bhikkh³ ±mantesi ‘bhikkhavo’ti” (sa½. ni. 1.249), idh±pi ±lapaneti s±ratthad²paniya½ (s±rattha. µ². 1.paµhamamah±saªg²tikath±vaººan±) vutta½. ¾lapanamattassa pana abh±vato “ki½ paµhama½ saªg±y±m±”ti-±din± vuttena viññ±piyam±natthantarena ca sahacaraºato ñ±paneva vaµµati, tasm± ±mantes²ti paµivedesi viññ±pes²ti attho vattabbo. “Tatra kho bhagav± bhikkh³ ±mantesi ‘bhikkhavo’ti, ‘bhaddante’ti te bhikkh³ bhagavato paccassosun”ti-±d²su (sa½. ni. 1.249) hi ±lapanamattameva dissati, na viññ±piyam±natthantara½, ta½ pana “bh³tapubba½ bhikkhave”ti-±din± (sa½. ni. 1.249) paccekameva ±raddha½. Tasm± t±disesveva ±lapane vaµµat²ti no takko. Saddavid³ pana vadanti “±mantayitv± devindo, vissakamma½ mahiddhikan’ti-±d²su (cariy±. 107) viya mantasaddo guttabh±sane. Tasm± ‘±mantes²’ti etassa sammantay²ti attho”ti. “¾vuso”ti-±di ±mantan±k±rad²pana½. Dhamma½ v± vinaya½ v±ti ettha -saddo vikappane, tena “kimeka½ tesu paµhama½ saªg±y±m±”ti dasseti. Kasm± ±y³ti ±ha “vinaye µhite”ti-±di. “Yasm±, tasm±”ti ca ajjh±haritv± yojetabba½. Tasm±ti t±ya ±yusarikkhat±ya Dhuranti jeµµhaka½. No nappahot²ti pahotiyeva. Dvipaµisedho hi saha atisayena pakatyatthad²pako.
Etadagganti eso aggo. Liªgavipall±sena hi aya½ niddeso. Yadidanti ca yo aya½, yadida½ khandhapañcakanti v± yojetabba½. Evañhi sati “etadaggan”ti yath±rutaliªgameva. “Yadidan”ti padassa ca aya½ sabh±vo, y± tassa tassa atthassa vattabbassa liªg±nur³pena “yo ayan”ti v± “y± ayan”ti v± “ya½ idan”ti v± yojetabbat± tath±yevassa tattha tattha dassitatt±. Bhikkh³na½ vinayadhar±nanti niddh±raºachaµµh²niddeso.
Attan±va att±na½ sammann²ti sayameva att±na½ sammata½ ak±si. “Attan±”ti hi ida½ tatiy±visesana½ bhavati, tañca parehi sammannana½ nivatteti, “attan±”ti v± aya½ vibhatyantapatir³pako abyayasaddo Keci pana “liªgatthe tatiy± abhihitakattubh±vato”ti vadanti. Tadayuttameva “thero”ti kattuno vijjam±natt±. Vissajjanatth±ya attan±va att±na½ sammann²ti yojetabba½. Pucchadh±tussa dvikammikatt± “up±li½ vinayan”ti kammadvaya½ vutta½.
B²jani½ gahetv±ti ettha b²jan²gahaºa½ dhammakathik±na½ dhammat±ti veditabba½. T±ya hi dhammakathik±na½ paris±ya hatthakukkuccamukhavik±r±di paµicch±d²yati. Bhagav± ca dhammakathik±na½ dhammat±dassanatthameva vicitrab²jani½ gaºh±ti. Aññath± hi sabbassapi lokassa alaªk±rabh³ta½ paramukka½sagatasikkh±sa½yam±na½ buddh±na½ mukhacandamaº¹ala½ paµicch±detabba½ na siy±. “Paµhama½ ±vuso up±li p±r±jika½ kattha paññattan”ti kasm± vutta½, nanu tassa saªg²tiy± purimak±le paµhamabh±vo na yuttoti? No na yutto bhagavat± paññatt±nukkamena, p±timokkhuddes±nukkamena ca paµhamabh±vassa siddhatt±. Yebhuyyena hi t²ºi piµak±ni bhagavato dharam±nak±le µhit±nukkameneva saªg²t±ni, visesato vinay±bhidhammapiµak±n²ti daµµhabba½. Kismi½ vatthusminti, methunadhammeti ca nimittatthe bhummavacana½. “Kattha paññattan”ti-±din± dassitena saha tadavasiµµhampi saªgahetv± dassetu½ “vatthumpi pucch²”ti-±di vutta½.
