Catt±l²sa divas±ti jeµµham³lasukkapakkhachaµµhadivasato y±va ±sa¼h² puººam², t±va gaºetv± vutta½. Etthantareti catt±l²sadivasabbhantare. Rogo eva rogapalibodho. ¾cariyupajjh±yesu kattabbakiccameva ±cariyupajjh±yapalibodho tath± m±t±pitupalibodho. Yath±dhippeta½ attha½, kamma½ v± paribundheti uparodheti pavattitu½ na det²ti palibodho ra-k±rassa la-k±ra½ katv±. Ta½ palibodha½ chinditv± ta½ karaº²ya½ karot³ti saªg±hakena chinditabba½ ta½ sabba½ palibodha½ chinditv± dhammavinayasaªg±yanasaªkh±ta½ tadeva karaº²ya½ karotu.
Aññepi mah±ther±ti anuruddhatther±dayo. Sokasallasamappitanti sokasaªkh±tena sallena anupaviµµha½ paµividdha½. Asamucchinna-avijj±taºh±nusayatt± avijj±taºh±bhisaªkh±tena kammun± bhavayonigatiµµhitisatt±v±sesu khandhapañcakasaªkh±ta½ attabh±va½ janeti abhinibbattet²ti jano. Kilese janeti, ajani, janissat²ti v± jano, mahanto jano tath±, ta½. ¾gat±gatanti ±gatam±gata½ yath± “ekeko”ti. Ettha siy±– “thero attano pañcasat±ya paris±ya parivutto r±jagaha½ gato, aññepi mah±ther± attano attano pariv±re gahetv± sokasallasamappita½ mah±jana½ ass±setuk±m± ta½ ta½ disa½ pakkant±”ti idha vuttavacana½ samantap±s±dik±ya “mah±kassapatthero ‘r±jagaha½ ±vuso gacch±m±’ti upa¹¹ha½ bhikkhusaªgha½ gahetv± eka½ magga½ gato, anuruddhattheropi upa¹¹ha½ gahetv± eka½ magga½ gato”ti (p±r±. aµµha. paµhamamah±saªg²tikath±vaººan±) vuttavacanañca aññamañña½ viruddha½ hoti. Idha hi mah±kassapatther±dayo attano attano pariv±rabhikkh³hiyeva saddhi½ ta½ ta½ disa½ gat±ti attho ±pajjati, tattha pana mah±kassapatthera-anuruddhatther±yeva paccekamupa¹¹hasaªghena saddhi½ ekeka½ magga½ gat±ti? Vuccate– tadubhayampi hi vacana½ na virujjhati atthato sa½sandanatt±. Idha hi niravasesena ther±na½ paccekagamanavacanameva tattha nayavasena dasseti, idha attano attano paris±ya gamanavacanañca tattha upa¹¹hasaªghena saddhi½ gamanavacanena. Upa¹¹hasaªghoti hi sakasakaparis±bh³to bhikkhugaºo gayhati upa¹¹hasaddassa asamepi bh±ge pavattatt±. Yadi hi sannipatite saªghe upa¹¹hasaªghena saddhinti attha½ gaºheyya, tad± saªghassa gaºanapathamat²tatt± na yujjateva yadi ca saªg±yanattha½ uccinit±na½ pañcanna½ bhikkhusat±na½ majjhe upa¹¹hasaªghena saddhinti attha½ gaºheyya, evampi tesa½ gaºap±mokkh±na½yeva uccinitatt± na yujjateva. Paccekagaºino hete. Vuttañhi “sattasatasahass±ni, tesu p±mokkhabhikkhavo”ti iti atthato sa½sandanatt± tadeta½ ubhayampi vacana½ aññamañña½ na virujjhat²ti. Ta½ta½bh±ºak±na½ mateneva½ vuttantipi vadanti.
“Aparinibbutassa bhagavato”ti-±din± yojetabba½. Pattac²varam±d±y±ti ettha catumah±r±jadattiyaselamayapatta½, sugatac²varañca gaºhitv±ti attho. Soyeva hi patto bhagavat± sad± paribhutto. Vuttañhi samacittapaµipad±suttaµµhakath±ya½ “vassa½vutth±nus±rena atirekav²sativassak±lepi tasseva paribhuttabh±va½ d²petuk±mena p±tova sar²rapaµijaggana½ katv± sunivatthaniv±sano sugatac²vara½ p±rupitv± selamayapattam±d±ya bhikkhusaªghaparivuto dakkhiºadv±rena nagara½ pavisitv± piº¹±ya caranto”ti (a. ni. aµµha. 2.37) gandham±l±dayo nesa½ hattheti gandham±l±dihatth±.
Tatr±ti tissa½ s±vatthiya½. Sudanti nip±tamatta½. Aniccat±dipaµisa½yutt±y±ti “sabbe saªkh±r± anicc±”ti-±din± (dha. pa. 277) aniccasabh±vapaµisaññutt±ya. Dhammena yutt±, dhammassa v± patir³p±ti dhamm², t±dis±ya. Saññ±petv±ti suµµhu j±n±petv±, samass±setv±ti vutta½ hoti. Vasitagandhakuµinti niccas±pekkhatt± sam±so. Paribhogacetiyabh±vato “gandhakuµi½ vanditv±”ti vutta½. “Vanditv±”ti ca “vivaritv±”ti ettha pubbak±lakiriy±. Tath± hi ±cariyas±riputtattherena vutta½ “gandhakuµiy± dv±ra½ vivaritv±ti paribhogacetiyabh±vato gandhakuµi½ vanditv± gandhakuµiy± dv±ra½ vivar²ti veditabban”ti (s±rattha. µ². 1.paµhamamah±saªg²tikath±) mil±t± m±l±, s±yeva kacavara½, mil±ta½ v± m±l±saªkh±ta½ kacavara½ tath±. Atiharitv±ti paµhama½ µhapitaµµh±namabhimukha½ haritv±. Yath±µh±ne µhapetv±ti paµhama½ µhapitaµµh±na½ anatikkamitv± yath±µhitaµµh±neyeva µhapetv±. Bhagavato µhitak±le karaº²ya½ vatta½ sabbamak±s²ti sen±sane kattabbavatta½ sandh±ya vutta½. Kurum±no c±ti ta½ sabba½ vatta½ karonto ca. Lakkhaºe hi aya½ m±na-saddo. Nh±nakoµµhakassa sammajjanañca tasmi½ udakassa upaµµh±panañca, t±ni ±d²ni yesa½ dhammadesan±-ov±d±d²nanti tath±, tesa½ k±les³ti attho. S²hassa migar±jassa seyy± s²haseyy±, taddhitavasena, sadisavoh±rena v± bhagavato seyy±pi “s²haseyy±”ti vuccati. Tejussada-iriy±pathatt± uttamaseyy± v±, ya½ sandh±ya vutta½ “atha kho bhagav± dakkhiºena passena s²haseyya½ kappesi p±de p±da½ acc±dh±ya sato sampaj±no”ti, (d². ni. 2.198) ta½. Kappanak±lo karaºak±lo nan³ti yojetabba½.