Saªg²tik±rakavacanasammissa½ v± nu kho, suddha½ v± buddhavacananti ±saªk±pariharaºattha½, yath±saªg²tasseva pam±ºabh±va½ dassanatthañca puccha½ samuddharitv± vissajjento “ki½ panetth±”ti-±dim±ha. Ettha paµhamap±r±jiketi etissa½ tath±saªg²t±ya paµhamap±r±jikap±¼iya½. Tenev±ha “na hi tath±gat± ekabyañjanampi niratthaka½ vadant²”ti. Apanetabbanti atirekabh±vena niratthakat±ya, vitathabh±vena v± ayuttat±ya cha¹¹etabbavacana½. Pakkhipitabbanti asampuººat±ya upanetabbavacana½. Kasm±ti ±ha “na h²”ti-±di. S±vak±na½ pana devat±na½ v± bh±siteti bhagavato pucch±thoman±divasena bh±sita½ sandh±y±ha. Sabbatth±p²ti bhagavato s±vak±na½ devat±nañca bh±sitepi. Ta½ pana pakkhipana½ sambandhavacanamattasseva, na sabh±v±yuttiy± atthass±ti dasseti “ki½ pana tan”ti-±din± sambandhavacanamattanti pubb±parasambandhavacanameva. Ida½ paµhamap±r±jikanti vavatthapetv± µhapesu½ imin±va v±can±maggena uggahaºadh±raº±dikiccanipph±danattha½, tadatthameva ca gaºasajjh±yamaka½su “tena…pe… viharat²”ti. Sajjh±y±rambhak±leyeva pathav² akampitth±ti vadanti, tadida½ pana pathav²kampana½ ther±na½ dhammasajjh±y±nubh±ven±ti ñ±petu½ “s±dhuk±ra½ dadam±n± viy±”ti vutta½. Udakapariyantanti pathav²sandh±raka-udakapariyanta½. Tasmiñhi caliteyeva s±pi calati, etena ca padesapathav²kampana½ nivatteti.
Kiñc±pi p±¼iya½ gaºan± natthi, saªg²tim±ropit±ni pana ettak±nev±ti d²petu½ “pañcasattati sikkh±pad±n²”ti vutta½ “purimanayenev±”ti etena s±dhuk±ra½ dadam±n± viy±ti attham±ha. Na kevala½ sikkh±padakaº¹avibhaªganiyameneva, atha kho pam±ºaniyamen±p²ti dassetu½ “catusaµµhibh±ºav±r±”ti vutta½. Ettha ca bh±ºav±roti–
“Aµµhakkhar± ekapada½, ekag±th± catuppada½;
g±th± cek± mato gantho, gantho b±tti½satakkharo.
B±tti½sakkharaganth±na½, paññ±sadvisata½ pana;
bh±ºav±ro mato eko, svaµµhakkharasahassako”ti.
Eva½ aµµhakkharasahassaparim±ºo p±µho vuccati. Bhaºitabbo v±ro yass±ti hi bh±ºav±ro, ekena sajjh±yanamaggena kathetabbav±roti attho. Khandhakanti mah±vaggac³¼avagga½. Khandh±na½ sam³hato, pak±sanato v± khandhakoti hi vuccati, khandh±ti cettha pabbajj³pasampad±divinayakammasaªkh±t±, c±rittav±rittasikkh±padasaªkh±t± ca paññattiyo adhippet±. Pabbajj±d²ni hi bhagavat± paññattatt± paññattiyoti vuccanti. Paññattiyañca khandhasaddo dissati “d±rukkhandho, (a. ni. 6.41) aggikkhandho (a. ni. 7.72), udakakkhandho”ti-±d²su (a. ni. 5.45; 6.37) viya. Apica bh±gar±saµµhat±pi yujjatiyeva t±sa½ paññatt²na½ bh±gato, r±sito ca vibhattatt±, ta½ pana vinayapiµaka½ bh±ºakehi rakkhita½ gopita½ saªgah±ru¼hanayeneva cirak±la½ anassam±na½ hutv± patiµµhahissat²ti ±yasmanta½ up±litthera½ paµicch±pesu½ “±vuso ima½ tuyha½ nissitake v±ceh²”ti.