“Yath± tan”ti-±din± yath±vuttamattha½ upam±ya ±vi karoti. Tattha yath± aññopi bhagavato…pe… patiµµhitapemo ceva akh²º±savo ca anekesu…pe… upak±rasañjanitacittamaddavo ca ak±si, eva½ ±yasm±pi ±nando bhagavato guºa…pe… maddavo ca hutv± ak±s²ti yojan±. Nti nip±tamatta½. Apica etena tath±karaºahetu½ dasseti, yath± aññepi yath±vuttasabh±v± aka½su, tath± ±yasm±pi ±nando bhagavato…pe… patiµµhitapematt± ceva akh²º±savatt± ca anekesu…pe… upak±rasañjanitacittamaddavatt± c±ti hetu-atthassa labbham±natt±. Hetugabbh±ni hi et±ni pad±ni tadatthasseva tath±karaºahetubh±vato. Dhanap±ladamana (c³¼ava. 342), suvaººakakkaµa (j±. 1.5.94), c³¼aha½sa (j±. 1.15.133) -mah±ha½saj±tak±d²hi (j±. 2.21.89) cettha vibh±vetabbo. Guº±na½ gaºo, soyeva amatanipph±dakarasasadisat±ya amataraso. Ta½ j±nanapakatit±y±ti patiµµhitapade hetu. Upak±ra…pe… maddavoti upak±rapubbabh±vena samm±janitacittamuduko. Evampi so imin± k±raºena adhiv±ses²ti dassento “tamenan”ti-±dim±ha. Tattha tamenanti ta½ ±yasmanta½ ±nanda½. Eta-saddo hi pad±laªk±ramatta½. Ayañhi saddapakati, yadida½ dv²su sabban±mesu pubbapadasseva atthapadat±. Sa½vejes²ti “nanu bhagavat± paµikacceva akkh±ta½ ‘sabbeheva piyehi man±pehi n±n±bh±vo vin±bh±vo’ti-±din± (d². ni. 2.183; sa½. ni. 5.379; a. ni. 10.48) sa½vega½ janes²”ti (d². ni. µ². paµhamamah±saªg²tikath±vaººan±) ±cariyadhammap±lattherena vutta½, eva½ sati “bhante…pe… ass±sessath±ti paµhama½ vatv±”ti saha p±µhasesena yojan± assa. Yath±rutato pana ±dyatthena iti-saddena “evam±din± sa½vejes²”ti yojan±pi yujjateva. Yena kenaci hi vacanena sa½vega½ janesi, ta½ sabbampi sa½vejanassa karaºa½ sambhavat²ti. Santhambhitv±ti paridevan±divirahena att±na½ paµibandhetv± patiµµh±petv±. Ussannadh±tukanti upacitapittasemh±didosa½. Pittasemhav±tavasena hi tisso dh±tuyo idha bhesajjakaraºayogyat±ya adhippet±, y± “dos±, mal±”ti ca loke vuccanti, pathav² ±po tejo v±yo ±k±soti ca bhedena pacceka½ pañcavidh±. Vuttañhi–
“V±yupittakaph± dos±, dh±tavo ca mal± tath±;
tatth±pi pañcadh±khy±t±, pacceka½ dehadh±raº±.
Sar²rad³san± dos±, mal²nakaraº± mal±;
dh±raº± dh±tavo te tu, itthamanvatthasaññak±”ti.
Samass±setunti santappetu½. Devat±ya sa½vejitadivasato, jetavanavih±ra½ paviµµhadivasato v± dutiyadivase. Viriccati eten±ti virecana½, osadhaparibh±vita½ kh²rameva virecana½ tath±. Ya½ sandh±y±ti ya½ bhesajjap±na½ sandh±ya. Aªgapaccaªgena sobhat²ti subho, manuno apacca½ m±navo, na-k±rassa pana ºa-k±re kate m±ºavo. Man³ti hi paµhamakappikak±le manuss±na½ m±t±pituµµh±ne µhito puriso, yo s±sane “mah±sammatar±j±”ti vutto. So hi sakalalokassa hita½ manabhi j±n±t²ti man³ti vuccati. Evampettha vadanti “dantaja na-k±rasahito m±navasaddo sabbasattas±dh±raºavacano, muddhaja ºa-k±rasahito pana m±ºavasaddo kucchitam³¼h±paccavacano”ti. C³¼akammavibhaªgasuttaµµhakath±yampi (ma. ni. aµµha. 4.289) hi muddhaja ºa-k±rasahitasseva m±ºavasaddassa attho vaººito. Taµµ²k±yampi “ya½ apacca½ kucchita½ m³¼ha½ v±, tattha loke m±ºavavoh±ro, yebhuyyena ca satt± daharak±le m³¼hadh±tuk± hont²ti tassevattho pak±sito”ti vadanti ±cariy±. Aññattha ca v²sativassabbhantaro yuv± m±ºavo, idha pana tabboh±rena mahallakopi. Vuttañhi c³¼akammavibhaªgasuttavaººan±ya½ “m±ºavoti pana ta½ taruºak±le vohari½su, so mahallakak±lepi teneva voh±rena vohar²yat²”ti, (ma. ni. aµµha. 4.289) subhan±makena laddham±ºavavoh±ren±ti attho. So pana “satth± parinibbuto, ±nandatthero kirassa pattac²varam±d±ya ±gato, mah±jano ta½ dassan±ya upasaªkamat²”ti sutv± “vih±ra½ kho pana gantv± mah±janamajjhe na sakk± sukhena paµisanth±ra½ v± k±tu½, dhammakatha½ v± sotu½, geham±gata½yeva na½ disv± sukhena paµisanth±ra½ kariss±mi ek± ca me kaªkh± atthi, tampi na½ pucchiss±m²”ti cintetv± eka½ m±ºavaka½ pesesi, ta½ sandh±y±ha “pahita½ m±ºavakan”ti khuddake cettha kapaccayo. Etadavoc±ti eta½ “ak±lo”ti-±dika½ vacana½ ±nandatthero avoca.
Ak±loti ajja gantu½ ayuttak±lo. Kasm±ti ce “atthi me”ti-±dim±ha. Bhesajjamatt±ti appaka½ bhesajja½. Appattho hettha matt±saddo “matt± sukhaparicc±g±”ti-±d²su (dha. pa. 290) viya. P²t±ti pivit±. Svep²ti ettha “api-saddo apekkho mant± nuññ±y±”ti (vajira. µ². paµhamamah±saªg²tikath±vaººan±) vajirabuddhittherena vutta½. Aya½ pana tass±dhipp±yo– “appeva n±m±”ti sa½sayamatte vutte anuññ±tabh±vo na siddho, tasm± ta½ s±dhanattha½ “ap²”ti vutta½, tena imamattha½ d²peti “appeva n±ma sve maya½ upasaªkameyy±ma, upasaªkamitu½ paµibal± sam±n± upasaªkamiss±ma c±”ti.
Dutiyadivaseti kh²ravirecanap²tadivasato dutiyadivase. Cetakattheren±ti cetiyaraµµhe j±tatt± cetakoti eva½ laddhan±mena therena. Pacch±samaºen±ti pacch±nugatena samaºena. Sahatthe ceta½ karaºavacana½. Subhena m±ºavena puµµhoti “yesu dhammesu bhava½ gotamo ima½ loka½ patiµµhapesi, te tassa accayena naµµh± nu kho, dharanti nu kho, sace dharanti, bhava½ (natthi d². ni. aµµha. 1.448) ±nando j±nissati, handa na½ pucch±m²”ti eva½ cintetv± “yesa½ so bhava½ gotamo dhamm±na½ vaººav±d² ahosi, yattha ca ima½ janata½ sam±dapesi nivesesi patiµµh±pesi, katames±na½ kho bho ±nanda dhamm±na½ so bhava½ gotamo vaººav±d² ahos²”ti-±din± (d². ni. 1.448) puµµho, athassa thero t²ºi piµak±ni s²lakkhandh±d²hi t²hi khandhehi saªgahetv± dassento “tiººa½ kho m±ºava khandh±na½ so bhagav± vaººav±d²”ti-±din± (d². ni. 1.449) idha s²lakkhandhavagge dasama½ suttamabh±si, ta½ sandh±y±ha “imasmi½…pe… mabh±s²”ti.